Year 2020, Volume 10 , Issue 2, Pages 84 - 87 2020-12-28

The Effects Of Dietary Rumen-Protected Choline Supplementation on the Live Weight and Body Condition Score of Dairy Cows During the Transition Period

Mustafa SALMAN [1] , Ni̇yazi̇ ALAN [2]


The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary rumen-protected choline (RPC) on the live weight and body condition score (BCS) of dairy cows during the transition period. A total of 30 Holstein dairy cows were allotted to one control group and two experimental groups (10 animals per group) that were fed different diets from 3 weeks prior to the expected calving date until 21 days postpartum, namely, 1) control group: basic diet; 2) treatment Group 1: basic diet supplemented with 60 g/animal/day of RPC; and 3) treatment Group 2: basic diet supplemented with 120 g/ animal /day of RPC. The mean body weights of the control group and treatment Groups 1 and 2 at parturition were 593.17 kg ± 29.211b, 672.060 kg ± 23.744a and 584.86 kg ± 25.300b, respectively. The differences between the groups in terms of weekly mean live weight were significant at parturition (P=0.0124), whereas they were not significant in the weeks post-partum. The time-dependent changes for intragroup x group interactions were also not significant for live weight (P>0.05). The mean body condition scores of the control group and treatment Groups 1 and 2 at the end of the research period were 2.58±0.163, 2.90±0.158 and 2.79±0.125, respectively (P>0.05). Rumen protected choline supplementation did not have a significant effect on the BCS of dairy cows during the transition period. Therefore, RPC is not required when proper rumen fermentation is occurring and isocaloric and isonitrogenous rations are provided. However, in order to better understand the effects of RPC on dairy cows during the transition period, there is a need for further studies on animals with known metabolic profiles, malnourished animals, those producing high milk yields and those with metabolic disorders.
Transition period, Rumen-protected choline, Dairy cow, Body condition score
  • Alan N, Salman M 2019. The effects of supplementation of rumen-protected choline on some blood and milk metabolites in the transition period of dairy cattle. Turk J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 43: 474-480.
  • Buckley F, O’Sullivan K, Mee JF, Evans RD, Dillon P 2003. Relationships among milk yield, body condition, cow weight and reproduction in Spring-Calved Holstein–Friesians. J. Dairy Sci. 86: 2308–2319.
  • Drackley JK 1999. Biology of dairy cows during the transition period: the final frontier. J. Dairy Sci. 82: 2259-2273.
  • Edmondson AJ, Lean IJ, Weaver LD, Farver T, Webster G 1989. A body condition scoring chart for Holstein dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 72: 68–78.
  • Ferguson JD, Galligan DT, Thomsen N 1994. Principal descriptors of body condition score in Holstein cows. J. Dairy Sci. 77: 2695-2673.
  • Heuer C, Schukken YH, Dobbelaar P 1999. Postpartum body condition score and results from the first test day milk as predictors of disease, fertility, yield, and culling in commercial herds. J. Dairy Sci. 82: 295–304.
  • Mayne CS, McCoy MA, Lennox SD, Mackey DR, Verner M, Catney DC, McCaughey WJ, Wylie ARG, Kennedy BW, Gordon FJ 2002. Fertility of dairy cows in Northern Ireland. Vet. Rec. 150: 707–713.
  • Minuti A, Palladino A, Khan MJ, Alqarni S, Agrawal A, Piccioli-Capelli F, Hidalgo F, Cardoso FC, Trevisi E, Loor JJ 2015. Abundance of ruminal bacteria, epithelial gene expression, and systemic biomarkers of metabolism and inflammation are altered during the peripartal period in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 98: 8940–8951.
  • Otto KA, Ferguson JD, Fox DG, Sniffen CJ 1991. Relationship between body condition score and composition of ninth to eleventh rib tissue in Holstein dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 74: 852-859.
  • Piepenbrink MS, Overton TR 2003. Liver metabolism and production of cows fed increasing amounts of rumen-protected choline during the periparturient period. J. Dairy Sci. 86: 1722–1733.
  • Reece WO 2008. Dukes veteriner fizyoloji. Malatya, Türkiye: Ed. Yıldız, S., 10 baskı, Medipres.
  • Ruegg PL, Milton RL 1995. Body condition scores of Holstein cows on Prince Edward Island, Canada: Relationships with yield, reproductive performance, and disease. J. Dairy Sci. 78: 552–564.
  • Shrestha HK, Nakao T, Suzuki T, Akita M, Higaki T 2005. Relationships between body condition score, body weight and some nutritional parameters in plasma and resumption of ovarian cyclicity postpartum during pre-service period in high-producing dairy cows in a subtropical region in Japan. Theriogenology. 64: 855–866.
  • Van Horn HH, Wilcox CS 1992. Large Dairy Herd Management. Champaign, IL, USA: Management Services, American Dairy Sci.
  • Wattiaux MA 1996. Reproduction and Genetic Selection. The Babcock Institute University of Wisconsin 240 Agriculture Hall 1450 Linden Drive Madison WI. USA, 5370-1562, p.161.
  • Wildman EE, Jones GM, Wagner PE, Boman RL, Troutt JrHF, Lesch TN 1982. A dairy cow body condition scoring system and its relationship to selected production characteristics. J. Dairy Sci. 65: 495–501.
  • Winkleman LA, Elsasser TH, Reynolds CK 2008. Limit-feeding a high-energy diet to meet energy requirements in the dry period alters plasma metabolite concentrations but does not affect intake or milk production in early lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 91(3): 1067-1079.
  • Wright IA, Russel AJF 1984. Estimation in vivo the chemical composition of the bodies of mature cows. Anim. Sci. 38: 33–44.
Primary Language en
Subjects Veterinary
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-0828-5998
Author: Mustafa SALMAN
Institution: Ondokuz Mayıs University Department of Animal Nutrition and Nutritional Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-8098-4860
Author: Ni̇yazi̇ ALAN
Institution: GIDA, TARIM VE HAYVANCILIK BAKANLIĞI
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution The Ondokuz Mayıs University Research Fund
Project Number Project Number: PYO.VET.1904.14.008, 2014
Thanks The authors thank Dr Gregory T. Sullivan for proofreading an earlier version of this manuscript.
Dates

Publication Date : December 28, 2020

Bibtex @research article { mjavl823256, journal = {Manas Journal of Agriculture Veterinary and Life Sciences}, issn = {1694-7932}, eissn = {1694-7932}, address = {Kyrgyz -Turkish Manas University Manas Journal of Agriculture Veterinary and Life Science 720044, Bishkek, KYRGYZSTAN Mira Avenue, 56}, publisher = {Kyrgyz-Turkish Manas University}, year = {2020}, volume = {10}, pages = {84 - 87}, doi = {}, title = {The Effects Of Dietary Rumen-Protected Choline Supplementation on the Live Weight and Body Condition Score of Dairy Cows During the Transition Period}, key = {cite}, author = {Salman, Mustafa and Alan, Ni̇yazi̇} }
APA Salman, M , Alan, N . (2020). The Effects Of Dietary Rumen-Protected Choline Supplementation on the Live Weight and Body Condition Score of Dairy Cows During the Transition Period . Manas Journal of Agriculture Veterinary and Life Sciences , 10 (2) , 84-87 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/mjavl/issue/58569/823256
MLA Salman, M , Alan, N . "The Effects Of Dietary Rumen-Protected Choline Supplementation on the Live Weight and Body Condition Score of Dairy Cows During the Transition Period" . Manas Journal of Agriculture Veterinary and Life Sciences 10 (2020 ): 84-87 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/mjavl/issue/58569/823256>
Chicago Salman, M , Alan, N . "The Effects Of Dietary Rumen-Protected Choline Supplementation on the Live Weight and Body Condition Score of Dairy Cows During the Transition Period". Manas Journal of Agriculture Veterinary and Life Sciences 10 (2020 ): 84-87
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Effects Of Dietary Rumen-Protected Choline Supplementation on the Live Weight and Body Condition Score of Dairy Cows During the Transition Period AU - Mustafa Salman , Ni̇yazi̇ Alan Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - Manas Journal of Agriculture Veterinary and Life Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 84 EP - 87 VL - 10 IS - 2 SN - 1694-7932-1694-7932 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Manas Journal of Agriculture Veterinary and Life Sciences The Effects Of Dietary Rumen-Protected Choline Supplementation on the Live Weight and Body Condition Score of Dairy Cows During the Transition Period %A Mustafa Salman , Ni̇yazi̇ Alan %T The Effects Of Dietary Rumen-Protected Choline Supplementation on the Live Weight and Body Condition Score of Dairy Cows During the Transition Period %D 2020 %J Manas Journal of Agriculture Veterinary and Life Sciences %P 1694-7932-1694-7932 %V 10 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Salman, Mustafa , Alan, Ni̇yazi̇ . "The Effects Of Dietary Rumen-Protected Choline Supplementation on the Live Weight and Body Condition Score of Dairy Cows During the Transition Period". Manas Journal of Agriculture Veterinary and Life Sciences 10 / 2 (December 2020): 84-87 .
AMA Salman M , Alan N . The Effects Of Dietary Rumen-Protected Choline Supplementation on the Live Weight and Body Condition Score of Dairy Cows During the Transition Period. MJAVL. 2020; 10(2): 84-87.
Vancouver Salman M , Alan N . The Effects Of Dietary Rumen-Protected Choline Supplementation on the Live Weight and Body Condition Score of Dairy Cows During the Transition Period. Manas Journal of Agriculture Veterinary and Life Sciences. 2020; 10(2): 84-87.
IEEE M. Salman and N. Alan , "The Effects Of Dietary Rumen-Protected Choline Supplementation on the Live Weight and Body Condition Score of Dairy Cows During the Transition Period", Manas Journal of Agriculture Veterinary and Life Sciences, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 84-87, Dec. 2021