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Hava Modifikasyon İşlemlerinde Yapay Yağış Tekniği

Year 2013, Volume 3, Issue 1, 31 - 40, 31.03.2013

Abstract

Hava modifikasyon işlemiyle yapay yağış oluşturma ve bu sistemin etkinliği meteorolojistler arasında çok tartışılan bir konudur. Doğru şartlar altında, tekniğine uygun yapılan bulut tohumlama işleminin yağışı % 5-20 arasında artırabileceği ileri sürülmektedir. Yağış zenginleştirme potansiyeli su kaynakları yönetimiyle çok yakından ilişkilidir. Bu potansiyel teknolojinin kullanımı entegre programlara ve bu programların ekonomik olarak sürdürülebilmesine bağlıdır. Bu çalışmada bulut tohumlama işleminin dünya ve Türkiye’deki tarihsel gelişim süreci üzerinde durularak yağış oluşumu ve bulut tohumlama sistemleri ile bulutlarda yağış zenginleştirme işlemleri hakkında bazı özet bilgiler verilmiştir

References

  • Anonim, 2012. Suni yağış. http://www.mgm.gov.tr/genel (Erişim tarihi: 04.03.2013).
  • Bergeron, T., 1949. The problem of artificial control of rainfall on the globe. I. General Effects Of Ice-Nuclei In Clouds. Tellus, 1: 32-43.
  • Biswas, K.R., Dennis, A.S., 1971. Formation of rain shower by salt seeding. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 10: 780-784.
  • Bruintjes, R.T., 1999. A review of cloud seeding experiments to en- hance precipitation and some new prospects. Bulletin of Ame- rican Meteorology Society, 80: 805-820.
  • Chernikov, A.A., 2012. Artificial rainfall. Central Aerological Ob- servatory, Roshydromet, Russia.
  • Cotton, W.R., 1982. Modification of precipitation from warm clo- uds a review. Bulletin of American Meteorology Society, 63: 146-160.
  • Elliott, R.D., 1986. Review of wintertime orographic cloud seeding. American Meteorology Society, 87-103.
  • Holroyd, E.W., Super, A., Silverman, B., 1978. The practicability of dry ice for on-top seeding of convective clouds. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 17: 49-63.
  • Klazura, G.E., Todd, C.J., 1978. A model of hygroscopic seeding in cumulus clouds. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 17: 1758- 1768.
  • Manton, M.J., Warren, L., Kenyon, S.L., Peace, A.D., Bilish, S.P., Kemsley, K., 2011. A confirmatory snowfall enhancement project in the snowy mountains of Australia. Part I: Project de- sign and response variables. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50: 1432-1447.
  • Orville, H.D., 1996. A review of cloud modeling in weather mo- dification. Bulletin of American Meteorology Society, 77: 1535-1555.
  • Pruppacher ,H.R., Klett, J.D., 1979. Microphysics of clouds and precipitation. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 105(446): 759-1095.
  • Rosenfeld, D., Duncan A., William L.W., Ronen L., 2010. A quest for effective hygroscopic cloud seeding. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 49: 1548-1562.
  • Seto, J., Tomine, K., Wakimizu, K., Nishiyama, K., 2011. Artifici- al cloud seeding using liquid carbon dioxide: comparisons of experimental data and numerical analyses. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50(7): 1417-1431.
  • Super, A.B., 1990. Winter Orographic cloud seeding status in the intermountain west. The Journal of Weather Modification 22: 106-116.
  • Uduma, K., 2012. Using artificial rain to fight african droughts. http:// www.vanguardngr.com/2012 (Erişim tarihi: 04.03.2013).
  • Young, K.C., 1996. Weather modification: A theoretician’s view- point. Bulletin of American Meteorology Society, 77: 2701- 2710.
  • Yoshida Y., Murakami, M., Kurumizawa, Y., Kato, T., Hashimoto, A., , Yamazaki, T., Haneda, N. 2009. Evaluation of snow aug- mentation by cloud seeding for drought mitigation. Journal of Japan Society of Hydrology and Water Resources, 22(3): 209-222.

Artificial Rainfall Technique in Weather Modification Operations

Year 2013, Volume 3, Issue 1, 31 - 40, 31.03.2013

Abstract

Formation artificial rainfall by means of weather modification operations and the efficiency of the system among meteorologists are much debated issue. It is reported that rainfall is increases 5-20 % by the cloud seeding operations made according to the technique under the right circumstances. Rainfall enhancement potential is very closely related with water resources management.Using to this potential technology depends on integrated programs and the economic sustainability of these programs. The study is focused on the historical development of cloud seeding systems in Turkey and in the World. Accordingly the brief knowledges concerning the formation of rainfall and cloud seeding systems with rainfall enhancement operations into clouds are given

References

  • Anonim, 2012. Suni yağış. http://www.mgm.gov.tr/genel (Erişim tarihi: 04.03.2013).
  • Bergeron, T., 1949. The problem of artificial control of rainfall on the globe. I. General Effects Of Ice-Nuclei In Clouds. Tellus, 1: 32-43.
  • Biswas, K.R., Dennis, A.S., 1971. Formation of rain shower by salt seeding. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 10: 780-784.
  • Bruintjes, R.T., 1999. A review of cloud seeding experiments to en- hance precipitation and some new prospects. Bulletin of Ame- rican Meteorology Society, 80: 805-820.
  • Chernikov, A.A., 2012. Artificial rainfall. Central Aerological Ob- servatory, Roshydromet, Russia.
  • Cotton, W.R., 1982. Modification of precipitation from warm clo- uds a review. Bulletin of American Meteorology Society, 63: 146-160.
  • Elliott, R.D., 1986. Review of wintertime orographic cloud seeding. American Meteorology Society, 87-103.
  • Holroyd, E.W., Super, A., Silverman, B., 1978. The practicability of dry ice for on-top seeding of convective clouds. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 17: 49-63.
  • Klazura, G.E., Todd, C.J., 1978. A model of hygroscopic seeding in cumulus clouds. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 17: 1758- 1768.
  • Manton, M.J., Warren, L., Kenyon, S.L., Peace, A.D., Bilish, S.P., Kemsley, K., 2011. A confirmatory snowfall enhancement project in the snowy mountains of Australia. Part I: Project de- sign and response variables. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50: 1432-1447.
  • Orville, H.D., 1996. A review of cloud modeling in weather mo- dification. Bulletin of American Meteorology Society, 77: 1535-1555.
  • Pruppacher ,H.R., Klett, J.D., 1979. Microphysics of clouds and precipitation. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 105(446): 759-1095.
  • Rosenfeld, D., Duncan A., William L.W., Ronen L., 2010. A quest for effective hygroscopic cloud seeding. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 49: 1548-1562.
  • Seto, J., Tomine, K., Wakimizu, K., Nishiyama, K., 2011. Artifici- al cloud seeding using liquid carbon dioxide: comparisons of experimental data and numerical analyses. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50(7): 1417-1431.
  • Super, A.B., 1990. Winter Orographic cloud seeding status in the intermountain west. The Journal of Weather Modification 22: 106-116.
  • Uduma, K., 2012. Using artificial rain to fight african droughts. http:// www.vanguardngr.com/2012 (Erişim tarihi: 04.03.2013).
  • Young, K.C., 1996. Weather modification: A theoretician’s view- point. Bulletin of American Meteorology Society, 77: 2701- 2710.
  • Yoshida Y., Murakami, M., Kurumizawa, Y., Kato, T., Hashimoto, A., , Yamazaki, T., Haneda, N. 2009. Evaluation of snow aug- mentation by cloud seeding for drought mitigation. Journal of Japan Society of Hydrology and Water Resources, 22(3): 209-222.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Science, Engineering
Journal Section Biyosistem Mühendisliği / Biosystem Engineering
Authors

Turgut ÖZTÜRK (Primary Author)


Büşra KOÇ This is me

Publication Date March 31, 2013
Application Date December 25, 2012
Acceptance Date January 14, 2013
Published in Issue Year 2013, Volume 3, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @review { jist104357, journal = {Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology}, issn = {2146-0574}, eissn = {2536-4618}, address = {}, publisher = {Igdir University}, year = {2013}, volume = {3}, pages = {31 - 40}, doi = {}, title = {Hava Modifikasyon İşlemlerinde Yapay Yağış Tekniği}, key = {cite}, author = {Öztürk, Turgut and Koç, Büşra} }
APA Öztürk, T. & Koç, B. (2013). Hava Modifikasyon İşlemlerinde Yapay Yağış Tekniği . Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology , 3 (1) , 31-40 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jist/issue/7933/104357
MLA Öztürk, T. , Koç, B. "Hava Modifikasyon İşlemlerinde Yapay Yağış Tekniği" . Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 3 (2013 ): 31-40 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jist/issue/7933/104357>
Chicago Öztürk, T. , Koç, B. "Hava Modifikasyon İşlemlerinde Yapay Yağış Tekniği". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 3 (2013 ): 31-40
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Hava Modifikasyon İşlemlerinde Yapay Yağış Tekniği AU - Turgut Öztürk , Büşra Koç Y1 - 2013 PY - 2013 N1 - DO - T2 - Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 31 EP - 40 VL - 3 IS - 1 SN - 2146-0574-2536-4618 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2013 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology Hava Modifikasyon İşlemlerinde Yapay Yağış Tekniği %A Turgut Öztürk , Büşra Koç %T Hava Modifikasyon İşlemlerinde Yapay Yağış Tekniği %D 2013 %J Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology %P 2146-0574-2536-4618 %V 3 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Öztürk, Turgut , Koç, Büşra . "Hava Modifikasyon İşlemlerinde Yapay Yağış Tekniği". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 3 / 1 (March 2013): 31-40 .
AMA Öztürk T. , Koç B. Hava Modifikasyon İşlemlerinde Yapay Yağış Tekniği. J. Inst. Sci. and Tech.. 2013; 3(1): 31-40.
Vancouver Öztürk T. , Koç B. Hava Modifikasyon İşlemlerinde Yapay Yağış Tekniği. Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology. 2013; 3(1): 31-40.
IEEE T. Öztürk and B. Koç , "Hava Modifikasyon İşlemlerinde Yapay Yağış Tekniği", Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 31-40, Mar. 2013