Ethical Principles and Publication Policy

Official journal of Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit University, Karaelmas Science and Engineering Journalis a peer-reviewed journal which aims to reach all national and international institutions and individuals free of charge. In the scientific articles sent to our journal, the recommendations of ICMJE (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors) and the International Standards of COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) for Editors and Authors are taken into consideration.

"All claims and finalized processes regarding violations of ethics by our authors are under their own responsibility, and in case of ethical violations, the article is automatically canceled."

Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers

Peer Reviewers,
- respect the confidentiality of the manuscript, do not discuss it and do not reveal any details of it.
- inform the editor about any conflict of interest.
- provide objective and constructive explanations for their suggestions.
- do not allow the decisions related to the article to be influenced by the subject of the manuscript or the way of writing.
- do not contact the authors directly and request their previous articles unless there is a strong scientific reason.
- do not duplicate any part of the article or information reviewed in any of their own work before it is published by the authors.
- agree to accept the reviews only within their expertise and finish the review process within a reasonable time.
- do not intentionally prolong the review process which leads to a delay for the publication of the article.
- use a language refrained from being hostile and avoids making derogatory personal comments.
- destroy the manuscript and associated material after reviewing.

Ethical Guidelines for Authors

Authors and co-authors,
- meet the following criteria for authorship defined by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE);
a. Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work;
b. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content;
c. Final approval of the version to be published;
d. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
- ensure that submitted articles are original and are not sent to different publishers.
- are responsible for any falsification, alteration or plagiarism which are defined as abusing research before or during the research or while reporting the findings of it.
- inform the editor if there is any conflict of interest in the submitted articles.
- inform the editor for correction or withdrawal if any mistake is noticed after publication or during the process of pre-control or evaluation.
- do not suggest reordering, adding or dropping author names after article submission.
- state, if the research requires the decision of the ethics committee, that they have the ethics committee approval with the name of the ethics committee and the date and number of the decision in the first and last page of the article and the methods section, also upload the ethics committee approval document to the system along with the application of the article.
- state in the article that they have the consent form for the case reports.
- comply with the copyright regulations for the ideas and works of art used in the article.
- provide statements for Author Contribution, Conflict of Interest, Disclosure and if necessary, Acknowledgements.

Ethical Guidelines for Editors

• The readers should be informed about who provides financial support to the study or other scientific studies and whether there is any role of sponsors in the study or publication, and if there is any, what the contribution is.
• Editors should base their decisions of acceptance or rejection on the importance, originality and clarity of the article, validity of study and its relevance to the remit of the journal.
• Editors should not reverse decisions to accept submissions unless serious problems are identified with the submission.
• New editors should not overturn decisions to publish submissions made by the previous editor unless serious problems are identified.
• A description of peer review processes should be published, and editors should be ready to justify any important deviation from the described processes.
• Journals should have a declared mechanism for authors to appeal against editorial decisions.
• Editors should publish guidance to authors on everything that is expected of them. This guidance should be regularly updated and should refer or link to this code.
• Editors should state the authorship criteria suggested by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).
• Editors should provide guidance to reviewers on everything that is expected of them including
• the need to handle submitted material in confidence. This guidance should be regularly updated and should refer or link to this code
• Editors should require reviewers to disclose any potential competing interests before agreeing to review a submission.
• Editors should have systems to ensure that peer reviewers’ identities are protected unless they
• use an open review system that is declared to authors and reviewers. Editors should provide new editorial board members with guidelines on everything that is expected of them and should keep existing members updated on new policies and developments.
• Editors should make decisions on which articles to publish based on quality and suitability for the journal and without interference from the journal owner/publisher.
• Editors should have a written contract(s) setting out their relationship with the journal’s owner and/or publisher. The terms of this contract should be in line with the COPE Code of Conduct for Journal Editors.
• Editors should strive to ensure that peer review at their journal is fair, unbiased and timely.
• Editors should have systems to ensure that material submitted to their journal remains confidential while under review.
• Editors should take all reasonable steps to ensure the quality of the material they publish, recognizing that journals and sections within journals will have different aims and standards.