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A Defense of the Knowledge Argument against Physicalism

Year 2021, Volume 20, Issue 2, 653 - 695, 15.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.20981/kaygi.956171

Abstract

According to Frank Jackson’s knowledge argument, the fact that the subjective knowledge of conscious mental states cannot be reduced to the objective knowledge of brain states shows us that conscious mental states are not physical states. There are many rejoinders to this argument in contemporary philosophy of mind. In this article, after laying down the claims and assumptions that the knowledge argument rests on, I defend the argument against each major objection in the literature. My aim here is not to prove that the knowledge argument is sound, but to show that none of the objections are strong enough and that it can still be reasonable to believe that the knowledge argument is sound and physicalism is false.

References

  • Alter, T. (1998). A Limited Defense of the Knowledge Argument. Philosophical Studies, 90 (1), 35–56.
  • Alter, T. (2008). Phenomenal Knowledge without Experience. The Case for Qualia (ed. Edmond Wright). MIT Press.
  • Alter, T. (2013). Social Externalism and the Knowledge Argument. Mind, 122 (486).
  • Arıcı, M. (2020). The Source of Anti-Physicalist Arguments: The Unbridgeable Gap between the Phenomenal and the Physical. MetaZihin: Yapay Zeka ve Zihin Felsefesi Dergisi, 3 (2), 99-119.
  • Ball, D. (2009). There Are No Phenomenal Concepts. Mind, 118 (472): 935-962.
  • Balog, K. (2012a). In Defense of the Phenomenal Concept Strategy. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 84 (1), 1-23.
  • Balog, K. (2012b). Acquaintance and the Mind-Body Problem. New Perspectives on Type Identity: The Mental and the Physical. (ed. S. Gozzano & C. S. Hill, pp. 16-43). Cambridge University Press.
  • Bealer, G. (1994). Mental Properties. The Journal of Philosophy, 91 (4), 185-208.
  • Broad, C. D. (1925). The Mind and its Place in Nature. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
  • Burge, T. (1979). Individualism and the Mental. Midwest Studies in Philosophy, 4 (1), 73-122.
  • Burge, T. (1986). Intellectual Norms and the Foundations of Mind. Journal of Philosophy, 83, 697–720.
  • Byrne, A. (2002). Something about Mary. Grazer Philosophische Studien, 62, 123-140.
  • Chalmers, D. J. (1996). The Conscious Mind. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Chalmers, D. J. (2004). Phenomenal Concepts and the Knowledge Argument. There's Something About Mary: Essays on Phenomenal Consciousness and Frank Jackson's Knowledge Argument (ed. P. Ludlow, D. Stoljar & Y. Nagasawa). MIT Press.
  • Chalmers, D. J. (2007). Phenomenal Concepts and the Explanatory Gap. Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism (ed. T. Alter and S. Walter, pp. 167-194). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Chalmers, D. J. & F. Jackson (2001). Conceptual Analysis and Reductive Explanation. Philosophical Review, 110, 315–60.
  • Churchland, P. M. (1985). Reduction, Qualia and The Direct Introspection of Brain States. Journal of Philosophy, 82 (January), 8-28.
  • Conee, E. (1994). Phenomenal Knowledge. Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 72 (2), 136-50.
  • Crane, T. (2003). Subjective Facts. Real Metaphysics: Essays in Honour of D. H. Mellor (ed. H. Lillehammmer & G. Rodrigez-Pereyra, pp. 68-83). New York: Routledge.
  • Çağatay, H. & C. Ekemen (2011). Mary’nin Odası ve Fizikalizm. Felsefe Tartışmaları, 47, 26-33.
  • Demircioğlu, E. (2013). Physicalism and Phenomenal Concepts. Philosophical Studies, 165 (1), 257-277.
  • Dennett, D. C. (2007). What RoboMary Knows. Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge (ed. T. Alter and S. Walter). Oxford University Press.
  • Flanagan, O. J. (1992). Consciousness Reconsidered. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.
  • Horgan, T. (1984). Jackson on Physical Information and Qualia. Philosophical Quarterly, 34, 147-52.
  • Howell, R. J. (2008). Subjective Physicalism. The Case for Qualia (ed. Edmond Wright). MIT Press.
  • Howell, R. J. (2013). Consciousness and the Limits of Objectivity: The Case for Subjective Physicalism. Oxford University Press.
  • Jacquette, D. (1995). The Blue Banana Trick: Dennett on Jackson's Color Scientist. Theoria, 61 (3), 217-30.
  • Jackson, F. (1982). Epiphenomenal Qualia. The Philosophical Quarterly, 32 (127), 127-36.
  • Jackson, F. (1986). What Mary Didn’t Know. The Journal of Philosophy, 83 (5), 291-95.
  • Jackson, F. (1998). From Metaphysics to Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Jackson, F. (2004). Mind and Illusion. There's Something about Mary: Essays on Phenomenal Consciousness and Frank Jackson's Knowledge Argument (ed. P. Ludlow, D. Stoljar & Y. Nagasawa). MIT Press.
  • Kıymaz, T. (2019a). Phenomenal Concepts and Physical Facts: A Dialogue with Mary. Filozofia: Journal for Philosophy, 74 (10), 797-807
  • Kıymaz, T. (2019b). What Gary Couldn’t Imagine. Journal of Philosophical Research, 44, 293-311.
  • Kıymaz, T. (2019c). Subjective Physicalism as a Response to the Knowledge Argument. MetaZihin, 2 (2), 199-211.
  • Kıymaz, T. (2020). A Priori Physicalism and the Knowledge Argument. Teorema, 39 (2), 87-103
  • Kıymaz, T. (2021). Zihin Felsefesinde Fizikselin Tanımı Sorunu. Kaygı, 20 (1), 49-69
  • Kirk, R. (2021). Zombies. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Erişim tarihi: 01.08.2021. (https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2021/entries/zombies).
  • Kripke, S. (1980). Naming and Necessity. Harvard University Press.
  • Levin, J. (2007). What is a Phenomenal Concept? Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge (ed. T. Alter & S. Walter). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Levine, J. (1983). Materialism and Qualia: The Explanatory Gap. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 64 (October), 354-61.
  • Lewis, D. (1983a). Postscript to "Mad Pain and Martian Pain.” Philosophical Papers, 12, 130-133.
  • Lewis, D. (1983b). New Work for a Theory of Universals. Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 61, 343–77.
  • Lewis, D. (2004). What Experience Teaches. There's Something About Mary: Essays on Phenomenal Consciousness and Frank Jackson's Knowledge Argument (ed. P. Ludlow, D. Stoljar & Y. Nagasawa). MIT Press.
  • Loar, B. (2004). Phenomenal States (Revised Version). There's Something about Mary: Essays on Phenomenal Consciousness and Frank Jackson's Knowledge Argument (ed. P. Ludlow, D. Stoljar & Y. Nagasawa). MIT Press.
  • Maloney, J. C. (1985). About Being a Bat. Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 63 (1), 26-49.
  • Montero, B. (1999). The Body Problem. Nous, 33, 183-200.
  • Moore, G. E. (1939). Proof of an External World. Proceedings of the British Academy, 25, 273-300.
  • Nagel, T. (1974). What is it like to be a Bat?”. Philosophical Review, 83 (October), 435-50.
  • Nemirow, L. (1980). Review of Nagel's Mortal Questions. Philosophical Review, 89, 473-477.
  • Nemirow, L. (1990). Physicalism and the Cognitive Role of Acquaintance. Mind and Cognition: A Reader (ed. W. Lycan). Oxford: Blackwells.
  • Nemirow, L. (2007). So, This is What It’s Like: A Defense of the Ability Hypothesis. Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge (ed. T. Alter & S. Walter). Oxford University Press.
  • Nida-Rümelin, M. (2004). What Mary Couldn't Know: Belief About Phenomenal States. There's Something About Mary: Essays on Phenomenal Consciousness and Frank Jackson's Knowledge Argument (ed. P. Ludlow, D. Stoljar & Y. Nagasawa). MIT Press.
  • Nida-Rümelin, M. (2015). Qualia: The Knowledge Argument. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Erişim Tarihi: 01.07.2021. (http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2015/entries/qualia-knowledge/).
  • Papineau, D. (1993). Physicalism, Consciousness and the Antipathetic Fallacy. Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 71 (2), 169-183.
  • Papineau, D. (1995). The Antipathetic Fallacy and the Boundaries of Consciousness. Conscious Experience (ed. Metzinger, T.). Ferdinand Schoningh.
  • Papineau, D. (2002). Thinking about Consciousness. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Papineau, D. (2007). Phenomenal and Perceptual Concepts. Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge (ed. T. Alter & S. Walter, pp. 111-144). Oxford University Press.
  • Putnam, H. (1970). Is Semantics Possible?. Metaphilosophy, 1 (3), 187-201.
  • Putnam, H. (1975). The Meaning of 'Meaning.' Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 7, 131-193.
  • Russell, B. (1910). Knowledge by Acquaintance and Knowledge by Description. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 11, 108-128.
  • Russell, B. (1912). The Problems of Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Ryle, G. (1949). The Concept of Mind. Hutchinson & Co.
  • Spurrett, D. & D. Papineau (1999). A note on the Completeness of 'Physics'. Analysis, 59 (1), 25-29.
  • Stanley, J. & Willlamson, T. (2001). Knowing How. Journal of Philosophy, 98 (8), 411-444.
  • Stoljar, D. (2005). Physicalism and Phenomenal Concepts. Mind & Language, 20 (5), 469–94.
  • Stoljar, D. (2021). Physicalism. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Erişim Tarihi: 01.07.2021. (https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2021/entries/physicalism).
  • Strawson, G. (2006). Realistic Monism - why Physicalism Entails Panpsychism. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 13 (10-11), 3-31.
  • Thompson, E. (1995). Colour Vision: A Study in Cognitive Science and Philosophy of Science. Routledge.
  • Tye, M. (2009). Consciousness Revisited: Materialism Without Phenomenal Concepts. MIT Press.
  • Uslu, A. K. (2021). Can We Explain Qualia without Immaterial Properties?. FLSF, 31, 37-50.
  • Van Gulick, R. (2004). So Many Ways of Saying No to Mary. There's Something About Mary: Essays on Phenomenal Consciousness and Frank Jackson's Knowledge Argument (ed. P. Ludlow, D. Stoljar & Y. Nagasawa). MIT Press.
  • Warner, R. (1986). A Challenge to Physicalism. Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 64 (September), 249-65.
  • Wilson, J. M. (2006). On Characterizing the Physical. Philosophical Studies, 131 (1), 61-99.

Fizikselcilik Karşıtı Bilgi Argümanının Bir Savunusu

Year 2021, Volume 20, Issue 2, 653 - 695, 15.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.20981/kaygi.956171

Abstract

Frank Jackson’ın bilgi argümanı, bilinçli zihin durumlarımızın birinci kişi gözünden elde edilen öznel bilgisinin beyin durumlarının nesnel bilgisine indirgenemeyeceği iddiasından bilinçli zihin durumlarının fiziksel olmadığı sonucuna varır. Günümüz zihin felsefesi literatüründe bu argümana yöneltilen birçok itiraz bulunabilir. Bu çalışmada, bilgi argümanının içerdiği iddia ve varsayımları ortaya koyduktan sonra, argümanın her adımına getirilen başlıca itirazları ayrı ayrı ele alıyor ve bilgi argümanını bu itirazlar karşısında savunuyorum. Buradaki amacım, argümanın sağlamlığını kanıtlamak değil, fakat Jackson’a yöneltilen itirazların sorunlarını ve zayıf yönlerini ortaya koyarak bilgi argümanının sağlamlığına ve dolayısıyla fizikselciliğin yanlış olduğuna inanmanın hala makul bir felsefi pozisyon olduğunu göstermek.

References

  • Alter, T. (1998). A Limited Defense of the Knowledge Argument. Philosophical Studies, 90 (1), 35–56.
  • Alter, T. (2008). Phenomenal Knowledge without Experience. The Case for Qualia (ed. Edmond Wright). MIT Press.
  • Alter, T. (2013). Social Externalism and the Knowledge Argument. Mind, 122 (486).
  • Arıcı, M. (2020). The Source of Anti-Physicalist Arguments: The Unbridgeable Gap between the Phenomenal and the Physical. MetaZihin: Yapay Zeka ve Zihin Felsefesi Dergisi, 3 (2), 99-119.
  • Ball, D. (2009). There Are No Phenomenal Concepts. Mind, 118 (472): 935-962.
  • Balog, K. (2012a). In Defense of the Phenomenal Concept Strategy. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 84 (1), 1-23.
  • Balog, K. (2012b). Acquaintance and the Mind-Body Problem. New Perspectives on Type Identity: The Mental and the Physical. (ed. S. Gozzano & C. S. Hill, pp. 16-43). Cambridge University Press.
  • Bealer, G. (1994). Mental Properties. The Journal of Philosophy, 91 (4), 185-208.
  • Broad, C. D. (1925). The Mind and its Place in Nature. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
  • Burge, T. (1979). Individualism and the Mental. Midwest Studies in Philosophy, 4 (1), 73-122.
  • Burge, T. (1986). Intellectual Norms and the Foundations of Mind. Journal of Philosophy, 83, 697–720.
  • Byrne, A. (2002). Something about Mary. Grazer Philosophische Studien, 62, 123-140.
  • Chalmers, D. J. (1996). The Conscious Mind. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Chalmers, D. J. (2004). Phenomenal Concepts and the Knowledge Argument. There's Something About Mary: Essays on Phenomenal Consciousness and Frank Jackson's Knowledge Argument (ed. P. Ludlow, D. Stoljar & Y. Nagasawa). MIT Press.
  • Chalmers, D. J. (2007). Phenomenal Concepts and the Explanatory Gap. Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism (ed. T. Alter and S. Walter, pp. 167-194). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Chalmers, D. J. & F. Jackson (2001). Conceptual Analysis and Reductive Explanation. Philosophical Review, 110, 315–60.
  • Churchland, P. M. (1985). Reduction, Qualia and The Direct Introspection of Brain States. Journal of Philosophy, 82 (January), 8-28.
  • Conee, E. (1994). Phenomenal Knowledge. Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 72 (2), 136-50.
  • Crane, T. (2003). Subjective Facts. Real Metaphysics: Essays in Honour of D. H. Mellor (ed. H. Lillehammmer & G. Rodrigez-Pereyra, pp. 68-83). New York: Routledge.
  • Çağatay, H. & C. Ekemen (2011). Mary’nin Odası ve Fizikalizm. Felsefe Tartışmaları, 47, 26-33.
  • Demircioğlu, E. (2013). Physicalism and Phenomenal Concepts. Philosophical Studies, 165 (1), 257-277.
  • Dennett, D. C. (2007). What RoboMary Knows. Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge (ed. T. Alter and S. Walter). Oxford University Press.
  • Flanagan, O. J. (1992). Consciousness Reconsidered. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.
  • Horgan, T. (1984). Jackson on Physical Information and Qualia. Philosophical Quarterly, 34, 147-52.
  • Howell, R. J. (2008). Subjective Physicalism. The Case for Qualia (ed. Edmond Wright). MIT Press.
  • Howell, R. J. (2013). Consciousness and the Limits of Objectivity: The Case for Subjective Physicalism. Oxford University Press.
  • Jacquette, D. (1995). The Blue Banana Trick: Dennett on Jackson's Color Scientist. Theoria, 61 (3), 217-30.
  • Jackson, F. (1982). Epiphenomenal Qualia. The Philosophical Quarterly, 32 (127), 127-36.
  • Jackson, F. (1986). What Mary Didn’t Know. The Journal of Philosophy, 83 (5), 291-95.
  • Jackson, F. (1998). From Metaphysics to Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Jackson, F. (2004). Mind and Illusion. There's Something about Mary: Essays on Phenomenal Consciousness and Frank Jackson's Knowledge Argument (ed. P. Ludlow, D. Stoljar & Y. Nagasawa). MIT Press.
  • Kıymaz, T. (2019a). Phenomenal Concepts and Physical Facts: A Dialogue with Mary. Filozofia: Journal for Philosophy, 74 (10), 797-807
  • Kıymaz, T. (2019b). What Gary Couldn’t Imagine. Journal of Philosophical Research, 44, 293-311.
  • Kıymaz, T. (2019c). Subjective Physicalism as a Response to the Knowledge Argument. MetaZihin, 2 (2), 199-211.
  • Kıymaz, T. (2020). A Priori Physicalism and the Knowledge Argument. Teorema, 39 (2), 87-103
  • Kıymaz, T. (2021). Zihin Felsefesinde Fizikselin Tanımı Sorunu. Kaygı, 20 (1), 49-69
  • Kirk, R. (2021). Zombies. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Erişim tarihi: 01.08.2021. (https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2021/entries/zombies).
  • Kripke, S. (1980). Naming and Necessity. Harvard University Press.
  • Levin, J. (2007). What is a Phenomenal Concept? Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge (ed. T. Alter & S. Walter). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Levine, J. (1983). Materialism and Qualia: The Explanatory Gap. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 64 (October), 354-61.
  • Lewis, D. (1983a). Postscript to "Mad Pain and Martian Pain.” Philosophical Papers, 12, 130-133.
  • Lewis, D. (1983b). New Work for a Theory of Universals. Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 61, 343–77.
  • Lewis, D. (2004). What Experience Teaches. There's Something About Mary: Essays on Phenomenal Consciousness and Frank Jackson's Knowledge Argument (ed. P. Ludlow, D. Stoljar & Y. Nagasawa). MIT Press.
  • Loar, B. (2004). Phenomenal States (Revised Version). There's Something about Mary: Essays on Phenomenal Consciousness and Frank Jackson's Knowledge Argument (ed. P. Ludlow, D. Stoljar & Y. Nagasawa). MIT Press.
  • Maloney, J. C. (1985). About Being a Bat. Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 63 (1), 26-49.
  • Montero, B. (1999). The Body Problem. Nous, 33, 183-200.
  • Moore, G. E. (1939). Proof of an External World. Proceedings of the British Academy, 25, 273-300.
  • Nagel, T. (1974). What is it like to be a Bat?”. Philosophical Review, 83 (October), 435-50.
  • Nemirow, L. (1980). Review of Nagel's Mortal Questions. Philosophical Review, 89, 473-477.
  • Nemirow, L. (1990). Physicalism and the Cognitive Role of Acquaintance. Mind and Cognition: A Reader (ed. W. Lycan). Oxford: Blackwells.
  • Nemirow, L. (2007). So, This is What It’s Like: A Defense of the Ability Hypothesis. Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge (ed. T. Alter & S. Walter). Oxford University Press.
  • Nida-Rümelin, M. (2004). What Mary Couldn't Know: Belief About Phenomenal States. There's Something About Mary: Essays on Phenomenal Consciousness and Frank Jackson's Knowledge Argument (ed. P. Ludlow, D. Stoljar & Y. Nagasawa). MIT Press.
  • Nida-Rümelin, M. (2015). Qualia: The Knowledge Argument. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Erişim Tarihi: 01.07.2021. (http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2015/entries/qualia-knowledge/).
  • Papineau, D. (1993). Physicalism, Consciousness and the Antipathetic Fallacy. Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 71 (2), 169-183.
  • Papineau, D. (1995). The Antipathetic Fallacy and the Boundaries of Consciousness. Conscious Experience (ed. Metzinger, T.). Ferdinand Schoningh.
  • Papineau, D. (2002). Thinking about Consciousness. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Papineau, D. (2007). Phenomenal and Perceptual Concepts. Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge (ed. T. Alter & S. Walter, pp. 111-144). Oxford University Press.
  • Putnam, H. (1970). Is Semantics Possible?. Metaphilosophy, 1 (3), 187-201.
  • Putnam, H. (1975). The Meaning of 'Meaning.' Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 7, 131-193.
  • Russell, B. (1910). Knowledge by Acquaintance and Knowledge by Description. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 11, 108-128.
  • Russell, B. (1912). The Problems of Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Ryle, G. (1949). The Concept of Mind. Hutchinson & Co.
  • Spurrett, D. & D. Papineau (1999). A note on the Completeness of 'Physics'. Analysis, 59 (1), 25-29.
  • Stanley, J. & Willlamson, T. (2001). Knowing How. Journal of Philosophy, 98 (8), 411-444.
  • Stoljar, D. (2005). Physicalism and Phenomenal Concepts. Mind & Language, 20 (5), 469–94.
  • Stoljar, D. (2021). Physicalism. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Erişim Tarihi: 01.07.2021. (https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2021/entries/physicalism).
  • Strawson, G. (2006). Realistic Monism - why Physicalism Entails Panpsychism. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 13 (10-11), 3-31.
  • Thompson, E. (1995). Colour Vision: A Study in Cognitive Science and Philosophy of Science. Routledge.
  • Tye, M. (2009). Consciousness Revisited: Materialism Without Phenomenal Concepts. MIT Press.
  • Uslu, A. K. (2021). Can We Explain Qualia without Immaterial Properties?. FLSF, 31, 37-50.
  • Van Gulick, R. (2004). So Many Ways of Saying No to Mary. There's Something About Mary: Essays on Phenomenal Consciousness and Frank Jackson's Knowledge Argument (ed. P. Ludlow, D. Stoljar & Y. Nagasawa). MIT Press.
  • Warner, R. (1986). A Challenge to Physicalism. Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 64 (September), 249-65.
  • Wilson, J. M. (2006). On Characterizing the Physical. Philosophical Studies, 131 (1), 61-99.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Philosophy
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Tufan KIYMAZ (Primary Author)
Bilkent Üniversitesi
0000-0002-6631-3857
Türkiye

Publication Date September 15, 2021
Application Date June 22, 2021
Acceptance Date July 29, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 20, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @research article { kaygi956171, journal = {Kaygı. Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Felsefe Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2645-8950}, address = {}, publisher = {Bursa Uludağ University}, year = {2021}, volume = {20}, pages = {653 - 695}, doi = {10.20981/kaygi.956171}, title = {Fizikselcilik Karşıtı Bilgi Argümanının Bir Savunusu}, key = {cite}, author = {Kıymaz, Tufan} }
APA Kıymaz, T. (2021). Fizikselcilik Karşıtı Bilgi Argümanının Bir Savunusu . Kaygı. Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Felsefe Dergisi , 20 (2) , 653-695 . DOI: 10.20981/kaygi.956171
MLA Kıymaz, T. "Fizikselcilik Karşıtı Bilgi Argümanının Bir Savunusu" . Kaygı. Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Felsefe Dergisi 20 (2021 ): 653-695 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/kaygi/issue/62840/956171>
Chicago Kıymaz, T. "Fizikselcilik Karşıtı Bilgi Argümanının Bir Savunusu". Kaygı. Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Felsefe Dergisi 20 (2021 ): 653-695
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Fizikselcilik Karşıtı Bilgi Argümanının Bir Savunusu AU - Tufan Kıymaz Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.20981/kaygi.956171 DO - 10.20981/kaygi.956171 T2 - Kaygı. Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Felsefe Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 653 EP - 695 VL - 20 IS - 2 SN - -2645-8950 M3 - doi: 10.20981/kaygi.956171 UR - https://doi.org/10.20981/kaygi.956171 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Kaygı. Bursa Uludağ University Faculty of Arts and Sciences Journal of Philosophy Fizikselcilik Karşıtı Bilgi Argümanının Bir Savunusu %A Tufan Kıymaz %T Fizikselcilik Karşıtı Bilgi Argümanının Bir Savunusu %D 2021 %J Kaygı. Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Felsefe Dergisi %P -2645-8950 %V 20 %N 2 %R doi: 10.20981/kaygi.956171 %U 10.20981/kaygi.956171
ISNAD Kıymaz, Tufan . "Fizikselcilik Karşıtı Bilgi Argümanının Bir Savunusu". Kaygı. Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Felsefe Dergisi 20 / 2 (September 2021): 653-695 . https://doi.org/10.20981/kaygi.956171
AMA Kıymaz T. Fizikselcilik Karşıtı Bilgi Argümanının Bir Savunusu. Kaygı. 2021; 20(2): 653-695.
Vancouver Kıymaz T. Fizikselcilik Karşıtı Bilgi Argümanının Bir Savunusu. Kaygı. Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Felsefe Dergisi. 2021; 20(2): 653-695.
IEEE T. Kıymaz , "Fizikselcilik Karşıtı Bilgi Argümanının Bir Savunusu", Kaygı. Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Felsefe Dergisi, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 653-695, Sep. 2021, doi:10.20981/kaygi.956171

e-ISSN: 2645-8950