Year 2020, Volume 10 , Issue 1, Pages 190 - 201 2020-03-01

Investigation of the Protective Capacities of Precipitation-Hardening Stainless Steels in terms of Charged and un-Charged Particle Radiation
Investigation of the Protective Capacities of Precipitation-Hardening Stainless Steels in terms of Charged and un-Charged Particle Radiation

Erdem ŞAKAR [1]


In this study, it has been focused on the investigation of particle-shielding performances of precipitation-hardening stainless steels (PH-SSs). In line with this focus, the stopping powers and ranges values of four different PH-SSs (15−5PH, 15−7PH, 17−4PH and 17−7PH) for energetic charged particles (proton, electron and alpha particles) were carried out in the kinetic energy range of 0.01-20 MeV. In addition, the fast neutron removal cross-section values of PH-SSs examined for neutrons were calculated at 4.5 MeV. In order to achieve a remarkable conclusion about the particle-absorbing capacities of the PH-SSs investigated, all calculations were also performed for some concretes (steel-magnetite, steel-scrap and ordinary concretes) used as shielding materials in nuclear applications. The results obtained were comparatively presented as a function of kinetic energy of particles. In addition, the results obtained were evaluated in terms of both types of particle and phase structures of materials examined. According to the results obtained, it was observed that the all investigated parameters are independent of phase structures of PH-SSs, that the all calculated parameters for PH-SSs examined are very close to each other, and that the particle-shielding performances of PH-SSs under examination are better than comparison concretes. As a result of the data obtained from this study, it was observed that PH-SSs can be used as an alternative material in areas where particle radiation safety is required because of their superior characteristic and shielding properties.

In this study, it has been focused on the investigation of particle-shielding performances of precipitation-hardening stainless steels (PH-SSs). In line with this focus, the stopping powers and ranges values of four different PH-SSs (15−5PH, 15−7PH, 17−4PH and 17−7PH) for energetic charged particles (proton, electron and alpha particles) were carried out in the kinetic energy range of 0.01-20 MeV. In addition, the fast neutron removal cross-section values of PH-SSs examined for neutrons were calculated at 4.5 MeV. In order to achieve a remarkable conclusion about the particle-absorbing capacities of the PH-SSs investigated, all calculations were also performed for some concretes (steel-magnetite, steel-scrap and ordinary concretes) used as shielding materials in nuclear applications. The results obtained were comparatively presented as a function of kinetic energy of particles. In addition, the results obtained were evaluated in terms of both types of particle and phase structures of materials examined. According to the results obtained, it was observed that the all investigated parameters are independent of phase structures of PH-SSs, that the all calculated parameters for PH-SSs examined are very close to each other, and that the particle-shielding performances of PH-SSs under examination are better than comparison concretes. As a result of the data obtained from this study, it was observed that PH-SSs can be used as an alternative material in areas where particle radiation safety is required because of their superior characteristic and shielding properties.

  • Alım B, Şakar E, Baltakesmez A, Han İ, Sayyed M, Demir L. 2020a. Experimental investigation of radiation shielding performances of some important AISI-coded stainless steels Part I. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 166: 108455.
  • Alım B, Şakar E, Han İ, Sayyed M. 2020b. Evaluation the gamma, charged particle and fast neutron shielding performances of some important AISI-coded stainless steels: Part II. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 166: 108454.
  • Antony KC. 1963. Aging Reactions in Precipitation Hardenable Stainless Steel. Journal of Metals, 15 (12): 922–927.
  • Ardell AJ. 1985. Precipitation hardening. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 16: 2131-2165.
  • Babu SR, Badiger NM, Karidurgannavar MY, Varghese JG. 2018. Measurement of mass stopping power of chitosan polymer loaded with TiO2 for relativistic electron interaction. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 145: 1-4.
  • Bashter II. 1997. Calculation of radiation attenuation coefficients for shielding concretes. Annals of Nuclear Energy, 24 (17): 1389-1401.
  • El-Khayatt AM, Akkurt I. 2013. Photon interaction, energy absorption and neutron removal cross section of concrete including marble. Annals of Nuclear Energy, 60: 8-14.
  • El-Khayatt AM. 2010. Calculation of fast neutron removal cross-sections for some compounds and materials. Annals of Nuclear Energy 37: 218-222.
  • Ersundu AE, Buyukyildiz M, Ersundu MC, Sakar E, Kurudirek M. 2018. The heavy metal oxide glasses within the WO3-MoO3-TeO2 system to investigate the shielding properties of radiation applications. Progress in Nuclear Energy, 104: 280-287.
  • Hsiao CN, Chiou CS, Yang JR. 2002. Aging reactions in a 17-4 PH stainless steel. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 74: 134–142
  • https://physics.nist.gov/PhysRefData/Star/Text/method.html.
  • Issa SAM, Saddeek YB, Tekin HO, Sayyed MI, Shaaban KS. 2018. Investigations of radiation shielding using Monte Carlo method and elastic properties of PbO-SiO2-B2O3-Na2O glasses. Current Applied Physics, 18: 717-727.
  • Kabadayi O, Gumus H. 2001. Calculation of average projected range and range straggling of charged particles in solids. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 60: 25-31.
  • Kaplan MF. 1989. Concrete radiation shielding. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
  • Kurudirek M, El-Khayatt AM, Gerward L. 2014. Remarks on the extension and validity of an empirical formula for the fast-neutron removal cross-section: The effective atomic weight. Annals of Nuclear Energy 70, 230-232.
  • Kurudirek M. 2016. Effective atomic number, energy loss and radiation damage studies in some materials commonly used in nuclear applications for heavy charged particles such as H, C, Mg, Fe, Te, Pb and U. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 122: 15-23.
  • Mirzadeh H, Najafizadeh A. 2009. Aging kinetics of 17-4 PH stainless steel. Materials Chemistry and Physics 116: 119–124.
  • Murayama M, Hono K, Katayama Y. 1999. Microstructural evolution in a 17-4 PH stainless steel after aging at 400 °C Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 30 (2): 345–353.
  • Pinga DH, Ohnumaa M, Hirakawab Y, Kadoyab Y, Honoa K. 2005. Microstructural evolution in 13Cr–8Ni–2.5Mo–2Al martensitic precipitation-hardened stainless steel Materials Science and Engineering A, 394: 285–295
  • Slunder CJ, Hoenie AF, Hall AM. 1967. Thermal and Mechanical Treatment for Precipitation-Hardening Stainless Steels. NASA SP-5089, published by NASA, Washington DC, 192 pages.
  • Smith WF. 1993. Structure and Properties of Engineering Alloys. McGraw-Hill, Inc.
  • Sakar E, Buyukyildlz M, Alim B, Sakar BC, Kurudirek M. 2019. Leaded brass alloys for gamma-ray shielding applications. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 159, 64-69.
  • Şakar E, Özpolat ÖF, Alım B, Sayyed M, Kurudirek M. 2019. Phy-X/PSD: Development of a user friendly online software for calculation of parameters relevant to radiation shielding and dosimetry. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 166: 108496.
  • Tsoulfanidis N. 2010. Measurement and detection of radiation. CRC press.
  • Veljkovic M, Gozzi J. 2006. Use of Duplex Stainless Steel in Economic Design of a Pressure Vessel. ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technology, 129 (1):155-161.
  • Wang SC, Starink MJ, Gao N. 2006. Precipitation hardening in Al–Cu–Mg alloys revisited Scripta Materialia, 54: 287–291.
  • Wood J. 2013. Computational methods in reactor shielding. Pergamon, 450 pages.
  • Xin GP, Xian GZ, Xiao GH, Zhen GW, Hua GL. 2015. Effect of Aging on Hardening Behavior of 15-5 PH Stainless Steel Journal of Iron and Steel Research, 22 (7): 607-614.
  • Xu XL, Yu ZW. 2008. Metallurgical analysis on a bending failed pump-shaft made of 17-7PH precipitation-hardening stainless steel. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 198: 254–259.
  • Ziegler JF, Ziegler MD, Biersack JP. 2010. SRIM - The stopping and range of ions in matter. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 268: 1818-1823.
Primary Language en
Subjects Physics, Applied
Published Date Mart-2020
Journal Section Fizik / Physics
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-1359-4464
Author: Erdem ŞAKAR (Primary Author)
Institution: ATATURK UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : October 30, 2019
Acceptance Date : November 28, 2019
Publication Date : March 1, 2020

Bibtex @research article { jist639903, journal = {Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology}, issn = {2146-0574}, eissn = {2536-4618}, address = {}, publisher = {Igdir University}, year = {2020}, volume = {10}, pages = {190 - 201}, doi = {10.21597/jist.639903}, title = {Investigation of the Protective Capacities of Precipitation-Hardening Stainless Steels in terms of Charged and un-Charged Particle Radiation}, key = {cite}, author = {ŞAKAR, Erdem} }
APA ŞAKAR, E . (2020). Investigation of the Protective Capacities of Precipitation-Hardening Stainless Steels in terms of Charged and un-Charged Particle Radiation. Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology , 10 (1) , 190-201 . DOI: 10.21597/jist.639903
MLA ŞAKAR, E . "Investigation of the Protective Capacities of Precipitation-Hardening Stainless Steels in terms of Charged and un-Charged Particle Radiation". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 10 (2020 ): 190-201 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jist/issue/52503/639903>
Chicago ŞAKAR, E . "Investigation of the Protective Capacities of Precipitation-Hardening Stainless Steels in terms of Charged and un-Charged Particle Radiation". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 10 (2020 ): 190-201
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Investigation of the Protective Capacities of Precipitation-Hardening Stainless Steels in terms of Charged and un-Charged Particle Radiation AU - Erdem ŞAKAR Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.21597/jist.639903 DO - 10.21597/jist.639903 T2 - Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 190 EP - 201 VL - 10 IS - 1 SN - 2146-0574-2536-4618 M3 - doi: 10.21597/jist.639903 UR - https://doi.org/10.21597/jist.639903 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Iğdır Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi Investigation of the Protective Capacities of Precipitation-Hardening Stainless Steels in terms of Charged and un-Charged Particle Radiation %A Erdem ŞAKAR %T Investigation of the Protective Capacities of Precipitation-Hardening Stainless Steels in terms of Charged and un-Charged Particle Radiation %D 2020 %J Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology %P 2146-0574-2536-4618 %V 10 %N 1 %R doi: 10.21597/jist.639903 %U 10.21597/jist.639903
ISNAD ŞAKAR, Erdem . "Investigation of the Protective Capacities of Precipitation-Hardening Stainless Steels in terms of Charged and un-Charged Particle Radiation". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 10 / 1 (March 2020): 190-201 . https://doi.org/10.21597/jist.639903
AMA ŞAKAR E . Investigation of the Protective Capacities of Precipitation-Hardening Stainless Steels in terms of Charged and un-Charged Particle Radiation. Iğdır Üniv. Fen Bil Enst. Der.. 2020; 10(1): 190-201.
Vancouver ŞAKAR E . Investigation of the Protective Capacities of Precipitation-Hardening Stainless Steels in terms of Charged and un-Charged Particle Radiation. Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology. 2020; 10(1): 201-190.