Year 2019, Volume , Issue 27, Pages 413 - 442 2019-07-25

THE AGE OF SPECIALIZATION. DIONYSUS AND THE PRODUCTION OF WINE IN LATE ANTIQUITY: A VIEW FROM SAGALASSOS (SW TURKEY)

Peter TALLOEN [1] , Jeroen POBLOME [2]


Dionysus, the god of wine and fertility, was already a deity of importance in the Pisidian town of Sagalassos (SW Turkey) during the Roman Imperial period, one who left his mark on the local monumental landscape as well as on the accoutrements of daily life. Yet, in Late Antiquity Dionysiac imagery at Sagalassos, as in many other contemporary cities of the Greek speaking Eastern Empire, became the predominant iconographic subject in material culture while also remaining highly visible in the cityscape, reflecting a Hellenic cultural heritage that was no longer identified exclusively with paganism at the time. This paper questions how and why the images and vestiges of the cult of Dionysus remained omnipresent in this Pisidian city. Was this predominance of Dionysiac imagery on various elements of material culture the result of a form of henotheism - a stage of belief between polytheism and monotheism when a single deity achieves prominence but not exclusive worship - which established Dionysus as an opponent of Christ in an age of religious conflict? Or, conversely, had the god simply become an allegory of the vita felix or “the good life”, whose generic representations provided a suitable adornment for a drinking party? Or were there yet other factors at play? Insights into the contemporary economic landscape, which was characterized by a growing degree of specialization, may provide part of the answer. Especially an increasing investment in local viticulture and the production of wine, which sparked off new locally manufactured categories of material culture in the shape of amphorae and oinophoroi or wine flasks, appears to have been crucial. The success of this endeavour, mainly in intra-regional terms and occasionally beyond, may well have played an important role in the continued presence of Dionysus, as the symbol of this specialized branch of farming activities, on the public stage of the urban centre and its material culture for an extended period of time, until the ‘emancipation’ of Christianity finally did away with all residual pagan imagery

Dionysus, viticulture, material culture
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Primary Language en
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-9644-3073
Author: Peter TALLOEN
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-7403-1921
Author: Jeroen POBLOME
Country: Belgium


Dates

Publication Date : July 25, 2019

Bibtex @research article { olba596600, journal = {OLBA}, issn = {1301-7667}, address = {Mersin Üniversitesi, Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi, Arkeoloji Bölümü, 33 342 Çiftlikköy Kampüsü - YENİŞEHİR / MERSİN}, publisher = {Mersin University}, year = {2019}, volume = {}, pages = {413 - 442}, doi = {}, title = {THE AGE OF SPECIALIZATION. DIONYSUS AND THE PRODUCTION OF WINE IN LATE ANTIQUITY: A VIEW FROM SAGALASSOS (SW TURKEY)}, key = {cite}, author = {TALLOEN, Peter and POBLOME, Jeroen} }
APA TALLOEN, P , POBLOME, J . (2019). THE AGE OF SPECIALIZATION. DIONYSUS AND THE PRODUCTION OF WINE IN LATE ANTIQUITY: A VIEW FROM SAGALASSOS (SW TURKEY). OLBA , (27) , 413-442 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/olba/issue/47315/596600
MLA TALLOEN, P , POBLOME, J . "THE AGE OF SPECIALIZATION. DIONYSUS AND THE PRODUCTION OF WINE IN LATE ANTIQUITY: A VIEW FROM SAGALASSOS (SW TURKEY)". OLBA (2019 ): 413-442 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/olba/issue/47315/596600>
Chicago TALLOEN, P , POBLOME, J . "THE AGE OF SPECIALIZATION. DIONYSUS AND THE PRODUCTION OF WINE IN LATE ANTIQUITY: A VIEW FROM SAGALASSOS (SW TURKEY)". OLBA (2019 ): 413-442
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - THE AGE OF SPECIALIZATION. DIONYSUS AND THE PRODUCTION OF WINE IN LATE ANTIQUITY: A VIEW FROM SAGALASSOS (SW TURKEY) AU - Peter TALLOEN , Jeroen POBLOME Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - OLBA JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 413 EP - 442 VL - IS - 27 SN - 1301-7667- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 OLBA THE AGE OF SPECIALIZATION. DIONYSUS AND THE PRODUCTION OF WINE IN LATE ANTIQUITY: A VIEW FROM SAGALASSOS (SW TURKEY) %A Peter TALLOEN , Jeroen POBLOME %T THE AGE OF SPECIALIZATION. DIONYSUS AND THE PRODUCTION OF WINE IN LATE ANTIQUITY: A VIEW FROM SAGALASSOS (SW TURKEY) %D 2019 %J OLBA %P 1301-7667- %V %N 27 %R %U
ISNAD TALLOEN, Peter , POBLOME, Jeroen . "THE AGE OF SPECIALIZATION. DIONYSUS AND THE PRODUCTION OF WINE IN LATE ANTIQUITY: A VIEW FROM SAGALASSOS (SW TURKEY)". OLBA / 27 (July 2019): 413-442 .
AMA TALLOEN P , POBLOME J . THE AGE OF SPECIALIZATION. DIONYSUS AND THE PRODUCTION OF WINE IN LATE ANTIQUITY: A VIEW FROM SAGALASSOS (SW TURKEY). Yok. 2019; (27): 413-442.
Vancouver TALLOEN P , POBLOME J . THE AGE OF SPECIALIZATION. DIONYSUS AND THE PRODUCTION OF WINE IN LATE ANTIQUITY: A VIEW FROM SAGALASSOS (SW TURKEY). OLBA. 2019; (27): 442-413.