Year 2020, Volume 10 , Issue 1, Pages 509 - 519 2020-03-01

Optimization of Control Parameters Affecting Panel Surface Temperature in Air-Cooled PVT Panels
Hava Soğutmalı PVT Panellerde Panel Yüzey Sıcaklığını Etkileyen Kontrol Parametrelerinin Optimizasyonu

Ahmet Numan ÖZAKIN [1] , Ferhat KAYA [2]


Panel surface temperature has a significant effect on panel performance parameters. The tremendous increase in panel surface temperature, especially seen in the summer months, leads to significant reductions in panel efficiency. In this study, fins to the air-cooled PVT system was added. The effect of the design parameters (surface temperature of back of the panel, airflow velocity, depth of duct, fin configuration, fins materials) on the panel surface temperature, fin temperature and outlet temperature was investigated using the Taguchi Method, and the optimal design combination was determined. In addition, the images obtained by ANSYS FLUENT analysis were analyzed. In our study, monocrystalline panels were used. Experiments were conducted for the frequent and sparse configurations of the fins made of copper, aluminum and brass materials. It was observed that while most effective parameters for panel surface temperature, fin temperature and outlet temperature were the fin configuration, fan speed and duct depth. The optimal design combination was found to be A2-B3-C2-D3-E2 for panel surface temperature, A1-B1-C3-D2-E2 for fin temperature, A1-B1-C3-D2-E3 for outlet temperature.

Panel yüzey sıcaklığı PV panelin performans parametreleri üzerinde çok önemli etkiye sahiptir. Özellikle yaz aylarında görülen panel yüzey sıcaklığındaki aşırı yükselme panel veriminde ciddi düşüşlere neden olur. Bu olumsuz durum panel yüzeyi soğutularak minimize edilebilir. Bu çalışmada, hava soğutmalı PVT sistemine kanatçıklar eklendi. Kontrol parametrelerinin (panelin arka yüzey sıcaklığı, fan hızı, kanal derinliği, kanatçık konfigürasyonu, kanatçık malzemesi) panel yüzey sıcaklığına, kanatçık sıcaklığına ve çıkış sıcaklığına etkisi Taguchi Yöntemi kullanılarak incelendi ve en uygun tasarım kombinasyonu belirlendi. Ayrıca ANSYS FLUENT analizi ile elde edilen görüntüler analiz edildi. Çalışmamızda monokristal panel kullanıldı. Bakır, alüminyum ve pirinç malzemelerden yapılmış kanatçıkların sık ve seyrek konfigürasyonları için deneyler yapıldı. Panel yüzey sıcaklığı, kanatçık sıcaklığı ve çıkış sıcaklığı için en etkili parametrelerin kanatçık konfigürasyonu, fan hızı ve kanal derinliği olduğu görüldü. Optimal tasarım kombinasyonu, panel yüzey sıcaklığı için A2-B3-C2-D3-E2 olduğu, kanatçık sıcaklığı için A1-B1-C3-D2-E2 olduğu, çıkış sıcaklığı için A1-B1-C3-D2-E3 olduğu bulundu.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Engineering, Mechanical
Published Date Mart-2020
Journal Section Makina Mühendisliği / Mechanical Engineering
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-2083-8703
Author: Ahmet Numan ÖZAKIN
Institution: ATATÜRK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-8165-8300
Author: Ferhat KAYA (Primary Author)
Institution: IGDIR ÜNİ. MÜHENDİSLİK FAK. MAKİNE BÖL.
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Atatürk Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Proje Birimi
Project Number BAP/2015-147
Thanks Yazarlar, Atatürk Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Proje Birimi tarafından BAP/2015-147 numaralı proje kapsamında sağlanan mali desteğe şükranlarını sunarlar.
Dates

Application Date : January 17, 2020
Acceptance Date : January 30, 2020
Publication Date : March 1, 2020

Bibtex @research article { jist676800, journal = {Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology}, issn = {2146-0574}, eissn = {2536-4618}, address = {}, publisher = {Igdir University}, year = {2020}, volume = {10}, pages = {509 - 519}, doi = {10.21597/jist.676800}, title = {Hava Soğutmalı PVT Panellerde Panel Yüzey Sıcaklığını Etkileyen Kontrol Parametrelerinin Optimizasyonu}, key = {cite}, author = {ÖZAKIN, Ahmet Numan and KAYA, Ferhat} }
APA ÖZAKIN, A , KAYA, F . (2020). Hava Soğutmalı PVT Panellerde Panel Yüzey Sıcaklığını Etkileyen Kontrol Parametrelerinin Optimizasyonu. Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology , 10 (1) , 509-519 . DOI: 10.21597/jist.676800
MLA ÖZAKIN, A , KAYA, F . "Hava Soğutmalı PVT Panellerde Panel Yüzey Sıcaklığını Etkileyen Kontrol Parametrelerinin Optimizasyonu". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 10 (2020 ): 509-519 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jist/issue/52503/676800>
Chicago ÖZAKIN, A , KAYA, F . "Hava Soğutmalı PVT Panellerde Panel Yüzey Sıcaklığını Etkileyen Kontrol Parametrelerinin Optimizasyonu". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 10 (2020 ): 509-519
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Hava Soğutmalı PVT Panellerde Panel Yüzey Sıcaklığını Etkileyen Kontrol Parametrelerinin Optimizasyonu AU - Ahmet Numan ÖZAKIN , Ferhat KAYA Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.21597/jist.676800 DO - 10.21597/jist.676800 T2 - Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 509 EP - 519 VL - 10 IS - 1 SN - 2146-0574-2536-4618 M3 - doi: 10.21597/jist.676800 UR - https://doi.org/10.21597/jist.676800 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Iğdır Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi Hava Soğutmalı PVT Panellerde Panel Yüzey Sıcaklığını Etkileyen Kontrol Parametrelerinin Optimizasyonu %A Ahmet Numan ÖZAKIN , Ferhat KAYA %T Hava Soğutmalı PVT Panellerde Panel Yüzey Sıcaklığını Etkileyen Kontrol Parametrelerinin Optimizasyonu %D 2020 %J Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology %P 2146-0574-2536-4618 %V 10 %N 1 %R doi: 10.21597/jist.676800 %U 10.21597/jist.676800
ISNAD ÖZAKIN, Ahmet Numan , KAYA, Ferhat . "Hava Soğutmalı PVT Panellerde Panel Yüzey Sıcaklığını Etkileyen Kontrol Parametrelerinin Optimizasyonu". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 10 / 1 (March 2020): 509-519 . https://doi.org/10.21597/jist.676800
AMA ÖZAKIN A , KAYA F . Hava Soğutmalı PVT Panellerde Panel Yüzey Sıcaklığını Etkileyen Kontrol Parametrelerinin Optimizasyonu. Iğdır Üniv. Fen Bil Enst. Der.. 2020; 10(1): 509-519.
Vancouver ÖZAKIN A , KAYA F . Hava Soğutmalı PVT Panellerde Panel Yüzey Sıcaklığını Etkileyen Kontrol Parametrelerinin Optimizasyonu. Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology. 2020; 10(1): 519-509.