Year 2020, Volume 5 , Issue 2, Pages 10 - 20 2020-07-01

Approaches of Lower Basic Grades Teachers to the Activity of Reading to Students in Jordan

Issa Khalil ALHASANAT [1]

The present study is aimed at exploring the approaches adopted by female teachers of lower basic grades (1st, 2nd and 3rd) to the activity of reading to students, approach differences depending on the grade taught and the teacher’s experience. To this end, a questionnaire was distributed to a random sample of 150 lower basic grades teachers in Amman-based primary schools during the second semester of the academic year 2017/2018. The study showed a positive approach by the teachers to their students. In addition, there were no statistically significant differences between these teachers in their approaches to the activity of reading to students depending on the variables of grade or years of experience. In light of the results, a number of recommendations are made. Most importantly, the apparent positive approach by the lower basic grades teachers to the activity of reading to students needs to be invested by introducing some useful reading activities to the curricula and urging the teachers to apply them.
approaches, lower basic grades teachers, activity of reading, students, curricula
  • Abdul-Rahman, H. M. (1411H). Impact of Using Religious Stories in Teaching Some Islamic Education Aspects on the First Preparatory Grade students’ Achievement and Religious Behavior. Faculty of Education, Assiut University, Egypt.
  • Adas, M. A. (1988). Teaching Reading between School and Home. Dar AlFiker. Amman.
  • Al-Kandari, A. & Ibrahim, A. (1416H). Teaching Arabic to the Primary Stage. Alfalah Library. Kuwait.
  • Al-Nassar, S. (2002). Approaches of Primary Grades Teachers to Reading to Students. College of Education Research Centre, King Saud University. (190).
  • Al-Sayyied, A. J.(1987). Impact of Using Stories in Teaching History in Basic Education on Students’ Achievement and Developing Tendency to the History Subject. Faculty of Education, Assiut University, Egypt.
  • Al-Wa’eli, S. A. & Abul-Ruz, D. (2011). Level of Arabic Teachers’ Giving Critical Reading Skills to Tenth Grade students and the Impact of Students’ Achievement and Approaches to Reading. Dirasat. School of Educational Sciences, University of Jordan, Jordan.
  • Burns, P. & Others. (1996).Teaching reading in today’s elementary schools. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Derver, J. (1975). A Dictionary of Psychology. London: Penguin Books, 17th ed.
  • Dowhower, S. (1994). Repeated reading revisited: Research into practice. Reading and Writing Quarterly: Overcoming learning difficulties, 10, 343-358.
  • Dyerson, M. (2012).Teaching Reading to KG and Primary Stages (3rd edition). Translated by Dhahran Multinational School. KSA. 21-30.
  • Fadheel A. (1415H). Problems of Teaching Arabic to the Basic Education Stage (Seminar on teaching Arabic for the basic education stage in Sharjah). ALESCO.
  • Fadhlullah, M. R. (1995). Free Reading for Children. Alam Alkotob. Cairo.
  • Fisher, C. J. & E. B. (1984). The reading aloud remedy. Instructor, 15-18.
  • Gongora, B. H. (1993).The effects of reading aloud on vocabulary development. Bilingual Research Journal, 17,135-139.
  • Hemerick, K. A. (1999).The effect of reading aloud in motivating and enhancing students’ desire to read independently. Unpublished dissertation. Kean University,
  • Kita, B. (1992). Reading series stories to first graders compared to other texts as a means to improve reading skills and habits of leisure reading. A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of philosophy, University of Haifa.
  • Kita, B. & others. (1996). Reading aloud to students: Effects on reading comprehension and pleasure. English Teachers’ Journal, 23-25.
  • Lickteig, M. & Russell, J. (1993). Elementary teachers’ read-aloud practices. Reading Improvement, 30, 202-208.
  • May, F. (1994). Reading as communication. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Michener, D. M. (1988). Test your reading aloud IQ. The Reading Teacher, 42, 118-122.
  • Midcalf, L. F. (2008). Attitudes of elementary preservice teachers regarding content area reading instruction. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Oakland University.
  • Mujawer, M. (1983).Teaching Arabic to the Primary Stage. Dar Alkalam. Kuwait.
  • Mustafa, F. (1414H). Children and Reading. Aldar AlMisriah Allubnaniah. Cairo.
  • Reutzel, D. & Cooter, R. (1996) . Teaching children to read. New Jersey: Prentices-Hall, Inc.
  • Routman, R. (1996). Literacy at the crossroads. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.
  • Walmsley, S. A& Walp, T. P. (1989). Teaching literature in elementary school: A report on the elementary school antecedents of secondary school literature instruction. Report Series 1.3,
  • lbany, N.Y: Center for the Teaching and Learning of Literature. University at Albany, State University of New York, (ERIC No. ED 315 754).
  • Zahran, H. A. (1986). Social Psychology. Alam Alkotob. Cairo, Egypt. p.35.
Primary Language en
Subjects Education and Educational Research
Journal Section Research Article

Orcid: 0000-0002-1804-789X
Author: Issa Khalil ALHASANAT (Primary Author)
Institution: Arab Open University
Country: Jordan


Application Date : December 24, 2019
Acceptance Date : March 26, 2020
Publication Date : July 1, 2020

APA Alhasanat, I . (2020). Approaches of Lower Basic Grades Teachers to the Activity of Reading to Students in Jordan . Journal of Learning and Teaching in Digital Age , 5 (2) , 10-20 . Retrieved from