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Östarin Balık Stoklarının Yapısı ve Çevresel Faktörler

Year 2015, Volume 6, Issue 1, 36 - 42, 29.12.2015

Abstract

Coğrafik ve yapısal konumları gereği son yıllarda farklı amaçlarla yoğun insan kullanımına maruz kalan östarin sistemler; deniz ve tatlı sularda yaşayan bazı canlılar için hayati önem taşımaktadır. Östarin sistemler, çevresel faktörlerin kısa ve uzun dönemli olarak değişimlerinin gözlendiği dinamik sistemlerdir. Bu sistemlerde balık türlerinin dağılım ve yapısal durumuna; evrimsel süreçler, atasal yaşam döngüleri, biyotik faktörler ve abiyotik faktörler etki yapar. Bu çalışmada; östarin sistemleri üreme, büyüme, beslenme, sığınma, göç yolu ve diğer durumlar için kullanan balık türlerinin stok yapısı ve bu yapıyı etkileyen çevresel faktörler değerlendirilmiştir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Östarin, balık stokları, çevresel faktörler

References

  • Able, K. W. (2005). A re-examination of fish estuarine depen- dence: evidence for connectivity between estuarine and ocean habitats. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 64: 5-17.
  • Akın, S., Winemiller, K. O., Gelwick, F. P. (2003). Seasonal ve spatial variations in fish ve macrocrustacean assemb- lage structure in Mad Islve Marsh estuary, Texas. Estuari- ne, Coastal ve Shelf Science 57: 269–282.
  • Akın, S., Buhan, E., Winemiller, K. O., Yılmaz, H. (2005). Fish assemblage structure of Koycegiz Lagoone Estuary, Tur- key: Spatial ve temporal distribution patterns in relation to environmental variation. Estuarine, Coastal ve Shelf Sci- ence 64: 671-684.
  • Anonymous. (2007a). Estuarine, Coastal ve Marine habitat integrity: Salinity (İndicator Status: For Advice), Nrm Pub- lications.
  • Anonymous. (2007b). Estuarine, Coastal ve Marine habitat integrity: water temperature (İndicator Status: For Advice), Nrm Publications.
  • Anonymous. (2007c). Estuarine, Coastal ve Marine habitat integrity: Estuary mouth opening/closing (İndicator Status: For Advice), Nrm Publications.
  • Anonymous. (2007d). Estuarine, Coastal ve Marine habitat integrity: Dissolved oxygen (İndicator Status: For Advice), Nrm Publications.
  • Anonymous. (2007e).Estuarine, Coastal ve Marine habitat integrity: Estuarine, coastal and marine habitat condition (İndicator Status: For Advice), Nrm Publications.
  • Attrill, M. J., Power, M. (2004). Partitioning of temperature resources amongst an estuarine fish assemblage. Estua- rine, Coastal ve Shelf Science 61: 725–738.
  • Blaber, S. J. M. (1980). Fish of the Trinity Inlet system of North Queenslve with notes on the ecology of fish faunas of tropical Indo-Pacific estuaries. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 31: 137–46.
  • Blaber, S.J.M. (2000). Tropical Estuarine Fishes. Ecology, Exploitation ve Conservation. Fish ve Aquatic Resources Ser. 7, Blackwell Science.
  • Claridge, P. N., Potter, I. C., Hardisty, M.W. (1986). Seaso- nal changes in movements, abundance, size composition ve diversity of the fish fauna of the Severn Estuary. Jour- nal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 66: 229-258.
  • Comyns, B. H., Fulling, G. L., Peterson, M. S., Rakocinski, C. F. (2004). Defining the fundamental physiological niche of estuarine fishes ve its relationship in understveing distri- bution, vital metrics, ve optimal nursery conditions. Envi- ronmental Biology of Fishes 71 (2): 143–149.
  • Day, J. W., Hall, C. A. S., Kemp, W. M., Yanez-Arancibia, A. (1989). Estuarine ecology, Wiley, New York.
  • Edgar, G. J, Barrett, N. S., Gradon, D. J. (1999). A Classifica- tion of Tasmanian Estuaries ve Assessment of their Con- servation Significance using Ecological ve Physical Attri- butes, Population ve Lve Use Marine Research Laborato- ries - Tasmanian Aquaculture ve Fisheries Institute, Uni- versity of Tasmania.
  • Elie, P., Feunteun, E., Rigaud, C. (1990). The inshore brac- kish water domain of the French Atlantic coast: ecological functions for the exploited species-impact of physical de- velopment. Bulletin of Ecology 21: 33–38.
  • Elliott, M., Dewailly, F. (1995). The structure and components of European Estuarine fish assemblages. Netherlands Journal of Aquatic Ecology 29: 397-417.
  • Forbes, A. T., Cyrus, D. P. (1993). Biological effects of sali- nity gradient reversals in a southeast African estuarine la- ke. Netherlands Journal of Aquatic Ecology 27: 265–272.
  • Greenwood, M. F. D, Hill, A. S. (2003). Temporal, spatial ve tidal influences on benthic ve demersal fish abundance in the Forth estuary. Estuarine, Coastal ve Shelf Science 58: 211–225.
  • Harrison, T. D., Whitfield, A. K. (2004). Multi-metric fish index to assess the environmental condition of estuaries. Jour- nal of Fish Biology 65: 683–710.
  • Harrison, T. D., Whitfield, A. K. (2006). Temperature ve sali- nity as primary determinants influencing the biogeography of fishes in South African estuaries. Estuarine, Coastal ve Shelf Science 66: 335-345.
  • Horn, M. H., Allen, L. G. (1978). A distributional analysis of California coastal marine fishes. Journal of Biogeography 5: 23-42.
  • Jaureguızar, A. J, Menni, R., Lasta, C., Guerrero R. (2006). Fish assemblages of the northern Argentine coastal sys- tem:spatial patterns ve their temporal variations. Fisheries Oceanography 15 (4): 326–344.
  • Kennish, M. J. (1990). Ecology of Estuaries, Vol. II: Biological Aspects. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
  • Kimmerer, W. J. (2002). Physical, Biological, ve Manage- ment Responses to Variable Freshwater Flow into the San Francisco Estuary Estuaries Vol. 25, No. 6B, p. 1275–1290
  • Kupschus, S., Tremain, D. (2001). Associations between fish assemblages ve environmental factors in nearshore habi- tats of a subtropical estuary. Journal of Fish Biology 58: 1383–1403.
  • Malavasi, S., Fiorin, R., Franco, A., Franzoi, P., Granzotto, A., Riccato, F, Mainardi D., (2004). Fish assemblages of Ve- nice Lagoon shallow waters: an analysis based on spe- cies, families ve functional guilds. Journal of Marine Sys- tems 51: 19– 31.
  • Marshall, S., Elliott, M. (1998). Environmental influences on the fish assemblage of the Humber estuary, U.K. Estuari- ne, Coastal ve Shelf Sciences 46: 175–184.
  • Martino, E. J., Able K. A. (2003). Fish assemblages across the marine to low salinity transition zone of a temperate estuary. Estuarine, Coastal ve Shelf Science 56: 969– 987.
  • Mc Dowall, R. M. (1988). Diadromy in Fishes, Migrations between Freshwater ve Marine Environments. Croom Helm Publishers, London.
  • Mc Lusky, D. S., Elliott, M. (2004). The estuarine ecosystem: ecology, threats ve management. Oxford University Pres, New York.
  • Methven, D. A. , Haedrich, R. L. , Rose, G. A. (2001). The Fish Assemblage of a Newfoundlve Estuary: Diel, Monthly ve Annual Variation. Estuarine, Coastal ve Shelf Science 52: 669–687.
  • Monaco, M. E., Lowery, T. A., Emmett, R. L. (1992). As- semblages of U.S. west coast estuaries based on the dist- ribution of fishes. Journal of Biogeography 19: 251-267.
  • Moser, M. L., Gerry, L. R. (1989). Differential effects of sali- nity changes on two estuarine fishes, Leiostomus xanthu- rus ve Micropogonias undulatus. Estuaries 12 (1): 35–41.
  • Odum, E. P. (1959). Fundamentals of Ecology. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA.
  • Pombo, L., Elliott, M., Rebelo, J. E. (2002). Changes in the fish fauna of the Ria de Aveiro estuarine lagoon (Portugal) during the twentieth century. Journal of Fish Biology 61(Supplement A): 167–181.
  • Potter, I. C., Claridge, P. N., Warwick, R. M. (1986). Consis- tency of seasonal changes in an estuarine fish assembla- ge. Marine Ecology Progress Series 32: 217–228.
  • Potter, I. C., Beckley, L. E., Whitfield, A. K., Lenanton, R. C. (1990). Comparison between the roles played by estua- ries in the life cycles of fishes in temperate western Aust- ralia ve southern Africa. Environmental Biology of Fishes 28: 143– 178.
  • Potter I. C., Hyndes G. A. (1999). Characteristics of the ichth- yofaunas of Southwestern Australian Estuaries, including comparisons with Holarctic estuaries and estuaries el- sewhere in Temperate Australia: A review, Australian Jo- urnal of Ecology, 24, 395–421
  • Pritchard, D. W. (1967). What is an estuary: a physical vi- ewpoint. American Association for the Advancement of Science Publications 83: 3-5.
  • Sheaves, M. (1998). Spatial patterns in estuarine fish faunas in tropical Queenslve: a reflection of interaction between longterm physical ve biological processes. Marine & Freshwater Research 49: 31–40.
  • Sosa-Lopez, A., Mouillot, D., Ramos-Mirvea, J., Flores- Hernveez, D., Do Chi, T. (2007). Fish species richness decreases with salinity in tropical coastal lagoons. Journal of Biogeography 34 (1): 52-61.
  • Thiel, R., Sepulveda, A., Kafemann, R., Nellen, W. (1995). Environmental factors as forces structuring the fish com- munity of the Elbe estuary. Journal of Fish Biology 46: 47–69.
  • Vieira, J. P., Musick, J. A. (1993). Latitudinal patterns in di- versity of fishes in warm-temperate ve tropical estuarine waters of the western Atlantic. Atlantica, Rio Grvee 15: 115-133.
  • Wagner, C. M., Austin, H. M. (1999). Correspondence between environmental gradients ve summer littoral fish assemblages in low salinity reaches of the Chesapeake Bay, USA. Marine Biology Progress Series 177: 197–212.
  • Whitfield, A. K. (1998). Biology ve Ecology of Fishes in Sout- hern African Estuaries. Ichthyological. Monographs of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, No. 2.
  • Whitfield, A. K. (1999). Ichthyofaunal assemblages in estua- ries: A South African case study. Reviews in Fish Biology ve Fisheries 9: 151–186.
  • Whitfield, A. K., Harrıson, T. D. (2003). River flow ve fish abundance in a South African Estuary Journal of Fish Bio- logy 62: 1467–1472.
  • Whitfield, A. K., Taylor, R. H., Fox, C., Cyrus, D.P. (2006). Fishes ve salinities in the St Lucia estuarine system—a review. Reviews in Fish Biology Fisheries 16 (1).

Year 2015, Volume 6, Issue 1, 36 - 42, 29.12.2015

Abstract

References

  • Able, K. W. (2005). A re-examination of fish estuarine depen- dence: evidence for connectivity between estuarine and ocean habitats. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 64: 5-17.
  • Akın, S., Winemiller, K. O., Gelwick, F. P. (2003). Seasonal ve spatial variations in fish ve macrocrustacean assemb- lage structure in Mad Islve Marsh estuary, Texas. Estuari- ne, Coastal ve Shelf Science 57: 269–282.
  • Akın, S., Buhan, E., Winemiller, K. O., Yılmaz, H. (2005). Fish assemblage structure of Koycegiz Lagoone Estuary, Tur- key: Spatial ve temporal distribution patterns in relation to environmental variation. Estuarine, Coastal ve Shelf Sci- ence 64: 671-684.
  • Anonymous. (2007a). Estuarine, Coastal ve Marine habitat integrity: Salinity (İndicator Status: For Advice), Nrm Pub- lications.
  • Anonymous. (2007b). Estuarine, Coastal ve Marine habitat integrity: water temperature (İndicator Status: For Advice), Nrm Publications.
  • Anonymous. (2007c). Estuarine, Coastal ve Marine habitat integrity: Estuary mouth opening/closing (İndicator Status: For Advice), Nrm Publications.
  • Anonymous. (2007d). Estuarine, Coastal ve Marine habitat integrity: Dissolved oxygen (İndicator Status: For Advice), Nrm Publications.
  • Anonymous. (2007e).Estuarine, Coastal ve Marine habitat integrity: Estuarine, coastal and marine habitat condition (İndicator Status: For Advice), Nrm Publications.
  • Attrill, M. J., Power, M. (2004). Partitioning of temperature resources amongst an estuarine fish assemblage. Estua- rine, Coastal ve Shelf Science 61: 725–738.
  • Blaber, S. J. M. (1980). Fish of the Trinity Inlet system of North Queenslve with notes on the ecology of fish faunas of tropical Indo-Pacific estuaries. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 31: 137–46.
  • Blaber, S.J.M. (2000). Tropical Estuarine Fishes. Ecology, Exploitation ve Conservation. Fish ve Aquatic Resources Ser. 7, Blackwell Science.
  • Claridge, P. N., Potter, I. C., Hardisty, M.W. (1986). Seaso- nal changes in movements, abundance, size composition ve diversity of the fish fauna of the Severn Estuary. Jour- nal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 66: 229-258.
  • Comyns, B. H., Fulling, G. L., Peterson, M. S., Rakocinski, C. F. (2004). Defining the fundamental physiological niche of estuarine fishes ve its relationship in understveing distri- bution, vital metrics, ve optimal nursery conditions. Envi- ronmental Biology of Fishes 71 (2): 143–149.
  • Day, J. W., Hall, C. A. S., Kemp, W. M., Yanez-Arancibia, A. (1989). Estuarine ecology, Wiley, New York.
  • Edgar, G. J, Barrett, N. S., Gradon, D. J. (1999). A Classifica- tion of Tasmanian Estuaries ve Assessment of their Con- servation Significance using Ecological ve Physical Attri- butes, Population ve Lve Use Marine Research Laborato- ries - Tasmanian Aquaculture ve Fisheries Institute, Uni- versity of Tasmania.
  • Elie, P., Feunteun, E., Rigaud, C. (1990). The inshore brac- kish water domain of the French Atlantic coast: ecological functions for the exploited species-impact of physical de- velopment. Bulletin of Ecology 21: 33–38.
  • Elliott, M., Dewailly, F. (1995). The structure and components of European Estuarine fish assemblages. Netherlands Journal of Aquatic Ecology 29: 397-417.
  • Forbes, A. T., Cyrus, D. P. (1993). Biological effects of sali- nity gradient reversals in a southeast African estuarine la- ke. Netherlands Journal of Aquatic Ecology 27: 265–272.
  • Greenwood, M. F. D, Hill, A. S. (2003). Temporal, spatial ve tidal influences on benthic ve demersal fish abundance in the Forth estuary. Estuarine, Coastal ve Shelf Science 58: 211–225.
  • Harrison, T. D., Whitfield, A. K. (2004). Multi-metric fish index to assess the environmental condition of estuaries. Jour- nal of Fish Biology 65: 683–710.
  • Harrison, T. D., Whitfield, A. K. (2006). Temperature ve sali- nity as primary determinants influencing the biogeography of fishes in South African estuaries. Estuarine, Coastal ve Shelf Science 66: 335-345.
  • Horn, M. H., Allen, L. G. (1978). A distributional analysis of California coastal marine fishes. Journal of Biogeography 5: 23-42.
  • Jaureguızar, A. J, Menni, R., Lasta, C., Guerrero R. (2006). Fish assemblages of the northern Argentine coastal sys- tem:spatial patterns ve their temporal variations. Fisheries Oceanography 15 (4): 326–344.
  • Kennish, M. J. (1990). Ecology of Estuaries, Vol. II: Biological Aspects. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
  • Kimmerer, W. J. (2002). Physical, Biological, ve Manage- ment Responses to Variable Freshwater Flow into the San Francisco Estuary Estuaries Vol. 25, No. 6B, p. 1275–1290
  • Kupschus, S., Tremain, D. (2001). Associations between fish assemblages ve environmental factors in nearshore habi- tats of a subtropical estuary. Journal of Fish Biology 58: 1383–1403.
  • Malavasi, S., Fiorin, R., Franco, A., Franzoi, P., Granzotto, A., Riccato, F, Mainardi D., (2004). Fish assemblages of Ve- nice Lagoon shallow waters: an analysis based on spe- cies, families ve functional guilds. Journal of Marine Sys- tems 51: 19– 31.
  • Marshall, S., Elliott, M. (1998). Environmental influences on the fish assemblage of the Humber estuary, U.K. Estuari- ne, Coastal ve Shelf Sciences 46: 175–184.
  • Martino, E. J., Able K. A. (2003). Fish assemblages across the marine to low salinity transition zone of a temperate estuary. Estuarine, Coastal ve Shelf Science 56: 969– 987.
  • Mc Dowall, R. M. (1988). Diadromy in Fishes, Migrations between Freshwater ve Marine Environments. Croom Helm Publishers, London.
  • Mc Lusky, D. S., Elliott, M. (2004). The estuarine ecosystem: ecology, threats ve management. Oxford University Pres, New York.
  • Methven, D. A. , Haedrich, R. L. , Rose, G. A. (2001). The Fish Assemblage of a Newfoundlve Estuary: Diel, Monthly ve Annual Variation. Estuarine, Coastal ve Shelf Science 52: 669–687.
  • Monaco, M. E., Lowery, T. A., Emmett, R. L. (1992). As- semblages of U.S. west coast estuaries based on the dist- ribution of fishes. Journal of Biogeography 19: 251-267.
  • Moser, M. L., Gerry, L. R. (1989). Differential effects of sali- nity changes on two estuarine fishes, Leiostomus xanthu- rus ve Micropogonias undulatus. Estuaries 12 (1): 35–41.
  • Odum, E. P. (1959). Fundamentals of Ecology. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA.
  • Pombo, L., Elliott, M., Rebelo, J. E. (2002). Changes in the fish fauna of the Ria de Aveiro estuarine lagoon (Portugal) during the twentieth century. Journal of Fish Biology 61(Supplement A): 167–181.
  • Potter, I. C., Claridge, P. N., Warwick, R. M. (1986). Consis- tency of seasonal changes in an estuarine fish assembla- ge. Marine Ecology Progress Series 32: 217–228.
  • Potter, I. C., Beckley, L. E., Whitfield, A. K., Lenanton, R. C. (1990). Comparison between the roles played by estua- ries in the life cycles of fishes in temperate western Aust- ralia ve southern Africa. Environmental Biology of Fishes 28: 143– 178.
  • Potter I. C., Hyndes G. A. (1999). Characteristics of the ichth- yofaunas of Southwestern Australian Estuaries, including comparisons with Holarctic estuaries and estuaries el- sewhere in Temperate Australia: A review, Australian Jo- urnal of Ecology, 24, 395–421
  • Pritchard, D. W. (1967). What is an estuary: a physical vi- ewpoint. American Association for the Advancement of Science Publications 83: 3-5.
  • Sheaves, M. (1998). Spatial patterns in estuarine fish faunas in tropical Queenslve: a reflection of interaction between longterm physical ve biological processes. Marine & Freshwater Research 49: 31–40.
  • Sosa-Lopez, A., Mouillot, D., Ramos-Mirvea, J., Flores- Hernveez, D., Do Chi, T. (2007). Fish species richness decreases with salinity in tropical coastal lagoons. Journal of Biogeography 34 (1): 52-61.
  • Thiel, R., Sepulveda, A., Kafemann, R., Nellen, W. (1995). Environmental factors as forces structuring the fish com- munity of the Elbe estuary. Journal of Fish Biology 46: 47–69.
  • Vieira, J. P., Musick, J. A. (1993). Latitudinal patterns in di- versity of fishes in warm-temperate ve tropical estuarine waters of the western Atlantic. Atlantica, Rio Grvee 15: 115-133.
  • Wagner, C. M., Austin, H. M. (1999). Correspondence between environmental gradients ve summer littoral fish assemblages in low salinity reaches of the Chesapeake Bay, USA. Marine Biology Progress Series 177: 197–212.
  • Whitfield, A. K. (1998). Biology ve Ecology of Fishes in Sout- hern African Estuaries. Ichthyological. Monographs of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, No. 2.
  • Whitfield, A. K. (1999). Ichthyofaunal assemblages in estua- ries: A South African case study. Reviews in Fish Biology ve Fisheries 9: 151–186.
  • Whitfield, A. K., Harrıson, T. D. (2003). River flow ve fish abundance in a South African Estuary Journal of Fish Bio- logy 62: 1467–1472.
  • Whitfield, A. K., Taylor, R. H., Fox, C., Cyrus, D.P. (2006). Fishes ve salinities in the St Lucia estuarine system—a review. Reviews in Fish Biology Fisheries 16 (1).

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Journal Section Research Paper
Authors

Deniz İNNAL>

0000-0002-1686-0959

Publication Date December 29, 2015
Published in Issue Year 2015, Volume 6, Issue 1

Cite

APA İnnal, D. (2015). Östarin Balık Stoklarının Yapısı ve Çevresel Faktörler . Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi , 6 (1) , 36-42 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/makufebed/issue/19417/206602

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