Year 2018, Volume 9 , Issue 16, Pages 1992 - 2032 2018-12-30

Current Global Trends in Anti-Americanism and The Trump Effect
Amerikan Karşıtlığında Güncel Küresel Eğilimler ve Trump Etkisi

Cengiz Dinç [1] , Bekir Karataş [2]


Anti-Americanism can be defined as having unfavorable views on American policies along with its social, economic, political and cultural system or American people themselves; opposing their adverse local and global impacts. Anti-Americanism can be examined under variety of typologies according to Katzenstein and Keohane. This study examines factors such as unilateralism and aggressive attitudes of the US that led to a rise in Anti-Americanism in the post-Cold War era. After pointing out the rise of global Anti-Americanism in critical areas such as Europe, Middle East, Russia and Asia under Trump administration; global reactions to some specific Trump policies, such as proposing a wall on the Mexican border, withdrawal from trade, Iran nuclear and climate change agreements and restricting travel from some Muslim countries are also analyzed in the study. It is aimed to indicate the current trends in Anti-Americanism on many issues ranging from confidence in the US President to expectation of relations with the US and various aspects of Anti-Americanism by using the data from PEW Research Center 2017 questionnaire. Notwithstanding the rise in global anti-Americanism in the Trump era, the global alliance system that has been established by the US still compels many governments to stay close to the US. 

Amerikan karşıtlığı, Amerikan politikaları ve ABD’nin toplumsal, ekonomik, siyasi, kültürel yapısı veya Amerikan halkı hakkında olumsuz fikirlere sahip olmak; bunların olumsuz küresel ve yerel etkilerine karşı çıkmak olarak tanımlanabilir. Keohane ve Katzenstein’e göre Amerikan karşılığı çeşitli tipolojiler altında incelenebilir. Çalışmada Soğuk Savaş sonrası dönemde Amerikan-Karşıtlığının artmasına neden olan tek taraflılık ve ABD’nin saldırganca tutumu gibi faktörler incelenmiştir. Donald Trump döneminde küresel Amerikan-Karşıtlığının Avrupa, Orta Doğu, Rusya ve Asya gibi bölgelerde arttığı belirtildikten sonra; Meksika sınırına duvar örülmesi önerisi, bazı ticaret antlaşmalarından, İran nükleer silah anlaşmasından, iklim değişikliği anlaşmasından çekilmek ve bazı Müslüman ülkelerden seyahate kısıtlama gibi bazı spesifik Trump politikalarına verilen küresel tepkiler analiz edilmiştir. Çalışmada Amerikan başkanına güvenden, ABD ile ilişkilerin yönü beklentileri ve çeşitli bölge ve ülkelerdeki Amerikan karşıtlığının farklı boyutlarına kadar birçok konuda 2017 yılı PEW araştırma merkezi anketindeki veriler kullanılarak Amerikan karşıtlığındaki eğilimler gösterilmeye çalışılmıştır. Her ne kadar küresel Amerikan karşılığı Trump döneminde daha da yükselse de ABD’nin kurduğu küresel ittifak sistemleri hala pek çok ilgili hükümeti ABD’ye yakın durmaya zorlamaktadır.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Political Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-4433-9941
Author: Cengiz Dinç (Primary Author)
Institution: ESKİŞEHİR OSMANGAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ İKTİSADİ VE İDARİ BİLİMLER FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3247-7324
Author: Bekir Karataş

Dates

Publication Date : December 30, 2018

APA Dinç, C , Karataş, B . (2018). Amerikan Karşıtlığında Güncel Küresel Eğilimler ve Trump Etkisi. OPUS Uluslararası Toplum Araştırmaları Dergisi , 9 (16) , 1992-2032 . DOI: 10.26466/opus.477471