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How COVID-19 Has Affected Supply and Demand Within Tourism Industry

Year 2023, Volume 8, Issue 1, 39 - 49, 31.07.2023
https://doi.org/10.31822/jomat.2023-8-1-39

Abstract

There is no doubt that coronavirus has succeeded in crippling businesses and people worldwide. It has led to unprecedented economic crisis in countries around the world. The tourism sector isn’t an exception to its devastating impacts. The virus has succeeded in affecting not just the economy. In addition to such, job opportunities, and regional developments in local communities have been greatly affected. Tourism throughout the world has been stagnant since the month of April 2020 due to the advent of COVID-19. Given this temporary problem, economies and employment rates have been affected to a great extent. Also, local communities around the world are struggling to survive. In most countries, 50% the revenue generated from exports is contributed by tourism. This means it is a major contributor of GDP (Gross Domestic Product) as well as employment. The major aim of this paper is to carry out an objective review that can enable researchers and experts understand as well as manage the impacts of COVID-19 on tourism. For this to be achieved, this paper discussed the transformational opportunities presented by COVID-19 including questions that it raises. The paper attempts to identify pre-assumptions, institutions, and fundamental values which the tourism industry including other academia need to challenge for development to be achieved. Furthermore, the paper discusses the major impacts, experiences and behaviors being experienced by the 3 stakeholders in the tourism industry – social cost, supply, and demand. Just as measures have been adopted by countries to ameliorate the situation, recommendations have been put forward to ensure speedy recovery of the sector.


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Year 2023, Volume 8, Issue 1, 39 - 49, 31.07.2023
https://doi.org/10.31822/jomat.2023-8-1-39

Abstract

References

  • Abbas, J., Mubeen, R., Iorember, P. T., Raza, S., & Mamirkulova, G. (2021). Exploring the impact of COVID-19 on tourism: transformational potential and implications for a sustainable recovery of the travel and leisure industry. Current Research in Behavioral Sciences, 2, 100033.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crbeha.2021.100033
  • Al-Tawfiq, J. A., Zumla, A., & Memish, Z. A. (2014). Travel implications of emerging coronaviruses: SARS and MERS-CoV. Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease.  12(5), 422–428. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmaid.2014.06.007
  • Andereck, K. L., Valentine, K. M., Knopf, R. C., & Vogt, C. A. (2005). Residents’ perceptions of community tourism impacts. Annals of Tourism Research. 32(4), 1056–1076. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2005.03.001
  • Arlı, E., & Bayırhan, İ. (2021). The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic process on yacht operators: Application on a marina in Antalya. Journal of multidisciplinary academic tourism, 6(2), 81-88. https://doi.org/10.31822/jomat.2021-6-2-81
  • Atsız, O. (2021). Virtual reality technology and physical distancing: A review on limiting human interaction in tourism. Journal of multidisciplinary academic tourism, 6(1), 27-35. https://doi.org/10.31822/jomat.834448
  • Baba, C. A., Stancioiu, A. F., Gabor, M. R., Alexe, F. A., Oltean, F. D., & Dinu, A. C. (2020). Considerations Regarding the Effects of Covid-19 on the Tourism Market. Theoretical and Applied Economics. 3(624), 271 – 284. http://store.ectap.ro/articole/1489.pdf
  • Backer, J. A., Klinkenberg, D., & Wallinga, J. (2020). Incubation period of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infections among travellers from Wuhan, China, 20–28 January 2020. Euro Surveill. 25(5): 2000062. https://www.eurosurveillance.org/content/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2020.25.5.2000062;jsessionid
  • Bajardi, P., Poletto, C., Ramasco, J. J., Tizzoni, M., Colizza, V., & Vespignani, A. (2011). Human mobility networks, travel restrictions, and the global spread of 2009 H1N1 pandemic. PLoS One. 6(1). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016591
  • Barrera-Fernandez, D., Bujalance, S. G., & Scalici, M. (2019). Touristification in historic cities: Reflections on Malaga. Revista de Tourismo Contemporaneo. 7(1), 93 – 115. https://doi.org/10.21680/2357-8211.2019v7n1ID16169
  • Baxter, E. A., & Diehl, S. (1998). Emotional stages: Consumers and family members recovering from the trauma of mental illness. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal.  21(4), 349. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0095289
  • Bella, G. (2018). Estimating the tourism induced environmental Kuznets curve in France. Journal of Sustainable Tourism.  26(12), 2043–2052. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2018.1529768
  • Benjamin, S., Dillette, A., & Alderman, D. H. (2020). “We can’t return to normal”: Committing to tourism equity in the post-pandemic age. Tourism Geographies. 22(3), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1080/1 4616688.2020.1759130
  • Brouder, P. (2020). Reset redux: Possible evolutionary pathways towards the transformation of tourism in a COVID-19 world. Tourism Geographies. Doi: 10.1080/14616688.2020.1760928
  • Butler, G. (2020). Changing leisure mobilities in COVID-19 Australia: Framing the value of self-drive tourism in a time of crisis. Unpublished paper, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia.
  • Carr, A. (2020). COVID-19, indigenous peoples and tourism: A view from New Zealand. Tourism Geographies.  0(0):1–12. Doi: 10.1080/14616688.2020.1768433
  • CCSA. (2020). How COVID-19 is changing the world: a statistical perspective. https://unstats.un.org/unsd/ccsa/documents/covid19-report-ccsa.pdf
  • Chang, C. L., McAleer, M., & Ramos, V. (2020). A charter for sustainable tourism after COVID-19. Sustainability (Switzerland) 12(9). Doi: 10.3390/su12093671.
  • Epstein, J. M., Goedecke, D. M., Yu, F., Morris, R. J., Wagener, D. K., & Bobashev, G. V. (2007). Controlling pandemic flu: The value of international air travel restrictions. PLoS One. 2(5). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000401
  • Etxezarreta-Etxarri, A., Izagirre-Olaizola, J., Morandeira-Arca, J., & Carollo, I. M. (2020). Urban touristification in Spanish cities: consequences for the rentalhousing sector in San Sebastian. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 33(1), 1294-1310. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2020.1755878
  • Fredline, E., & Faulkner, B. (2001). Variations in residents’ reactions to major motorsport events: Why residents perceive the impacts of events differently. Event Management. 7(2), 115–125. https://doi.org/10.3727/152599501108751524
  • Freytag, T., & Bauder, M. (2018). Bottom-Up touristification and urban transformations in Paris. Tourism Geographies, 20(3), 443 – 460. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616688.2018.1454504
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Hospitality Leisure Sport and Tourism
Published Date July 2023 (First Published Online 19-11-2022)
Journal Section Contents
Authors

Gül Şerife HUYUGÜZEL KIŞLA>
EGE UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-0901-2038
Türkiye


Burcu TÜRKCAN>
EGE UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-7494-5897
Türkiye


Meltem INCE YENİLMEZ> (Primary Author)
IZMIR DEMOCRACY UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-4689-3196
Türkiye

Publication Date July 31, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023, Volume 8, Issue 1

Cite

APA Huyugüzel Kışla, G. Ş. , Türkcan, B. & Ince Yenilmez, M. (2023). How COVID-19 Has Affected Supply and Demand Within Tourism Industry . Journal of Multidisciplinary Academic Tourism , 8 (1) , 39-49 . DOI: 10.31822/jomat.2023-8-1-39



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