Year 2020, Volume 4 , Issue 1, Pages 101 - 137 2020-06-30

The Development of an American Sound: From the Perspective of Twentieth Century Masters, Aaron Copland & Leonard Bernstein

Erin KİRK [1]


As musicologists and scholars of American art music, we are forever indebted to Aaron Copland and Leonard Bernstein for their music, their conducting, teaching, and lecturing, and especially for their writings. It is still a relatively recent phenomenon in the history of music to possess writings from composers that explain, not only their own works, but their perspective on all aspects of the musical world in which they lived. One significant topic which both Copland and Bernstein addressed was the process by which a uniquely American sound began to develop and shape the music of the twentieth century.
Through a thorough examination of their writings, supporting research from other scholars, and original analysis of key musical works, this article will trace the beginnings of a nationalistic thread in American art music and identify the musical traits that communicate such nationalism. Both Copland and Bernstein identified influential figures in the development of an American sound, such as Antonin Dvorák, Nadia Boulanger, Charles Ives, George Gershwin, Aaron Copland, Virgil Thomson, William Schuman, Roy Harris, and Carlos Chávez. Also, jazz, folk music, and Latin American music were highly influential to the art music of the twentieth century.
Looking back throughout history, there is rarely one defining moment when music changes completely. It is usually a combination of many and varied factors that occur throughout a period of time. In this study, identifying the causes and influences in the development of an American nationalistic sound, we have the distinct benefit of taking cues from some of the most influential figures in twentieth century art music who blessed musicians, music-lovers, and scholars with their words, eloquently bringing to light the serendipitous events that created the art music of the last century.
Copland, Bernstein, American music, Folk music, Jazz
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Primary Language en
Subjects Music
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-6765-0241
Author: Erin KİRK (Primary Author)
Institution: California Baptist University
Country: United States


Dates

Publication Date : June 30, 2020

Bibtex @research article { musicologist703903, journal = {Musicologist}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-5652}, address = {Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi Faik Ahmet Barutçu Kütüphanesi 61030 TRABZON}, publisher = {Trabzon University}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, pages = {101 - 137}, doi = {10.33906/musicologist.703903}, title = {The Development of an American Sound: From the Perspective of Twentieth Century Masters, Aaron Copland \& Leonard Bernstein}, key = {cite}, author = {Ki̇rk, Erin} }
APA Ki̇rk, E . (2020). The Development of an American Sound: From the Perspective of Twentieth Century Masters, Aaron Copland & Leonard Bernstein . Musicologist , 4 (1) , 101-137 . DOI: 10.33906/musicologist.703903
MLA Ki̇rk, E . "The Development of an American Sound: From the Perspective of Twentieth Century Masters, Aaron Copland & Leonard Bernstein" . Musicologist 4 (2020 ): 101-137 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/musicologist/issue/55390/703903>
Chicago Ki̇rk, E . "The Development of an American Sound: From the Perspective of Twentieth Century Masters, Aaron Copland & Leonard Bernstein". Musicologist 4 (2020 ): 101-137
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Development of an American Sound: From the Perspective of Twentieth Century Masters, Aaron Copland & Leonard Bernstein AU - Erin Ki̇rk Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.33906/musicologist.703903 DO - 10.33906/musicologist.703903 T2 - Musicologist JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 101 EP - 137 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - -2618-5652 M3 - doi: 10.33906/musicologist.703903 UR - https://doi.org/10.33906/musicologist.703903 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Musicologist The Development of an American Sound: From the Perspective of Twentieth Century Masters, Aaron Copland & Leonard Bernstein %A Erin Ki̇rk %T The Development of an American Sound: From the Perspective of Twentieth Century Masters, Aaron Copland & Leonard Bernstein %D 2020 %J Musicologist %P -2618-5652 %V 4 %N 1 %R doi: 10.33906/musicologist.703903 %U 10.33906/musicologist.703903
ISNAD Ki̇rk, Erin . "The Development of an American Sound: From the Perspective of Twentieth Century Masters, Aaron Copland & Leonard Bernstein". Musicologist 4 / 1 (June 2020): 101-137 . https://doi.org/10.33906/musicologist.703903
AMA Ki̇rk E . The Development of an American Sound: From the Perspective of Twentieth Century Masters, Aaron Copland & Leonard Bernstein. Musicologist. 2020; 4(1): 101-137.
Vancouver Ki̇rk E . The Development of an American Sound: From the Perspective of Twentieth Century Masters, Aaron Copland & Leonard Bernstein. Musicologist. 2020; 4(1): 101-137.