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An Evaluation on the European Super League

Year 2021, Volume 3, Issue 1, 21 - 29, 30.06.2021

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to evaluate the proposed European Super League. In the research, the case study design based on the qualitative research method was used. In the research, the clubs and leagues that recommend the European Super League were examined. The clubs that propose the European Super League are among the top 20 clubs in Europe in terms of income, the broadcast contract fees and match values are at a much higher level than other clubs, most of the club owners are private individuals and they are managed as a company. found to be distributed. As a result, the top 12 clubs in Europe acted with the idea of increasing their income, these clubs did not want to share the financial return with clubs and organizations with relatively lower incomes, they did not want to allocate resources indirectly to the development and support of European football, and it was a purely for-profit company. It is understood that they intend to act as In the research, it has been concluded that this formation should never be allowed, considering that even if it is supported temporarily, it may not receive the necessary attention in the long run, it can deal a significant blow to European football, and the result of football turning into a financial income tool cannot be accepted. In this context, it is recommended that all football stakeholders act in cooperation, implement the legal regulations that will prevent this and similar formations, and support all steps to be taken within the scope of protecting and strengthening European football.

References

  • Aba, A. (2021). Bildiğimiz futbolun sonu. http://www.futbolekonomi. com/index.php/ haberler-makaleler/ekonomi/129-diger yazarlar/ 5215-bildiimiz-futbolun-sonu.html, Erişim Tarihi: 23.04.2021.
  • Akşar, T. (2021). Avrupa Süper Ligi kararının ekonomik boyutları. 2021/ ekonomi/avrupa-super-ligi-kararinin-ekonomik-boyutlari-6384309/, Erişim Tarihi: 24.04.2021.
  • BBC. (2008). Football, G-14 football group is disbanded, http:// news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/ football/7247791.stm, Erişim Tarihi: 23.04.2021.
  • Bell, A.R., Urquhart A.& Brooks, C. (2021). Superliga Europea: por qué castigar a los grandes clubes podría ser una mala idea. https://www.bbc.com/mundo/deportes-56815843, Erişim Tarihi: 30.04.2021.
  • Birnbaum, J. (2019). European Super League Aims To Swipe Champions League’s $2.4 Billion In TV Money -And Bury UEFA. https://www.forbes.com/sites/justinbirnbaum/ 2021/04/19/ new-european-super-league-taking-a-swipe-at-champions-leagues-24-billion-annual-broadcast-revenues/?sh= 238626e 71d05, Erişim Tarihi: 27.04.2021.
  • Bolavip.com, (2021). Super League documents leaked by the Financial Times Show. https://bolavip.com/en/soccer/super-league-documents-leaked-by-the-financial-times-show -its-distribution -model-20210420-0001.html,Erişim Tarihi: 29.04.2021.
  • Chaudhary, V. Most Competitive Soccer Leagues in Europe [Analysis]. https://runrepeat. com/most-competitive-soccer-leagues-in-europe-analysis Erişim Tarihi: 06 Haziran 2021.
  • Campelli, M. (2021). Quantifying the economic and social impact of football , Erişim Tarihi: 20.04.2021.
  • Cengiz, R. (2021). Avrupa Süper Ligi Nasıl Görünüyor? http://www. futbolekonomi.com/ index.php/ haberler-makaleler/genel/289- recep-cengiz/ 5212-2021-04-21-12-06-01.html, Erişim Tarihi: 27.04.2021.
  • Chetcuti, A. (2008). The Exploitation of football media rights in the EU: a Competition law analysis, Institute of Computer and Communications Law Centre for Commercial Law Studies Queen Mary University of London, 1-22.
  • Creswell, J.W. (2013). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, And Mixed Methods Approaches. New York: Sage, s.97.
  • Cretton, E. (2015). Increase Competıtıve Balance In European Football, A Strategic Approach, Bachelor Project submitted for the obtention of the Bachelor of Science HES in Business Administration with a major in International Management, Haute école de gestion de Genève (HEG-GE) International Business Management.
  • Der Spiegel, (2018). Football: Documents Show Secret Plans for Elite League of Top Clubs, https://www.spiegel.de/consent-a- ?targetUrl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.spiegel.de%2 Finternational % 2Fworld %2Ffootball-documents-show-secret-plans-for-elite-league-of-top-clubs 2F, Erişim Tarihi: 23.04.2021.
  • Doyle, M. (2021). The great Champions League illusion: A European Super League in all but name, https://www.goal.com/en/news/ great-champions-league-illusion-european-super-league-all/ 1ksw006wngrgd1wy5sb5o0h0yn, Erişim Tarihi: 23.04.2021.
  • Duffy, T. (2016). Could Stephen Ross Pave The Way For a European Super League?, , Erişim Tarihi: 23.04.2021.
  • Dunbar, G. (2021). Winners and losers in Super League plan for European soccer, https://www.startribune.com/ winners-and-losers-in-super-league-plan-for-european-soccer/ 600047766/,Erişim Tarihi: 27.04.2021.
  • Epstein, A. (2021). How much TV money could the European Super League command? https://qz.com/1998582/how-much-tv-money-could-the-european-super-league-command/, Erişim Tarihi: 01.05.2021.
  • Eurosport, (2009). Perez Wants Super League, https://www. eurosport.com/football/ champions-league/ 2008-2009/perez-wants-super-league_sto1993443/story.shtml, Erişim Tarihi: 21.04.2021.
  • Forbes, (2021) The Business Of Soccer. , Erişim Tarihi: 27.04.2021.
  • Gall, D.M., Gall, P.J., ve Borg, W.R. (2007). Educational Research: An Introduction. Boston, MA:Pearson.
  • Goff, S. (2019). European Super League plan: More profit for soccer’s haves, less opportunity for have-nots, https://www. washingtonpost.com/sports/2021/04/19/european-super-league-analysis/ Erişim Tarihi: 01.05.2021).
  • Independent, (1998). Football: Uefa winning `super league’ war, https://www.independent.co.uk/sport/ football-uefa-winning-super-league-war-1180341.html, Erişim Tarihi: 19.04.2021.
  • Independent (2021). European Super League less valuable to broadcasters than current model, BT Sport chief insists, https:// www.independent.co.uk/sport/football/european/ european-super-league-tv-bt-sport-b1803417.html, Erişim Tarihi: 21.04.2021.
  • Iosifidis, P., Tsourvakas, G. & Simeonidou, B. (2015) Media and sport in Europe: Economics and culture, İn Redefining Disruptive Innovation and Added Value Networks in Media Business and Policy, (Editors: Zvezdan Vukanovic, Angela Powers, George Tsourvakas & Paulo Faustino), Volume 3, Mediaxxi – Formalpress, Porto, 105-119.
  • KPMG, (2020). The European Champions Report 2020, 1-28. https://www.footballbenchmark.com/documents/files/public/ KPMG%20Football%20Benchmark%20-%20European%20 Champions%20Report%202020_WEB.pdf Erişim Tarihi: 21.04.2021.
  • Mabert T. (2012), Why a European Super League Would Be Bad for Football, https://bleacherreport.com/articles/1256918-why-a-european-super-league-would-be-bad-for-football Erişim Tarihi: 02 Haziran 2021.
  • Mason, N. (1975). The story of all the world’s football games, Drake Publishers. s.24. ISBN 0-8473-1024-8.
  • Solberg, H.A. & Gratton C. (2004). Would European soccer clubs benefit from playing in a Super League? Soccer & Society, 5 (1), 61-81.
  • Szymanski, S. (2007). The future of football in Europe, Economia Deporte,191-210.
  • Szymanski, S. & Hoehn, T.A. (1999). The Americanization of European Football, Economic Policy, 14(28):203-240.
  • Şimşek H. & Yıldırım A. (2003), Sosyal Bilimlerde Nitel Araştırma Yöntemleri, Ankara, Seçkin Yayıncılık, s.19.
  • Talimciler, A. (2021). Avrupa Süper Ligi. http://www.futbolekonomi. com/index.php/haberler-makaleler/genel/259-ahmet-talimciler/ 5211-2021-04-20-14-28-30.html, Erişim Tarihi: 26.04.2021.
  • The Telegraph, (2009). Real Madrid’s Florentino Perez reveals ‘European Super League’ ambition,https://www.telegraph.co.uk/ sport/football/european/5748825/Real-Madrids-Florentino- Perez-reveals-European-Super-League-ambition.html, Erişim Tarihi: 21.04.2021.
  • Thesuperleague.com. (2021). Press Release, https://thesuperleague. com/. Erişim Tarihi: 25.04.2021.
  • UEFA, (2019). Club Licensing Benchmarking Report Financial Year 2018: 1-131.
  • UEFA, (2021). Congress condemns breakaway plans, https://www. uefa.com/insideuefa/mediaservices/ mediareleases/news/0268- 1215f6bee879-def81eca96d8-1000--uefa-congress-condemns-breakaway-plans/. Erişim Tarihi: 26.04. 2021.
  • UEFA, (2021a), Financial Report, 2019/20, 1-44.
  • UEFA, (2021b) Country coefficients, https://www.uefa.com/ memberassociations/uefa rankings/country /#/yr/202. Erişim Tarihi: 30 Mayıs 2021.
  • Ulagay, A. (2003). Avrupa futboluna yön veren örgüt G-14, https:// www.hurriyet.com.tr/ gundem/avrupa-futboluna-yon-veren -orgut-g-14-188165, Erişim Tarihi: 26.04.2021.
  • Vroomann, J. (2007). Theory of the beautıful game: The unification of European Football, Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 54, (3), 314-354.
  • Yıldırım, A. ve Şimşek, H. (2011), Sosyal Bilimlerde Nitel Araştırma Yöntemleri (8. Basım). Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.
  • Yin, R. K. (2003). Case study research: Design and methods (3rd ed.). Tousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Avrupa Süper Ligi Üzerine Bir Değerlendirme

Year 2021, Volume 3, Issue 1, 21 - 29, 30.06.2021

Abstract

Bu araştırmanın amacı, önerilen Avrupa Süper Ligi’nin değerlendirilmesidir. Araştırmada nitel araştırma yöntemini temel alan durum çalışması deseni kullanılmıştır. Araştırmada Avrupa Süper Ligi’ni öneren kulüpler ve ligleri incelenmiştir. Avrupa Süper Ligi’ni öneren kulüplerin gelir bakımından Avrupa’nın ilk 20 kulübü içerisinde oldukları, yayın sözleşme bedelleri ve maç değerlerinin diğer kulüplerden oldukça yüksek düzeyde olduğu, kulüp sahiplerinin çoğunun özel şahıslar olduğu ve şirket şeklinde yönetildikleri, ayrıca UEFA gelirlerinin önemli bir bölümünün ödül olarak dağıtıldığı bulunmuştur. Sonuç olarak, Avrupa’nın üst düzey 12 kulübünün, gelirlerini artırmak düşüncesiyle hareket ettikleri, bu kulüplerin, elde edilen finansal getiriyi nispeten daha düşük gelire sahip kulüp ve organizasyonlarla paylaşmak istememeleri, dolaylı olarak Avrupa futbolunun gelişimine ve desteklenmesine kaynak ayırmak istememeleri ve tamamen kâr amaçlı şirket olarak hareket etme düşüncesinde oldukları anlaşılmaktadır. Araştırmada, bu oluşumun, gerçekleşmesi durumunda geçici olarak destek bulsa dahi uzun vadede gerekli ilgiyi görememesinin söz konusu olabileceği, Avrupa futboluna önemli bir darbe vurabileceği, futbolun finansal getiri aracına dönüşmesi sonucuna razı olunamayacağı dikkate alınarak asla izin verilmemesi gerektiği sonucuna varılmıştır. Bu kapsamda tüm futbol paydaşları tarafından iş birliği içerisinde hareket edilmesi bu ve benzeri oluşumları engelleyecek hukuki düzenlemelerin süratle uygulamaya konması ve Avrupa futbolunun korunarak güçlendirilmesi kapsamında atılacak tüm adımlara destek verilmesi önerilmektedir.

References

  • Aba, A. (2021). Bildiğimiz futbolun sonu. http://www.futbolekonomi. com/index.php/ haberler-makaleler/ekonomi/129-diger yazarlar/ 5215-bildiimiz-futbolun-sonu.html, Erişim Tarihi: 23.04.2021.
  • Akşar, T. (2021). Avrupa Süper Ligi kararının ekonomik boyutları. 2021/ ekonomi/avrupa-super-ligi-kararinin-ekonomik-boyutlari-6384309/, Erişim Tarihi: 24.04.2021.
  • BBC. (2008). Football, G-14 football group is disbanded, http:// news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/ football/7247791.stm, Erişim Tarihi: 23.04.2021.
  • Bell, A.R., Urquhart A.& Brooks, C. (2021). Superliga Europea: por qué castigar a los grandes clubes podría ser una mala idea. https://www.bbc.com/mundo/deportes-56815843, Erişim Tarihi: 30.04.2021.
  • Birnbaum, J. (2019). European Super League Aims To Swipe Champions League’s $2.4 Billion In TV Money -And Bury UEFA. https://www.forbes.com/sites/justinbirnbaum/ 2021/04/19/ new-european-super-league-taking-a-swipe-at-champions-leagues-24-billion-annual-broadcast-revenues/?sh= 238626e 71d05, Erişim Tarihi: 27.04.2021.
  • Bolavip.com, (2021). Super League documents leaked by the Financial Times Show. https://bolavip.com/en/soccer/super-league-documents-leaked-by-the-financial-times-show -its-distribution -model-20210420-0001.html,Erişim Tarihi: 29.04.2021.
  • Chaudhary, V. Most Competitive Soccer Leagues in Europe [Analysis]. https://runrepeat. com/most-competitive-soccer-leagues-in-europe-analysis Erişim Tarihi: 06 Haziran 2021.
  • Campelli, M. (2021). Quantifying the economic and social impact of football , Erişim Tarihi: 20.04.2021.
  • Cengiz, R. (2021). Avrupa Süper Ligi Nasıl Görünüyor? http://www. futbolekonomi.com/ index.php/ haberler-makaleler/genel/289- recep-cengiz/ 5212-2021-04-21-12-06-01.html, Erişim Tarihi: 27.04.2021.
  • Chetcuti, A. (2008). The Exploitation of football media rights in the EU: a Competition law analysis, Institute of Computer and Communications Law Centre for Commercial Law Studies Queen Mary University of London, 1-22.
  • Creswell, J.W. (2013). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, And Mixed Methods Approaches. New York: Sage, s.97.
  • Cretton, E. (2015). Increase Competıtıve Balance In European Football, A Strategic Approach, Bachelor Project submitted for the obtention of the Bachelor of Science HES in Business Administration with a major in International Management, Haute école de gestion de Genève (HEG-GE) International Business Management.
  • Der Spiegel, (2018). Football: Documents Show Secret Plans for Elite League of Top Clubs, https://www.spiegel.de/consent-a- ?targetUrl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.spiegel.de%2 Finternational % 2Fworld %2Ffootball-documents-show-secret-plans-for-elite-league-of-top-clubs 2F, Erişim Tarihi: 23.04.2021.
  • Doyle, M. (2021). The great Champions League illusion: A European Super League in all but name, https://www.goal.com/en/news/ great-champions-league-illusion-european-super-league-all/ 1ksw006wngrgd1wy5sb5o0h0yn, Erişim Tarihi: 23.04.2021.
  • Duffy, T. (2016). Could Stephen Ross Pave The Way For a European Super League?, , Erişim Tarihi: 23.04.2021.
  • Dunbar, G. (2021). Winners and losers in Super League plan for European soccer, https://www.startribune.com/ winners-and-losers-in-super-league-plan-for-european-soccer/ 600047766/,Erişim Tarihi: 27.04.2021.
  • Epstein, A. (2021). How much TV money could the European Super League command? https://qz.com/1998582/how-much-tv-money-could-the-european-super-league-command/, Erişim Tarihi: 01.05.2021.
  • Eurosport, (2009). Perez Wants Super League, https://www. eurosport.com/football/ champions-league/ 2008-2009/perez-wants-super-league_sto1993443/story.shtml, Erişim Tarihi: 21.04.2021.
  • Forbes, (2021) The Business Of Soccer. , Erişim Tarihi: 27.04.2021.
  • Gall, D.M., Gall, P.J., ve Borg, W.R. (2007). Educational Research: An Introduction. Boston, MA:Pearson.
  • Goff, S. (2019). European Super League plan: More profit for soccer’s haves, less opportunity for have-nots, https://www. washingtonpost.com/sports/2021/04/19/european-super-league-analysis/ Erişim Tarihi: 01.05.2021).
  • Independent, (1998). Football: Uefa winning `super league’ war, https://www.independent.co.uk/sport/ football-uefa-winning-super-league-war-1180341.html, Erişim Tarihi: 19.04.2021.
  • Independent (2021). European Super League less valuable to broadcasters than current model, BT Sport chief insists, https:// www.independent.co.uk/sport/football/european/ european-super-league-tv-bt-sport-b1803417.html, Erişim Tarihi: 21.04.2021.
  • Iosifidis, P., Tsourvakas, G. & Simeonidou, B. (2015) Media and sport in Europe: Economics and culture, İn Redefining Disruptive Innovation and Added Value Networks in Media Business and Policy, (Editors: Zvezdan Vukanovic, Angela Powers, George Tsourvakas & Paulo Faustino), Volume 3, Mediaxxi – Formalpress, Porto, 105-119.
  • KPMG, (2020). The European Champions Report 2020, 1-28. https://www.footballbenchmark.com/documents/files/public/ KPMG%20Football%20Benchmark%20-%20European%20 Champions%20Report%202020_WEB.pdf Erişim Tarihi: 21.04.2021.
  • Mabert T. (2012), Why a European Super League Would Be Bad for Football, https://bleacherreport.com/articles/1256918-why-a-european-super-league-would-be-bad-for-football Erişim Tarihi: 02 Haziran 2021.
  • Mason, N. (1975). The story of all the world’s football games, Drake Publishers. s.24. ISBN 0-8473-1024-8.
  • Solberg, H.A. & Gratton C. (2004). Would European soccer clubs benefit from playing in a Super League? Soccer & Society, 5 (1), 61-81.
  • Szymanski, S. (2007). The future of football in Europe, Economia Deporte,191-210.
  • Szymanski, S. & Hoehn, T.A. (1999). The Americanization of European Football, Economic Policy, 14(28):203-240.
  • Şimşek H. & Yıldırım A. (2003), Sosyal Bilimlerde Nitel Araştırma Yöntemleri, Ankara, Seçkin Yayıncılık, s.19.
  • Talimciler, A. (2021). Avrupa Süper Ligi. http://www.futbolekonomi. com/index.php/haberler-makaleler/genel/259-ahmet-talimciler/ 5211-2021-04-20-14-28-30.html, Erişim Tarihi: 26.04.2021.
  • The Telegraph, (2009). Real Madrid’s Florentino Perez reveals ‘European Super League’ ambition,https://www.telegraph.co.uk/ sport/football/european/5748825/Real-Madrids-Florentino- Perez-reveals-European-Super-League-ambition.html, Erişim Tarihi: 21.04.2021.
  • Thesuperleague.com. (2021). Press Release, https://thesuperleague. com/. Erişim Tarihi: 25.04.2021.
  • UEFA, (2019). Club Licensing Benchmarking Report Financial Year 2018: 1-131.
  • UEFA, (2021). Congress condemns breakaway plans, https://www. uefa.com/insideuefa/mediaservices/ mediareleases/news/0268- 1215f6bee879-def81eca96d8-1000--uefa-congress-condemns-breakaway-plans/. Erişim Tarihi: 26.04. 2021.
  • UEFA, (2021a), Financial Report, 2019/20, 1-44.
  • UEFA, (2021b) Country coefficients, https://www.uefa.com/ memberassociations/uefa rankings/country /#/yr/202. Erişim Tarihi: 30 Mayıs 2021.
  • Ulagay, A. (2003). Avrupa futboluna yön veren örgüt G-14, https:// www.hurriyet.com.tr/ gundem/avrupa-futboluna-yon-veren -orgut-g-14-188165, Erişim Tarihi: 26.04.2021.
  • Vroomann, J. (2007). Theory of the beautıful game: The unification of European Football, Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 54, (3), 314-354.
  • Yıldırım, A. ve Şimşek, H. (2011), Sosyal Bilimlerde Nitel Araştırma Yöntemleri (8. Basım). Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.
  • Yin, R. K. (2003). Case study research: Design and methods (3rd ed.). Tousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Hospitality Leisure Sport and Tourism
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Buğra Çağatay SAVAŞ
İNÖNÜ ÜNİVERSİTESİ SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ ENSTİTÜSÜ BEDEN EĞİTİMİ VE SPOR ABD
0000-0002-8698-6311
Türkiye


Emine ÖZTÜRK KARATAŞ
İNÖNÜ ÜNİVERSİTESİ SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ ENSTİTÜSÜ BEDEN EĞİTİMİ VE SPOR ABD
0000-0002-4142-5369
Türkiye


Özgür KARATAŞ (Primary Author)
İNÖNÜ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-7863-2898
Türkiye

Publication Date June 30, 2021
Application Date May 6, 2021
Acceptance Date June 17, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 3, Issue 1

Cite

APA Savaş, B. Ç. , Öztürk Karataş, E. & Karataş, Ö. (2021). Avrupa Süper Ligi Üzerine Bir Değerlendirme . Herkes için Spor ve Rekreasyon Dergisi , 3 (1) , 21-29 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jsar/issue/63301/933752

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