Research Article
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Cruise tourism directed to natural and cultural landscape areas in the Black Sea Basin

Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 2, 1 - 17, 31.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.31822/jomat.2022-7-2-1

Abstract

Cruise tourism and tourism routes directed to the natural and cultural landscape areas of the region constitute the paradigm of this study, which is considered as an alternative tourism type in the Black Sea basin. With this paradigm developed for international port cities that have coasts on the Black Sea basin, each dynamic of the cultural, social, and economic values of the cities at national and international levels are approached as a phenomenon in this study. In this study, the results obtained by correlating the cognitive states of individuals resulting from the "natural sociability-social experience-social environment" approach in touristic travel with the cruise tourism type in the Black Sea basin are examined with empirical methods. In addition to correlation and regression analysis, landscape planning and design criteria are also used in route planning to reveal the causal relationships between cruise tourism experiences and people's destination loyalty. Both the sustainability of the attraction of natural and cultural landscape areas in destination loyalty and the positive conscience gained from the tourism experiences the people are examined with proactive solution suggestions in this study. In this context, with cruise tourism, which is suggested as an alternative tourism type for cities on the coast of the Black Sea basin, a management model for touristic routes is developed by providing opportunities both for the people to experience different tourism activities and the development of regional tourism.



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Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 2, 1 - 17, 31.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.31822/jomat.2022-7-2-1

Abstract

References

  • Acovitsióti-Hameau, A. (2018). Terraced lands: from put in place to put in memory. World Terraced Landscape: History, Environment, Quality of Life, (9), 239-249.
  • Antrop, M. (2005). Why landscape of the past are important for the future. Landscape and Urban Planning, (70), 21-34.
  • Aytaç, B. P., Çelik, F., & Türe, F. (2007). Ülkemiz ulaştırma politikalarının doğu karadeniz bölgesi’nin kalkınması üzerindeki etkileri, İnşaat Mühendisleri Odası 7. Ulaştırma Kongresi, Yıldız Teknik Üniversitesi, İstanbul, Türkiye, 137-143.
  • Berti, E. (2013). Cultural routes of the council of europe: new paradigms for the territorial project and landscape, almatourism-journal of tourism. Culture and Territorial Development, 4(7), 1-12.
  • Bogenç, Ç., & Bekci, B. (2020a). Regeneration of Historical Akçaabat Ortamahalle. Journal International Refereed Journal On Social Sciences, 6(33), 810-823.
  • Bogenç, Ç., & Bekci, B. (2020b). Artvin Borçka ilçesi peyzaj değerleri ve turizm etkileşimi. Safran Kültür ve Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi, 3(2), 171-181.
  • Bogenç, Ç. (2020). Planning strategies for increasing the tourism potential of Rize Derepazarı. International Refereed Journal of Design and Architecture, (21), 180-209.
  • Brida, J. G., & Zapata, S. (2010). Economic Impacts of Cruise Tourism: The Case of Costa Rica, Anatolia an International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research, 21(2), 322-338.
  • Briedenhann, J., & Wickens, E. (2004). Tourism routes as a tool for the economic development of rural areas-vibrant hope or impossible dream?, Tourism Management, 25(1), 71-79.
  • Cengiz, S., Atmiş, E., & Görmüş, S. (2019). The Impact of economic growth oriented development policies on landscape changes in Istanbul Province in Turkey, Land Use Policy, (87),1-12.
  • Cruise Lines International Association. (2019). Cruise Lines International Association (CLIA) Reveals Growth in Global and North American Passenger Numbers and Insights, Available at https://cruising.org/en-gb/news-and-research/press-room/2019/april/clia-reveals-growth, (accessed February 19, 2021).
  • Cullotta, S., & Barbera, G. (2011). Mapping traditional cultural landscapes in the Mediterranean area using a combined multidisciplinary approach: Method and application to Mount Etna (Sicily; Italy), Landscape and Urban Planning, 100(1-2), 98-108.
  • Czepczynskı, M. (2008). Cultural landscapes of post-sociolist cities “Representation of Powers and Needs”. Routledge Taylor&Francis Group, ISBN: 978-0-7546-7022-3, USA, 205.
  • Dayoub, B., Yang, P., Dayoub, A., Omran, S., & Li, H. (2020). The role of cultural routes in sustainable tourism development: a case study of Syria’s spiritual route, International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning, 15(6), 865-874.
  • Di Pietro, L., Guglielmentti Mugion, R., & Francesca Renzi, M. (2012). Cultural technology district: a model for local and regional development, Current Issues in Tourism, 17(7), 640-656.
  • Diedrich, A. (2010). Cruise ship tourism in Belize: The implications of developing cruise ship tourism in an ecotourism destination, Ocean & Coastal Management, 53(5-6), 234-244.
  • Domash, M., & Seager, J. (2001). Putting women in place; feminist geographers make sense of the world, New York: Guildford, 272.
  • Dragin, A. S., Dragin, V., Plavsa, J., Ivkov, A., & Djurdjev, B. S. (2007). Cruise ship tourism on the danube in vojvodina province as a segment of global tourism, GeographicaPannonica, (11), 59-64.
  • Düzenli, T., & Alpak, E. M. (2017). Yaşlıların kentsel açık mekan kullanımlarının incelenmesi: Trabzon kenti örneği, Yaşlı Sorunları Araştırma Dergisi, 10(2), 1-8.
  • Dwyer, L. (2017). Saluting while the ship sinks: the necessity for tourism paradigm change, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 26(1), 29-48.
  • Edwards, S. D., Jones, P. J. S., & Nowell, D. E. (1997). Participation in coastal zone management initiatives: a review and analysis of examples from the UK, Ocean & Coastal Management, 36(1-3), 143-165.
  • Erber, R., & Erber, M. W. (1994). Beyond mood and social judgment: Mood-incongruent recall and mood regulation, European Journal of Social Psychology, (24), 1–24.
  • Fışkın, R., Kaya, A. Y., & Balık, İ. (2015). An overview on the passenger shipping at Black Sea Region during the period 1940-1980, Türk Deniz Ticareti Sempozyumu VII. Karadeniz Limanları Sempozyumu, (pp. 337-350), Fatsa-Ordu.
  • Florence European Landscape Convention. (2000). Available at: European Landscape Convention, (accessed October 26, 2021).
  • Foland-Ross, L. C., Cooney, R. E., Joormann, J., Henry, M. L., & Gotlib, I. H. (2013). Recalling happy memories in remitted depression: A neuroimaging investigation of the repair of sad mood, Cognitive, Affective&Behavioral Neuroscience, 14, (818-826).
  • Fusco Girard, L., & Torre, C. M. (2012). The use of Ahp in a multiactor evaluation for urban development programs: A case study, Computational Science and ıts Applications, (7334), 157–167.
  • Fusco Girard, L. (2013). Toward a smart sustainable development of port cities/areas: the role of the “historic urban landscape” approach, Sustainability, 5(10), 4329-4348.
  • Fusco Girard, L., Baycan, T., & Nijkamp, P. (2011). Sustainable city and creativity: promoting creative urban initiatives, Ashgate, UK, 449.
  • Gee, C. Y., & Fayos-Sola, E. (1997). International tourism: a global perspective. ISBN:92-844-0231-x, The World Tourism Organization, Madrid, Spain, 399.
  • Hoel, L. A., & Perfater, M. A. (1992). Designing scenic byways in Virginia, Transportation Research Record, (1363), 14-18.
  • Howell, S.E.L., Duguay, C.R., & Markus, T. (2009). Sea ice conditions and melt season duration variability within the Canadian Arctic Archipelago: 1979– 2008, Geophysical Research Letters, 36(10), 1-6.
  • Hritz, N., & Cecil, K. A. (2010). Investigating the sustainability of cruise tourism: a case study of key west, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 16(2), 168-181.
  • Jenkins, R. (2014). Social Identity, ISBN: 978-0-415-70691-9, Routledge Taylor&Francis Group, 243.
  • Johnston, A., Johnston, M., Stewart, E., Dawson, J., & Lemelin, H. (2012). Perspectives of decision makers and regulators on climate change and adaptation in expedition cruise ship tourism in Nunavut, The Northern Review, 35(Spring), 69-95.
  • Jones, M., & Stenseke, M. (2011). The european landscape convention challenges of participation, Springer, ISBN:978-90-481-9931-0, New York, 311.
  • Jones, R. V. (2011). Motivations to cruise: an itinerary and cruise experience study, Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, (18), 30-40.
  • Kizielewicz, J. (2012). Theoretical considerations on understanding of the phenomena of marine tourism in Poland and the World, Scientific Journals Maritime University of Szczecin, 31(103), 108–116.
  • Kizielewicz, J. (2013). Cruise ship tourism – a case study Poland, Scientific Journals Maritime University of Szczecin, 35(107), 65-75.
  • Lasserre, F., & Tetu, P. L. (2015). The cruise tourism industry in the Canadian Arctic: analysis of activities and perceptions of cruise ship operators, Polar Record, 51(256), 24-38.
  • Leiper, N. (1990). Tourist attraction systems, Annals of Tourism Research, 17(3), 367-384.
  • Lester, J. A., & Weeden, C. (2004). Stakeholders, the natural environmentand the future of caribbean cruise tourism, International Journal of Tourism Research, (6), 39-50.
  • Liburd, J. J. (2001). Cruise tourism development in the South of St Lucia, Tourism: An International Inter-disciplinary Journal, 49(3), 215–228.
  • Ligteringen, H. (2012). Ports and Terminals, VSSD:Delft, ISBN:9789065622884, xvi, 276p.
  • Liu, L., Wang, H. J., & Yue, Q. (2020). China’s coastal wetlands: Ecological challenges, restoration, and management suggestions, Regional Studies in Marine Science, 37(101337).
  • Maffesoli, M. (1996). The Time of Tribes: The Decline of Individualism in Mass Society, London: Sage. ISBN: 08039 8473-1, 166.
  • Majdoub, W. (2010). Analyzing cultural routes from a multidimensional perspective, Almatourism, 1(2):29-37.
  • Marsh, E. A. (2012). The effects of cruise ship tourism in coastal heritage cities A case study of Charleston, South Carolina, Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development, 2(2), 190-199.
  • Martin Martin, J. M., Guaita Martinez, J. M., & Sanas Fernandez, J. A. (2018). An analysis of the factors behind the citizen’s attitude of rejection towards tourism in a context of over tourism and economic dependence on this activity, Sustainability, 10(8), 2-18.
  • Moreira, F., Queiroz, A. I., & Aronson, J. (2006). Restoration principles applied to cultural landscapes, Journal for Nature Conservation, (14), 217-224.
  • Narayan, D. (1996). Toward participatory research, In: World Bank Technical Paper, ISBN: 0821334735, 265.
  • Nugraha Budi, T. C. (2016). Proceedings of the international conference on tourism, gastronomy, and tourist destination, advances in economics, Business and Management Research, (28), 147-151.
  • Oikonomopoulou, E., Delegou, E. T., Sayas, J., & Moropoulou, A. (2017). An innovative approach to the protection of cultural heritage: The case of cultural routes in Chios Island, Greece, Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, (14), 742-757.
  • Olwing, K. R. (2007). The practice of landscape ‘Conventions’ and the just landscape: The case of the European landscape convention, Landscape Research, 32(5), 579-594.
  • Pashkevich, A., Dawson, J., & Stewart, E. J. (2015). Governance of expedition cruise ship tourism in the arctic: a comparison of the canadian and russian arctic, Tourism in Marine Environments, 10(3-4), 225-240.
  • Preston Whyte, R. (2004). The beach as a liminal space, In A. Lew, M. Hall, & A. Williams (Eds.), Companion to tourism, Malden, MA: Blackwell, 349–359.
  • Ravetz, J., Fusco Girard, L., & Bornstein, L. (2012). A research and policy development agenda: Fostering creative equitable and sustainable port cities, Bollettino del Dipartimento di Conservazionedei Beni Architettonici ed Ambientali, (12), 67–69.
  • Richards, G., Russo, A. P., & Grossman, M. (2008). Cultural corridors in South East Europe: refinement of concept and development of pilot projects. Council of Europe.
  • Roberto, J., & Salom, P. (2001). Sustainable tourism: Emerging global and regional regulation, The Georgetown International Environmental Law Review, (13), 801–836.
  • Rusting, C. L., & DeHart, T. (2000). Retrieving positive memories to regulate negative mood: Consequences for mood-congruent memory, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, (78), 737–752.
  • Seidl, A., Guiliano, F., & Pratt, L. (2007). Cruising for colones: cruise tourism economics in Costa Rica, Tourism Economics, 13(1), 67-85.
  • Sezen, I., & Yılmaz, S. (2010). Determination of landscape potential in Kop Mountain region for recreational tourism, Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Atatürk University, 41(1), 59-64.
  • Steenjacobsen, J. K. (2010). Nomadic tourism and fleeting place encounters: exploring different aspects of sightseeing, Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, 1(2), 99-112.
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Hospitality Leisure Sport and Tourism
Published Date December (First Published Online 24-02-2022)
Journal Section Contents
Authors

Banu BEKCİ> (Primary Author)
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan üniversitesi
0000-0003-1789-535X
Türkiye

Publication Date December 31, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 2

Cite

APA Bekci, B. (2022). Cruise tourism directed to natural and cultural landscape areas in the Black Sea Basin . Journal of Multidisciplinary Academic Tourism , 7 (2) , 1-17 . DOI: 10.31822/jomat.2022-7-2-1



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