Case Report
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A case of generalized tuberculosis in a domestic pigeon

Year 2021, Volume 6, Issue 2, 82 - 84, 31.08.2021
https://doi.org/10.24880/maeuvfd.930980

Abstract

In this study, a case of generalized tuberculosis diagnosed in a 3-4 aged, female, domestic pigeon brought to … for necropsy was described. At the anamnesis, weakness, anorexia, puffy and ruffled feathers that started 3-4 months ago were stated. At necropsy, the animal was excessively cachectic, the feathers were fluffy, irregular and the feathers around the anus was contaminated with feces. Gross examination revealed numerous yellowish-grey colored nodules, some of which were combined with each other, ranging in size from 0,5 to 1,5 cm localized all internal organs serosal surface such as lung, liver, pericardium and intestines. Tissue samples taken from the lesions were examined histopathologically after routine tissue processing. Microscopical examination revealed that typical tubercles with prominent caseification necrosis in the centers of the foci, numerous mononuclear inflammatory giant cells around them and surrounded by connective tissue. A large number of mycobacterial agents were observed as red stained bacilli on sections stained with the Ziehl-Neelsen method. Diagnosis of tuberculosis was made in the light of gross and histopathological findings.

References

  • 1. Kutsal O, Saglam M. Tuberculosis in pigeons (in Turkish). Veterinary Journal of Ankara University. 1988;35:545–552.
  • 2. Sezen İ, Erer H, Erganiş O. Bir güvercinde tüberküloz olgusu. Selçuk Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi. 1986;2(1):163-166.
  • 3. Dvorska L, Bull J, Bartos M, Matlova L, Svastova P, Weston T, Kintr J, Parmova I, Van Soolingen D ve Pavlik I. A standardized restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method for typing Mycobacterium avium isolates links IS901 with virulence for birds. Journal of Microbiological Methods. 2003;55(1):11-27.
  • 4. Pavlik I, Svastova P, Bartl J, Dvorska L ve Rychlik I. Relationship between IS901 in theMycobacterium avium complex strains isolated from birds, animals, humans and environment and virulence for poultry. Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology. 2000;7(2):212-217.
  • 5. Hejlicek K, ve F Treml. Epizootiology and pathogenesis of avian mycobacteriosis in domestic pigeons (Columba livia f. domestica). Vet Med (Praha). 1994;39(10):615–24.
  • 6. Bougiouklis P, Brellou G, Fragkiadaki E, Lordanidis P, Vlemmas I, ve Georgopoulou I. Outbreak of avian mycobacteriosis in a flock of two-year-old domestic pigeons (columba livia f. domestica). Avian Diseases. 2005;49(3):442–445.
  • 7. Glunder G. Infection of pigeons as a risk to the health of humans and animals. Dtsch. Tierarztl. Wochenschr. 1989;96(3):112–116.
  • 8. Gonzalez M, Rodriguez-Bertos A, Gimeno I, Flores J ve Pizarro M. Outbreak of avian tuberculosis in 48-week-old commercial layer hen flock. Avian Diseases. 2002;46(4):1055–1061.
  • 9. Van Der Heyden N. Clinical manifestations of mycobacteriosis in pet birds. Semin. Exotic Pet Med. 1997;6(1):18–24.
  • 10. Dhama K, Mahendran M, Tiwari R, Dayal S, Kumar D, Singh S ve Sawant M. Tuberculosis in birds: insights into the Mycobacterium avium infections. Veterinary Medicine International. 2011;Vol. 2011:1-14.
  • 11. Sanford S, Rehmtulla A, Josephson G. Tuberculosis in farmed rheas (Rhea americana). Avian Diseases. 1994;38(1):193-196.

Evcil bir güvercinde generalize tüberküloz olgusu

Year 2021, Volume 6, Issue 2, 82 - 84, 31.08.2021
https://doi.org/10.24880/maeuvfd.930980

Abstract

Bu olguda … Anabilim Dalına nekropsi için getirilen 3-4 yaşlı, dişi, evcil bir güvercinde saptanan generalize tüberküloz olgusu tanımlandı. Hayvan sahibinden alınan anemnez de 3-4 ay önceden başlayan halsizlik, iştahsızlık, durgunluk, tüylerde kabarma ve zayıflık bulguları belirtildi. Nekropside hayvanın aşırı kaşektik olduğu, tüylerin kabarık ve karışık, anüs çevresindeki tüylerin ise dışkı ile bulaşık olduğu gözlendi. İç bakıda akciğer, karaciğer, perikart ve bağırsak serozalarında yoğun olmak üzere tüm iç organlarda büyüklükleri 0,5-1,5 cm arasında değişen bazıları birbirleri ile birleşmiş şekilde çok sayıda sarımsı-gri renkli nodüler yapılar saptandı. Lezyonlu doku örnekleri rutin takip işleminden geçirilerek histopatolojik olarak incelendi. Mikroskobik incelemede odakların merkezlerinde belirgin kazeifikasyon nekrozu, çevrelerinde çok sayıda mononüklear yangı ve dev hücrelerinin bulunduğu ve etrafları bağ doku ile çevrili tipik granülomlar saptandı. Ziehl-Neelsen metoduna göre boyanan kesitlerde kırmızı basiller şeklinde çok sayıda mycobacterial etkenler gözlendi. Makroskobik ve histopatolojik bulgular ışığında olguya tüberküloz teşhisi konuldu.

References

  • 1. Kutsal O, Saglam M. Tuberculosis in pigeons (in Turkish). Veterinary Journal of Ankara University. 1988;35:545–552.
  • 2. Sezen İ, Erer H, Erganiş O. Bir güvercinde tüberküloz olgusu. Selçuk Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi. 1986;2(1):163-166.
  • 3. Dvorska L, Bull J, Bartos M, Matlova L, Svastova P, Weston T, Kintr J, Parmova I, Van Soolingen D ve Pavlik I. A standardized restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method for typing Mycobacterium avium isolates links IS901 with virulence for birds. Journal of Microbiological Methods. 2003;55(1):11-27.
  • 4. Pavlik I, Svastova P, Bartl J, Dvorska L ve Rychlik I. Relationship between IS901 in theMycobacterium avium complex strains isolated from birds, animals, humans and environment and virulence for poultry. Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology. 2000;7(2):212-217.
  • 5. Hejlicek K, ve F Treml. Epizootiology and pathogenesis of avian mycobacteriosis in domestic pigeons (Columba livia f. domestica). Vet Med (Praha). 1994;39(10):615–24.
  • 6. Bougiouklis P, Brellou G, Fragkiadaki E, Lordanidis P, Vlemmas I, ve Georgopoulou I. Outbreak of avian mycobacteriosis in a flock of two-year-old domestic pigeons (columba livia f. domestica). Avian Diseases. 2005;49(3):442–445.
  • 7. Glunder G. Infection of pigeons as a risk to the health of humans and animals. Dtsch. Tierarztl. Wochenschr. 1989;96(3):112–116.
  • 8. Gonzalez M, Rodriguez-Bertos A, Gimeno I, Flores J ve Pizarro M. Outbreak of avian tuberculosis in 48-week-old commercial layer hen flock. Avian Diseases. 2002;46(4):1055–1061.
  • 9. Van Der Heyden N. Clinical manifestations of mycobacteriosis in pet birds. Semin. Exotic Pet Med. 1997;6(1):18–24.
  • 10. Dhama K, Mahendran M, Tiwari R, Dayal S, Kumar D, Singh S ve Sawant M. Tuberculosis in birds: insights into the Mycobacterium avium infections. Veterinary Medicine International. 2011;Vol. 2011:1-14.
  • 11. Sanford S, Rehmtulla A, Josephson G. Tuberculosis in farmed rheas (Rhea americana). Avian Diseases. 1994;38(1):193-196.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Case Reports
Authors

Adem MİLLETSEVER> (Primary Author)
BURDUR MEHMET AKİF ERSOY ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ ENSTİTÜSÜ, PATOLOJİ (DR) (VETERİNER)
0000-0002-3614-7798
Türkiye


Özlem ÖZMEN>
MEHMET AKİF ERSOY ÜNİVERSİTESİ, VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-1835-1082
Türkiye

Publication Date August 31, 2021
Submission Date May 3, 2021
Acceptance Date July 8, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 6, Issue 2

Cite

APA Milletsever, A. & Özmen, Ö. (2021). Evcil bir güvercinde generalize tüberküloz olgusu . Veterinary Journal of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University , 6 (2) , 82-84 . DOI: 10.24880/maeuvfd.930980