Year 2021, Volume 14 , Issue 1, Pages 68 - 81 2021-01-08

Is representative bureaucracy a zero sum game? An assessment within the scope of literature
Temsili bürokrasi sıfır toplamlı bir oyun mudur? Literatür kapsamında bir değerlendirme

Merve DURMUŞ [1]


One of the criticisms against the representative bureaucracy, which suggests that representing disadvantaged groups in the bureaucracy will provide a more responsive public administration, is that it harms the distributional equity rather than benefiting. According to this understanding, representative bureaucracy is a zero-sum game and the benefits it provides to minorities are at the expense of other groups. In other words, this situation brings disadvantaged groups a profit, while victimizing other groups (especially at the point of receiving public service), and so overshadowing the promise of equality for all social groups in the delivery of the representative bureaucracy. In this context, existing study aims to contribute to the relevant national literature discussing the percentage of correction of this claim for a theory (representative bureaucracy) which has seen very limited amount of importance in Turkey, and aims to offer a different perspective to this approach. For this purpose, the related literature has been reviewed and the claim in question has been tried to be evaluated by examining the researches made on representative bureaucracy. As a result, it has been revealed that the representative bureaucracy is not a zero-sum game and representative bureaucrats provide an increasing number of public services to other groups as well as their own groups, while delivering public services.
Dezavantajlı grupların bürokraside temsil edilmesinin daha cevap verebilir bir kamu idaresi sağlayacağını ileri süren temsili bürokrasiye karşı yöneltilen eleştirilerden biri, hizmet dağıtımında eşitliğe yarardan çok zarar verdiğine yöneliktir. Bu anlayışa göre temsili bürokrasi sıfır toplamlı bir oyundur (zero sum game) ve azınlıklara sağladığı yararlar, diğer grupların zarar görmesi pahasına sağlanmaktadır. Yani bu durum, dezavantajlı gruplara bir kazanç sağlarken diğer grupları (özellikle kamu hizmeti alma noktasında) mağdur etmekte, ve böylece temsili bürokrasinin hizmet dağıtımında bütün toplumsal gruplara eşitliği sağlama vaadine gölge düşürmektedir. Bu kapsamda mevcut çalışma, Türkiye'de oldukça sınırlı oranda önem görmüş bir teoriye yönelik bu iddianın, ne oranda doğru olduğunu tartışarak ilgili ulusal literatüre katkı sağlama ve söz konusu yaklaşıma farklı bir bakış açısı sunmayı amaçlamaktadır. Bu maksatla ilgili literatür taranmış ve temsili bürokrasiye yönelik yapılan araştırmalar incelenerek mevzu bahis iddia değerlendirilmeye çalışılmıştır. Sonuç olarak ise temsili bürokrasinin aslında sıfır toplamlı bir oyun olmadığı, temsilci bürokratların kamu hizmeti sunarken kendi gruplarının yanı sıra diğer gruplara da artan oranda kamu hizmeti sağladığı ortaya çıkarılmıştır
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-2468-3972
Author: Merve DURMUŞ (Primary Author)
Institution: İSTANBUL MEDENİYET ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : March 3, 2020
Acceptance Date : October 22, 2020
Publication Date : January 8, 2021

APA Durmuş, M . (2021). Temsili bürokrasi sıfır toplamlı bir oyun mudur? Literatür kapsamında bir değerlendirme . Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi , 14 (1) , 68-81 . DOI: 10.25287/ohuiibf.697538