Year 2019, Volume , Issue 37, Pages 33 - 42 2019-10-24

VİKTORYA DÖNEMİ DİSTOPİK ROMANLARDA DARWIN VE TERSİNE EVRİM: DR JEKYLL VE MR HYDE’IN TUHAF HİKAYESİ VE DÜNYALAR SAVAŞI
DARWIN AND DEVOLUTION IN VICTORIAN DYSTOPIA: STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE AND THE WAR OF THE WORLDS

Ayda Önder [1]


Viktorya Dönemi İngilteresi’nde birçok insan sadece Darwin’in evrim teorileri yüzünden değil aynı zamanda tersine evrim ihtimalleri sebebiyle endişeye kapılmıştır. Buna bağlı olarak, Stevenson ve Wells distopyalarını Darwin’in evrim teorileri ve Viktoryenlerin tersine evrim korkuları üzerine inşa ettiler. Dr. Jekyll ve Mr. Hyde’da, Stevenson insanın yabanileşmesini içgüdüsel dürtülerin dizginlenmesini isteyen Viktoryen ahlaki değerlerin baskıcılığının bir sonucu olarak hayal etmektedir. Romanında, sadece bastırılmış arzuların vahşete dönüşmesini değil aynı zamanda ağırbaşlılık maskesi ardında ahlaksızlıktan haz almanın bir sonucu olan sapkınlığı da ortaya koymaktadır. Benzer biçimde, Dünyalar Savaşı’nda Wells insanın yozlaşmasını toplumlardaki doğal seleksiyon fikriyle ile ilişkelendirmektedir. Wells, ayrıca, insan bedeninin bazı parçalarının fonksiyonunu üstlenerek ve insani duyguları ortadan kaldırarak teknolojinin insan evrimine dahil olduğu bir geleceği tahmin etmektedir. Her iki distopik romanın da, Darwin’in evrim teorileri ve tersine evrim ihtimali ile ilişkili olarak gelecek ile ilgili Viktoyen kaygıları yansıttığı sonucuna varılmıştır. 

In the Victorian Age, many people were apprehended not only by Darwin’s theories of evolution, but also the possibilities for a reverse evolution. Thus, Stevenson and Wells build their dystopias on Darwin’s evolutionary theories and Victorian fears of devolution. In Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, Stevens imagines man’s degeneration into savagery as the result of the repressiveness of the Victorian morals that demanded restraint of instinctive urges. He illustrates not only the potential of repressed desires to burst out into ferocity, but also perversity that may result from indulgence in vice behind the mask of sobriety. Similarly, in The War of the Worlds, Wells relates human devolution to the idea of natural selection in human societies. Besides, he anticipates a future in which technology is involved in human evolution, overtaking the functions of certain parts of human body and leaving men deprived of feelings for each other. It is concluded that both of the dystopian novels project the Victorian concerns about the future in relation to the Darwinian theories of evolution and the possibility of devolution.        

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Primary Language en
Subjects Literature
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3001-780X
Author: Ayda Önder (Primary Author)
Institution: İSTANBUL AREL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : October 24, 2019

Bibtex @research article { pausbed526884, journal = {Pamukkale Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi}, issn = {1308-2922}, eissn = {2147-6985}, address = {Pamukkale Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Kınıklı Yerleşkesi 20070 Kınıklı – DENİZLİ / TÜRKİYE}, publisher = {Pamukkale University}, year = {2019}, volume = {}, pages = {33 - 42}, doi = {10.30794/pausbed.526884}, title = {DARWIN AND DEVOLUTION IN VICTORIAN DYSTOPIA: STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE AND THE WAR OF THE WORLDS}, key = {cite}, author = {Önder, Ayda} }
APA Önder, A . (2019). DARWIN AND DEVOLUTION IN VICTORIAN DYSTOPIA: STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE AND THE WAR OF THE WORLDS. Pamukkale Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi , (37) , 33-42 . DOI: 10.30794/pausbed.526884
MLA Önder, A . "DARWIN AND DEVOLUTION IN VICTORIAN DYSTOPIA: STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE AND THE WAR OF THE WORLDS". Pamukkale Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi (2019 ): 33-42 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/pausbed/issue/49722/526884>
Chicago Önder, A . "DARWIN AND DEVOLUTION IN VICTORIAN DYSTOPIA: STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE AND THE WAR OF THE WORLDS". Pamukkale Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi (2019 ): 33-42
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - DARWIN AND DEVOLUTION IN VICTORIAN DYSTOPIA: STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE AND THE WAR OF THE WORLDS AU - Ayda Önder Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.30794/pausbed.526884 DO - 10.30794/pausbed.526884 T2 - Pamukkale Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 33 EP - 42 VL - IS - 37 SN - 1308-2922-2147-6985 M3 - doi: 10.30794/pausbed.526884 UR - https://doi.org/10.30794/pausbed.526884 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Pamukkale Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi DARWIN AND DEVOLUTION IN VICTORIAN DYSTOPIA: STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE AND THE WAR OF THE WORLDS %A Ayda Önder %T DARWIN AND DEVOLUTION IN VICTORIAN DYSTOPIA: STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE AND THE WAR OF THE WORLDS %D 2019 %J Pamukkale Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi %P 1308-2922-2147-6985 %V %N 37 %R doi: 10.30794/pausbed.526884 %U 10.30794/pausbed.526884
ISNAD Önder, Ayda . "DARWIN AND DEVOLUTION IN VICTORIAN DYSTOPIA: STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE AND THE WAR OF THE WORLDS". Pamukkale Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi / 37 (October 2019): 33-42 . https://doi.org/10.30794/pausbed.526884
AMA Önder A . DARWIN AND DEVOLUTION IN VICTORIAN DYSTOPIA: STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE AND THE WAR OF THE WORLDS. PAUSBED. 2019; (37): 33-42.
Vancouver Önder A . DARWIN AND DEVOLUTION IN VICTORIAN DYSTOPIA: STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE AND THE WAR OF THE WORLDS. Pamukkale Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2019; (37): 42-33.