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Mülteci Çocuklara Yönelik Tutum Ölçeği’ nin Türkçeye Uyarlanması

Year 2021, Volume 13, Issue 24, 308 - 321, 30.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.38155/ksbd.887901

Abstract

Bu çalışma Mülteci Çocuklara Yönelik Tutum Ölçeği’ nin Türkçe’ ye uyarlanması amacıyla yapılmıştır. Araştırmaya Erzincan Binali Yıldırım ve Kayseri Üniversitesi ön lisans Çocuk Gelişimi Programı’nda öğrenim gören 200 öğrenci ile onların 18 yaş ve üstündeki 425 aile üyesi olmak üzere toplam 625 katılımcı dâhil edilmiştir. Ölçeğin geçerliği yapı geçerliği ve ölçüt dayanaklı geçerlik ile sınanmıştır. Yapı geçerliği kapsamında doğrulayıcı faktör analizi yapılmıştır. Analiz sonucunda üç madde çıkarılmış, geriye kalan 31 madde orijinalinde olduğu gibi tutum ve duygu olmak üzere iki alt boyutta toplanmıştır. Ölçüt dayanaklı geçerlik kapsamında ise Yerel Halkın Suriyelilere Yönelik Tutum Ölçeği uygulanmış, iki ölçek arasında güçlü, pozitif ve anlamlı bir ilişki bulunmuştur. Ölçeğin güvenirlik çalışmaları kapsamında, alt boyutlar arası güçlü ve pozitif yönde ilişki tespit edilmiş, Cronbach Alpha değeri tutum alt boyutu için .91, duygu alt boyutu için .83 olarak bulunmuştur. Bu bulgular ölçeğin geçerlik ve güvenirliğinin sağlandığını göstermektedir. Sonuç olarak uyarlanan ölçeğin, mülteci çocuklara yönelik tutumlar ile ilgili araştırmalarda kullanılabilecek geçerli ve güvenilir bir ölçme aracı olduğu söylenebilir.

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  • Kanbur, N. İ. (2017). İlkokulda görev yapan öğretmenlerin mülteci öğrencilere yönelik tutumlarının incelenmesi (Doktora Tezi). Sakarya Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Sakarya.
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Adaptation of the Attitude Scale Toward Refugee Children into Turkish

Year 2021, Volume 13, Issue 24, 308 - 321, 30.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.38155/ksbd.887901

Abstract

This study was carried out in order to adapt the Attitude Scale for Refugee Children to Turkish. A total of 625 participants, including 200 students from Erzincan Binali Yıldırım and Kayseri University Associate Degree Child Development Program, and 425 family members aged 18 and over, were included in the study. The validity of the scale was tested with the construct validity and criterion validity. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed within the scope of construct validity. As a result of the analysis, three items were removed, and the remaining 31 items were collected in two sub-dimensions as attitude and emotion as in the original. Within the scope of criterion-based validity, the Attitude Scale of Local People towards Syrians was applied, and a strong, positive and significant relationship was found between the two scales. Within the scope of the reliability studies of the scale, a strong and positive relationship was found between the sub-dimensions, the Cronbach Alpha value was found as .91 for the attitude sub-dimension and .83 for the emotion sub-dimension. These findings show that the validity and reliability of the scale was ensured. As a result, it can be said that the adapted scale is a valid and reliable measurement tool that can be used in studies about attitudes towards refugee children.

References

  • Akman, Y. (2020). Öğretmenlerin mülteci öğrencilere yönelik tutumları ile çokkültürlü eğitim algıları arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi. Pamukkale Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 49, 247-262. 10.9779/pauefd.442061
  • Angelidou, G., Aguaded-Ramírez, E. M., & Rodríguez-Sabiote, C. (2019). Design and validation of a scale measuring attitudes toward refugee children. Sustainability, 11(10), 2797. 10.3390su11102797
  • Aydoğdu, F. (2019). Göçmen aile çocuklarının uyum düzeylerine sosyal uyum eğitim programının etkisinin incelenmesi (Doktora Tezi). Ankara Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.
  • Berger Cardoso, J., Brabeck, K., Stinchcomb, D., Heidbrink, L., Price, O. A., Gil-García, Ó. F., ... & Zayas, L. H. (2019). Integration of unaccompanied migrant youth in the United States: a call for research. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 45(2), 273-292. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369183X.2017.1404261
  • Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2007). Sosyal bilimler için veri analizi el kitabı. Ankara: Pegem Akademik Yayıncılık. Ćatibušić, B., Gallagher, F., & Karazi, S. (2019). Syrian voices: an exploration of the language learning needs and integration supports for adult Syrian refugees in Ireland. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1080/13603116.2019.1673957
  • Chandler, H., Boothby, N., McNatt, Z., Berrigan, M., Zebib, L., Freels, P. E., ... & Majd, E. (2020). Causes of family separation and barriers to reunification: Syrian refugees in Jordan. Journal of Refugee Studies, 33(2), 371-389. https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/feaa033
  • Chen, A., Panter-Brick, C., Hadfield, K., Dajani, R., Hamoudi, A., & Sheridan, M. (2019). Minds under siege: cognitive signatures of poverty and trauma in refugee and non-refugee adolescents. Child Development, 90(6), 1856-1865. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13320
  • Cleary, M., West, S., Foong, A., McLean, L., & Kornhaber, R. (2019). Mental health of refugee children: a discursive look at causes, considerations and interventions. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 40(8), 665-671. https://doi.org/10.1080/01612840.2019.1585494
  • Cowling, M. M., Anderson, J. R., & Ferguson, R. (2019). Prejudice-relevant correlates of attitudes towards refugees: A meta-analysis. Journal of Refugee Studies, 32(3), 502-524. https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/fey062
  • Dako-Gyeke, M., & Adu, E. (2017). Challenges and coping strategies of refugees: Exploring residual Liberian refugees’ experiences in Ghana. Qualitative Social Work, 16(1), 96-112. https://doi.org/10.1177/1473325015596218
  • Dempster, H., & Hargrave, K. (2017). Understanding public attitudes towards refugees and migrants. London: Overseas Development Institute & Chatham House.
  • Deniz, Z. D. (2007). Psikolojik ölçme aracı uyarlama. Ankara Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi, 40(1), 1-16.
  • Dijkshoorn, A. ( 2016). Inclusive Education for Refugees and Asylum Seeking Children: A Systematic Literature Review. Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)) Student thesis. School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University.
  • Duman, N., & Snoubar, Y. (2017). Role of social work in the integrating refugee and immigrant children into schools. European Journal of Social Science Education and Research, 4(4), 334-344.
  • Eid, I. M., & Rokis, R. (2019). The barriers to education among the palestinian refugee children in Malaysia (halangan pendidikan di kalangan kanak-kanak pelarian palestin di Malaysia). Journal of Islam in Asia (E-ISSN 2289-8077), 16(2), 369-399. https://doi.org/10.31436/jia.v16i2.714
  • Ellis, B. H., Lincoln, A. K., Charney, M. E., Ford-Paz, R., Benson, M., & Strunin, L. (2010). Mental health service utilization of Somali adolescents: religion, community, and school as gateways to healing. Transcultural Psychiatry, 47(5), 789-811. https://doi.org/10.1177/1363461510379933
  • Ellis, B. H., Winer, J. P., Murray, K., & Barrett, C. (2019). Understanding the mental health of refugees: Trauma, stress, and the cultural context. In The Massachusetts General Hospital textbook on diversity and cultural sensitivity in mental health (pp. 253-273). Humana, Cham.
  • Ersoy Quadir, S., & Çimen, L. K. (2018). Türk vatandaşlarının Suriyeli sığınmacılarla ilgili görüşleri (Konya ili örneği). Third Sector Social Economic Review, 53(2), 327-345. 10.15659/3.sektor-sosyal-ekonomi.18.05.906
  • Eruyar, S., Maltby, J., & Vostanis, P. (2018). Mental health problems of Syrian refugee children: the role of parental factors. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 27(4), 401-409. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-017-1101-0
  • Fraenkel, J. R., Wallen, N. E., & Hyun, H. H. (1993). How to design and evaluate research in education (Vol. 7). New York: McGraw-hill.
  • Gomez, L. C. A. (2015). Migration and its impact on children’s lives: A literature review (Doctoral dissertation).
  • Graham, H. R., Minhas, R. S., & Paxton, G. (2016). Learning problems in children of refugee background: A systematic review. Pediatrics, 137(6), e20153994. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2015-3994
  • Hart, R. (2009). Child refugees, trauma and education: interactionist considerations on social and emotional needs and development. Educational Psychology in Practice, 25(4), 351-368. 10.1080/02667360903315172
  • Hebebrand, J., Anagnostopoulos, D., Eliez, S., Linse, H., Pejovic-Milovancevic, M., & Klasen, H. (2016). A first assessment of the needs of young refugees arriving in Europe: what mental health professionals need to know. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 25:1–6. ) 25:1–6. 10.1007/s00787-015-0807-0
  • Hynie, M. (2018). The social determinants of refugee mental health in the post-migration context: A critical review. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 63(5), 297-303. 10.1177/0706743717746666
  • Kabaklı Çimen, L. & Ersoy Quadir, S. (2017). “Üniversite Öğrencilerinin suriyeli sığınmacılarla ilgili tutumlarının sivil katılımları bağlamında incelenmesi” Bandırma Onyedi Eylül Üniversitesi Uluslararası Eğitim Bilimleri ve Sosyal Bilimler Sempozyumu Özet Kitapçığı, 3-5 Kasım 2017, Bandırma; 315-316.
  • Kanbur, N. İ. (2017). İlkokulda görev yapan öğretmenlerin mülteci öğrencilere yönelik tutumlarının incelenmesi (Doktora Tezi). Sakarya Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Sakarya.
  • Karakoç, F. Y., & Dönmez, L. (2014). Ölçek geliştirme çalışmalarında temel ilkeler. Tıp Eğitimi Dünyası, 13(40), 39-49. doi: https://doi.org/10.25282/ted.228738
  • Keleş, S. Ç., Aral, T., Yildirim, M., Kurtoglu, E. & Sunata, U. (2016). Attitudes of Turkish youth toward Syrian refugees in respect to youths’ gender, income, education, and city: A scale development study. In D. Eroğlu, J. H. Cohen & I. Sirkeci, (Eds), Turkish migration (pp.173-181). London: TPL.
  • Kılcan, B., Çepni, O., & Kılınç, A. Ç. (2017). Mülteci öğrencilere yönelik tutum ölçeğinin geliştirilmesi. Journal of Human Sciences, 14(2), 1045-1057.
  • Köksal, Ç., Köksal, T., & Köksal, M. (2017). Suriyelilere yönelik bakış açısı ölçeği geliştirme çalışması. Journal of International Social Research, 10(51), 538-550. http://dx.doi.org/10.17719/jisr.2017.1788
  • Mahamid, F., & Veronese, G. (2020). Psychosocial interventions for third-generation palestinian refugee children: Current challenges and hope for the future. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00300-5
  • Morris, M. D., Popper, S. T., Rodwell, T. C., Brodine, S. K., & Brouwer, K. C. (2009). Healthcare barriers of refugees post-resettlement. Journal of Community Health, 34(6), 529-538. 10.1007/s10900-009-9175-3
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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Social
Published Date İlkbahar
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Fatih AYDOĞDU (Primary Author)
ERZİNCAN BİNALİ YILDIRIM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-5123-0824
Türkiye


Raziye PEKŞEN AKÇA
DEVELİ HÜSEYİN ŞAHİN MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU
0000-0003-1989-8212
Türkiye

Publication Date June 30, 2021
Application Date February 27, 2021
Acceptance Date June 25, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 13, Issue 24

Cite

APA Aydoğdu, F. & Pekşen Akça, R. (2021). Mülteci Çocuklara Yönelik Tutum Ölçeği’ nin Türkçeye Uyarlanması . Karadeniz Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 13 (24) , 308-321 . DOI: 10.38155/ksbd.887901