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Eminium rauwolffii (Blume) Schott var. rauwolffii’nin Tohum ve Tuber Yağlarının Yağ Asidi Bileşimlerinin Belirlenmesi

Year 2021, Volume 11, Issue 1, 28 - 32, 09.06.2021

Abstract

Bu çalışmada, Türkiye’den toplanan Eminium rauwolffii (Blume) Schott var. rauwolffii taksonunun tuber ve tohumları yağ asitleri açısından değerlendirilmiştir. Tohum ve tuberlerin yağ miktarları (%) ile yağ asitleri bileşimi belirlenmiştir. Tohum ve tuberlerin yağ miktarları sırasıyla 2.89/100 g ve 0.86/100 g olarak bulunmuştur. Tohum yağ asitleri arasında en fazla miktarda bulunan yağ asidi linoleik asit (%25.01, 18:2n6), ardından sırasıyla oleik asit (%14.45, 18:1n9), palmitoleik asit (16:1, %11.6), ve palmitik asittir (16:0, %10.28). Ayrıca, tuber yağ asitleri arasında en fazla miktarda bulunan yağ asidinin linoleik asit (%26.22, 18:2n6), ardından sırasıyla palmitik asit (%23.42, 16:0), oleik asit (%16.78, 18:1n9), miristik asit (%7.05, 14:0) olduğu gözlenmiştir. İncelenen yağlarda tanımlanan doymuş ve doymamış yağ asitlerinin toplam yüzdeleri tohum için sırasıyla %14.17 ve %55.89 iken tuberler için ise sırasıyla %44.71 and %45.87’dir. Sonuç olarak, Eminium rauwolffii (Blume) Schott var. rauwolffii taksonunun tohum ve tuberlerindeki yağlarda doymamış yağ asitleri miktarının doymuş yağ asitleri miktarından daha fazla olduğu bulunmuştur.

References

  • Afifi FU., Abu-Dahab R. 2012. Phytochemical screening and biological activities of Eminium spiculatum (Blume) Kuntze (family Araceae). Natural product research, 26(9), 878-882. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/14786419.2011.565558.
  • Agbor‐Egb T., Rickard, JE. 1990. Evaluation of the chemical composition of fresh and stored edible aroids. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 53(4), 487-495. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740530407
  • Chen, J., Henny, RJ., Liao, F. 2007. Aroids are important medicinal plants. In: International Symposium on Medicinal and Nutraceutical Plants 756:347-354. doi: https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2007.756.37
  • Chernenko, TV., Glushenkova, AI. 2001. Lipids of Acorus calamus. Chemistry of Natural Compounds, 37(4), 304-306. doi: https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1013749930066
  • Chernenko, TV., Gazizov, FY., Glushenkova, AI., Nigmatullaev, AM. 2005. Lipids of Eminium lehmannii leaves and tubers. Chemistry of natural compounds, 41(2), 141-143. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-005-0097-8
  • Choo, CY., Chan, KL., Takeya, K., Itokawa, H. 2001. Cytotoxic activity of Typhonium flagelliforme (Araceae). Phytotherapy Research: An International Journal Devoted to Pharmacological and Toxicological Evaluation of Natural Product Derivatives, 15(3), 260-262. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.717
  • Connor, WE. 2000. Importance of n-3 fatty acids in health and disease. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 71(1), 171-175. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/71.1.171S
  • Coursey, DG. 1968. The edible aroids. World Crops, 20, 25-30.
  • Divaricatum, T. 1992. A promising local plant in the fight against cancer. Med. J. Malaysia 47(1).
  • Dring, JV., Kite, GC., Nash, RJ., Reynolds, T. 1995. Chemicals in aroids: a survey, including new results for polyhydroxy alkaloids and alkylresorcinols. Botanical Journal of the L innean Society, 117(1), 1-12. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.1995.tb02373.x
  • Fırat, M., Karavelioğulları, FA., Aziret, A. 2015. Geophytes of East Anatolia (Turkey). Manas Journal of Agriculture Veterinary and Life Sciences, 5(1).
  • Gilani, AU., Shah, AJ,, Ahmad, M., and Shaheen, F. 2006. Antispasmodic effect of Acorus calamus is mediated through calcium channel blockade. Phytotherapy Research 20, 1080-1084. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.2000
  • Güney, M., Oz, AT., Kafkas, E., 2015. Comparison of lipids, fatty acids and volatile compounds of various kumquat species using HS/GC/MS/FID techniques. Schott. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 95(6), 1268-1273. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.6817
  • Haag, M., Dippenaar, NG. 2005. Dietary fats, fatty acids and insülin resistance: short review of a multifaceted connection. Medical Science Monitor 11, 359-367. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/07315724.2001.10719008
  • Hu, FB., Manson, JE., Willett, WC. 2001. Types of dietary fat and risk of coronary heart disease: a critical review. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 20, 5-19. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/07315724.2001.10719008
  • Khare, CP. 2007. Indian Medicinal Plants an Illustrated Dictionary. New Delhi, India: Springer; p.836.
  • Lai, CS., Mas, RH., Nair, NK., Mansornn, SM., Navaratnamn, V. 2010. Chemical constituents and in vitro anticancer activity of Typhonium flagelliforme (Araceae). Journal of ethnopharmacology, 127(2), 486-494. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2009.10.009
  • Lichenstein, AH. 2006. Thematic review series: patient-oriented research. Dietary fat, carbohydrate, and protein: effects on plasma lipoprotein patterns. Journal of Lipid Research, 4, 1661-1667.
  • Meydani, SN., Lichenstein, AH., White, AH., Goodnight, SH., Elson, CE., Woods, M., Gorbach, SL., Schaefer, EJ. 1991. Food use and health effects of soybean and sunflower oils. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 10, 406-428. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/07315724.1991.10718168
  • Moreno, JJ., Mitjavila, MT. 2003. The degree of unsaturation of dietary fatty acids and the development of atherosclerosis (review). Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, 14, 182-195. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0955-2863(02)00294-2
  • Murkovic, M., Hillebrand, A., Winkler, J., Leitner, E., Pfannhauser, W. 1996. Variability of fatty acid content of pumpkin seeds (Cucurbita pepo L). Zeitzchrift fuer Lebensmittel-Untersuchung und-Forschung, 203, 216-219. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01192866
  • Nair, SSD., Leitch, JW., Falconer, J., Garg, ML. 1997. Prevention of Cardiac Arrhythmia by Dietary (n-3) Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and their Mechhanism of Action. The Journal of Nutrition, 127(3), 383-393. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/127.3.383
  • Obeidat, M. 2011. Antimicrobial activity of some medicinal plants against multidrug resistant skin pathogens, Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 5(16), 3856-3860.
  • Opute, FI., Osagie, AU. 1978. Fatty acid composition of total lipids from some tropical storage organs. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 29(11), 959-962. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740291110
  • Rajpu,t SB., Tonge, MB., Karuppayil, SM. 2014. An overview on traditional uses and pharmacological profile of Acorus calamus Linn. (Sweet flag) and other Acorus species. Phytomedicine, 21(3), 268-276. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2013.09.020
  • Saglik, S., Alpinar, K., Imre, S. 2002a. Fatty acid composition of Dracunculus vulgaris Schott (Araceae) seed oil from Turkey. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 5(3), pp. 231-233.
  • Saglik, S., Alpinar, K., Imre, S. 2002b. Fatty Acid Composition of the Seed Oil of Arum italicum Miller. Journal of Food Lipids, 9, 95-103. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4522.2002.tb00212.x
  • Si, MM., Lou, JS., Zhou, CX., Shen, JN. 2010. Insulin releasing and alpha glucosidaseinhibitory activity of ethyl acetate fraction of Acorus calamus in vitro and in vivo. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 128(1), 154-159. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2009.12.044
  • Simopoulos, AP. 1991. Omega-3 fatty acids in health and disease and in growth and development. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 54(3), 438-463. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/54.3.438
  • Yüce Babacan, E., Eker, İ. 2017. Geophyte Flora of the Munzur Valley (Tunceli) and Its Surroundings. Bağbahçe Bilim Dergisi, 4(1), 31-49.

Determination of Fatty Acid Composition of Seed and Tuber Oils of Eminium rauwolffii (Blume) Schott var. rauwolffii

Year 2021, Volume 11, Issue 1, 28 - 32, 09.06.2021

Abstract

In this study, the Eminium rauwolffii (Blume) Schott var. rauwolffii taxon’s tubers and seeds from Turkey were evaluated for their fatty acids. The seed and tuber oil content (%) and fatty acid compositions were determined. The oil contents of the seeds and tubers were 2.89/100 g and 0.86/100 g, respectively. Among the fatty acids for seeds, linoleic acid (18:2n6) was the most abundant (25.01%), followed by oleic acid (18:1n9, 14.45%), palmitoleic acid (16:1, 11.6%), and palmitic acid (16:0, 10.28%). In addition, among the fatty acids for tubers, linoleic acid (18:2n6c) was the most abundant (26.22%), followed by palmitic acid (23.42%, 16:0), oleic acid (16.78%, 18:1n9), and myristic acid (7.05%, 14:0). The total percentages of the saturated and unsaturated fatty acids identified in our examined oils were 14.17 and 55.89% for seed and 44.71 and 45.87% for tubers, respectively. In conclusion, the seed and tuber oil of Eminium rauwolffii (Blume) Schott var. rauwolffii is richer in unsaturated fatty acids compared with saturated fatty acids.

References

  • Afifi FU., Abu-Dahab R. 2012. Phytochemical screening and biological activities of Eminium spiculatum (Blume) Kuntze (family Araceae). Natural product research, 26(9), 878-882. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/14786419.2011.565558.
  • Agbor‐Egb T., Rickard, JE. 1990. Evaluation of the chemical composition of fresh and stored edible aroids. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 53(4), 487-495. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740530407
  • Chen, J., Henny, RJ., Liao, F. 2007. Aroids are important medicinal plants. In: International Symposium on Medicinal and Nutraceutical Plants 756:347-354. doi: https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2007.756.37
  • Chernenko, TV., Glushenkova, AI. 2001. Lipids of Acorus calamus. Chemistry of Natural Compounds, 37(4), 304-306. doi: https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1013749930066
  • Chernenko, TV., Gazizov, FY., Glushenkova, AI., Nigmatullaev, AM. 2005. Lipids of Eminium lehmannii leaves and tubers. Chemistry of natural compounds, 41(2), 141-143. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-005-0097-8
  • Choo, CY., Chan, KL., Takeya, K., Itokawa, H. 2001. Cytotoxic activity of Typhonium flagelliforme (Araceae). Phytotherapy Research: An International Journal Devoted to Pharmacological and Toxicological Evaluation of Natural Product Derivatives, 15(3), 260-262. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.717
  • Connor, WE. 2000. Importance of n-3 fatty acids in health and disease. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 71(1), 171-175. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/71.1.171S
  • Coursey, DG. 1968. The edible aroids. World Crops, 20, 25-30.
  • Divaricatum, T. 1992. A promising local plant in the fight against cancer. Med. J. Malaysia 47(1).
  • Dring, JV., Kite, GC., Nash, RJ., Reynolds, T. 1995. Chemicals in aroids: a survey, including new results for polyhydroxy alkaloids and alkylresorcinols. Botanical Journal of the L innean Society, 117(1), 1-12. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.1995.tb02373.x
  • Fırat, M., Karavelioğulları, FA., Aziret, A. 2015. Geophytes of East Anatolia (Turkey). Manas Journal of Agriculture Veterinary and Life Sciences, 5(1).
  • Gilani, AU., Shah, AJ,, Ahmad, M., and Shaheen, F. 2006. Antispasmodic effect of Acorus calamus is mediated through calcium channel blockade. Phytotherapy Research 20, 1080-1084. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.2000
  • Güney, M., Oz, AT., Kafkas, E., 2015. Comparison of lipids, fatty acids and volatile compounds of various kumquat species using HS/GC/MS/FID techniques. Schott. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 95(6), 1268-1273. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.6817
  • Haag, M., Dippenaar, NG. 2005. Dietary fats, fatty acids and insülin resistance: short review of a multifaceted connection. Medical Science Monitor 11, 359-367. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/07315724.2001.10719008
  • Hu, FB., Manson, JE., Willett, WC. 2001. Types of dietary fat and risk of coronary heart disease: a critical review. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 20, 5-19. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/07315724.2001.10719008
  • Khare, CP. 2007. Indian Medicinal Plants an Illustrated Dictionary. New Delhi, India: Springer; p.836.
  • Lai, CS., Mas, RH., Nair, NK., Mansornn, SM., Navaratnamn, V. 2010. Chemical constituents and in vitro anticancer activity of Typhonium flagelliforme (Araceae). Journal of ethnopharmacology, 127(2), 486-494. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2009.10.009
  • Lichenstein, AH. 2006. Thematic review series: patient-oriented research. Dietary fat, carbohydrate, and protein: effects on plasma lipoprotein patterns. Journal of Lipid Research, 4, 1661-1667.
  • Meydani, SN., Lichenstein, AH., White, AH., Goodnight, SH., Elson, CE., Woods, M., Gorbach, SL., Schaefer, EJ. 1991. Food use and health effects of soybean and sunflower oils. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 10, 406-428. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/07315724.1991.10718168
  • Moreno, JJ., Mitjavila, MT. 2003. The degree of unsaturation of dietary fatty acids and the development of atherosclerosis (review). Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, 14, 182-195. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0955-2863(02)00294-2
  • Murkovic, M., Hillebrand, A., Winkler, J., Leitner, E., Pfannhauser, W. 1996. Variability of fatty acid content of pumpkin seeds (Cucurbita pepo L). Zeitzchrift fuer Lebensmittel-Untersuchung und-Forschung, 203, 216-219. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01192866
  • Nair, SSD., Leitch, JW., Falconer, J., Garg, ML. 1997. Prevention of Cardiac Arrhythmia by Dietary (n-3) Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and their Mechhanism of Action. The Journal of Nutrition, 127(3), 383-393. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/127.3.383
  • Obeidat, M. 2011. Antimicrobial activity of some medicinal plants against multidrug resistant skin pathogens, Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 5(16), 3856-3860.
  • Opute, FI., Osagie, AU. 1978. Fatty acid composition of total lipids from some tropical storage organs. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 29(11), 959-962. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740291110
  • Rajpu,t SB., Tonge, MB., Karuppayil, SM. 2014. An overview on traditional uses and pharmacological profile of Acorus calamus Linn. (Sweet flag) and other Acorus species. Phytomedicine, 21(3), 268-276. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2013.09.020
  • Saglik, S., Alpinar, K., Imre, S. 2002a. Fatty acid composition of Dracunculus vulgaris Schott (Araceae) seed oil from Turkey. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 5(3), pp. 231-233.
  • Saglik, S., Alpinar, K., Imre, S. 2002b. Fatty Acid Composition of the Seed Oil of Arum italicum Miller. Journal of Food Lipids, 9, 95-103. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4522.2002.tb00212.x
  • Si, MM., Lou, JS., Zhou, CX., Shen, JN. 2010. Insulin releasing and alpha glucosidaseinhibitory activity of ethyl acetate fraction of Acorus calamus in vitro and in vivo. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 128(1), 154-159. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2009.12.044
  • Simopoulos, AP. 1991. Omega-3 fatty acids in health and disease and in growth and development. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 54(3), 438-463. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/54.3.438
  • Yüce Babacan, E., Eker, İ. 2017. Geophyte Flora of the Munzur Valley (Tunceli) and Its Surroundings. Bağbahçe Bilim Dergisi, 4(1), 31-49.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Zeynep ERGUN> (Primary Author)
ADANA ALPARSLAN TÜRKEŞ SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-9868-9488
Türkiye

Publication Date June 9, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 11, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { karaelmasfen794287, journal = {Karaelmas Fen ve Mühendislik Dergisi}, issn = {2146-7277}, address = {Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit Üniversitesi}, publisher = {Zonguldak Bulent Ecevit University}, year = {2021}, volume = {11}, number = {1}, pages = {28 - 32}, title = {Determination of Fatty Acid Composition of Seed and Tuber Oils of Eminium rauwolffii (Blume) Schott var. rauwolffii}, key = {cite}, author = {Ergun, Zeynep} }
APA Ergun, Z. (2021). Determination of Fatty Acid Composition of Seed and Tuber Oils of Eminium rauwolffii (Blume) Schott var. rauwolffii . Karaelmas Fen ve Mühendislik Dergisi , 11 (1) , 28-32 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/karaelmasfen/issue/62732/794287
MLA Ergun, Z. "Determination of Fatty Acid Composition of Seed and Tuber Oils of Eminium rauwolffii (Blume) Schott var. rauwolffii" . Karaelmas Fen ve Mühendislik Dergisi 11 (2021 ): 28-32 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/karaelmasfen/issue/62732/794287>
Chicago Ergun, Z. "Determination of Fatty Acid Composition of Seed and Tuber Oils of Eminium rauwolffii (Blume) Schott var. rauwolffii". Karaelmas Fen ve Mühendislik Dergisi 11 (2021 ): 28-32
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Determination of Fatty Acid Composition of Seed and Tuber Oils of Eminium rauwolffii (Blume) Schott var. rauwolffii AU - ZeynepErgun Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - DO - T2 - Karaelmas Fen ve Mühendislik Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 28 EP - 32 VL - 11 IS - 1 SN - 2146-7277- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Karaelmas Science and Engineering Journal Determination of Fatty Acid Composition of Seed and Tuber Oils of Eminium rauwolffii (Blume) Schott var. rauwolffii %A Zeynep Ergun %T Determination of Fatty Acid Composition of Seed and Tuber Oils of Eminium rauwolffii (Blume) Schott var. rauwolffii %D 2021 %J Karaelmas Fen ve Mühendislik Dergisi %P 2146-7277- %V 11 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Ergun, Zeynep . "Determination of Fatty Acid Composition of Seed and Tuber Oils of Eminium rauwolffii (Blume) Schott var. rauwolffii". Karaelmas Fen ve Mühendislik Dergisi 11 / 1 (June 2021): 28-32 .
AMA Ergun Z. Determination of Fatty Acid Composition of Seed and Tuber Oils of Eminium rauwolffii (Blume) Schott var. rauwolffii. Karaelmas Fen ve Mühendislik Dergisi. 2021; 11(1): 28-32.
Vancouver Ergun Z. Determination of Fatty Acid Composition of Seed and Tuber Oils of Eminium rauwolffii (Blume) Schott var. rauwolffii. Karaelmas Fen ve Mühendislik Dergisi. 2021; 11(1): 28-32.
IEEE Z. Ergun , "Determination of Fatty Acid Composition of Seed and Tuber Oils of Eminium rauwolffii (Blume) Schott var. rauwolffii", Karaelmas Fen ve Mühendislik Dergisi, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 28-32, Jun. 2021