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Single subject research: use of interactive video in children with developmental disabilities with dyscalculia to introduce natural numbers

Year 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, 94 - 108, 01.04.2021
https://doi.org/10.17275/per.21.31.8.2

Abstract

Dyscalculia is one of the barriers to learning for students with some special mental retardation needs. Students with intellectual disabilities may also have dyscalculia. In that sense, in learning mathematics, it is necessary to use various learning media. Related to this condition, the present study aims to determine the effect of the use of instructional video media to introduce natural numbers to students who experience mental retardation with dyscalculia. This type of research is an experimental research design with a single subject. This single-subject research uses the A - B method. The research subjects were chosen based on a purposive sampling technique because the researchers had to find subjects with mental retardation as well as dyscalculia characteristics with these characteristics one elementary special school in Yogyakarta was found. Data collection techniques involved using the method of observation, interviews to determine the characteristics of the subject, tests to determine the ability of subjects to recognize natural numbers. The results of this study indicate that interactive media positively influences the ability to recognize natural numbers in mentally retarded children with dyscalculia. This can be seen from the average score obtained by the subjects before being given an intervention that is 30 and increased to 54 after being given an intervention.

References

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Year 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, 94 - 108, 01.04.2021
https://doi.org/10.17275/per.21.31.8.2

Abstract

References

  • Alksne, L. (2016). How to produce video lectures to engage students and deliver the maximum amount of information. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference, 503(2), 503–516. https://doi.org/10.17770/sie2016vol2.1424
  • Andrews-Larson, C., Wawro, M., & Zandieh, M. (2017). A hypothetical learning trajectory for conceptualizing matrices as linear transformations. International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 48(6), 809–829. https://doi.org/10.1080/0020739X.2016.1276225
  • Aryuntini, N., Astuti, I., & Yuliana, Y. G. S. (2019). Development of Learning Media Based on VideoScribe to Improve Writing Skill for Descriptive Text of English Language Study. JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning), 3(2), 187.
  • Backenson, E. M., Holland, S. C., Kubas, H. A., Fitzer, K. R., Wilcox, G., Carmichael, J. A., Fraccaro, R. L., Smith, A. D., Macoun, S. J., Harrison, G. L., & Hale, J. B. (2015). Psychosocial and Adaptive Deficits Associated With Learning Disability Subtypes. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 48(5), 511–522. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022219413511861
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  • Baştürk, S. (2016). Secondary school mathematics student teachers ’ causal attribution for success and failure in mathematics. European Journal of Science And Mathematics Education, 4(3), 365–379.
  • Blankenship, P. A., Stuebing, S. L., Winter, S. S., Cheatwood, J. L., Benson, J. D., Whishaw, I. Q., & Wallace, D. G. (2016). The medial frontal cortex contributes to but does not organize rat exploratory behavior. Neuroscience, 336, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2016.08.041
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  • Creswell, J. W. (2012). Research Design Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Second Edition. Sage Publication.
  • Dekker, M. C., Ziermans, T. B., & Swaab, H. (2016). The impact of behavioural executive functioning and intelligence on math abilities in children with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 60(1086–1096). https://doi.org/10.1111/jir.12276
  • Dowker, A., & Sigley, G. (2010). Targeted interventions for children with arithmetical difficulties. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 60(11), 1086–1096. https://doi.org/10.1348/97818543370009x12583699332492
  • El-Keshky, M., & Emam, M. (2015). Emotional and behavioural difficulties in children referred for learning disabilities from two Arab countries: A cross-cultural examination of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 36, 459–469. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2014.10.039
  • Emam, M. M., & Kazem, A. M. (2015). Teachers’ perceptions of the concomitance of emotional behavioural difficulties and learning disabilities in children referred for learning disabilities in Oman. Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, 36, 459–469. https://doi.org/10.1080/13632752.2014.964083
  • Erlani, L., Narawati, T., & Alimin, Z. (2018). Using AAC Media To Improve Dynamics Ability In Music Learning For Autistic Children. International Journal of Pedagogy and Teacher Education, 2, 109–118. https://doi.org/10.20961/ijpte.v2i0.25140
  • Fantin, M. (2011). Perspectives on Media Literacy, Digital Literacy and Information Literacy. International Journal of Digital Literacy and Digital Competence, 1(4), 10–15. https://doi.org/10.4018/jdldc.2010100102
  • Fathimah, N. S., & Ishartiwi, I. (2018). Pengembangan multimedia permainan interaktif pembelajaran berhitung bagi anak diskalkulia usia prasekolah. Jurnal Inovasi Teknologi Pendidikan, 5(2), 115–128. https://doi.org/10.21831/jitp.v5i2.15541
  • Freeman, K. A., & Eagle, R. F. (2011). Single-subject research designs. In Understanding Research in Clinical and Counseling Psychology, Second Edition (pp. 124–154). https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203831700
  • Furlong, M., McLoughlin, F., McGilloway, S., & Butterworth, B. (2015). Interventions to Improve Mathematical Outcomes For Children With Dyscalculia. In Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.
  • Gast, D. L. (2009). Single subject research methodology in behavioral sciences. In special education and behavioral sciences. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203877937
  • Gray, J. (1986). Number theory: An approach through history from Hammurapi to Legendre. In Historia Mathematica. https://doi.org/10.1016/0315-0860(86)90242-9
  • Hakim, L. L., Alghadari, F., & Widodo, S. A. (2019). Virtual manipulatives media in mathematical abstraction. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1315/1/012017
  • Harvey, H. A., & Miller, G. E. (2017). Executive Function Skills, Early Mathematics, and Vocabulary in Head Start Preschool Children. Early Education and Development, 28(3), 290–307. https://doi.org/10.1080/10409289.2016.1218728
  • Hegde, S., & Bhaskar, S. A. (2015). Oral myiasis: A concealed threat to disabled children of developing countries. Journal of Dentistry for Children, 82(2), 112–115.
  • Kartini, R. (2018). Improving Learning Outcomes of Mathematics Lesson Through Roman Numeral Puzzle at Fourth Grade Elementary School Students in Malang. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research (ASSEHR), 147(ICSSE 2017), 245–246. https://doi.org/10.2991/icsse-17.2018.57
  • Kucian, K., & von Aster, M. (2015). Developmental dyscalculia. European Journal of Pediatrics, 174(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-014-2455-7
  • Kumar, S., Sharma, J., Duraiswamy, P., & Kulkarni, S. (2009). Determinants for oral hygiene and periodontal status among mentally disabled children and adolescents. Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, 27(3). https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-4388.57095
  • Lovaas, O. I. (2003). Teaching Individuals With Developmental Delays: Basic Intervention Techniques. Pro-ed.
  • Maroofi, Y., Rad, A. M., & Ehteshami, M. Z. (2018). Effectiveness of Educational Multimedia Method on Reducing Mental- Disorders in Third-Elementary Students. Middle Eastern Journal of Disability Studies, 8(75), 1–7.
  • Martin, A. J., Cumming, T. M., O’Neill, S. C., & Strnadová, I. (2017). Social and emotional competence and at-risk children’s well-being: The roles of personal and interpersonal agency for children with ADHD, emotional and behavioral disorder, learning disability, and developmental disability. In Social and Emotional Learning in Australia and the Asia-Pacific: Perspectives, Programs and Approaches. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-3394-0_7
  • Montague, M., & Jitendra, A. K. (2012). Research-Based Mathematics Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities. In Forgasz H & Rivera F (Eds.), Towards Equity in Mathematics Education. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27702-3_44
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  • National of Council Teacher of Mathematics. (2000b). Principles and Standards For School Mathematics. NCTM.
  • Nuari, L. F., & Prahmana, R. C. I. (2018). Kemampuan Operasi Hitung Perkalian Dan Pembagian Siswa Tunagrahita Kelas X SMA. Joornal of Songke Math, 1(1), 12–25.
  • Nuari, L. F., Prahmana, R. C. I., & Fatmawati, I. (2019). Learning of division operation for mental retardations’ student through math gasing. Journal on Mathematics Education, 10(1), 127–142. https://doi.org/10.22342/jme.10.1.6913.127-142
  • Pontius, A. A. (1983). Finger Misrepresentation And Dyscalculia In An Ecological Context: Toward An Ecological (Cultural) Evolutionary Iwuro-Psychiatry. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 57, 1191–1208.
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Education, Special
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Sri Adi WİDODO (Primary Author)
Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa
0000-0001-8906-5190
Indonesia


Ayu PRIHATININGSIH This is me
Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa
0000-0001-8906-5190
Indonesia


Irham TAUFİQ This is me
Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa
0000-0001-8906-5190
Indonesia

Publication Date April 1, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2

Cite

APA Widodo, S. A. , Prıhatınıngsıh, A. & Taufiq, I. (2021). Single subject research: use of interactive video in children with developmental disabilities with dyscalculia to introduce natural numbers . Participatory Educational Research , 8 (2) , 94-108 . DOI: 10.17275/per.21.31.8.2