Research Article
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Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 2, 137 - 144, 31.08.2022
https://doi.org/10.24880/maeuvfd.1123301

Abstract

References

  • Aithal, HP., Amarpal, P., Pawde, AM., Singh, GR., & Hoque, M. (2007). Management of fractures near the carpal joint of two calves by trans articular fixation with a circular external fixator. Veterinary Record, 161, 193–198. https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.161.6.193
  • Akın, İ. (2017). Calf metacarpal fractures in association with bovine dystocia: case series among calves. Atatürk Üniversitesi Veteriner Bilimleri Dergisi, 12(3:235-241. https://doi.org/10.17094/ataunivbd.369526
  • Aksoy, Ö., Özaydın, İ., Kılıç, E., Öztürk, S., Güngör, E., Kurt, B., & Oral, H. (2009) Evaluation of fractures in calves due to forced extraction during dystocia: 27 cases (2003-2008). Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 15, 339–344.
  • Arican M, Erol, H., Esin, E. & Parlak, K. (2014). A retrospective study of fractures in neonatal calves: 181 Cases (2002-2012). Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 34(2): 247-250. Auer, JA., Steiner, A., Iselin, U., & Lischer, C. (1993). Internal fixation of long bone fractures in farm animals. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology, 6: 36-41.
  • Belge, A., Akın, İ., Gülaydın, A., & Yazıcı, MF., (2016). The treatment of distal metacarpus fracture with locking compression plate in calves. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 40, 234-242. https://doi.org/10.3906/vet-1510-4
  • Desrochers, A., Steiner, A., Anderson, DE., Guard, C., Nichols S.,, Ducharme NG., Nuss, K., Mulon PY., Kraus S., & Hill, JA. (2004). Surgery of the bovine musculoskeletal system. In: Fubini, S., & Ducharme, N. (Eds). Farm Animal Surgery (pp.344-439). Elsevier, USA.
  • Elma, E. (1988). Frakturen beim rind. Behandlung und Ergebnisse in den Jahren 1970–1987. Dissertation, Veterinärmedizinische Universität, Munich, Germany. Ewoldt, JMI., Hull, BL., & Ayars, WH. (2003). Repair of femoral capital physeal fractures in 12 cattle. Veterinary Surgery, 32: 30-36.
  • Ferguson, JG. (1982). Management and repair of bovine fractures. Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practising Veterinarian, 4, 128–136. Fessler, JF., and Adams, SB. (1996). Decision making in ruminant orthopedics. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice, 12: 1-18.
  • Gangl, M., Grulke, S., Serteyn, D., & Touati K. (2006). Retrospective study of 99 cases of bone fractures in cattle treated by external coaptation or confinement. Veterinary Record, 158, 264-268. https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.158.8.264
  • Gillespie, A., Connolly, N., Scarabelli, S., Lipreri, G., & Singer, E. (2018). Internal ixation of a comminuted metacarpal fracture in a bull. Veterinary Record Case Reports, 6:e000630. https://doi.org/10.1136/vetreccr-2018-000630
  • Görgül, OS., Seyrek-İntaş, D., Çelimli, N., Çeçen, G., Salcı, H., & Akın, İ. (2004). Buzağılarda kırık olgularının değerlendirilmesi: 31 olgu (1996-2003). Veteriner Cerrahi Dergisi, 10, 16–20.
  • Mulon, PY. (2013). Managment of long bone fractures in cattle. In practice, 35, 265-271. https://doi.org/10.1136/inp.f2869
  • Nichols, S., Anderson, DE., Miesner, MD. & Newman, KD. (2010). Femoral diaphysis fractures in cattle: 26 cases (1994-2005). Australian Veterinary Journal, 88: 39-44.
  • Nuss K, A Spiess, M Feist, & Köstlin R. (2011). Treatment of long bone fractures in 125 newborn calves-a retrospective study. Tieraerztl Prax, 39: 15-26.
  • Öztaş, E., & Avki, S. (2015). Evaluation of acrylic pin external fixation (APEF) system in metacarpal fractures of newborn calves: cheap but effective?. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 21 (3), 433-436. https://doi.org/10.9775/kvfd.2014.12635
  • Rodrigues, LB., Las Casas, EB., Lopes, DS., Folgado, J., Fernandes, PR., Pires, EA., Alves, GE., & Faleiros, RR. (2012). A finite element model to simulate femoral fractures in calves: testing different polymers for intramedullarry interlocking nails. Veterinary Surgery, 41: 838-844.
  • Salcı, H., Canatan, U., & Çetin, M. (2016). Bir buzağıda salter-harris tip I metacarpus kırığının açılı kama plağı ile sağaltımı. Uludag Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 1(2): 57-60. Sevil, F., & Ocal, MK. (2006). Cross-sectional geometry of the metapodial bones in the calf and ox. Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr, 113, 423-428.
  • Tulleners, EP. (1986). Metacarpal and metatarsal fractures in dairy cattle: 33 cases (1979-1985). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 189: 463–468.
  • Yadav, GP., Sangwan, V., Kumar, A., Mahajan, SK., & Gupta, A. ( 2020). Prognostic factors associated with successful outcome of metacarpal and metatarsal fractures repaired using external coaptation in bovines, Indian Journal of Animal Research, 54(5), 578-592. https://doi.org/10.18805/ijar.B-3828
  • Yurdakul, İ. (2018). Buzağılarda doğum sırasında ve sonrasında şekillenen kırık olgularının ve sağaltım yöntemlerinin değerlendirilmesi. Harran Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 7 (2): 213-218.
  • Yurtal, Z., Altuğ, ME., Deveci, MZY., İşler, CT., & Alakuş, İ. (2020). Use of a dynamic axial external fixator combined with internal cross pins for metacarpal fracture treatment in calves, Journal of Istanbul Veterınary Scıences, 4(2), 43-50. https://doi.org/10.30704/http-www-jivs-net.732607

Clinical and radiological evaluation of metacarpal fractures in calves: A retrospective study: 72 cases

Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 2, 137 - 144, 31.08.2022
https://doi.org/10.24880/maeuvfd.1123301

Abstract

Metacarpal fractures are frequently encountered in calves especially due to dystocia. In this study, it was aimed to evaluate metacarpus fractures in calves from many aspects especially the causes of the fracture, the location and classification of the fracture and to determine the most appropriate treatment option. 72 calves diagnosed with metacarpus fracture, aged between 1 and 15 days, regardless of gender and breed, were included in the study. Calves were classified according to fracture types and treatment method. In the treatment, external fixation with Steinman pins, polyvinylchloride-fiberglass plaster supported closed or windowed bandage methods were preferred. According to the radiological examination findings, it was determined that the fractures were distal diaphyseal in 40 (55%) cases, epiphyseal in 20 (27%) cases, and middle diaphyseal in 12 (18%) cases. It was learned that 46 of 51 cases with closed fractures and bandages healed without any problem, and 5 cases died due to comorbidities (calf diarrhea, aspiration pneumonia). 5 out of 7 patients which had external fixation using Steinmann pins had an recovery without complication, meanwhile 2 patients died due to infection. Full recovery was observed in 12 of 14 patients who underwent window bandage, meanwhile it was learned that 2 patients died due to secondary infection. As a result, subtantial data that will contribute to clinical practice and literature knowledge in the causes, location, classification, and treatment of metacarpal fractures, which are frequently encountered in calves and cause loss in terms of both economic and productivity, have been revealed.

References

  • Aithal, HP., Amarpal, P., Pawde, AM., Singh, GR., & Hoque, M. (2007). Management of fractures near the carpal joint of two calves by trans articular fixation with a circular external fixator. Veterinary Record, 161, 193–198. https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.161.6.193
  • Akın, İ. (2017). Calf metacarpal fractures in association with bovine dystocia: case series among calves. Atatürk Üniversitesi Veteriner Bilimleri Dergisi, 12(3:235-241. https://doi.org/10.17094/ataunivbd.369526
  • Aksoy, Ö., Özaydın, İ., Kılıç, E., Öztürk, S., Güngör, E., Kurt, B., & Oral, H. (2009) Evaluation of fractures in calves due to forced extraction during dystocia: 27 cases (2003-2008). Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 15, 339–344.
  • Arican M, Erol, H., Esin, E. & Parlak, K. (2014). A retrospective study of fractures in neonatal calves: 181 Cases (2002-2012). Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 34(2): 247-250. Auer, JA., Steiner, A., Iselin, U., & Lischer, C. (1993). Internal fixation of long bone fractures in farm animals. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology, 6: 36-41.
  • Belge, A., Akın, İ., Gülaydın, A., & Yazıcı, MF., (2016). The treatment of distal metacarpus fracture with locking compression plate in calves. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 40, 234-242. https://doi.org/10.3906/vet-1510-4
  • Desrochers, A., Steiner, A., Anderson, DE., Guard, C., Nichols S.,, Ducharme NG., Nuss, K., Mulon PY., Kraus S., & Hill, JA. (2004). Surgery of the bovine musculoskeletal system. In: Fubini, S., & Ducharme, N. (Eds). Farm Animal Surgery (pp.344-439). Elsevier, USA.
  • Elma, E. (1988). Frakturen beim rind. Behandlung und Ergebnisse in den Jahren 1970–1987. Dissertation, Veterinärmedizinische Universität, Munich, Germany. Ewoldt, JMI., Hull, BL., & Ayars, WH. (2003). Repair of femoral capital physeal fractures in 12 cattle. Veterinary Surgery, 32: 30-36.
  • Ferguson, JG. (1982). Management and repair of bovine fractures. Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practising Veterinarian, 4, 128–136. Fessler, JF., and Adams, SB. (1996). Decision making in ruminant orthopedics. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice, 12: 1-18.
  • Gangl, M., Grulke, S., Serteyn, D., & Touati K. (2006). Retrospective study of 99 cases of bone fractures in cattle treated by external coaptation or confinement. Veterinary Record, 158, 264-268. https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.158.8.264
  • Gillespie, A., Connolly, N., Scarabelli, S., Lipreri, G., & Singer, E. (2018). Internal ixation of a comminuted metacarpal fracture in a bull. Veterinary Record Case Reports, 6:e000630. https://doi.org/10.1136/vetreccr-2018-000630
  • Görgül, OS., Seyrek-İntaş, D., Çelimli, N., Çeçen, G., Salcı, H., & Akın, İ. (2004). Buzağılarda kırık olgularının değerlendirilmesi: 31 olgu (1996-2003). Veteriner Cerrahi Dergisi, 10, 16–20.
  • Mulon, PY. (2013). Managment of long bone fractures in cattle. In practice, 35, 265-271. https://doi.org/10.1136/inp.f2869
  • Nichols, S., Anderson, DE., Miesner, MD. & Newman, KD. (2010). Femoral diaphysis fractures in cattle: 26 cases (1994-2005). Australian Veterinary Journal, 88: 39-44.
  • Nuss K, A Spiess, M Feist, & Köstlin R. (2011). Treatment of long bone fractures in 125 newborn calves-a retrospective study. Tieraerztl Prax, 39: 15-26.
  • Öztaş, E., & Avki, S. (2015). Evaluation of acrylic pin external fixation (APEF) system in metacarpal fractures of newborn calves: cheap but effective?. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 21 (3), 433-436. https://doi.org/10.9775/kvfd.2014.12635
  • Rodrigues, LB., Las Casas, EB., Lopes, DS., Folgado, J., Fernandes, PR., Pires, EA., Alves, GE., & Faleiros, RR. (2012). A finite element model to simulate femoral fractures in calves: testing different polymers for intramedullarry interlocking nails. Veterinary Surgery, 41: 838-844.
  • Salcı, H., Canatan, U., & Çetin, M. (2016). Bir buzağıda salter-harris tip I metacarpus kırığının açılı kama plağı ile sağaltımı. Uludag Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 1(2): 57-60. Sevil, F., & Ocal, MK. (2006). Cross-sectional geometry of the metapodial bones in the calf and ox. Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr, 113, 423-428.
  • Tulleners, EP. (1986). Metacarpal and metatarsal fractures in dairy cattle: 33 cases (1979-1985). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 189: 463–468.
  • Yadav, GP., Sangwan, V., Kumar, A., Mahajan, SK., & Gupta, A. ( 2020). Prognostic factors associated with successful outcome of metacarpal and metatarsal fractures repaired using external coaptation in bovines, Indian Journal of Animal Research, 54(5), 578-592. https://doi.org/10.18805/ijar.B-3828
  • Yurdakul, İ. (2018). Buzağılarda doğum sırasında ve sonrasında şekillenen kırık olgularının ve sağaltım yöntemlerinin değerlendirilmesi. Harran Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 7 (2): 213-218.
  • Yurtal, Z., Altuğ, ME., Deveci, MZY., İşler, CT., & Alakuş, İ. (2020). Use of a dynamic axial external fixator combined with internal cross pins for metacarpal fracture treatment in calves, Journal of Istanbul Veterınary Scıences, 4(2), 43-50. https://doi.org/10.30704/http-www-jivs-net.732607

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Uğur AYDIN> (Primary Author)
KAFKAS ÜNİVERSİTESİ, VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-5756-4841
Türkiye


Özgür AKSOY>
KAFKAS UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF VETERINARY MEDICINE
0000-0002-4800-6079
Türkiye


Uğur YILDIZ>
KAFKAS UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF VETERINARY MEDICINE
0000-0002-4782-1012
Türkiye


İsa ÖZAYDIN>
KAFKAS UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF VETERINARY MEDICINE
0000-0003-4652-6377
Türkiye


Engin KILIÇ>
KAFKAS UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF VETERINARY MEDICINE
0000-0001-8126-3918
Türkiye


Celal Şahin ERMUTLU>
KAFKAS UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF VETERINARY MEDICINE
0000-0002-8923-7682
Türkiye


Ersin TANRIVERDİ>
KAFKAS UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF VETERINARY MEDICINE
0000-0001-8502-2070
Türkiye


Mehmet TURAN This is me
KAFKAS UNIVERSITY, INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES
0000-0001-7724-583X
Türkiye


Alican YILMAZ This is me
KAFKAS UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF VETERINARY MEDICINE
0000-0001-7042-1749
Türkiye

Publication Date August 31, 2022
Application Date June 1, 2022
Acceptance Date July 22, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 2

Cite

APA Aydın, U. , Aksoy, Ö. , Yıldız, U. , Özaydın, İ. , Kılıç, E. , Ermutlu, C. Ş. , Tanrıverdi, E. , Turan, M. & Yılmaz, A. (2022). Clinical and radiological evaluation of metacarpal fractures in calves: A retrospective study: 72 cases . Veterinary Journal of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University , 7 (2) , 137-144 . DOI: 10.24880/maeuvfd.1123301