Year 2020, Volume 17 , Issue 2, Pages 108 - 123 2020-05-27

Ramifications of Households Non-farm Income on Agricultural Productivity: Evidence from Rural Area of Pakistan

Md.salamun RASHİDİN [1] , Sara JAVED [2] , Dr. Bin LİU [3]


In Pakistan, agriculture sector currently contributes up to 28 percent to in GDP. Due to the development of modern science and technology, rural household source of income is altering. Lots of research suggested that non-farm income is the main source of income for rural area. This study investigates the effects of non-farm income on agriculture productivity in Pakistan. The current research accumulated data from Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement Survey (PSLM) 2014-15. Pakistan Federal Bauru of Statistics has developed its own sampling frame for rural and urban areas. Researcher used the Heckman’s two-step procedure to tackle the problem of endogeneity and selection bias. The first phase of probit regression coefficient indicates that the availability of banks, motorable roads, forest, telecommunication substructure, montane grasslands and shrublands zone are substantial to clarify the non-farm income. On the other hand, the second stage of OLS regression exhibited a significant negative association between non-farm income and per-capita farm income.


Agricultural Productivity, Non-farm income, Endogeneity
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Primary Language en
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-1273-8494
Author: Md.salamun RASHİDİN
Institution: University of International Business and Economics (UIBE)
Country: China


Orcid: 0000-0002-7234-7690
Author: Sara JAVED
Institution: University of International Business and Economics (UIBE)
Country: China


Orcid: 0000-0002-7234-7690
Author: Dr. Bin LİU
Institution: University of International Business and Economics (UIBE)
Country: China


Dates

Application Date : January 29, 2019
Acceptance Date : August 22, 2019
Publication Date : May 27, 2020

Bibtex @research article { jotaf518975, journal = {Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1302-7050}, eissn = {2146-5894}, address = {}, publisher = {Namik Kemal University}, year = {2020}, volume = {17}, pages = {108 - 123}, doi = {10.33462/jotaf.518975}, title = {Ramifications of Households Non-farm Income on Agricultural Productivity: Evidence from Rural Area of Pakistan}, key = {cite}, author = {Rashi̇di̇n, Md.salamun and Javed, Sara and Li̇u, Dr. Bin} }
APA Rashi̇di̇n, M , Javed, S , Li̇u, D . (2020). Ramifications of Households Non-farm Income on Agricultural Productivity: Evidence from Rural Area of Pakistan . Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi , 17 (2) , 108-123 . DOI: 10.33462/jotaf.518975
MLA Rashi̇di̇n, M , Javed, S , Li̇u, D . "Ramifications of Households Non-farm Income on Agricultural Productivity: Evidence from Rural Area of Pakistan" . Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 17 (2020 ): 108-123 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jotaf/issue/54544/518975>
Chicago Rashi̇di̇n, M , Javed, S , Li̇u, D . "Ramifications of Households Non-farm Income on Agricultural Productivity: Evidence from Rural Area of Pakistan". Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 17 (2020 ): 108-123
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Ramifications of Households Non-farm Income on Agricultural Productivity: Evidence from Rural Area of Pakistan AU - Md.salamun Rashi̇di̇n , Sara Javed , Dr. Bin Li̇u Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.33462/jotaf.518975 DO - 10.33462/jotaf.518975 T2 - Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 108 EP - 123 VL - 17 IS - 2 SN - 1302-7050-2146-5894 M3 - doi: 10.33462/jotaf.518975 UR - https://doi.org/10.33462/jotaf.518975 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi Ramifications of Households Non-farm Income on Agricultural Productivity: Evidence from Rural Area of Pakistan %A Md.salamun Rashi̇di̇n , Sara Javed , Dr. Bin Li̇u %T Ramifications of Households Non-farm Income on Agricultural Productivity: Evidence from Rural Area of Pakistan %D 2020 %J Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1302-7050-2146-5894 %V 17 %N 2 %R doi: 10.33462/jotaf.518975 %U 10.33462/jotaf.518975
ISNAD Rashi̇di̇n, Md.salamun , Javed, Sara , Li̇u, Dr. Bin . "Ramifications of Households Non-farm Income on Agricultural Productivity: Evidence from Rural Area of Pakistan". Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 17 / 2 (May 2020): 108-123 . https://doi.org/10.33462/jotaf.518975
AMA Rashi̇di̇n M , Javed S , Li̇u D . Ramifications of Households Non-farm Income on Agricultural Productivity: Evidence from Rural Area of Pakistan. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi. 2020; 17(2): 108-123.
Vancouver Rashi̇di̇n M , Javed S , Li̇u D . Ramifications of Households Non-farm Income on Agricultural Productivity: Evidence from Rural Area of Pakistan. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi. 2020; 17(2): 108-123.