Year 2021, Volume 18 , Issue 1, Pages 10 - 20 2020-12-30

Comparison of Aroma Compounds and Some Pomological Characteristics of Local Apple Genotype Called ‘Gelin’ and ‘Mondial Gala’ Cultivated in Canakkale
Comparison of Aroma Compounds and Some Pomological Characteristics of Local Apple Genotype Called ‘Gelin’ and ‘Mondial Gala’ Cultivated in Canakkale

Mehmet Ali GÜNDOĞDU [1] , Engin GÜR [2] , Murat ŞEKER [3]


Volatiles directly affect the sensorial quality of fresh fruits and therefore consumer preferences. The types and concentrations of volatile compounds show great variability in different apple types and varieties. In this experiment some pomological characteristics and aroma potential of local apple genotype called ‘Gelin’ or ‘Yazlik Elma’ and commercial standard apple cultivar ‘Mondial Gala’ were evaluated. Fruit length and diameter (mm), fruit weight (g), soluble solid content (% Brix), pH, titratable acidity (malic acid ml 100 ml-1), skin and flesh color (L, hue, chroma) were investigated within scope of pomological characteristics. The identification of volatile constituents was performed by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometer (GC/MS) instrument by liquid–liquid extraction using diethyl ether solvent. The amount of the aroma volatile determined with a gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer (Shimadzu® QP2010 GC/MS) fitted with a DB-WAX column (30 m x 0.25 mm ID, 0.25 μm film thickness; J & W, USA). According to the obtained results, 23 volatile constituents including 9 aldehydes (45.56%), 7 esters (46.78%), 6 alcohols (6.85%), and 1 other compound (0.81%), were detected in ‘Gelin’ genotype; 20 volatile constituents including 6 esters (56.08%), 7 aldehydes (34.76%), 6 alcohols (8.13%) and 1 other compound (1.03%), were detected in ‘Mondial Gala’ cultivar. Aldehydes and esters are main volatiles to fruity and floral aroma especially for apples. Especially, E-2-Hexenal and acetaldehyde for aldehydes and butyl acetate and hexyl acetate for esters are the main volatile compounds detected for the fruits studied. The high contents of these compounds that give pleasant flavor and aroma in fruits play very important part in the preference of fruits by consumers. In addition, the ‘Gelin’ genotype population can represent a novel source of breeding materials for improvement of aroma characteristics of standard cultivars.

Aroma bileşenleri, taze meyvelerin duyusal kalitesini ve böylelikle müşteri tercihlerini direk etkilemektedir. Ülkemizin farklı ekolojik koşullarında elmalarda uçucu bileşiklerin türü ve konsantrasyonları bakımından büyük varyasyonlar görülmektedir. Bu çalışmada ‘Gelin’ veya ‘Yazlık Elma’ olarak bilinen yerel elma genotipi ile ticari olarak yetiştirilen ‘Mondial Gala’ standart elma çeşidinin aroma potansiyeli ve bazı pomolojik özellikleri değerlendirilmiştir. Pomolojik özellikler kapsamında meyve eni ve boyu (mm), meyve ağırlığı (g), suda çözünen kuru madde miktarı (% Brix), pH, titre edilebilir asitlik (malik asit ml 100 ml-1), meyve kabuk ve et rengi (L, hue, chroma) incelenmiştir. Uçucu bileşenlerin tanımlanması ise gaz kromatografisi kütle spektrometresi cihazı ile dietil eter çözgeni kullanılarak sıvı-sıvı ekstraksiyonuyla gerçekleştirilmiştir. Aroma bileşenlerinin miktarlarının belirlenmesinde Gaz kromatografisi kütle spektrometresi cihazında takılı DB-WAX kolonu (30m x 0.25 mm iç çapı x 0.25 µm film kalınlığı) kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre; Gelin genotipinde tespit edilen 23 aroma bileşeninin 9’u aldehit (%45.56), 7’si ester (%46.78), 6’sı alkol (%6.85) ve 1’i (%0.81) diğer bileşendir. Mondial Gala çeşidinde ise 6’sı ester (%56.08), 7’si aldehit (%34.76), 6’sı alkol (%8.13) ve 1’i (%1.03) diğer bileşen olmak üzere 20 adet aroma bileşeni saptanmıştır. Elmalar için özellikle meyvemsi ve çiçeksi kokuyu oluşturan esas bileşenler aldehit ve esterlerdir. Özellikle aldehitler için E-2-Hekzenal ve asetaldehit, esterler için bütil asetat ve heksil asetat incelenen meyvelerde tespit edilen başlıca uçucu bileşiklerdir. Meyvelere hoş koku ve tat veren bu bileşenlerin yüksek oranlarda bulunması tüketicilerin meyve tercihlerinde önemli bir rol oynamaktadır. Bununla birlikte, ‘Gelin’ genotipi popülasyonları, standart çeşitlerin aroma özelliklerinin iyileştirilmesi için yeni ıslah materyalleri kaynağını da oluşturabilir.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-5802-5505
Author: Mehmet Ali GÜNDOĞDU (Primary Author)
Institution: CANAKKALE ONSEKIZ MART UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF HORTICULTURE
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4668-1206
Author: Engin GÜR
Institution: CANAKKALE ONSEKIZ MART UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF HORTICULTURE
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6886-0547
Author: Murat ŞEKER
Institution: CANAKKALE ONSEKIZ MART UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF HORTICULTURE
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : October 6, 2019
Acceptance Date : November 12, 2020
Publication Date : December 30, 2020

Bibtex @research article { jotaf630009, journal = {Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1302-7050}, eissn = {2146-5894}, address = {}, publisher = {Namik Kemal University}, year = {2020}, volume = {18}, pages = {10 - 20}, doi = {10.33462/jotaf.630009}, title = {Comparison of Aroma Compounds and Some Pomological Characteristics of Local Apple Genotype Called ‘Gelin’ and ‘Mondial Gala’ Cultivated in Canakkale}, key = {cite}, author = {Gündoğdu, Mehmet Ali and Gür, Engin and Şeker, Murat} }
APA Gündoğdu, M , Gür, E , Şeker, M . (2020). Comparison of Aroma Compounds and Some Pomological Characteristics of Local Apple Genotype Called ‘Gelin’ and ‘Mondial Gala’ Cultivated in Canakkale . Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi , 18 (1) , 10-20 . DOI: 10.33462/jotaf.630009
MLA Gündoğdu, M , Gür, E , Şeker, M . "Comparison of Aroma Compounds and Some Pomological Characteristics of Local Apple Genotype Called ‘Gelin’ and ‘Mondial Gala’ Cultivated in Canakkale" . Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 18 (2020 ): 10-20 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jotaf/issue/59022/630009>
Chicago Gündoğdu, M , Gür, E , Şeker, M . "Comparison of Aroma Compounds and Some Pomological Characteristics of Local Apple Genotype Called ‘Gelin’ and ‘Mondial Gala’ Cultivated in Canakkale". Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 18 (2020 ): 10-20
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of Aroma Compounds and Some Pomological Characteristics of Local Apple Genotype Called ‘Gelin’ and ‘Mondial Gala’ Cultivated in Canakkale AU - Mehmet Ali Gündoğdu , Engin Gür , Murat Şeker Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.33462/jotaf.630009 DO - 10.33462/jotaf.630009 T2 - Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 10 EP - 20 VL - 18 IS - 1 SN - 1302-7050-2146-5894 M3 - doi: 10.33462/jotaf.630009 UR - https://doi.org/10.33462/jotaf.630009 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi Comparison of Aroma Compounds and Some Pomological Characteristics of Local Apple Genotype Called ‘Gelin’ and ‘Mondial Gala’ Cultivated in Canakkale %A Mehmet Ali Gündoğdu , Engin Gür , Murat Şeker %T Comparison of Aroma Compounds and Some Pomological Characteristics of Local Apple Genotype Called ‘Gelin’ and ‘Mondial Gala’ Cultivated in Canakkale %D 2020 %J Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1302-7050-2146-5894 %V 18 %N 1 %R doi: 10.33462/jotaf.630009 %U 10.33462/jotaf.630009
ISNAD Gündoğdu, Mehmet Ali , Gür, Engin , Şeker, Murat . "Comparison of Aroma Compounds and Some Pomological Characteristics of Local Apple Genotype Called ‘Gelin’ and ‘Mondial Gala’ Cultivated in Canakkale". Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 18 / 1 (December 2020): 10-20 . https://doi.org/10.33462/jotaf.630009
AMA Gündoğdu M , Gür E , Şeker M . Comparison of Aroma Compounds and Some Pomological Characteristics of Local Apple Genotype Called ‘Gelin’ and ‘Mondial Gala’ Cultivated in Canakkale. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi. 2020; 18(1): 10-20.
Vancouver Gündoğdu M , Gür E , Şeker M . Comparison of Aroma Compounds and Some Pomological Characteristics of Local Apple Genotype Called ‘Gelin’ and ‘Mondial Gala’ Cultivated in Canakkale. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi. 2020; 18(1): 10-20.
IEEE M. Gündoğdu , E. Gür and M. Şeker , "Comparison of Aroma Compounds and Some Pomological Characteristics of Local Apple Genotype Called ‘Gelin’ and ‘Mondial Gala’ Cultivated in Canakkale", Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 10-20, Dec. 2021, doi:10.33462/jotaf.630009