Year 2020, Volume 4 , Issue 2, Pages 138 - 167 2020-12-30

Svan Funeral Dirges (Zär): Musical Acoustical Analysis of a New Collection of Field Recordings

Frank SCHERBAUM [1] , Nana MZHAVANADZE [2]


This paper is a companion paper to Mzhavanadze & Scherbaum (2020). Jointly, the two papers describe the results of an interdisciplinary study of three-voiced Svan funeral dirges, known as zär in Svan and zari in Georgian. In the present paper, to which we refer as paper 1, we analyze the musical acoustical properties of a new set of field recordings collected during an ethnomusicological field expedition to Georgia in 2016. The aim of the study is to investigate the tonal organization of eleven different performances of six different variants of zär, performed by singers from different villages. For some of the performances, we observe a strong gradual pitch rise of up to 100 cents per minute. The intra-variant differences in the performances of different groups of singers were observed to be remarkably different, including the use of significantly different harmonic tuning systems. In contrast, two subsequent performances of the Mest’ia variant of zär by a group of singers recorded in Zargǟsh were essentially identical. This demonstrates the widespread absence of improvisational elements in these two performances. One of the most interesting results of our analysis is the observation that the musical structure of zär, expressed, for example, in its ambitus, the complexity of its melodic progression, and its harmonic chord inventory, change systematically along the course of the Enguri valley.
Traditional Georgian Vocal Music;, Computational Ethnomusicology, Ethnomusicological Field Recordings
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Primary Language en
Subjects Music
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-5050-7331
Author: Frank SCHERBAUM (Primary Author)
Institution: Universität Potsdam
Country: Germany


Orcid: 0000-0001-5726-1656
Author: Nana MZHAVANADZE
Institution: Universität Potsdam
Country: Germany


Supporting Institution This work was supported by the German Research Foundation within the framework of the project “Computational Analysis of Traditional Georgian Vocal Music (GVM)” (DFG MU 2686/13-1, SCHE 280/20-1)
Project Number DFG MU 2686/13-1, SCHE 280/20-1
Thanks First and foremost, our gratitude goes to all the people during the 2016 field expedition who allowed us to be part of and record their rituals. We are thankful to Meinard Müller and his team for the stimulating collaboration as well as for hosting the web-based repository of the GVM data.
Dates

Publication Date : December 30, 2020

Bibtex @research article { musicologist782094, journal = {Musicologist}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-5652}, address = {Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi Faik Ahmet Barutçu Kütüphanesi 61030 TRABZON}, publisher = {Trabzon University}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, pages = {138 - 167}, doi = {10.33906/musicologist.782094}, title = {Svan Funeral Dirges (Zär): Musical Acoustical Analysis of a New Collection of Field Recordings}, key = {cite}, author = {Scherbaum, Frank and Mzhavanadze, Nana} }
APA Scherbaum, F , Mzhavanadze, N . (2020). Svan Funeral Dirges (Zär): Musical Acoustical Analysis of a New Collection of Field Recordings . Musicologist , 4 (2) , 138-167 . DOI: 10.33906/musicologist.782094
MLA Scherbaum, F , Mzhavanadze, N . "Svan Funeral Dirges (Zär): Musical Acoustical Analysis of a New Collection of Field Recordings" . Musicologist 4 (2020 ): 138-167 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/musicologist/issue/58711/782094>
Chicago Scherbaum, F , Mzhavanadze, N . "Svan Funeral Dirges (Zär): Musical Acoustical Analysis of a New Collection of Field Recordings". Musicologist 4 (2020 ): 138-167
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Svan Funeral Dirges (Zär): Musical Acoustical Analysis of a New Collection of Field Recordings AU - Frank Scherbaum , Nana Mzhavanadze Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.33906/musicologist.782094 DO - 10.33906/musicologist.782094 T2 - Musicologist JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 138 EP - 167 VL - 4 IS - 2 SN - -2618-5652 M3 - doi: 10.33906/musicologist.782094 UR - https://doi.org/10.33906/musicologist.782094 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Musicologist Svan Funeral Dirges (Zär): Musical Acoustical Analysis of a New Collection of Field Recordings %A Frank Scherbaum , Nana Mzhavanadze %T Svan Funeral Dirges (Zär): Musical Acoustical Analysis of a New Collection of Field Recordings %D 2020 %J Musicologist %P -2618-5652 %V 4 %N 2 %R doi: 10.33906/musicologist.782094 %U 10.33906/musicologist.782094
ISNAD Scherbaum, Frank , Mzhavanadze, Nana . "Svan Funeral Dirges (Zär): Musical Acoustical Analysis of a New Collection of Field Recordings". Musicologist 4 / 2 (December 2020): 138-167 . https://doi.org/10.33906/musicologist.782094
AMA Scherbaum F , Mzhavanadze N . Svan Funeral Dirges (Zär): Musical Acoustical Analysis of a New Collection of Field Recordings. Musicologist. 2020; 4(2): 138-167.
Vancouver Scherbaum F , Mzhavanadze N . Svan Funeral Dirges (Zär): Musical Acoustical Analysis of a New Collection of Field Recordings. Musicologist. 2020; 4(2): 138-167.
IEEE F. Scherbaum and N. Mzhavanadze , "Svan Funeral Dirges (Zär): Musical Acoustical Analysis of a New Collection of Field Recordings", Musicologist, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 138-167, Dec. 2021, doi:10.33906/musicologist.782094