Research Article
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A study on behavior and welfare characteristics of Holstein cattle in manure and sand beddings

Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 2, 67 - 76, 31.08.2022
https://doi.org/10.24880/maeuvfd.998320

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of manure and sand bedding use on some animal welfare and behavioral characteristics in Holstein cattle. A total of 110 Holstein dairy cattle were used as animal material in the study. Cows in the barn were formed in groups of bed types (manure and sand bedding) and placed in equal numbers in two compartments with a stall length of 125x250 cm and a walking area in each group. In the research, carpal and tarsal lesions of the joints, blood serum glucose, total protein, and triglyceride statistically no-significant differences between the groups in terms of the standing time, lying/resting time, the number of steps and standing/lying frequency behavior characteristics, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, cholesterol levels in terms of the differences between the groups found to be statistically significant (P<0.05, P<0.01, P<0.001). Lying/resting time was determined as 689 minutes in the sand bedding group and 638 minutes in the manure bedding group. As a result, the use of manure or sand bedding in Holstein cows of carpal and tarsal lesions in the pubic region of the impurity states that did not have a significant impact on the welfare of the cows. However, the use of a bed of sand, the positive impact of manure on the basis of response to stress results better in the group of the bed is examined and it is concluded that in terms of types of characters both can be used in Holstein dairy cattle breeding.

References

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  • 2. Anonim. İzmir Meteoroloji 2. Bölge Müdürlüğü 17782 No’lu Foça Toprak Su İstasyonu, 2021.
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  • 7. Chaplin SJ, Tierney G, Stockwell C, et al. An evaluation of mattresses and mats in two dairy units. Appl Anim Behav Sci 2000; 66(4): 263-272.
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  • 19. Livesely CT, Marsh C, Metcalf JA, et al. Hock injuries in cattle kept in straw yards or cubicles with rubber mats or mattresses. Vet Record 2002; 150(22): 677-679.
  • 20. Manninen E, de Passillé AM, Rushen J, et al. Norring M, Saloniemi H. Preferences of dairy cows kept in unheated buildings for different kind of cubicle flooring. Appl Anim Behav Sci 2002; 75: 281-292.
  • 21. O’Loughlin A, McGee M, Waters SM, Doyle S, Earley B. Examination of the bovine leukocyte environment using immunogenetic biomarkers to assess immunocompetence following exposure to weaning stress. BMC Vet Res 2011; 7: 45.
  • 22. Ozbeyaz C, Unal N. Süt sığırcılığında kompost altlıklı barınaklar. Lalahan Hay Araşt Enst Derg 2018; 58(1): 54-66.
  • 23. Rushen J, Haley D, de Passille AM. Effect of softer flooring in tie stalls on resting behavior and leg injuries of lactating cows. J Dairy Sci 2007; 90(8): 3647-3651.
  • 24. Tekin ME. Örneklerle bilgisayarda istatistik (1. Baskı). Selçuk Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi, Konya, 2010.
  • 25. Telezhenko E, Bergsten C. Influence of floor type on the locomotion of dairy cows. Appl Anim Behav Sci 2005; 93(3-4): 183-197.
  • 26. Tucker CB, Weary DM, Fraser D. Effects of three types of free-stall surfaces on preferences and stall usage by dairy cows. J Dairy Sci 2003; 86: 521-529.
  • 27. Uslucan B, Ozkutuk K. Entansif süt sığırı yetiştiriciliğinde altlık materyallerin kullanımı, önemi ve çeşitleri. 3. Ulusal Zootekni Öğrenci Kongresi, 17-18 Mayıs, Kahramanmaraş, Türkiye, 2007.
  • 28. Weary DM, Tucker CB. The science of cow comfort. In: Proceedings of the joint meeting of the ontario agri business association and the ontario association of bovine practitioners. April, Guelph, Ontario, 2003.
  • 29. Yakan A, Unal N, Akçapınar H. Keçilerde davranış. Lalahan Hay Araşt Enst Derg 2007; 47(1): 39-47.

Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 2, 67 - 76, 31.08.2022
https://doi.org/10.24880/maeuvfd.998320

Abstract

References

  • 1. Akbas AA. Çiftlik hayvanlarında davranış ve refah ilişkisi. MAKÜ Sağ Bil Enst Derg 2013; 1: 42-49.
  • 2. Anonim. İzmir Meteoroloji 2. Bölge Müdürlüğü 17782 No’lu Foça Toprak Su İstasyonu, 2021.
  • 3. Bedanova I, Voslarova E, Chloupek P, et al. Stress in broilers resulting from shackling. Poult Sci 2007; 86: 1065-1069.
  • 4. Broom DM. Welfare of transported animals: Factors influencing welfare and welfare assessment. In: Livestock Handling and Transport. 4th ed. Edited by T. Grandin. CABI, Wallingford, Oxfordshire; 2014. p. 23-38.
  • 5. Buyukkok S. Duraklı açık süt sığırı barınaklarda kullanılan farklı altlık materyallerin hayvan konforu ve tercihi açısından karşılaştırılması. Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Akdeniz Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Antalya, 2017.
  • 6. Calamari L, Calegari F, Stefanini L. Effect of different free stall surfaces on behavioural, productive and metabolic parameters in dairy cows. Appl Anim Behav Sci 2009; 120(1): 9-17.
  • 7. Chaplin SJ, Tierney G, Stockwell C, et al. An evaluation of mattresses and mats in two dairy units. Appl Anim Behav Sci 2000; 66(4): 263-272.
  • 8. Davis AK, Maney DL, Maerz JC. The use of leukocyte profiles to measure stress in vertebtates: a review for ecologists. Functional Ecology 2008; 22: 760-772.
  • 9. Demirci B. Serbest duraklı ahırlarda sağmal inekler için kullanılan çeşitli yatma yeri materyalinin karşılaştırılması, Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Çukurova Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Adana, 2005.
  • 10. Endres MI. Bedding options for dairy cows. Adv Dairy Sci Technol 2012; 24: 361-369.
  • 11. Grant R. Taking advantage of natural behavior improves dairy cow performance. In: Proceedings Western Dairy Management Conference, Chazy, NY; 2007. p. 225-226.
  • 12. Haley DB, Passille AM, Rushen J. Asseing cow comfort: effects of two floor types and two tie stall designs on the behaviour of lactating dairy cows. Appl Anim Behav Sci 2001; 71: 105-117.
  • 13. Haley DB, Rushen J, de Passillé AM. Behavioural indicators of cow comfort: activity and resting behaviour of dairy cows in two types of housing. Canadian J Anim Sci 2000; 80: 257-263.
  • 14. Hong H, Lee E, Lee IH, et al. Effects of transport stress on physiological responses and milk production in lactating dairy cows. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2019; 32(3), 442-451.
  • 15. Kayar A. Dahili klinik muayene yöntemleri: biyokimyasal kan muayeneleri ders notu. İstanbul Üniversitesi, İstanbul, 2013.
  • 16. Kocyigit R. Farklı zemin tiplerinin esmer sığırlarda süt verimi ve süt kompozisyonu ile bazı davranış özellikleri üzerine etkileri. Doktora Tezi. Atatürk Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Erzurum, 2014.
  • 17. Kulberg S, Storset AK, Heringstad B, et al. Reduced levels of total leukocytes and neutrophils in Norwegian cattle selected for decreased mastitis incidence. J Dairy Sci 2002; 85: 3470-3475.
  • 18. Leach KA, Tuer S, Green MJ, Bradley AJ et al. Separated manure solids as bedding for dairy cows- a UK farmer survey. In: Proceedings of the British Mastitis Conference, November 12th, Worcester, UK; 2014. p. 53-54.
  • 19. Livesely CT, Marsh C, Metcalf JA, et al. Hock injuries in cattle kept in straw yards or cubicles with rubber mats or mattresses. Vet Record 2002; 150(22): 677-679.
  • 20. Manninen E, de Passillé AM, Rushen J, et al. Norring M, Saloniemi H. Preferences of dairy cows kept in unheated buildings for different kind of cubicle flooring. Appl Anim Behav Sci 2002; 75: 281-292.
  • 21. O’Loughlin A, McGee M, Waters SM, Doyle S, Earley B. Examination of the bovine leukocyte environment using immunogenetic biomarkers to assess immunocompetence following exposure to weaning stress. BMC Vet Res 2011; 7: 45.
  • 22. Ozbeyaz C, Unal N. Süt sığırcılığında kompost altlıklı barınaklar. Lalahan Hay Araşt Enst Derg 2018; 58(1): 54-66.
  • 23. Rushen J, Haley D, de Passille AM. Effect of softer flooring in tie stalls on resting behavior and leg injuries of lactating cows. J Dairy Sci 2007; 90(8): 3647-3651.
  • 24. Tekin ME. Örneklerle bilgisayarda istatistik (1. Baskı). Selçuk Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi, Konya, 2010.
  • 25. Telezhenko E, Bergsten C. Influence of floor type on the locomotion of dairy cows. Appl Anim Behav Sci 2005; 93(3-4): 183-197.
  • 26. Tucker CB, Weary DM, Fraser D. Effects of three types of free-stall surfaces on preferences and stall usage by dairy cows. J Dairy Sci 2003; 86: 521-529.
  • 27. Uslucan B, Ozkutuk K. Entansif süt sığırı yetiştiriciliğinde altlık materyallerin kullanımı, önemi ve çeşitleri. 3. Ulusal Zootekni Öğrenci Kongresi, 17-18 Mayıs, Kahramanmaraş, Türkiye, 2007.
  • 28. Weary DM, Tucker CB. The science of cow comfort. In: Proceedings of the joint meeting of the ontario agri business association and the ontario association of bovine practitioners. April, Guelph, Ontario, 2003.
  • 29. Yakan A, Unal N, Akçapınar H. Keçilerde davranış. Lalahan Hay Araşt Enst Derg 2007; 47(1): 39-47.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Müge AKDENİZ>
AYDIN ADNAN MENDERES ÜNİVERSİTESİ, VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-2834-3166
Türkiye


Evrim DERELİ FİDAN> (Primary Author)
AYDIN ADNAN MENDERES ÜNİVERSİTESİ, VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-9805-6162
Türkiye

Supporting Institution Aydın Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi
Project Number BAP Proje No. VTF 17047
Publication Date August 31, 2022
Application Date September 21, 2021
Acceptance Date April 25, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 2

Cite

APA Akdeniz, M. & Dereli Fidan, E. (2022). A study on behavior and welfare characteristics of Holstein cattle in manure and sand beddings . Veterinary Journal of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University , 7 (2) , 67-76 . DOI: 10.24880/maeuvfd.998320