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Year 2022, Volume 2, Issue 1, 16 - 22, 30.06.2022

Abstract

References

  • S. M. Park, and Y.G.A. Kim, (2022). “Metaverse: Taxonomy, Components, Applications, and Open Challenges”, IEEE ACCESS, vol. 10, pp. 4209–4251, 2022.
  • M. Pesce, “Mirror Worlds The metaverse could help us better understand reality”, IEEE SPECTRUM, vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 25–25, 2021.
  • B. Q. Shen, W. M. Tan, and P. Qin, “How to Promote User Purchase in Metaverse? A Systematic Literature Review on Consumer Behavior Research and Virtual Commerce Application Design”, Applied Sciences-Basel, vol. 11, no. 23, 2021.
  • A. Barabási, Network Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016.
  • G. Caldarelli, and M. Catanzaro, Networks. A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.
  • E. Estrada, and P. A. Knight, A first course in Network theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.
  • M. O. Jackson, Social and Economic networks. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008.
  • M. Van Steen, Graph theory and complex networks. An introduction. Amsterdam: Maarten Van Steen, 2010.
  • J. Radoff, Network Effects in the Metaverse, 2021. In https://medium.com/building-the-metaverse/network-effects-in-the-metaverse-5c39f9b94f5a.
  • Y. J. Hyoung, P. Arum, and J. L. Kyoung, “Why Are the Largest Social Networking Services Sometimes Unable to Sustain Themselves?”, Sustainability, vol. 12, no. 2, 2020.
  • A. Odlyzko, and B. Tilly, A refutation of Metcalfe’s law and a better estimate for the value of networks and network interconnections. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2005.
  • G. Bianconi, Multilayer networks. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018.
  • K. M. Lee, B. Min, and K-I. Goh, “Towards real-world complexity: an introduction to multiplex networks”, European Physical Journal B, vol. 88, no. 2, 2015.
  • E. Cozzo, G. Ferraz de Arruda, F. A. Rodrigues, and Y. Moreno, Multilayer networks: metrics and spectral properties, 2016. In https://cosnet.bifi.es/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/CFRM01.pdf.
  • F. Wang, R. Quin, X. Wang, and B. Hu, “MetaSocieties in Metaverse: MetaEconomics and MetaManagement for MetaEnterprises and MetaCities”, IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems, vol. 9, no. 1, 2022.
  • H. Jeong, Y. Yi, and D. Kim, “An Innovative E-Commerce Platform Incorporating Metaverse To Live Commerce February”, International Journal of Innovative Computing Information And Control, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 221–229, 2022.
  • E. Ben-Naim, and P. L. Krapivsky, “Addition–deletion networks”, Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, vol. 40, no. 30, 2007.
  • Mystakidis, S. Metaverse. Encyclopedia 2022, 2, 486-497. https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia2010031

From physical reality to the Metaverse: a Multilayer Network Valuation

Year 2022, Volume 2, Issue 1, 16 - 22, 30.06.2022

Abstract

The physical reality can be partially mapped with network theory, showing the edging links between connected nodes, and their spatial and intertemporal dynamic interaction. The Internet is a network of networks representing a global system of interconnected computer networks. The metaverse is a network of 3D virtual worlds focused on social connection. There is so an evident Ariadne’s thread between these ecosystems, interpreted with multilayer network theory that examines the connectivity and interdependency between nodes positioned in the physical world, the web, or the metaverse.
This pioneering study illustrates a new research avenue, analyzing the application of some of the most evident properties of network theory to the case, showing for instance how replica nodes can link through an avatar the physical world with the metaverse. A valuation methodology of the metaverse ecosystems will be proposed, using a with-and-without approach or multilayer network metrics.

References

  • S. M. Park, and Y.G.A. Kim, (2022). “Metaverse: Taxonomy, Components, Applications, and Open Challenges”, IEEE ACCESS, vol. 10, pp. 4209–4251, 2022.
  • M. Pesce, “Mirror Worlds The metaverse could help us better understand reality”, IEEE SPECTRUM, vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 25–25, 2021.
  • B. Q. Shen, W. M. Tan, and P. Qin, “How to Promote User Purchase in Metaverse? A Systematic Literature Review on Consumer Behavior Research and Virtual Commerce Application Design”, Applied Sciences-Basel, vol. 11, no. 23, 2021.
  • A. Barabási, Network Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016.
  • G. Caldarelli, and M. Catanzaro, Networks. A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.
  • E. Estrada, and P. A. Knight, A first course in Network theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.
  • M. O. Jackson, Social and Economic networks. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008.
  • M. Van Steen, Graph theory and complex networks. An introduction. Amsterdam: Maarten Van Steen, 2010.
  • J. Radoff, Network Effects in the Metaverse, 2021. In https://medium.com/building-the-metaverse/network-effects-in-the-metaverse-5c39f9b94f5a.
  • Y. J. Hyoung, P. Arum, and J. L. Kyoung, “Why Are the Largest Social Networking Services Sometimes Unable to Sustain Themselves?”, Sustainability, vol. 12, no. 2, 2020.
  • A. Odlyzko, and B. Tilly, A refutation of Metcalfe’s law and a better estimate for the value of networks and network interconnections. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2005.
  • G. Bianconi, Multilayer networks. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018.
  • K. M. Lee, B. Min, and K-I. Goh, “Towards real-world complexity: an introduction to multiplex networks”, European Physical Journal B, vol. 88, no. 2, 2015.
  • E. Cozzo, G. Ferraz de Arruda, F. A. Rodrigues, and Y. Moreno, Multilayer networks: metrics and spectral properties, 2016. In https://cosnet.bifi.es/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/CFRM01.pdf.
  • F. Wang, R. Quin, X. Wang, and B. Hu, “MetaSocieties in Metaverse: MetaEconomics and MetaManagement for MetaEnterprises and MetaCities”, IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems, vol. 9, no. 1, 2022.
  • H. Jeong, Y. Yi, and D. Kim, “An Innovative E-Commerce Platform Incorporating Metaverse To Live Commerce February”, International Journal of Innovative Computing Information And Control, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 221–229, 2022.
  • E. Ben-Naim, and P. L. Krapivsky, “Addition–deletion networks”, Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, vol. 40, no. 30, 2007.
  • Mystakidis, S. Metaverse. Encyclopedia 2022, 2, 486-497. https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia2010031

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary
Journal Section Reviews
Authors

Roberto MORO VİSCONTİ (Primary Author)
Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
0000-0002-3458-5161
Italy

Early Pub Date March 17, 2022
Publication Date June 30, 2022
Application Date February 11, 2022
Acceptance Date April 25, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 2, Issue 1

Cite

APA Moro Visconti, R. (2022). From physical reality to the Metaverse: a Multilayer Network Valuation . Journal of Metaverse , 2 (1) , 16-22 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jmv/issue/67967/1071950