Volume: 11 - Issue: 1

Year: 2022

Research Article

Review Paper

Marine Science and Technology Bulletin is an international, double blind peer-reviewed and open access journal publishing high quality papers that original research articles, short communications, and reviews for scientists engaged in all aspects of marine sciences and technology, fisheries and aquatic sciences, and food processing technologies.

Online Manuscript Submission

Authors are requested to submit manuscripts via the journal’s online submission system following the Instructions for Authors.

Peer Review Process

All submitted manuscripts are subject to initial appraisal by the Co-Editors, and, if found suitable for further consideration, enter peer review by independent, anonymous expert referees. All peer review is double-blind.

Please visit the Review Process page for more information.

Publication Frequency

The journal includes original scientific articles on a variety of different subjects in English and is published four times a year in March, June, September and December.

Publication Fees

No publication charges are collected. All authors and readers have free access to all papers.

Research areas include (but not limited):

  • Marine Sciences,
  • Marine Technology,
  • Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences,
  • Environmental Science and Technology,
  • Oceanography,
  • Marine Biology,
  • Marine Ecology,
  • Marine Geology,
  • Marine Geochemistry,
  • Marine Engineering,
  • Ocean Engineering,
  • Offshore and Underwater Technology,
  • Biology,
  • Ecology,
  • Hydrology and Hydrogeology,
  • Hydrochemistry,
  • Biogeography,
  • Aquaculture,
  • Fish Nutrition,
  • Disease and Treatment,
  • Fisheries Technology,
  • Food Processing,
  • Chemistry,
  • Microbiology,
  • Algal Biotechnology,
  • Protection of Organisms Living in Marine Habitats,
  • Petrology and Sedimentation,
  • Sea Level Changes,
  • Marine Pollution,
  • Maritime,
  • Marine Affair,
  • Management and Economics,
  • Naval Architecture,
  • Unmanned Surface/Underwater Vehicles,
  • Remote Sensing,
  • Information Technologies,
  • Computational Mechanics,
  • Artificial Intelligence,
  • Fuzzy Logic,
  • Image Processing Technology,
  • Climate Change.

Author Guidelines

Manuscripts must be submitted to the journal in electronic version only via the online submission system following the Instructions for Authors.

Download the full paper template from here.

Types of Paper

Original research papers; review articles; short communications.

  • Original research papers; original full-length research papers which have not been published previously and should not exceed 7500 words or 25 manuscript pages (including tables and illustrations)
  • Review articles; on topical subjects and up to 10,000 words or 25 manuscript pages (including tables and figures)
  • Short communications; describing work that may be of a preliminary nature (preferably no more than 3000 or 10 manuscript pages including tables and figures).

Page charges

This journal has no page charges.

Preparation of Manuscripts

Papers must be written in English. Prepare your text using word-processing software and save it in “.doc” or “.docx” formats. Manuscripts must be structured in the following order;

  • Title page (Separate file)
    • Title
    • Author names, affiliations
    • Corresponding author’s e-mail, Telephone
    • ORCID iD and e-mail addresses for all authors
  • Main text
    • Abstract
    • Keywords
    • Introduction
    • Material and Methods
    • Results
    • Discussion
    • Conclusion
    • Acknowledgements (if required)
    • Compliance with Ethical Standards
      • a) Authors' Contributions
      • b) Conflict of Interest
      • c) Statement on the Welfare of Animals
      • d) Statement of Human Rights
    • References
  • Table(s) with caption(s) (on appropriate location in the text)
  • Figure(s) with caption(s) (on appropriate location in the text)
  • And appendices (if any).

Use a 12-point font (Times New Roman preferred), including the references, table headings and figure captions, double-spaced and with 25 mm margins on all sides of A4 size paper throughout the manuscript. Use 25 mm margins on all sides. The text should be in single-column format. In particular, do not use to hyphenate words. The names of genera and species should be given in italics and, when first mentioned in the text, should be followed by the authority. Authors should consult a recent issue of the journal for style if possible.

Title Page

The title page should be included;

  • Concise and informative title. Avoid abbreviations and formulae
  • The first name(s) and surname(s) of the author(s) (The corresponding author should be identified with an asterisk and footnote. All other footnotes (Author(s) affiliation address(es)) should be identified with superscript numbers)
  • Author(s) affiliation address(es) (followed by institution, faculty/school, department, city with postcode, and country) of the each author(s))
  • The e-mail address, phone number, fax number of the corresponding author
  • ORCID iD and e-mail addresses for all authors

Main Text

  • Abstract (should be between 150 and 500 words. References and abbreviations should be avoided)
  • Keywords (provide a maximum of 6 keywords)
  • Articles must be structured in the conventional format such as Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgements, Compliance with Ethical Standards, and References.
  • Each page must be numbered, and lines must be consecutively numbered from the start to the end of the manuscript.
  • Do not justify the right-hand margin.
  • The first line of each paragraph must be indented. Do not put a blank line between paragraphs.
  • The first mention in the text of any taxon must be followed by its authority including the year.
  • Use italics for emphasis.
  • Use only SI (international system) units.


Keep these to the absolute minimum and place them before the reference section.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

The corresponding author will include a summary statement in the text of the manuscript in a separate section before the reference list. See below examples of disclosures:

  • a) Authors’ Contributions

Please provide the contributions of the authors for the paper.

Use first letters of name and surnames (e.g.; Author MS designed the study, MT wrote the first draft of the manuscript, SK performed and managed statistical analyses. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. or Both authors have contributed equally to the paper).

  • b) Conflict of Interest

Any existing conflict of interest should be given here.

If no conflict exists, the authors should state:

Conflict of Interest: The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

  • c) Statement on the Welfare of Animals

If the animals used in the study;

The welfare of animals used for research must be respected. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate the following statement:

Ethical approval: All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.

Or, for retrospective studies; a summary statement in the text of the manuscript should be included as follow:

Ethical approval: For this type of study, formal consent is not required.

  • d) Statement of Human Rights

When reporting studies that involve human participants, authors should include the following statement:

Ethical approval: The studies have been approved by the appropriate institutional and/or national research ethics committee and have been performed in accordance with the ethical standards as laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Or, for retrospective studies; a summary statement in the text of the manuscript should be included as follow:

Ethical approval: For this type of study, formal consent is not required.


Please follow American Psychological Association (APA) 7th Style for references and citations. Please kindly see the guides on this page for citation in the text and reference list.

Citation in the text;

Please ensure that each reference cited in the text is also presented in the reference list. Cite literature in the text in chronological, followed by alphabetical order like these examples "(Mutlu et al., 2012; Biswas et al., 2016; Yanık & Aslan, 2018)". If the cited reference is the subject of a sentence, only the date should be given in parentheses. Formatted like this example: "Sönmez (2017)".

  • Single author: the author's name and the year of publication;
  • Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication;
  • Three or more authors: first author's name followed by "et al." and the year of publication

Citation in the reference list;

References should be listed first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically at the end of the article. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters a, b, c, etc. placed after the year of publication.

The citation of articles, books, multi-author books and articles published online should conform to the following examples:


Yamasaki, J., Miyata, H., & Kanai, A. (2005). Finite-difference simulation of green water impact on fixed and moving bodies. Journal of Marine Science and Technology10(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00773-005-0194-1

Yanık, T., & Aslan, İ. (2018). Impact of global warming on aquatic animals. Pakistan Journal of Zoology50(1), 353-363. https://doi.org/10.17582/journal.pjz/2018.50.1.353.363

Sönmez, A. Y., Kale, S., Özdemir, R. C., & Kadak, A. E. (2018). An adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) to predict of cadmium (Cd) concentration in the Filyos River, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 18(12), 1333-1343. https://doi.org/10.4194/1303-2712-v18_12_01

Preprint Article References

  • Ideally, use and cite the final, published version of a work. However, if you used the preprint version of a work, cite that version, as shown in the following examples.
  • Preprint versions of articles may or may not be peer-reviewed or may be the author’s final, peer-reviewed manuscript as accepted for publication.
  • Two common repositories for preprint articles are PsyArXiv and PubMed Central. Follow the same format for other preprint archives.

Zhu, L., Liu, Q., Liu, X., & Zhang, Y. (2021). RSST-ARGM: A Data-Driven Approach to Long-term Sea Surface Temperature Prediction. Researchsquare, Preprint. https://assets.researchsquare.com/files/rs-468686/v1_stamped.pdf

Hampton, S., Rabagliati, H., Sorace, A., & Fletcher-Watson, S. (2017). Autism and bilingualism: A qualitative interview study of parents’ perspectives and experiences. PsyArXiv, Preprinthttps://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/76xfs

Hetland, B., McAndrew, N., Perazzo, J., & Hickman, R. (2018). A qualitative study of factors that influence active family involvement with patient care in the ICU: Survey of critical care nurses. PubMed Central, Preprint. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5736422/?report=classic

Articles in non-English languages

Acarlı, D., Kale, S., & Kocabaş, S. (2020). TCSG-132 Gemi Batığı Yapay Resifinin (Gökçeada, Kuzey Ege Denizi) Biyoçeşitliliği [Biodiversity of TCSG-132 Shipwreck Artificial Reef (Gökçeada, North Aegean Sea)]. Acta Aquatica Turcica, 16(3), 313-329. https://doi.org/10.22392/actaquatr.677175


Brown, C., Laland, K., & Krause, J. (Eds.) (2011). Fish Cognition and Behavior (2nd ed.). Wiley-Blackwell.

Books in non-English languages

Erkoyuncu, İ. (1995). Balıkçılık Biyolojisi ve Populasyon Dinamiği [Fisheries Biology and Population Dynamics] (1st ed.). Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi Yayınları.


Langston, W. J. (1990). Toxic effects of metals and the incidence of marine ecosystems. In Furness, R. W. (Ed.), Rainbow Heavy Metals in the Marine Environment (pp. 102-122). CRC Press.

Vassallo, A. I., & Mora, M. S. (2007). Interspecific scaling and ontogenetic growth patterns of the skull in living and fossil ctenomyid and octodontid rodents (Caviomorpha: Octodontoidea)In Kelt, D. A., Lessa, E., Salazar-Bravo, J. A., & Patton, J. L. (Eds.), The Quintessential Naturalist: Honoring the Life and Legacy of Oliver P. Pearson (pp. 945-968). University of California Press.

Thesis and Dissertation:

Sönmez, A. Y. (2011). Karasu ırmağında ağır metal kirliliğinin belirlenmesi ve bulanık mantıkla değerlendirilmesi [Determination of heavy metal pollution in Karasu river and its evaluation by fuzzy logic]. [Ph.D. Thesis. Atatürk University].

Conference Proceedings:

Notev, E., & Uzunova, S. (2008). A new biological method for water quality improvement. Proceedings of the 2nd Conference of Small and Decentralized Water and Wastewater Treatment Plants, Greece, pp. 487-492.

Institution Publication:

FAO. (2016). The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture: Contributing to food security and nutrition for all. Rome. 200 pp.


FAO. (2018). Report of the ninth session of the Sub-Committee on AquacultureFAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Report No. 1188. Rome, Italy.

Internet Source:

Froese, R., & Pauly, D. (Eds.) (2020). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. Retrieved on January 11, 2020, from http://www.fishbase.org

TurkStat. (2019). Fishery Statistics. Retrieved on December 28, 2019, from http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/


Tables, numbered in Arabic, should be in the appropriate location in the text with a short descriptive title at the top. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data). Avoid vertical rules. The data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.


All illustrations should be labeled ‘Figure’ and numbered in consecutive Arabic numbers, Figure 1, Figure 2, etc. in the text. If panels of a figure are labeled (a, b, etc.) use the same case when referring to these panels in the text. Figures are recommended for electronic formats such as PNG, JPEG. TIFF (min. 300 dpi) should be also arranged in available dimensions. All figures or tables should be presented in the body of the text. Font sizes should be from 9 to 11 points.

Download Copyright Form

Marine Science and Technology Bulletin follows certain ethical standards for publication, existing to ensure high-quality scientific publications, public trust in scientific findings, and due credit for original ideas. Marine Science and Technology Bulletin is connected to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), abides by its Code of Conduct, and aims to adhere to its Best Practice Guidelines.

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). (2011, March 7). Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors. Retrieved from https://publicationethics.org/about/guide/journal-editors

Authors who submit papers to Marine Science and Technology Bulletin certify that his/her work is original and is not published or under publication consideration elsewhere. Also, the authors confirm that submitted papers have not been copied or plagiarized, in whole or in part, from other papers or studies. The authors certify that he/she does not have potential conflicts of interest or partial benefits associated with his or her papers.

Marine Science and Technology Bulletin will check for plagiarism in all submitted articles prior to publication. If plagiarism is detected at any stage of the publication process, the author will be instructed to rewrite the manuscript. Every submission will be scanned by Turnitin® to prevent plagiarism. If any manuscript is 30% plagiarized, the article will be rejected and the author will be notified. We strongly recommend that authors check paper content before submitting for publication. Plagiarism can be checked by using free online software.

Marine Science and Technology Bulletin is committed to objective and fair blind peer reviews of submitted papers and the prevention of any actual or potential conflicts of interest between writers and reviewers.


Editorial Responsibilities and Independence

All editors of Marine Science and Technology Bulletin are independent in their evaluations and decisions in the journal. No external and/or internal factor can affect their decisions. If the editors are exposed to any kind of positive and/or negative constraints, they keep the right to take legal action against those involved in the constraint. On the other hand, editors are responsible for their decisions in the journal. The editor-in-chief is the only person responsible for journal content and on-time publishing.

Privacy and Conflict of Interest

Editors and members of the Editorial Board of the journal are forbidden to share submitted materials with third parties other than section editors, statistical editors, Language editors, copy editors, design editors and ombudsman when needed, and to use the submitted materials themselves. If there is a conflict of interest among an editor and an author or institution of the author in terms of cooperation or competition, then another member of the Editorial board is assigned to manage the evaluation process.

Publishing Decisions

Editors provide peer review of submitted manuscripts by assigning at least two reviewers expert in the field. The editor-in-chief is responsible for the decision of publishing a manuscript considering the importance of the manuscripts for researchers and readers, reviewer reports, plagiarism and copyright infringement as legal issues. Editor-in-chief can discuss with other editors and reviewers for his/her decision.


Contribution to the Editor's Decision

Peer-reviewing of a submitted manuscript is the control of its scientific content, scientific layout and suitability according to the principles of the journal, and delivery of the reviewer's opinion for unsuitable manuscript content to ensure suitability. The reviewing process, not only enables reviewers to forward their evaluations about the manuscripts to the editors but also gives them the opportunity to improve the contents of the manuscripts.


If a reviewer assigned for evaluation of a manuscript is of an expert in a field of science other than the manuscript content, is far to the subject of the manuscript, is short of time for evaluation or possess a conflict of interest, then he/she should inform the assigning editor and ask his/her withdrawal. If the content of the manuscript fits the expertise field of the reviewer, then he/she should complete the evaluation and send the report to the editor as soon as possible.


Reviewers assigned for evaluation of manuscripts approve in advance that the manuscripts are secret documents and do not share any information about these documents with third parties except the editors involved in the evaluation. Reviewers continue to not to share information even after the manuscripts are accepted or rejected for publication.

If it is suspected of using an idea in the manuscript that is sent for evaluation to the reviewer without permission, the flowchart of COPE “What to do if you suspect a reviewer has appropriated an author’s ideas or data?” is followed.

Standards of Objectivity

Reviewers should construct their criticisms on scientific background and include scientific evidence in their statements. All comments raised by the reviewers to improve the manuscripts should be clear and direct and written in a manner far away from disturbing the author’s feelings. Insulting and derogatory statements should be avoided.

Suitability of the Cited References

Reviewers should determine quotations in the manuscripts used without citing a reference. Statements, observations, conclusions or evidence in published articles should be quoted with the citation of the related reference. Reviewers should also be sure about the reality of the presence of quotations in the cited reference(s).

Conflict of Interests

If a reviewer is in a situation by being involved in one or more interests with the author(s), he/she should inform the editor of the assigning editor and ask his/her withdrawal.


Reporting Standards

Authors of original research articles should present the results and discuss them with them in a proper way. Since the methodological contents of the articles should be reproducible, the authors should be clear in their statements and should not purposely report wrong or missing data. Authors of review type articles are not recommended to write such articles if they are not an expert in the field of their review topics or when they do not have enough background information or related former studies.

Data Accessing and Retainment

Authors may be asked to present their raw data when needed (ethical cases etc.). Therefore, raw data of the manuscripts should be kept in safety to present if needed. The storage period of raw data following publications should be at least 10 years.

Originality and Plagiarism

The authors of submitted manuscripts should be sure that their manuscripts are original or include cited references for quotations.

Multiple, Repeated, Unnecessary or Simultaneous Submissions

It is not an approved way to produce more than one publication reporting on the same research. The authors should pay attention to such cases and they should not submit the same manuscript to different journals simultaneously.

Authorship of Manuscripts

Only the following persons should be included in the manuscripts as responsible authors:

• Researchers providing a major contribution to concept, design, performing, data collection and/or analysis in a study,

• Researchers involved in the preparation or critical revision of manuscripts,

• Researchers approved the latest version of the manuscripts and accepted its submission.

Contributors other than the above list (technical assistance, helpers in writing and editing, general contributions, etc.) should not be involved in the authors’ list but can be listed in the acknowledgements section. The corresponding authors of manuscripts should provide the separate listing of contributors as authors and those to be involved in the acknowledgements section.

Conflict of Interests

Authors should clearly declare any kind of conflict of interests in their manuscripts. Absence of conflict of interests about the topic of the manuscripts should also be declared. The most common types of conflict of interests are financial supports, education or other types of funds, personal or institutional relations and affiliations. All sources of financial supports (with their grant or other reference numbers) of the studies should be declared.

Acknowledgement of References

Authors should not use personally obtained information (conversations, correspondences or discussions with bystanders) unless they have the permission of their sources. Information about private documents or refereeing of grant applications should not be used without the permission of the authorities providing the related service.


Authors are obliged to be involved in the peer-review process and should cooperate by responding to raw data, evidence for ethical approvals, patient approvals and copyright release form requests of editors and their explanations. Authors should respond in either a positive or a negative way to revision suggestions generated by the peer-review process. They should be sure to include their counter views in their negative responses.

Submitting authors must confirm the following:

1. Manuscripts must be the original work of the submitting author.

2. Submitted manuscripts must be unpublished.

3. There should be no conflict of interest. If it exists, it must be clearly stated.

4. The authors should cite all data sources used in the preparation of the manuscript.

Note: It is unethical to submit a manuscript to more than one journal concurrently.

Reviewers must confirm the following:

1. Manuscripts are reviewed fairly based on the intellectual content of the paper regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, religion, citizenship or political view of the author(s).

2. Any observed conflict of interest during the review process must be sent to the editor.

3. Information pertaining to the manuscript is kept confidential.

4. Information that may be a cause for rejection of publication must be sent to the editor.

Editors must confirm the following:

1. Manuscripts are reviewed fairly based on the intellectual content of the paper regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, religion, citizenship or political view of the author(s).

2. Information pertaining to manuscripts is kept confidential.

3. Any observed conflict of interest pertaining to manuscripts must be disclosed.

Ethical Guidelines for the Use of Animals in Research

Marine Science and Technology Bulletin endorses the ARRIVE guidelines (www.nc3rs.org.uk/ARRIVE) for reporting experiments using live animals. Authors and reviewers can use the ARRIVE guidelines as a checklist, which can be found at www.nc3rs.org.uk/ARRIVEchecklist.

Manuscripts containing original research on animal subjects must have been approved by an ethical review committee. The project identification code, date of approval and name of the ethics committee or institutional review board must be cited in the Methods Section.

For research involving animals, any potentially derived benefits must be significant in relation to harm suffered by participating animals. Authors should particularly ensure that their research complies with the commonly accepted “3Rs”:

• Replacement of animals by alternatives wherever possible,

• Reduction in the number of animals used, and

• Refinement of experimental conditions and procedures to minimize the harm to animals.


Editor or members of the editorial board are not responsible for the author's opinions and manuscript contents. Authors are responsible for the ethical originality of and possible errors in their manuscripts. They are also responsible for all errors based on page editing before their proofreading. On the other hand, errors taking place after proofreading are in the responsibility of the journal directors.

Note: The corresponding author should make corrections in 2 months, otherwise the paper will be rejected.

Note: The Editorial Board takes responsibility for making publication decisions on submitted manuscripts based on the reviewer’s evaluation of the manuscript, policies of the journal editorial board, and legal efforts to prevent plagiarism, libel, and copyright infringement.

Marine Science and Technology Bulletin does not charge any article submission, processing, or publication fees.