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Atık Paladyum Kaplama Çözeltilerinden Paladyum Geri Kazanımı

Year 2021, Volume 6, Issue 1, 11 - 20, 18.07.2021

Abstract

Paladyum kaplama çözeltisi yüzük, küpe, bileklik ve kolye gibi çeşitli takı ürünlerinin dekoratif amaçlarla kaplanmasında kullanılmaktadır. Ticari bir ürün olarak satılan bu çözelti; içerisinde 2g/L paladyum olacak şekilde kullanılmaktadır. Bu banyolar, genellikle amin bazlı banyolardır. Gerçekleştirilen bu çalışmada; atık paladyum kaplama çözeltisinden paladyum metalinin yüksek verimlerle uygun parametreler seçilerek, çevre dostu, ucuz, basit ve endüstriyel uygulamalarda yer alabilecek şekilde geri kazanılması ve saflaştırılması amaçlanmaktadır. Amin-paladyum kompleksi halinde bulunan paladyum kaplama çözeltilerinden metalik paladyum geri kazanımı için sementatör olarak saf çinko tozu kullanılmıştır. Sementasyon deneylerinde, sementatör miktarı, reaksiyon süresi ve sıcaklık deney parametreleri olarak incelenmiştir. Paladyum analizleri ICP-OES ile yapılmış olup aynı zamanda sementasyon deneyleri sonucunda üretilen paladyumu karakterize etmek için XRF ve SEM analizleri de yapılmıştır. Yapılan deneyler sonucunda paladyum ihtiva eden kaplama çözeltilerinden paladyum metali sementasyon yoluyla yüksek saflıkta elde edilmiştir. Elde edilen bu ürün rafinasyon işlemi yapılarak tekrar paladyum kaplama çözeltisi haline getirilebilir. Sementasyon işleminde kullanılan çinko ile paladyum geri kazanımı hakkında literatürde çeşitli bilgiler bulunmasına rağmen sementasyon şartları hakkındaki bilgi son derece sınırlıdır. Gerçekleştirilen bu çalışma çerçevesinde paladyum kimyası hakkında eksik hususları aydınlatmak suretiyle literatüre katkı sağlanması hedeflenmektedir.

References

  • Güven, A., 2002. Atık Rodyum Kaplama Çözeltilerinden Rodyum Geri Kazanımı, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, İ.T.Ü Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, İstanbul.
  • Straschril, H.K. and Cohn, J.G., 1980. Platinium Group Metals, Alloys and Compounds in ECT 2nd Edition, 861-878.
  • Kerr J. A., 2000. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 1999-2000 : A Ready-Reference Book of Chemical and Physical Data, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 81st edition, 2000.
  • PGM market report: Feb 2021., 2021. Focus on Catalysts, 2021(4), 2.
  • Kaikake, K., Baba, Y., 2001. Selective extraction of palladium (II) with theophylline derivatives, Analytical Sciences, 17, 411-415, Miyazaki, Japan.
  • Bernfeld, G., 1985. Technology of the Platinum Group Metals, Gmelin Handbook, 1, 1-21.
  • Bernardis, F.L., Grant, R.A., Sherrington., 2005. A review of methods of seperation of the platinum-group metals through their chloro- complexes, Reactive&Functional Polymers, 65, 205-217.
  • Iavicoli, I., Fontana, L., Bergamaschi, A., 2011. Palladium: Exposure, Uses and Human Health Effects, Elsevier, 307-3014.
  • Rao, C.R.M. and Reddi, G.S., 2000. Platinum Group Metals (PGM); occurence, use and recent trends in their determination, Trends in AnalyticalChemistry, 565-585.
  • Bor, F. Y., 1989. Ekstraktif Metalurji Prensipleri II, 526-527.
  • Petrucci, R. H. and Harwood, W. S., 1993. General Chemistry Principles and Modern Applications, 6th Edition, MacMillan, New York.
  • Gaita, R., and Al-Bazi S.J., 1995. “An ion-exchange method for selective separation of palladium, platinum and rhodium from solutions obtained by leaching automotive catalytic converters,” Talanta, Vol. 42, pp. 249–255.
  • Jia, Y.F., Steele, C.J., Hayward, I.P., and Thomas, K.M., 1998. “Mechanism of adsorption of gold and silver species on activated carbons,” Carbon, Vol. 36, pp. 1299–1308.
  • Svehla, G., 1996. Vogel's Qualitative Inorganic Analysis. 7. baskı, Longman press, New York.

Recovery of Palladium from Spent Plating Solutions Using Zinc Powder

Year 2021, Volume 6, Issue 1, 11 - 20, 18.07.2021

Abstract

The palladium plating solution is used to decorate various jewelry products such as rings, earrings, bracelets, and necklaces. The solution with 2g/L palladium is sold as a commercial product. These baths are usually amine-based baths. This study aims to recover and purify the palladium metal from the waste palladium plating solution by selecting suitable parameters with high efficiency in an environmentally friendly, cheap, simple, and industrial application. Pure zinc powder was used as the cementator for the recovery of metallic palladium from palladium plating solutions in the form of an amine-palladium complex. In the case hardening experiments, the amount of cementator, reaction time, and temperature were examined as test parameters. Palladium analyzes were performed with ICP-OES; in addition, XRF and SEM analyses were also performed to characterize the palladium produced due to the cementation experiments. As a result of the experiments, palladium metal was obtained from plating solutions containing palladium with high purity by cementation. The product obtained can be turned into a palladium plating solution again by refining. Although there exists various information in the literature about the recovery of zinc and palladium used in the cementation process, the information on the cementation conditions is minimal. Within the framework of this study, it is aimed to contribute to the literature by illuminating the missing points about palladium chemistry. The palladium plating solution is used to decorate various jewelry products such as rings, earrings, bracelets, and necklaces. The solution with 2g/L palladium is sold as a commercial product. These baths are usually amine-based baths. This study aims to recover and purify the palladium metal from the waste palladium plating solution by selecting suitable parameters with high efficiency in an environmentally friendly, cheap, simple, and industrial application. Pure zinc powder was used as the cementator for the recovery of metallic palladium from palladium plating solutions in the form of an amine-palladium complex. In the case hardening experiments, the amount of cementator, reaction time, and temperature were examined as test parameters. Palladium analyzes were performed with ICP-OES; in addition, XRF and SEM analyses were also performed to characterize the palladium produced due to the cementation experiments. As a result of the experiments, palladium metal was obtained from plating solutions containing palladium with high purity by cementation. The product obtained can be turned into a palladium plating solution again by refining. Although there exists various information in the literature about the recovery of zinc and palladium used in the cementation process, the information on the cementation conditions is minimal. Within the framework of this study, it is aimed to contribute to the literature by illuminating the missing points about palladium chemistry.

References

  • Güven, A., 2002. Atık Rodyum Kaplama Çözeltilerinden Rodyum Geri Kazanımı, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, İ.T.Ü Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, İstanbul.
  • Straschril, H.K. and Cohn, J.G., 1980. Platinium Group Metals, Alloys and Compounds in ECT 2nd Edition, 861-878.
  • Kerr J. A., 2000. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 1999-2000 : A Ready-Reference Book of Chemical and Physical Data, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 81st edition, 2000.
  • PGM market report: Feb 2021., 2021. Focus on Catalysts, 2021(4), 2.
  • Kaikake, K., Baba, Y., 2001. Selective extraction of palladium (II) with theophylline derivatives, Analytical Sciences, 17, 411-415, Miyazaki, Japan.
  • Bernfeld, G., 1985. Technology of the Platinum Group Metals, Gmelin Handbook, 1, 1-21.
  • Bernardis, F.L., Grant, R.A., Sherrington., 2005. A review of methods of seperation of the platinum-group metals through their chloro- complexes, Reactive&Functional Polymers, 65, 205-217.
  • Iavicoli, I., Fontana, L., Bergamaschi, A., 2011. Palladium: Exposure, Uses and Human Health Effects, Elsevier, 307-3014.
  • Rao, C.R.M. and Reddi, G.S., 2000. Platinum Group Metals (PGM); occurence, use and recent trends in their determination, Trends in AnalyticalChemistry, 565-585.
  • Bor, F. Y., 1989. Ekstraktif Metalurji Prensipleri II, 526-527.
  • Petrucci, R. H. and Harwood, W. S., 1993. General Chemistry Principles and Modern Applications, 6th Edition, MacMillan, New York.
  • Gaita, R., and Al-Bazi S.J., 1995. “An ion-exchange method for selective separation of palladium, platinum and rhodium from solutions obtained by leaching automotive catalytic converters,” Talanta, Vol. 42, pp. 249–255.
  • Jia, Y.F., Steele, C.J., Hayward, I.P., and Thomas, K.M., 1998. “Mechanism of adsorption of gold and silver species on activated carbons,” Carbon, Vol. 36, pp. 1299–1308.
  • Svehla, G., 1996. Vogel's Qualitative Inorganic Analysis. 7. baskı, Longman press, New York.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Engineering, Materials Science, Multidisciplinary, Engineering, Chemical
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Furgan DEMİRKIRAN (Primary Author)
SAKARYA UYGULAMALI BİLİMLER ÜNİVERSİTESİ, LİSANSÜSTÜ EĞİTİM ENSTİTÜSÜ
0000-0003-2912-7913
Türkiye


Mustafa AKÇİL
SAKARYA UYGULAMALI BİLİMLER ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TEKNOLOJİ FAKÜLTESİ, METALURJİ VE MALZEME MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0003-2324-4000
Türkiye

Publication Date July 18, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 6, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { ojn943159, journal = {Open Journal of Nano}, issn = {}, eissn = {2147-0081}, address = {Sakarya Üniversitesi Fatih Mah. Eşit Sok. No:7/A -11 54580 - Arifiye / SAKARYA}, publisher = {Mustafa CAN}, year = {2021}, volume = {6}, pages = {11 - 20}, doi = {}, title = {Atık Paladyum Kaplama Çözeltilerinden Paladyum Geri Kazanımı}, key = {cite}, author = {Demirkıran, Furgan and Akçil, Mustafa} }
APA Demirkıran, F. & Akçil, M. (2021). Atık Paladyum Kaplama Çözeltilerinden Paladyum Geri Kazanımı . Open Journal of Nano , 6 (1) , 11-20 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ojn/issue/64190/943159
MLA Demirkıran, F. , Akçil, M. "Atık Paladyum Kaplama Çözeltilerinden Paladyum Geri Kazanımı" . Open Journal of Nano 6 (2021 ): 11-20 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ojn/issue/64190/943159>
Chicago Demirkıran, F. , Akçil, M. "Atık Paladyum Kaplama Çözeltilerinden Paladyum Geri Kazanımı". Open Journal of Nano 6 (2021 ): 11-20
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Atık Paladyum Kaplama Çözeltilerinden Paladyum Geri Kazanımı AU - Furgan Demirkıran , Mustafa Akçil Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - DO - T2 - Open Journal of Nano JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 11 EP - 20 VL - 6 IS - 1 SN - -2147-0081 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Open Journal of Nano Atık Paladyum Kaplama Çözeltilerinden Paladyum Geri Kazanımı %A Furgan Demirkıran , Mustafa Akçil %T Atık Paladyum Kaplama Çözeltilerinden Paladyum Geri Kazanımı %D 2021 %J Open Journal of Nano %P -2147-0081 %V 6 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Demirkıran, Furgan , Akçil, Mustafa . "Atık Paladyum Kaplama Çözeltilerinden Paladyum Geri Kazanımı". Open Journal of Nano 6 / 1 (July 2021): 11-20 .
AMA Demirkıran F. , Akçil M. Atık Paladyum Kaplama Çözeltilerinden Paladyum Geri Kazanımı. ojn. 2021; 6(1): 11-20.
Vancouver Demirkıran F. , Akçil M. Atık Paladyum Kaplama Çözeltilerinden Paladyum Geri Kazanımı. Open Journal of Nano. 2021; 6(1): 11-20.
IEEE F. Demirkıran and M. Akçil , "Atık Paladyum Kaplama Çözeltilerinden Paladyum Geri Kazanımı", Open Journal of Nano, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 11-20, Jul. 2021

ISSN:2147-0081