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Sarcoptes scabiei ile Doğal Enfeste olan Tavşanlarda (Oryctolagus cuniculus) Eprinomektin Tedavisinin Etkinliği

Year 2017, Volume 10, Issue 1, 40 - 43, 01.03.2017

Abstract

Bu çalışma, Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Hayvan Hastanesine göz, burun, ağız etrafında ve ayaklarda kaşıntılı yara şikâyetleri ile getirilen on iki beyaz Yeni Zelanda tavşanı (Oryctolagus cuniculus) üzerinde yürütüldü. Tavşanların lezyonlu bölgelerinden bisturi yardımıyla alınan deri kazıntıları %10’luk KOH ile ezildikten sonra ışık mikroskobunda incelendi ve tavşanların Sarcoptes scabiei ile infeste oldukları belirlendi. Tedavide eprinomektin 0.2 mg/kg ve deri altı yolla 14 gün arayla iki kez uygulandı. Eprinomektinin etkinliği; deri kazıntısının parazitolojik muayenesinde Sarcoptes scabiei akarlarının varlığı ve/veya klinik belirtilerin devam edip etmediği durumuna göre değerlendirildi. Sonuçta eprinomektinin tavşanlarda S. scabiei'nin doğal enfestasyonlarına karşı etkili olduğu belirlenmiştir.

References

  • Aguirre DH, Gaido AB, Cafrune MM, Castelli ME, Mangold AJ, Guglielmone AA. Eprinomectin pour-on for control of Boophilus microplus (Canestrini) ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) on cattle. Vet Parasitol, 2005; 127: 157-163.
  • Baker CF, Tielemans E, Pollmeier MG, McCall JW, McCall SD, Irwin J, Chester ST, Carithers DS, Rosentel JK. Efficacy of a singledose of a novel topical combination product containing eprinomectin to prevent heart worm infection in cats. Vet Parasitol, 2014; 202:49-53.
  • Baker DG. Natural Pathogens of Laboratory Mice, Rats, and Rabbits and Their Effects on Research. Clin Microbiol Rev, 1998; 231-266.
  • Baoliang P, Wang M, Xu F, Wang Y, Dong Y, Pan Z. Efficacy of an injectable formulation of eprinomectin against Psoroptes cuniculi, the ear mange mite in rabbits. Vet Parasitol, 2006; 137: 386-390.
  • Bilgin Z, Öter K, Tınar R, Tüzer E. Effectiveness of eprinomectin 0.5% pour-on against gastrointestinal nematodes in naturally infected cattle. Turk J Vet Anim Sci, 2010; 34 (6): 541-545.
  • Bornstein S, Mörner T, Samuel WM. Sarcoptes scabiei And Sarcoptik Mange. In, Samuel WM, Pybus MJ, Kocan AA (Eds): Parasitic Diseases of Wild Mammals. 2nd Ed., Iowa State University Press, USA, 2001; 107-120.
  • Cringoli G, Rinaldi L, Veneziano V, Capelli G. Efficacy of eprinomectin pour-on against gastrointestinal nematode infections in sheep. Vet Parasitol, 2003; 112: 203-209.
  • Geurden T, Vercruysse J. Field efficacy of eprinomectin against a natural Muellerius capillaris infection in dairy goats. Vet Parasitol, 2007; 147: 190-193.
  • Habela M, Moreno A, Gragera-Slikker A, Gomez JM, Montes G, Rodriguez P, Alvinerie M. Efficacy of eprinomectin pour-on in naturally Oestrus ovis infested merino sheep in Extremadura, South-West Spain. Parasitol Res, 2006; 99: 275-280.
  • Kettle DS. Medical and Veterinary Entomology. 2nd Ed., C.A.B International Press, UK, 1995; 440-458.
  • Kozan E, Sevimli FK, Birdane FM, Adanır R. Efficacy of eprinomectin against Toxocara canis in dogs. Parasitol Res, 2008; 102: 397-400.
  • Kurtdede A, Karaer Z, Acar A, Güzel M, Cingi CC, Ural K, İça A. Use of selamectin for the treatment of psoroptic and sarcoptic mite infestation in rabbits. Vet Dermatol. 2007; 18: 18-22.
  • Meredith AL. Dermatological conditions of rodents and rabbits. Proceedings of the 33rd World Small Animal Veterinary Congress, Dublin- Ireland, 2008; 250-252.
  • Rambozzi L, Rossi L, MolinarMin AR, Osella L, Bellardi S, Marchetti R, Pollicino P. Efficacy and safety of topical eprinomectin to control Myocoptes musculinus infestation in mice. Braz J Vet Parasitol, 2014; 23(1): 244-247.
  • Rehbein S, Winter R, Visser M, Maciel AE, Marley SE. Chorioptic mange in dairycattle: treatment with eprinomectin pour-on. Parasitol Res, 2005; 98: 21-25.
  • Schoeb TR, Cartner SC, Baker RA, Gerrity LW. Parasites of Rabbits. In, Baker DG (Ed) Flynn's Parasites of Laboratory Animals. 2nd Ed., Blackwell Publishing, Iowa. USA, 2007; 479-480.
  • Sevimli FK, Kozan E, Sevimli A, Doğan N, Bulbul A. The acute effects of single-dose orally administered doramectin, eprinomectin and selamectin on natural infections of Syphacia muris in rats. Exp Parasitol, 2009; 122: 177-181.
  • Shoop W, Michael B, Egerton J, Mrozik H, Fisher M. Titration of Subcutaneously Administered Eprinomectin against Mature and Immature Nematodes in Cattle. J Parasitol, 2001; 87(6): 1466-1469.
  • Shoop WL, Egerton JR, Eary CH, Haines HW, Michael BF, Mrozik H, Eskola P, Fisher MH, Slayton L, Ostlind DA, Skelly BJ, Fulton RK, Barth D, Costa D, Gregory LM, Campbell WC, Seward RL, Turner MJ. Eprinomectin: A Novel Avermectin for Use as a Topical Endectocide for Cattle. Int J Parasitol, 1996; 26(11):1237-1242.
  • Soulsby EJL: Helmints, Arthropods and Protozoa of Domesticated Animals. 8th Ed., Baillere Tindall, London, 1982, 452-475.
  • Ulutas B, Voyvoda H, Bayramlı G, Karagenc T. Efficacy of topical administration of eprinomectin for treatment of ear mite infestation in six rabbits. Vet Dermatol, 2005; 16:334-337.
  • Visser M, Lowenstein M, Yoon S, Rehbein S. The treatment of bovine sarcoptic mange (Sarcoptes scabiei var. bovis) using eprinomectin extended-release injection. Vet Parasitol, 2013; 192: 359-364.

Efficiency of Eprinomectin for the Treatment of Naturally Infested with Sarcoptes scabiei in Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)#

Year 2017, Volume 10, Issue 1, 40 - 43, 01.03.2017

Abstract

This study was carried out on twelve white New Zealand rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) which brought with itchy wounds symptoms around eye, nose, mouth and feet to Afyon Kocatepe University, Veterinary Faculty, Animal Hospital. The skin scrapings that taken from the lesion areas of rabbits with a scalpel, were examined in the light microscope then crushed with 10% KOH and it was determined the rabbits infested with Sarcoptes scabiei. At treatment, Eprinomectin was administered 0.2 mg/kg subcutaneously twice with 14 days interval. The efficacy of eprinomectin was assessed either clinically or parasitologically examination by the absence of Sarcoptes scabiei mites due to skin scraping. The results of the present study determine that eprinomectin is effective against naturally infestations of S. scabiei in rabbits.

References

  • Aguirre DH, Gaido AB, Cafrune MM, Castelli ME, Mangold AJ, Guglielmone AA. Eprinomectin pour-on for control of Boophilus microplus (Canestrini) ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) on cattle. Vet Parasitol, 2005; 127: 157-163.
  • Baker CF, Tielemans E, Pollmeier MG, McCall JW, McCall SD, Irwin J, Chester ST, Carithers DS, Rosentel JK. Efficacy of a singledose of a novel topical combination product containing eprinomectin to prevent heart worm infection in cats. Vet Parasitol, 2014; 202:49-53.
  • Baker DG. Natural Pathogens of Laboratory Mice, Rats, and Rabbits and Their Effects on Research. Clin Microbiol Rev, 1998; 231-266.
  • Baoliang P, Wang M, Xu F, Wang Y, Dong Y, Pan Z. Efficacy of an injectable formulation of eprinomectin against Psoroptes cuniculi, the ear mange mite in rabbits. Vet Parasitol, 2006; 137: 386-390.
  • Bilgin Z, Öter K, Tınar R, Tüzer E. Effectiveness of eprinomectin 0.5% pour-on against gastrointestinal nematodes in naturally infected cattle. Turk J Vet Anim Sci, 2010; 34 (6): 541-545.
  • Bornstein S, Mörner T, Samuel WM. Sarcoptes scabiei And Sarcoptik Mange. In, Samuel WM, Pybus MJ, Kocan AA (Eds): Parasitic Diseases of Wild Mammals. 2nd Ed., Iowa State University Press, USA, 2001; 107-120.
  • Cringoli G, Rinaldi L, Veneziano V, Capelli G. Efficacy of eprinomectin pour-on against gastrointestinal nematode infections in sheep. Vet Parasitol, 2003; 112: 203-209.
  • Geurden T, Vercruysse J. Field efficacy of eprinomectin against a natural Muellerius capillaris infection in dairy goats. Vet Parasitol, 2007; 147: 190-193.
  • Habela M, Moreno A, Gragera-Slikker A, Gomez JM, Montes G, Rodriguez P, Alvinerie M. Efficacy of eprinomectin pour-on in naturally Oestrus ovis infested merino sheep in Extremadura, South-West Spain. Parasitol Res, 2006; 99: 275-280.
  • Kettle DS. Medical and Veterinary Entomology. 2nd Ed., C.A.B International Press, UK, 1995; 440-458.
  • Kozan E, Sevimli FK, Birdane FM, Adanır R. Efficacy of eprinomectin against Toxocara canis in dogs. Parasitol Res, 2008; 102: 397-400.
  • Kurtdede A, Karaer Z, Acar A, Güzel M, Cingi CC, Ural K, İça A. Use of selamectin for the treatment of psoroptic and sarcoptic mite infestation in rabbits. Vet Dermatol. 2007; 18: 18-22.
  • Meredith AL. Dermatological conditions of rodents and rabbits. Proceedings of the 33rd World Small Animal Veterinary Congress, Dublin- Ireland, 2008; 250-252.
  • Rambozzi L, Rossi L, MolinarMin AR, Osella L, Bellardi S, Marchetti R, Pollicino P. Efficacy and safety of topical eprinomectin to control Myocoptes musculinus infestation in mice. Braz J Vet Parasitol, 2014; 23(1): 244-247.
  • Rehbein S, Winter R, Visser M, Maciel AE, Marley SE. Chorioptic mange in dairycattle: treatment with eprinomectin pour-on. Parasitol Res, 2005; 98: 21-25.
  • Schoeb TR, Cartner SC, Baker RA, Gerrity LW. Parasites of Rabbits. In, Baker DG (Ed) Flynn's Parasites of Laboratory Animals. 2nd Ed., Blackwell Publishing, Iowa. USA, 2007; 479-480.
  • Sevimli FK, Kozan E, Sevimli A, Doğan N, Bulbul A. The acute effects of single-dose orally administered doramectin, eprinomectin and selamectin on natural infections of Syphacia muris in rats. Exp Parasitol, 2009; 122: 177-181.
  • Shoop W, Michael B, Egerton J, Mrozik H, Fisher M. Titration of Subcutaneously Administered Eprinomectin against Mature and Immature Nematodes in Cattle. J Parasitol, 2001; 87(6): 1466-1469.
  • Shoop WL, Egerton JR, Eary CH, Haines HW, Michael BF, Mrozik H, Eskola P, Fisher MH, Slayton L, Ostlind DA, Skelly BJ, Fulton RK, Barth D, Costa D, Gregory LM, Campbell WC, Seward RL, Turner MJ. Eprinomectin: A Novel Avermectin for Use as a Topical Endectocide for Cattle. Int J Parasitol, 1996; 26(11):1237-1242.
  • Soulsby EJL: Helmints, Arthropods and Protozoa of Domesticated Animals. 8th Ed., Baillere Tindall, London, 1982, 452-475.
  • Ulutas B, Voyvoda H, Bayramlı G, Karagenc T. Efficacy of topical administration of eprinomectin for treatment of ear mite infestation in six rabbits. Vet Dermatol, 2005; 16:334-337.
  • Visser M, Lowenstein M, Yoon S, Rehbein S. The treatment of bovine sarcoptic mange (Sarcoptes scabiei var. bovis) using eprinomectin extended-release injection. Vet Parasitol, 2013; 192: 359-364.

Details

Journal Section CASE REPORT
Authors

Mustafa ESER> (Primary Author)


Durmuş Fatih BASER This is me


Cenker Cağrı CINGI This is me


Hatice ÇİÇEK This is me

Publication Date March 1, 2017
Published in Issue Year 2017, Volume 10, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @case report { kvj368486, journal = {Kocatepe Veterinary Journal}, issn = {1308-1594}, eissn = {2147-6853}, address = {}, publisher = {Afyon Kocatepe University}, year = {2017}, volume = {10}, number = {1}, pages = {40 - 43}, title = {Efficiency of Eprinomectin for the Treatment of Naturally Infested with Sarcoptes scabiei in Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)\#}, key = {cite}, author = {Eser, Mustafa and Baser, Durmuş Fatih and Cıngı, Cenker Cağrı and Çiçek, Hatice} }
APA Eser, M. , Baser, D. F. , Cıngı, C. C. & Çiçek, H. (2017). Efficiency of Eprinomectin for the Treatment of Naturally Infested with Sarcoptes scabiei in Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)# . Kocatepe Veterinary Journal , 10 (1) , 40-43 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/kvj/issue/32996/368486
MLA Eser, M. , Baser, D. F. , Cıngı, C. C. , Çiçek, H. "Efficiency of Eprinomectin for the Treatment of Naturally Infested with Sarcoptes scabiei in Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)#" . Kocatepe Veterinary Journal 10 (2017 ): 40-43 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/kvj/issue/32996/368486>
Chicago Eser, M. , Baser, D. F. , Cıngı, C. C. , Çiçek, H. "Efficiency of Eprinomectin for the Treatment of Naturally Infested with Sarcoptes scabiei in Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)#". Kocatepe Veterinary Journal 10 (2017 ): 40-43
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Efficiency of Eprinomectin for the Treatment of Naturally Infested with Sarcoptes scabiei in Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)# AU - MustafaEser, Durmuş FatihBaser, Cenker CağrıCıngı, HaticeÇiçek Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - DO - T2 - Kocatepe Veterinary Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 40 EP - 43 VL - 10 IS - 1 SN - 1308-1594-2147-6853 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Kocatepe Veterinary Journal Efficiency of Eprinomectin for the Treatment of Naturally Infested with Sarcoptes scabiei in Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)# %A Mustafa Eser , Durmuş Fatih Baser , Cenker Cağrı Cıngı , Hatice Çiçek %T Efficiency of Eprinomectin for the Treatment of Naturally Infested with Sarcoptes scabiei in Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)# %D 2017 %J Kocatepe Veterinary Journal %P 1308-1594-2147-6853 %V 10 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Eser, Mustafa , Baser, Durmuş Fatih , Cıngı, Cenker Cağrı , Çiçek, Hatice . "Efficiency of Eprinomectin for the Treatment of Naturally Infested with Sarcoptes scabiei in Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)#". Kocatepe Veterinary Journal 10 / 1 (March 2017): 40-43 .
AMA Eser M. , Baser D. F. , Cıngı C. C. , Çiçek H. Efficiency of Eprinomectin for the Treatment of Naturally Infested with Sarcoptes scabiei in Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)#. Kocatepe Veterinary Journal. 2017; 10(1): 40-43.
Vancouver Eser M. , Baser D. F. , Cıngı C. C. , Çiçek H. Efficiency of Eprinomectin for the Treatment of Naturally Infested with Sarcoptes scabiei in Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)#. Kocatepe Veterinary Journal. 2017; 10(1): 40-43.
IEEE M. Eser , D. F. Baser , C. C. Cıngı and H. Çiçek , "Efficiency of Eprinomectin for the Treatment of Naturally Infested with Sarcoptes scabiei in Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)#", Kocatepe Veterinary Journal, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 40-43, Mar. 2017

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