Year 2019, Volume 9 , Issue 1, Pages 24 - 28 2019-07-30

WIDENING INCOME INEQUALITY IN THE LAST DECADES: TURKISH CASE

Kamil Necdet Ar [1] , Meliha Burcu Kines [2]


Purpose- This research proposes some mechanisms to improve income inequality for Turkish Economy.

Methodology- Income inequality is concerned with how total income is distributed between individuals, households or other demographic groups, which is also called personal income distribution. According to various international reports and studies, income inequality has been rising in a number of countries in recent years and has been a growing concern in academic world. Income equality has various aspects and many contributing factors. Transfers and benefits are the most important factors contributing to reducing inequality, but these alone cannot address the issue of rising inequalities in countries where unemployment continues to be high, which requires intervention in the labour markets. There are a variety of methods of measuring income inequality but this paper will focus on the most popular measure, Gini index, which ranges 0 (perfect equality) and 1 (perfect inequality). In this respect, Turkey will be taken as a case to review. In this study; based on literature review, especially by the means of some mechanisms, some theoritical findings and solutions are proposed for The Turkish economy.

Findings- The three main disruptive factors which deteriorate income equality can be listed as inflation, unemployment and real wages. The most effective methods are to strengthen the consciousness of the employees, trade unions, public opinion, media, nongovernmental organisations and all parties’ concerned (social awareness).

Conclusion- After the weakening of social state structures and the role of public influence in economies, the income and wealth distribution shows a significant unfair trend for labour and the lower layers of societies. When Turkey is taken into account, the economic and social parameters show a big negative gap while comparing the EU and advanced countries. To rectify the income inequality problems requires international and national socio-economic measures.

Income inequality, unemployment, deregulation, Turkish economy, economical policies
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Primary Language en
Subjects Management, Business Finance
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-0788-5484
Author: Kamil Necdet Ar (Primary Author)

Orcid: 0000-0002-2840-4379
Author: Meliha Burcu Kines

Dates

Publication Date : July 30, 2019

Bibtex @research article { pap596269, journal = {PressAcademia Procedia}, issn = {}, eissn = {2459-0762}, address = {Siteler Sok. No.12/18 Maltepe, 34843, Istanbul}, publisher = {PressAcademia}, year = {2019}, volume = {9}, pages = {24 - 28}, doi = {10.17261/Pressacademia.2019.1059}, title = {WIDENING INCOME INEQUALITY IN THE LAST DECADES: TURKISH CASE}, key = {cite}, author = {Ar, Kamil Necdet and Kines, Meliha Burcu} }
APA Ar, K , Kines, M . (2019). WIDENING INCOME INEQUALITY IN THE LAST DECADES: TURKISH CASE. PressAcademia Procedia , 9 (1) , 24-28 . DOI: 10.17261/Pressacademia.2019.1059
MLA Ar, K , Kines, M . "WIDENING INCOME INEQUALITY IN THE LAST DECADES: TURKISH CASE". PressAcademia Procedia 9 (2019 ): 24-28 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/pap/issue/47342/596269>
Chicago Ar, K , Kines, M . "WIDENING INCOME INEQUALITY IN THE LAST DECADES: TURKISH CASE". PressAcademia Procedia 9 (2019 ): 24-28
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - WIDENING INCOME INEQUALITY IN THE LAST DECADES: TURKISH CASE AU - Kamil Necdet Ar , Meliha Burcu Kines Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.17261/Pressacademia.2019.1059 DO - 10.17261/Pressacademia.2019.1059 T2 - PressAcademia Procedia JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 24 EP - 28 VL - 9 IS - 1 SN - -2459-0762 M3 - doi: 10.17261/Pressacademia.2019.1059 UR - https://doi.org/10.17261/Pressacademia.2019.1059 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 PressAcademia Procedia WIDENING INCOME INEQUALITY IN THE LAST DECADES: TURKISH CASE %A Kamil Necdet Ar , Meliha Burcu Kines %T WIDENING INCOME INEQUALITY IN THE LAST DECADES: TURKISH CASE %D 2019 %J PressAcademia Procedia %P -2459-0762 %V 9 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17261/Pressacademia.2019.1059 %U 10.17261/Pressacademia.2019.1059
ISNAD Ar, Kamil Necdet , Kines, Meliha Burcu . "WIDENING INCOME INEQUALITY IN THE LAST DECADES: TURKISH CASE". PressAcademia Procedia 9 / 1 (July 2019): 24-28 . https://doi.org/10.17261/Pressacademia.2019.1059
AMA Ar K , Kines M . WIDENING INCOME INEQUALITY IN THE LAST DECADES: TURKISH CASE. PAP. 2019; 9(1): 24-28.
Vancouver Ar K , Kines M . WIDENING INCOME INEQUALITY IN THE LAST DECADES: TURKISH CASE. PressAcademia Procedia. 2019; 9(1): 28-24.