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Views of Users on Parks during COVID-19 Pandemic: The Case Study of Antalya-Konyaaltı, Turkey

Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, 69 - 75, 23.05.2021
https://doi.org/10.29048/makufebed.877511

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact on the entire world for more than one year. Countries and cities have carried out different measures and restrictions to reduce the spread of the pandemic that is still ongoing. Parks have been preferred as a safe socialization environment by people as indoor service areas are closed after restrictions. The aims of this study are to reveal the views of visitors on the parks during the pandemic residing in Antalya-Konyaaltı and to determine the factors that influence the views of the visitors. In the study, it was determined that the majority of the participants visited the parks during the pandemic and the first purpose of their visit was to take a walk. Most of the volunteers thought that the use of parks has increased during the pandemic, that the parks offer the visitors the opportunity to spend time in nature/open green land during the pandemic, and that the plan and designs of the park areas should be improved considering the needs that arise during the pandemic and thus their use continuity should be ensured. Gender, marital status, age, job, income level and If the COVID-19 test is positive were found to be effective on the different views of the participants on parks during the pandemic but the educational status of the participants and if they have a chronic disease were not found to be effective. As a result, it should not be forgotten that the planning and design of the parks will contribute to providing better quality service to the users in the pandemic processes that may occur in the future.

References

  • Altın, Z. (2020). Covid-19 Pandemisinde Yaşlılar. Tepecik Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi Dergisi, 30(Ek sayı): 49-57.
  • Bozkurt, A. (2020). Koronavirüs (COVID-19) pandemi süreci ve pandemi sonrası dünyada eğitime yönelik değerlendirmeler: Yeni normal ve yeni eğitim paradigması. Açıköğretim Uygulamaları ve Araştırmaları Dergisi. 6(3): 112-142.
  • Chen, P., Mao, L., Nassis, G.P., Harmer, P., Ainsworth, B.E., Li, F. (2020). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): The need to maintain regular physical activity while taking precautions. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 9: 103-104.
  • Cortinez-O’Ryan, A., Moran, M.R., Rios, A.P., Anza-Ramirez, C., Slovic, A.D. (2020). Could severe mobility and park use restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic aggravate health inequalities? Insights and challenges from Latin America. Cadernos De Saúde Pública, 36(9):e00185820.
  • Freeman, S., Eykelbosh, A. (2020). COVID-19 and outdoor safety: Considerations for use of outdoor recreational spaces. Vancouver, BC: National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health. 2020 April.
  • Geng, D., Innes, J., Wu, W., Wang, G. (2020). Impacts os COVID-19 pandemic on urban park visitation: a global analysis. Journal of Forestry Research, 32: 553-567.
  • Güngör, S., Öner, B. (2020). The Change in recreational activity usage in the normalization process after Covid-19 and ındividuals’ cravings for urban green areas. Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology, 8(sp1): 8-12.
  • Güzel, P., Yıldız, K., Esentaş, M., Zerengök, D. (2020). “Know-How” to spend time in home ısolation during COVID-19; restrictions and recreational activities. International Journal of Psychology and Educational Studies, 7(2), 122-131.
  • Johnson, T.F., Hordley, L.A., Greenwell, M.P., Evans, L.C. (2020). Effect 1 of park use and landscape structure on COVID-19 transmission rates. doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.10.20.20215731.
  • Landry, C.E., Bergstrom, J., Salazar, J., Turner, D. (2020). How Has the COVID-19 Pandemic Affected Outdoor Recreation in the U.S.? A Revealed Preference Approach. Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, doi:10.1002/aepp.13119.
  • Parnell, D., Widdop, P., Bond, A., Wilson, R. (2020): COVID-19, networks and sport, Managing Sport and Leisure, doi: 10.1080/23750472.2020.1750100.
  • Rice, W.L., Mateer, T.J., Reigner, N., Newman, P., Lawhon, B., Taff, B.D. (2020). Changes in recreational behaviors of outdoor enthusiasts during the COVID-19 pandemic: analysis across urban and rural communities. Journal of Urban Ecology, doi: 10.1093/jue/juaa020.
  • Rice, W., Pan, B. (2020). Understanding drivers of change in park visitation during the COVID-19 pandemic: A spatial application of Big data. Pennsylvania State University, Department of Recreation, Park and Tourism Management, doi:10.31235/osf.io/97qa4.
  • TPL Special Report (2020). Parks and the pandemic. A trust for public land special report. 1-12. https://www.tpl.org/sites/default/files/Parks%20and%20Pandemic%20-%20TPL%20special%20 report.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 22.12.2020).
  • TÜİK (2020). Adrese dayalı nüfus kayıt sistemi. https://biruni.tuik.gov.tr/medas/?kn=95&locale=tr (Erişim Tarihi: 09.02.2021).
  • Üstün, Ç., Özçiftçi, S. (2020). COVID-19 pandemisinin sosyal yaşam ve etik düzlem üzerine etkileri: bir değerlendirme çalışması. Anadolu Kliniği Tıp Bilimleri Dergisi. 25: 142-153.
  • Xie, J., Luo, S., Furuya, K., Sun, D. (2020). Urban parks as green buffers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Sustainability. 12: 1-17.
  • Yücedağ, C., Çetin, M. (2020). Identifying leisure perceptions and activities of EFL teachers in home ısolation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Kastamonu University Journal of Engineering and Sciences, 6(2): 62-72.
  • Zhao, Y. (2020). COVID-19 as a catalyst for educational change. Prospects, 49: 29-33.

COVID-19 Pandemi Sürecinde Parklar Üzerine Kullanıcıların Görüşleri: Antalya-Konyaaltı Örneği

Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, 69 - 75, 23.05.2021
https://doi.org/10.29048/makufebed.877511

Abstract

COVID-19 pandemisi, bir yılı aşkın süredir tüm dünya üzerinde etkisini göstermiştir. Hala devam etmekte olan pandeminin yayılımını azaltmak için ülkeler ve kentler farklı tedbirler ve kısıtlamalar uygulamaktadır. Kısıtlamalarla kapalı hizmet alanları kullanıma kapatıldıkça parklar insanlar tarafından güvenli sosyalleşme ortamı olarak seçilmektedir. Bu çalışmanın amaçları, Antalya ili Konyaaltı ilçesinde ikamet eden insanların pandemi sürecinde parklar üzerine görüşlerini ortaya koymak ve parklar üzerine katılımcıların görüşlerine etkili olan faktörleri belirlemektir. Çalışmada, katılımcıların çoğunluğunun pandemi sürecinde parkları ziyaret ettiği ve ilk ziyaret amaçlarının yürüyüş yapmak olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Katılımcıların çoğu, pandemi sürecinde parkların kullanımının arttığını, pandemi sürecinde parkların kullanıcılara doğada/açık yeşil alanda zaman geçirme fırsatı sunduğunu ve pandemi sürecinde ortaya çıkan ihtiyaçlar doğrultusunda parkların plan ve tasarımlarının geliştirilerek kullanım devamlılıklarının sağlanması gerektiğini düşünmektedir. Cinsiyet, medeni durum, yaş, meslek, gelir düzeyi ve COVID-19 testinin pozitif çıkma durumu pandemi sürecinde parklar üzerine katılımcıların farklı görüşlerine etkili bulunmuştur. Buna karşılık, katılımcıların eğitim durumları ile kronik bir hastalığa sahip olup olmamaları, pandemi sürecinde parklar üzerine katılımcıların görüşlerine etkili bulunmamıştır. Sonuç olarak, parkların planlama ve tasarımlarının daha kapsamlı yapılmasının ileride yaşanabilecek pandemi süreçlerinde kullanıcılara daha kaliteli hizmet sunmalarına katkı sağlayacağı unutulmamalıdır.

References

  • Altın, Z. (2020). Covid-19 Pandemisinde Yaşlılar. Tepecik Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi Dergisi, 30(Ek sayı): 49-57.
  • Bozkurt, A. (2020). Koronavirüs (COVID-19) pandemi süreci ve pandemi sonrası dünyada eğitime yönelik değerlendirmeler: Yeni normal ve yeni eğitim paradigması. Açıköğretim Uygulamaları ve Araştırmaları Dergisi. 6(3): 112-142.
  • Chen, P., Mao, L., Nassis, G.P., Harmer, P., Ainsworth, B.E., Li, F. (2020). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): The need to maintain regular physical activity while taking precautions. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 9: 103-104.
  • Cortinez-O’Ryan, A., Moran, M.R., Rios, A.P., Anza-Ramirez, C., Slovic, A.D. (2020). Could severe mobility and park use restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic aggravate health inequalities? Insights and challenges from Latin America. Cadernos De Saúde Pública, 36(9):e00185820.
  • Freeman, S., Eykelbosh, A. (2020). COVID-19 and outdoor safety: Considerations for use of outdoor recreational spaces. Vancouver, BC: National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health. 2020 April.
  • Geng, D., Innes, J., Wu, W., Wang, G. (2020). Impacts os COVID-19 pandemic on urban park visitation: a global analysis. Journal of Forestry Research, 32: 553-567.
  • Güngör, S., Öner, B. (2020). The Change in recreational activity usage in the normalization process after Covid-19 and ındividuals’ cravings for urban green areas. Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology, 8(sp1): 8-12.
  • Güzel, P., Yıldız, K., Esentaş, M., Zerengök, D. (2020). “Know-How” to spend time in home ısolation during COVID-19; restrictions and recreational activities. International Journal of Psychology and Educational Studies, 7(2), 122-131.
  • Johnson, T.F., Hordley, L.A., Greenwell, M.P., Evans, L.C. (2020). Effect 1 of park use and landscape structure on COVID-19 transmission rates. doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.10.20.20215731.
  • Landry, C.E., Bergstrom, J., Salazar, J., Turner, D. (2020). How Has the COVID-19 Pandemic Affected Outdoor Recreation in the U.S.? A Revealed Preference Approach. Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, doi:10.1002/aepp.13119.
  • Parnell, D., Widdop, P., Bond, A., Wilson, R. (2020): COVID-19, networks and sport, Managing Sport and Leisure, doi: 10.1080/23750472.2020.1750100.
  • Rice, W.L., Mateer, T.J., Reigner, N., Newman, P., Lawhon, B., Taff, B.D. (2020). Changes in recreational behaviors of outdoor enthusiasts during the COVID-19 pandemic: analysis across urban and rural communities. Journal of Urban Ecology, doi: 10.1093/jue/juaa020.
  • Rice, W., Pan, B. (2020). Understanding drivers of change in park visitation during the COVID-19 pandemic: A spatial application of Big data. Pennsylvania State University, Department of Recreation, Park and Tourism Management, doi:10.31235/osf.io/97qa4.
  • TPL Special Report (2020). Parks and the pandemic. A trust for public land special report. 1-12. https://www.tpl.org/sites/default/files/Parks%20and%20Pandemic%20-%20TPL%20special%20 report.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 22.12.2020).
  • TÜİK (2020). Adrese dayalı nüfus kayıt sistemi. https://biruni.tuik.gov.tr/medas/?kn=95&locale=tr (Erişim Tarihi: 09.02.2021).
  • Üstün, Ç., Özçiftçi, S. (2020). COVID-19 pandemisinin sosyal yaşam ve etik düzlem üzerine etkileri: bir değerlendirme çalışması. Anadolu Kliniği Tıp Bilimleri Dergisi. 25: 142-153.
  • Xie, J., Luo, S., Furuya, K., Sun, D. (2020). Urban parks as green buffers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Sustainability. 12: 1-17.
  • Yücedağ, C., Çetin, M. (2020). Identifying leisure perceptions and activities of EFL teachers in home ısolation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Kastamonu University Journal of Engineering and Sciences, 6(2): 62-72.
  • Zhao, Y. (2020). COVID-19 as a catalyst for educational change. Prospects, 49: 29-33.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Landscape Architecture
Journal Section Research Paper
Authors

Ayşe SARP
BURDUR MEHMET AKİF ERSOY ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-2481-4020
Türkiye


Cengiz YÜCEDAĞ (Primary Author)
Burdur Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi
0000-0002-5360-4241
Türkiye


Latif Gürkan KAYA
BURDUR MEHMET AKİF ERSOY ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-8033-1480
Türkiye

Publication Date May 23, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1

Cite

APA Sarp, A. , Yücedağ, C. & Kaya, L. G. (2021). COVID-19 Pandemi Sürecinde Parklar Üzerine Kullanıcıların Görüşleri: Antalya-Konyaaltı Örneği . Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi , 12 (1) , 69-75 . DOI: 10.29048/makufebed.877511

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