Year 2018, Volume 57 , Issue 3, Pages 197 - 218 2018-09-01

ÖN DESİLİKASYON AMAÇLI BOKSİT ZENGİNLEŞTİRME İŞLEMLERİ ÜZERİNE GÜNCEL BİR DEĞERLENDİRME
A CURRENT REVIEW ON BENEFICIATION PROCESS OF BAUXITE ORES FOR PRE-DESILICATION

Mustafa Birinci [1] , Ramazan Gök [2]


Günümüzde ticari alümina üretiminin neredeyse tamamı hammadde kaynağı olarak boksit
cevherlerinin kullanıldığı Bayer prosesiyle karşılanmaya devam etmektedir. Bayer prosesine
doğrudan beslenebilir metalurjik kalitedeki boksitler için en önemli kriterlerden birisi cevherin
toplam silis miktarının bilinmesidir. Çünkü, boksit liçi sırasında çözünme eğilimi gösteren reaktif
silis aşırı miktarda kostik soda tüketimine yol açmakta ve ciddi oranda alumina kayıplarına
neden olmaktadır. Bundan dolayı boksitin reaktif silis içeriği, Bayer prosesinin etkin ve ekonomik
uygulanabilirliği üzerinde belirleyici bir rol oynamaktadır. Silis türlerinin boksitten uzaklaştırılması
işlemi (ön desilikasyon) birçok alümina üretim tesisinin üzerinde çalıştığı ana konulardan birisidir.
Son yıllarda köpük flotasyonu gibi bazı zenginleştirme yöntemlerinin ön desilikasyon amacıyla
denendiği bilinmektedir. Bu çalışmada, boksit cevherindeki reaktif silisin sebep olduğu başlıca
sorunlar ve ön desilikasyon amacıyla uygulanan birtakım zenginleştirme yöntemleri güncel
kaynaklardan derlenerek özetlenmiştir. Bu yöntemler arasında gerek silis uzaklaştırma verimi
gerekse tesis ölçeğinde uygulanabilme bakımından özellikle flotasyonun daha fazla önem
kazandığı belirlenmiş ve bu konuda geniş kapsamda bir değerlendirme yapılmıştır.

Today, nearly all commercial production of alumina is obtained from standard Bayer process

using bauxite ores as a raw material. One of the most important criteria for metallurgical-grade

bauxites that can be directly fed to the Bayer process is the total silica content of bauxite.

Because, reactive silica which tends to dissolve during bauxite leaching causes excessive

caustic soda consumption and alumina losses in the Bayer process. For this reason, the reactive

silica content in bauxite plays a critical role in the viability and economics of the Bayer process.

Removing reactive silica from bauxite prior to leaching (also known as pre-desilication) is a

major focus of effort for most alumina production plants. In recent years, it has been known that

beneficiation methods such as froth flotation have been tried to pre-desilication. In this study, the

major problems caused by reactive silica in bauxite ore and several beneficiation methods used

for pre-desilication have been reviewed from the current literature. Among these methods, it has

been determined that froth flotation is more important in terms of silica removal performance and

industrial practice, and so investigations on bauxite flotation have been discussed extensively.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Engineering, Multidisciplinary
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-1954-7837
Author: Mustafa Birinci

Orcid: 0000-0001-5654-104X
Author: Ramazan Gök

Dates

Publication Date : September 1, 2018

Bibtex @research article { madencilik457373, journal = {Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi}, issn = {2564-7024}, address = {Selanik Cad. No: 19/4 06650 Kızılay-Çankaya / ANKARA - TURKEY}, publisher = {TMMOB Maden Mühendisleri Odası}, year = {2018}, volume = {57}, pages = {197 - 218}, doi = {10.30797/madencilik.457373}, title = {ÖN DESİLİKASYON AMAÇLI BOKSİT ZENGİNLEŞTİRME İŞLEMLERİ ÜZERİNE GÜNCEL BİR DEĞERLENDİRME}, key = {cite}, author = {Birinci, Mustafa and Gök, Ramazan} }
APA Birinci, M , Gök, R . (2018). ÖN DESİLİKASYON AMAÇLI BOKSİT ZENGİNLEŞTİRME İŞLEMLERİ ÜZERİNE GÜNCEL BİR DEĞERLENDİRME. Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi , 57 (3) , 197-218 . DOI: 10.30797/madencilik.457373
MLA Birinci, M , Gök, R . "ÖN DESİLİKASYON AMAÇLI BOKSİT ZENGİNLEŞTİRME İŞLEMLERİ ÜZERİNE GÜNCEL BİR DEĞERLENDİRME". Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi 57 (2018 ): 197-218 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/madencilik/issue/39027/457373>
Chicago Birinci, M , Gök, R . "ÖN DESİLİKASYON AMAÇLI BOKSİT ZENGİNLEŞTİRME İŞLEMLERİ ÜZERİNE GÜNCEL BİR DEĞERLENDİRME". Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi 57 (2018 ): 197-218
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - ÖN DESİLİKASYON AMAÇLI BOKSİT ZENGİNLEŞTİRME İŞLEMLERİ ÜZERİNE GÜNCEL BİR DEĞERLENDİRME AU - Mustafa Birinci , Ramazan Gök Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.30797/madencilik.457373 DO - 10.30797/madencilik.457373 T2 - Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 197 EP - 218 VL - 57 IS - 3 SN - 2564-7024- M3 - doi: 10.30797/madencilik.457373 UR - https://doi.org/10.30797/madencilik.457373 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi ÖN DESİLİKASYON AMAÇLI BOKSİT ZENGİNLEŞTİRME İŞLEMLERİ ÜZERİNE GÜNCEL BİR DEĞERLENDİRME %A Mustafa Birinci , Ramazan Gök %T ÖN DESİLİKASYON AMAÇLI BOKSİT ZENGİNLEŞTİRME İŞLEMLERİ ÜZERİNE GÜNCEL BİR DEĞERLENDİRME %D 2018 %J Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi %P 2564-7024- %V 57 %N 3 %R doi: 10.30797/madencilik.457373 %U 10.30797/madencilik.457373
ISNAD Birinci, Mustafa , Gök, Ramazan . "ÖN DESİLİKASYON AMAÇLI BOKSİT ZENGİNLEŞTİRME İŞLEMLERİ ÜZERİNE GÜNCEL BİR DEĞERLENDİRME". Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi 57 / 3 (September 2018): 197-218 . https://doi.org/10.30797/madencilik.457373
AMA Birinci M , Gök R . ÖN DESİLİKASYON AMAÇLI BOKSİT ZENGİNLEŞTİRME İŞLEMLERİ ÜZERİNE GÜNCEL BİR DEĞERLENDİRME. Madencilik. 2018; 57(3): 197-218.
Vancouver Birinci M , Gök R . ÖN DESİLİKASYON AMAÇLI BOKSİT ZENGİNLEŞTİRME İŞLEMLERİ ÜZERİNE GÜNCEL BİR DEĞERLENDİRME. Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi. 2018; 57(3): 218-197.