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ÇOCUK VE ERGEN PSİKİYATRİ POLİKLİNİĞİNE BAŞVURAN ERGENLERDE AKILLI TELEFON BAĞIMLILIĞININ İNCELENMESİ

Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 1, 43 - 71, 30.06.2022

Abstract

Amaç: Bir eğitim ve araştırma hastanesine başvuran ergenlerin akıllı telefon kullanım alışkanlıklarını incelemek amaçlanmıştır. Yöntem: Çalışma grubu olarak Dikkat Eksikliği ve Hiperaktivite Bozukluğu veya Anksiyete Bozukluğu tanısı almış ergenler alınmıştır. “Ergen-Ebeveyn Demografik Bilgi Formu” ve “Cep Telefonu Bağımlılığı Testi” uygulanmıştır. Verileri analiz etmek için uygun istatistiksel yöntemler kullanılmış ve p<0.05 anlamlı olarak kabul edilmiştir. Bulgular: Cep Telefonu Bağımlılık Ölçeği (CBÖ)'nin alt ölçeklerinden alınan puanlar arasında yaş grubu ve cinsiyete göre anlamlı bir fark bulunamamıştır. Cep Telefonu Bağımlılığı Ölçeği puanı günde üç saatten fazla akıllı telefon kullanan grupta daha yüksek bulunmuştur. Akıllı telefon kullanım amaçlarına bakıldığında ise vakalar arasında en sık mesajlaşma, telefon görüşmeleri, film-video izleme ve sosyal medya kullanma olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Sonuç: Günde üç saatten fazla akıllı telefon kullanmak, akıllı telefon bağımlılığı için bir risk faktörü olarak kabul edilmiştir. Ayrıca akıllı telefonu ağırlıklı olarak eğlence ve oyun amaçlı kullanmak da bağımlılık için bir risk faktörü olarak değerlendirilmiştir. Bu alandaki çalışmalar akıllı telefon bağımlılığı ve problematik kullanımın önlenmesi açısından önemlidir ve psikiyatrik tanılı ergenlerde durumun belirlenmesi için daha detaylı çalışmalara ihtiyaç vardır.

References

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  • Güney, M., & Taştepe, T. (2020). Ergenlerde Sosyal Medya Kullanımı ve Sosyal Medya Bağımlılığı Social Media Usage and Social Media Addiction in Adolescents. ASBD) Journal of Ankara Health Sciences, 183–190. https://doi.org/10.46971/ausbid.757713
  • Gürarslan Baş, N., & Karatay, G. (2020). Effects of technology usage on the addictive behaviors of secondary school students. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 56(4), 871–877. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppc.12504
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AN INVESTIGATION OF SMARTPHONE ADDICTION IN THE ADOLESCENTS PRESENTING TO A CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY POLICLINIC

Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 1, 43 - 71, 30.06.2022

Abstract

Objectives: We aimed to investigate smartphone use habits among adolescents who applied to a training and research hospital. Methods: Adolescents diagnosed with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder or Anxiety Disorder were recruited as study group. “Demographic Information Form Adolescent-Parent” and “Test of Mobile Phone Dependence ” were applied. Appropriate statistical methods were used to analyze the data. p<0.05 was accepted as significant Results: There was not significant difference between the scores of Test of Mobile Phone Dependence its sub-scales in terms of age group and gender. Test of Mobile Phone Dependence score was found higher in the group using the smartphone more than three hours a day. Considering the purposes of smartphone use, the most frequent purposes among the cases were detected including texting, phone calls, movie-video watching, and social media. Conclusion: Using a smartphone more than three hours a day was considered as a risk factor for smartphone addiction. Moreover using the smartphone mainly for entertainment and gaming was also considered as a risk factor for dependence. Studies in this field are important to prevent smartphone addiction and problematic use, and more detailed studies are needed to determine the situation in adolescents with a psychiatric diagnosis.

References

  • Akaltun, İ., & Ayaydın, H. (2019). Çocuk psikiyatrisi polikliniğine çeşitli nedenlerle başvurmuş, akıllı telefon bağımlılığı olan ergenlerin aldığı psikiyatrik tanılar. Harran Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi. https://doi.org/10.35440/hutfd.512504
  • Augner, C., & Hacker, G. W. (2012). Associations between problematic mobile phone use and psychological parameters in young adults. International Journal of Public Health, 57(2), 437–441.
  • Bae, S.-M. (2017). The relationship between the type of smartphone use and smartphone dependence of Korean adolescents: National survey study. Children and Youth Services Review, 81, 207–211.
  • Bal, E., & Balcı, Ş. (2020). Akıllı Cep Telefonu Bağımlılığı: Kişilik Özellikleri ve Kullanım Örüntülerinin Etkinliği Üzerine Bir İnceleme. Erciyes İletişim Dergisi, 7(1), 369–394. https://doi.org/10.17680/erciyesiletisim.654569
  • Billieux, J. (2012). Problematic use of the mobile phone: a literature review and a pathways model. Current Psychiatry Reviews, 8(4), 299–307.
  • Çakır, Ö., & Oğuz, E. (2017). Lise Öğrencilerinin Yalnızlık Düzeyleri ile Akıllı Telefon Bağımlılığı Arasındaki İlişki. Mersin Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 418–418. https://doi.org/10.17860/mersinefd.290711
  • Cha, S.-S., & Seo, B.-K. (2018). Smartphone use and smartphone addiction in middle school students in Korea: Prevalence, social networking service, and game use. Health Psychology Open, 5(1), 2055102918755046.
  • Cheever, N. A., Rosen, L. D., Carrier, L. M., & Chavez, A. (2014). Out of sight is not out of mind: The impact of restricting wireless mobile device use on anxiety levels among low, moderate and high users. Computers in Human Behavior, 37, 290–297. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2014.05.002
  • Chóliz, M. (2012). Mobile-phone addiction in adolescence: the test of mobile phone dependence (TMD). Progress in Health Sciences, 2(1), 33–44.
  • Csibi, S., Griffiths, M. D., Cook, B., Demetrovics, Z., & Szabo, A. (2018). The Psychometric Properties of the Smartphone Application-Based Addiction Scale (SABAS). International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 16(2), 393–403. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-017-9787-2
  • Derevensky, J. L., Hayman, V., & Lynette Gilbeau. (2019, December 1). Behavioral Addictions: Excessive Gambling, Gaming, Internet, and Smartphone Use Among Children and Adolescents. Pediatric Clinics of North America, Vol. 66, pp. 1163–1182. W.B. Saunders. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcl.2019.08.008
  • Dikeç, G., Pirinç, B., Kaya, B., Keleş, E., Akın, E., Hızmalı, A., & Toprak, A. (2020). The Relationship between Smartphone Addiction and Social Anxiety in Social Media among a Group of Adolescents Using the Youth Center and Affecting Factors. In Bağımlılık Dergisi-Journal of Dependence | (Vol. 21).
  • Dou, K., Wang, L. X., Li, J. bin, Wang, G. D., Li, Y. Y., & Huang, Y. T. (2020). Mobile phone addiction and risk-taking behavior among chinese adolescents: A moderated mediation model. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(15), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155472
  • Durak, H., & Seferoğlu, S. S. (2018). Ortaokul Öğrencilerinin Akıllı Telefon Kullanımları ve Bağımlılık Düzeyleriyle İlgili Bir İnceleme. Eğitim Teknolojisi Kuram ve Uygulama, 8(1), 1–25. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/etkuE-Posta/E-Mail:tguyer@gmail.comTelefon/Phone:+90
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  • Fırat, N., & Çelik, S. B. (2017). The adaptation of mobile phone addiction scale into turkish: Validity and reliability study cep telefonu bağımlılığı ölçeği (CBÖ)’nin Türkçe’ye uyarlanması: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Journal of Human Sciences, 14(3), 2875–2887.
  • Gallimberti, L., Buja, A., Chindamo, S., Terraneo, A., Marini, E., Rabensteiner, A., … Baldo, V. (2016). Problematic cell phone use for text messaging and substance abuse in early adolescence (11- to 13-year-olds). European Journal of Pediatrics, 175(3), 355–364. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-015-2645-y
  • Göldağ, B. (2018). Lise öğrencilerinin dijital oyun bağımlılık düzeylerinin demografik özelliklerine göre incelenmesi. Yuzunci Yil Universitesi Egitim Fakultesi Dergisi, 15(1), 1287–1315. https://doi.org/10.23891/efdyyu.2018.105
  • Göymen, R., & Ayas, T. (2019). Akıllı telefon bağımlılığı ve oyun bağımlılığı arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi. Online Journal of Technology Addiction and Cyberbullying, 6(2), 36–52.
  • Griffiths, M. (2005). A “components” model of addiction within a biopsychosocial framework. Journal of Substance Use, 10(4), 191–197. https://doi.org/10.1080/14659890500114359
  • Gültekin, M., & Mazılı, S. (2020). Ergenlerde Akıllı Telefon Bağımlılığının Özdenetim Açısından İncelenmesi / The Examination of Smart Phone Addiction in Adolescents in terms of Self Control. Kalem Uluslararasi Egitim ve Insan Bilimleri Dergisi, 10(2/19), 705–730. https://doi.org/10.23863/kalem.2020.172
  • Güney, M., & Taştepe, T. (2020). Ergenlerde Sosyal Medya Kullanımı ve Sosyal Medya Bağımlılığı Social Media Usage and Social Media Addiction in Adolescents. ASBD) Journal of Ankara Health Sciences, 183–190. https://doi.org/10.46971/ausbid.757713
  • Gürarslan Baş, N., & Karatay, G. (2020). Effects of technology usage on the addictive behaviors of secondary school students. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 56(4), 871–877. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppc.12504
  • Ha, J. H., Chin, B., Park, D.-H., Ryu, S.-H., & Yu, J. (2008). Characteristics of excessive cellular phone use in Korean adolescents. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 11(6), 783–784.
  • Henderson, L. ve Zimbardo, P. (1998). Encyclopedia of Mental Health. San Diego: Academic Press. http://www.stargazete.com/saglik/ 10 Nisan Salı 2012. 09.01
  • Horvath, J., Mundinger, C., Schmitgen, M. M., Wolf, N. D., Sambataro, F., Hirjak, D., … Wolf, R. C. (2020). Structural and functional correlates of smartphone addiction. Addictive Behaviors, 105, 106334.
  • Huan, V. S., Ang, R. P., & Chye, S. (2014). Loneliness and Shyness in Adolescent Problematic Internet Users: The Role of Social Anxiety. Child and Youth Care Forum, 43(5), 539–551. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10566-014-9252-3
  • Ikeda, K., & Nakamura, K. (2014). Association between mobile phone use and depressed mood in Japanese adolescents: a cross-sectional study. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, 19(3), 187–193.
  • Im, K.-G., Hwang, S.-J., Choi, M.-I., Seo, N.-R., & Byun, J.-N. (2013). The correlation between Smartphone Addiction and Psychiatric Symptoms in College Students. J Korean Soc School Health, 26(2), 124–131. Retrieved from http://www.kssch.or.kr
  • Jeong, S.-H., Kim, H., Yum, J.-Y., & Hwang, Y. (2016). What type of content are smartphone users addicted to?: SNS vs. games. Computers in Human Behavior, 54, 10–17.
  • Kim, R., Lee, K. J., & Choi, Y. J. (2015). Mobile Phone Overuse among Elementary School Students in Korea: Factors Associated with Mobile Phone Use as a Behavior Addiction. Journal of Addictions Nursing, 26(2), 81–85. https://doi.org/10.1097/JAN.0000000000000074
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Education, Scientific Disciplines
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Figen GÜRSOY>
ANKARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-6199-4024
Türkiye


Ayşe Nihal ERASLAN>
Ankara Eğitim Araştırma Hastanesi
0000-0002-7655-7927
Türkiye


Sena ÖZ> (Primary Author)
ANKARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-3034-8481
Türkiye

Early Pub Date June 30, 2022
Publication Date June 30, 2022
Application Date August 7, 2021
Acceptance Date July 2, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 1

Cite

APA Gürsoy, F. , Eraslan, A. N. & Öz, S. (2022). AN INVESTIGATION OF SMARTPHONE ADDICTION IN THE ADOLESCENTS PRESENTING TO A CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY POLICLINIC . Online Journal of Technology Addiction and Cyberbullying , 9 (1) , 43-71 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ojtac/issue/71122/980183