Year 2019, Volume 6 , Issue 2, Pages 439 - 451 2019-08-29

DOĞRUDAN YABANCI YATIRIM, BÜYÜME VE ÇEVRESEL KALİTE İLİŞKİSİ: TÜRKİYE “DİBE YARIŞAN” BİR ÜLKE Mİ?
THE RELATIONSHIP AMONG FOREIGN DİRECT INVESTMENT, GROWTH, AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY: IS VALID "RACE TO THE BOTTOM" IN TURKEY?

Umut Üzar [1]


Bu çalışma Türkiye’de 1970-2014 yılları arasında doğrudan yabancı yatırım girişleri ve bir çevre göstergesi olan karbondioksit emisyonu arasındaki ilişkiyi, “dibe yarış” metodolojisinden hareketle incelemeyi amaçlamak-tadır. Değişkenler arasındaki uzun ve kısa dönemli ilişkiler ARDL (Gecikmesi Dağıtılmış Otoregresif Sınır Testi) yöntemiyle incelenmiştir. Sınır testi sonuçları, serilerin uzun dönemde birlikte hareket ettiğini göster-miştir. ARDL modelinden elde edilen uzun dönem katsa-yıları, ekonomik büyüme, gayrisafi sabit sermaye oluşu-mu ve ticari açıklığın karbondioksit emisyonunu arttırdı-ğını, doğrudan yabancı yatırımların ise çevresel kalite üzerinde anlamlı bir etkiye sahip olmadığına işaret etmiş-tir. Böylece doğrudan yabancı yatırım ve çevre ilişkisinin teorik çerçevesini oluşturan “dibe doğru yarış” ve “kirlilik sığınağı” hipotezlerinin Türkiye için geçerli olmadığı sonucuna ulaşılmıştır. Ayrıca sonuçlar, incelenen dönem için Çevresel Kuznets Eğrisi (ÇKE) hipotezinin geçerli olduğunu göstermiştir. Böylece Türkiye’nin doğrudan yabancı yatırım politikalarının, bilgi teknolojileri, araş-tırma-geliştirme, yeşil teknoloji ve yenilenebilir enerji gibi alanlara kaydırılması, hem yüksek katma değerli üretime geçişi hem de enerji etkinliğinin gerçekleştir-mesini kolaylaştırarak, önemli makroekonomik ve çevresel kazanımların elde edilmesini sağlayacaktır.

The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between direct foreign investment inflow and carbon dioxide emission, using race to the bottom methodology in Turkey during 1970-2014. An Autoregressive Distributed Lag Model (ARDL) test is employed to determine possible long-term and short-term nexus among series. ARDL test results show that the series are cointegrarated. The long-term coefficients obtained from the ARDL model indicate that economic growth, gross fixed capital formation, and trade openness have positive effect on carbon dioxide emissions, while foreign direct investment does not have a significant effect on carbon dioxide emission as environmental quality. According to findings, both race to the bottom and pollution haven hypothesis are not valid for Turkey, while Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) is valid. Thus, Turkey’s foreign direct investment policies should be directed to information technology, research and development, green technology, and renewable energy. These developments will facilitate both the transition to high value-added production and the realization of energy efficiency. Thereby, Turkey will obtain significant macroeconomic and environmental gains.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Social
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3438-1422
Author: Umut Üzar (Primary Author)
Institution: KARADENİZ TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : August 29, 2019

APA Üzar, U . (2019). DOĞRUDAN YABANCI YATIRIM, BÜYÜME VE ÇEVRESEL KALİTE İLİŞKİSİ: TÜRKİYE “DİBE YARIŞAN” BİR ÜLKE Mİ?. Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi , 6 (2) , 439-451 . DOI: 10.30798/makuiibf.531931