Year 2021, Volume 18 , Issue 1, Pages 21 - 31 2020-12-30

Technical Efficiency and Profitability of Cassava Production in Delta State: A Stochastic Frontier Production Function Analysis
Technical Efficiency and Profitability of Cassava Production in Delta State: A Stochastic Frontier Production Function Analysis

Theophilus Miebi GBİGBİ [1]


The study empirically examines the production efficiency of cassava farmers in Delta State, Nigeria, using stochastic frontier analysis. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select 120 farmers. The result showed that 68.3% of cassava farmers fell within the age range of 40-59 years, majority (63.3%) of them were females, 69.2% had formal education, 51.7% had 6-10 years farming experience, 62.5% had household size of 6-10 persons, 70% did not belong to cooperative society, 88.3% of them had farm size between 0.1-0.9 ha, 76.7% did not have access to credit and 74.2% also did not have extension contact. A mean technical efficiency of 67% was recorded. The results imply that the average efficiency of cassava production could be improved by 33% through better use of existing resources and technology. The result showed that the return to scale was 1.306.The gamma coefficient was 0.86, implying that 86% of variation of cassava output from the production frontier was accounted by the technical inefficiency of the farmers. The major factors which influenced the farmers technical efficiency were farm size, planting material and capital while farming experience, level of education, access to credit, gender, age of farmer and household size exerted a significant effect on their inefficiency level. The major problems faced by the farmers were inadequate finance, inaccessibility to credit, inadequate access to improved varieties and high cost of inputs. The study deduced that the gross margin and net farm incomes were N155,726.34 a and N147,464.84 with BCR of N2.38, suggesting that cassava production is profitable. It is recommended that more farmers should venture into cassava production as a means of wealth creation and employment generation.

The study empirically examines the production efficiency of cassava farmers in Delta State, Nigeria, using stochastic frontier analysis. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select 120 farmers. The result showed that 68.3% of cassava farmers fell within the age range of 40-59 years, majority (63.3%) of them were females, 69.2% had formal education, 51.7% had 6-10 years farming experience, 62.5% had household size of 6-10 persons, 70% did not belong to cooperative society, 88.3% of them had farm size between 0.1-0.9 ha, 76.7% did not have access to credit and 74.2% also did not have extension contact. A mean technical efficiency of 67% was recorded. The results imply that the average efficiency of cassava production could be improved by 33% through better use of existing resources and technology. The result showed that the return to scale was 1.306.The gamma coefficient was 0.86, implying that 86% of variation of cassava output from the production frontier was accounted by the technical inefficiency of the farmers. The major factors which influenced the farmers technical efficiency were farm size, planting material and capital while farming experience, level of education, access to credit, gender, age of farmer and household size exerted a significant effect on their inefficiency level. The major problems faced by the farmers were inadequate finance, inaccessibility to credit, inadequate access to improved varieties and high cost of inputs. The study deduced that the gross margin and net farm incomes were N155,726.34 a and N147,464.84 with BCR of N2.38, suggesting that cassava production is profitable. It is recommended that more farmers should venture into cassava production as a means of wealth creation and employment generation.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-1335-7231
Author: Theophilus Miebi GBİGBİ (Primary Author)
Institution: DELTA STATE UNIVERSITY ASABA CAMPUS ASABA
Country: Nigeria


Dates

Application Date : February 26, 2020
Acceptance Date : November 12, 2020
Publication Date : December 30, 2020

Bibtex @research article { jotaf693249, journal = {Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1302-7050}, eissn = {2146-5894}, address = {}, publisher = {Namik Kemal University}, year = {2020}, volume = {18}, pages = {21 - 31}, doi = {10.33462/jotaf.693249}, title = {Technical Efficiency and Profitability of Cassava Production in Delta State: A Stochastic Frontier Production Function Analysis}, key = {cite}, author = {Gbigbi, Theophilus Miebi} }
APA Gbigbi, T . (2020). Technical Efficiency and Profitability of Cassava Production in Delta State: A Stochastic Frontier Production Function Analysis . Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi , 18 (1) , 21-31 . DOI: 10.33462/jotaf.693249
MLA Gbigbi, T . "Technical Efficiency and Profitability of Cassava Production in Delta State: A Stochastic Frontier Production Function Analysis" . Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 18 (2020 ): 21-31 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jotaf/issue/59022/693249>
Chicago Gbigbi, T . "Technical Efficiency and Profitability of Cassava Production in Delta State: A Stochastic Frontier Production Function Analysis". Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 18 (2020 ): 21-31
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Technical Efficiency and Profitability of Cassava Production in Delta State: A Stochastic Frontier Production Function Analysis AU - Theophilus Miebi Gbigbi Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.33462/jotaf.693249 DO - 10.33462/jotaf.693249 T2 - Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 21 EP - 31 VL - 18 IS - 1 SN - 1302-7050-2146-5894 M3 - doi: 10.33462/jotaf.693249 UR - https://doi.org/10.33462/jotaf.693249 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi Technical Efficiency and Profitability of Cassava Production in Delta State: A Stochastic Frontier Production Function Analysis %A Theophilus Miebi Gbigbi %T Technical Efficiency and Profitability of Cassava Production in Delta State: A Stochastic Frontier Production Function Analysis %D 2020 %J Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1302-7050-2146-5894 %V 18 %N 1 %R doi: 10.33462/jotaf.693249 %U 10.33462/jotaf.693249
ISNAD Gbigbi, Theophilus Miebi . "Technical Efficiency and Profitability of Cassava Production in Delta State: A Stochastic Frontier Production Function Analysis". Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 18 / 1 (December 2020): 21-31 . https://doi.org/10.33462/jotaf.693249
AMA Gbigbi T . Technical Efficiency and Profitability of Cassava Production in Delta State: A Stochastic Frontier Production Function Analysis. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi. 2020; 18(1): 21-31.
Vancouver Gbigbi T . Technical Efficiency and Profitability of Cassava Production in Delta State: A Stochastic Frontier Production Function Analysis. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi. 2020; 18(1): 21-31.
IEEE T. Gbigbi , "Technical Efficiency and Profitability of Cassava Production in Delta State: A Stochastic Frontier Production Function Analysis", Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 21-31, Dec. 2021, doi:10.33462/jotaf.693249