The Effect of Digital Stories on Primary School Students' Listening Comprehension Skills
Volume: 9 Issue: 6, 380 - 397, 01.11.2022
The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of digital stories on the listening comprehension skills of primary school 4th grade students. For this purpose, the research has carried out with a quasi-experimental design with pre-test post-test control group. The sample of the research consisted of 52 students studying in two different 4th grade branches of a public primary school in the second semester of the 2018-2019 academic year. The stories transferred to digital in the research have selected from the texts in 3 different Turkish textbooks at the 4th grade level of primary school published by the Ministry of National Education and taught to students in previous years. 8 narrative texts from the themes of "My Beautiful Country Turkey" and "Production, Consumption and Efficiency" in the textbooks have converted into digital through digital design programs. During the implementation process, the animations of 8 stories transferred to digital have watched by the students in the experimental group, and the students in the control group have read and listened to the same story texts by the teacher. The Listening Comprehension Test has used to determine the listening comprehension achievement scores of the students in the experimental and control groups at the beginning and end of the application process. As a result of the research, it has determined that there was a significant difference between the pre-test and post-test achievement scores of the students in the experimental group, where the stories have played digitally.
I would like to submit our paper entitled “The Effect of Digital Stories on Primary School Students' Listening Comprehension Skills” to be considered for publication in
Participatory Educational Research. The manuscript we submit, or parts of it, have not been and will not be submitted in any language before and elsewhere for publication. Also, the manuscript was conducted in accordance with general ethical guidelines in education and all parts in the study are done by the author.
Irem DEMIRBAS, Ph.D. Candidate.
Tokat Gaziosmanpaşa University
Faculty of Education
Department of Primary Education
- Akyol, H. (2018). Turkish teaching methods suitable for the new program (Yeni programa uygun Türkçe öğretim yöntemleri (3. baskı). Ankara: Pegem Publishing.
- Amalia, R. (2017). Improving Listening And Speaking Skills By Using Animation Videos And Discussion Method. Pedagogy: Journal of English Language Teaching, 2(1), 30-36.
- Armstrong, S., & Rentz, T. (2002). Improving listening skills and motivation. Master of arts action research Project. Saint Xavier University and SkyLight Professional Field-Based Master's Program.
- Baleghizadeh, S., & Rahimi, A. H. (2011). The relationship among listening performance, metacognitive strategy use, and motivation from a self-determination theory perspective. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 1(1), 61-67.
- Başdaş, F. & Akar Vural, R. (2017). The Effects Of Drama Based Digital Storytelling Program To 6 Age Childrens' Some Social Skills. Adnan Menderes University Journal of Social Sciences Institute, 5(1), 1-30.
- Bedir Erişti, S. D. (2017). Technology-focused vısual communıcatıon and dıgıtal storytellıng as a dynamıc vısual communıcatıon path for chıldren. Journal of Istanbul University Faculty of Communication, 1, 25-38.
- Bernfeld, L. E. S., Morrison, T. G., Sudweeks, R. R., & Wilcox, B. (2013). Examining the reliability of reading comprehension ratings of fifth-grade students' oral retellings. Literacy research and instruction, 52(1), 65-86.
- Bulut, B. (2013). The effect of active listening education on listening comprehension, reading comprehension and vocabulary. Master Thesis. Adnan Menderes University, Institute of Social Sciences, Aydın.
- Büyüköztürk, S., Kılıç Çakmak, E., Akgün, O. E., Karadeniz, S. & Demirel, F. (2013). Scientific research methods (Bilimsel araştırma yöntemleri). Ankara: Pegem Publishing.
- Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2018). Manual of data analysis for social sciences (Sosyal bilimler için veri analizi el kitabı). Ankara: Pegem Publishing.
- Cahyaningrum, D. (2010). The Effectiveness of Using Video in Teaching Listening of Oral Narrative Text. Semanticscholar. Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta.
- Campbell, T. A. (2012). Digital storytelling in an elementary classroom: Going beyond entertainment. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 69, 385-393.
- Can, A. (2016). Quantitative data analysis in the scientific research process with SPSS (SPSS ile bilimsel araştırma sürecinde nicel veri analizi). Ankara: Pegem Publishing.
- Christensen, L. B., Burke Johnson, R. & Turner, L. A. (2015). Research methods design and analysis (Araştırma yöntemleri desen ve analiz). A. Aypay (Trans.). Ankara: Anı Publishing.
- Chung, S. K. (2007). Art Education Technology: Digital Storytelling. Art Education, 60, 17-22.
- Ciğerci, F. M. (2015). The use of digital stories in the development of listening skills in primary school fourth grade Turkish lesson. Doctoral Thesis. Anadolu University Institute of Educational Sciences, Eskisehir.
- Cohen, J. (1992). Statistical power analysis. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 1(3), 98-101.
- Cohen, L., Krustedt, R. L., & May, M. (2009). Fluency, text structure, and retelling: A complex relationship. Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts, 49(2), 3.
- Collen, L. (2007). The digital and traditional storytimes research project: Using digitized books for preschool group storytimes.
- Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative (pp. 146-166). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
- Creswell, J. W. (2016). Research design qualitative, quantitative and mixed method approaches (Araştırma deseni nitel, nicel ve karma yöntem yaklaşımları). S. B. Demir (Trans.). Ankara: Eğiten Kitap Publishing.
- Dehham, S. H., Hasan, A. A. N., & Raheem, M. D. (2018). The impact of reciprocal listening activities on fifth preparatory students' listening comprehension. Academic Scientific Journal, (38), 1339–1351.
- Demirer, V.& Baki, Y. (2018). Opinions and Perceptions of Prospective Turkish Teachers Related to the Digital Storytelling Process. Journal of Theoretical Educational Science, 11(4), 718-747.
- Dinçer, B. & Yılmaz, S. (2019). An experimental study on the effect of digital storytelling on teaching openness concept in mathematics lesson.. International Journal of New Trends in Arts, Sports &Science Education, 8(2), 49-57.
- Doyle, A. (2019). Important active listening skills and techniques. The Balance Careers. https://www.thebalancecareers.com/active-listening-skills-with-examples-2059684
- Dunst, C. J., Simkus, A., & Hamby, D. W. (2012). Children's story retelling as a literacy and language enhancement strategy. Center for Early Literacy Learning, 5(2), 1-14.
- Dupain, M., & Maguire, L. (2005). Digital storybook projects 101: How to create and implement digital storytelling into your curriculum. In 21st Annual Conference on Distance Teaching and Learning, 6, 1-4.
- Ebaugh, K. (2013). The Effect of Oral and Written Retell Strategies for Informational Text on Reading Comprehension Performance of Fifth Grade Students.
- Foelske, M. (2014). Digital storytelling: the impact on student engagement, motivation and academic learning. Graduate Research Papers. 167. https://scholarworks.uni.edu/grp/167
- Fraenkel, J. R., Wallen, N. E ve Hyun, H. H. (2012). How to design and evaluate research in education. New York: McGraw-Hill.
- Gambrell, L. B., Koskinen, P. S., & Kapinus, B. A. (1991). Retelling and the reading comprehension of proficient and less-proficient readers. The Journal of Educational Research, 84(6), 356-362.
- Girmen, P. & Bayrak, E. (2013). The mental skill levels used by primary school 5th grade students in the process of listening comprehension. Journal of Abant Social Sciences.
- Goh, C. & Taib,Y. (2006). Metacognitive instruction in listening for young learners, ELT Journal, 60 (3), pp. 222–232, https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/ccl002
- Gregori-Signes, C. (2008). Integrating the old and the new: Digital storytelling in the EFL language classroom. GRETA Journal, 16(1), 43–49.
- Hampleman, R. (1958). Comparison of Listening and Reading Comprehension Ability of 4th and 6th Grade Pupils. Elementary English. XXXI,49.
- Hardiah, M., (2019). Improving Students Listening Skill by Using Audio Visual Media. Al-Lughah Jurnal Bahasa, 39-49
- Hutchins, S., McDermott, P., Carolan, T., Gronowski, M., Fisher, A., & DeMay, M. (2013). Interpersonal Skills Summary Report. In United States Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1037/e500952014-001
- İnceelli, A. (2005). Components of digital storytelling. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 4(3), 132-142.
John, S. F., Lui, M., & Tannock, R. (2003). Children's story retelling and comprehension using a new narrative resource. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 18(1-2), 91-113.
- Johnson, K. O. (1951). "The Effect of Classroom Training upon Listening Comprehension", The Journal of Communication. I, 58.
- Kasami, N. (2018). Advantages and disadvantages of digital storytelling assignments in EFL education in terms of learning motivation. Future-proof CALL: language learning as exploration and encounters–short papers from EUROCALL 2018, 130.
- Kawamichi, H., Yoshihara, K., Sasaki, A. T., Sugawara, S. K., Tanabe, H. C., Shinohara, R., Sugisawa, Y., Tokutake, K., Mochizuki, Y., Anme, T., & Sadato, N. (2015). Perceiving active listening activates the reward system and improves the impression of relevant experiences. Social Neuroscience, 10(1), 16–26. https://doi.org/10.1080/17470919.2014.954732
- Kim, Y. S. G. (2016). Direct and mediated effects of language and cognitive skills on comprehension of oral narrative texts (listening comprehension) for children. Journal of experimental child psychology, 141, 101-120.
- Kim, Y. S., & Phillips, B. (2014). Cognitive correlates of listening comprehension. Reading Research Quarterly, 49(3), 269-281.
- Kocaman Karoğlu, A. (2015). The changing nature of storytelling with technology in the teaching process: Digital storytelling. Educational Technology Theory and Practice, 5(2), 87-106.
- Kodan, H. & Bozdemir, H. (2016). Determining the level of listening comprehension of primary school 4th grade students. Mehmet Akif Ersoy University Journal of Education Faculty, 1(37), 15-27.
- Kotluk, N. & Kocakaya, S. (2015). Dıgıtal storytellıng for developıng 21st century skılls: from hıgh school students' poınt of vıew. Journal of Research in Education and Teaching, 4(2), 354-363.
- Kurudayıoğlu, M. & Çetin, Ö. (2015). Basic skills and Turkish teaching. Journal of Mother Tongue Education, 3(3), 1-19. DOI: 10.16916/aded.65619
- Lau, K. L. (2017). Strategy use, listening problems, and motivation of high- and low-proficiency Chinese listeners. The Journal of Educational Research, 110(5), 503–514. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220671.2015.1134421
- Lisenbee, P. S. ve Ford, C. M. (2018). Engaging students in traditional and digital storytelling to make connections between pedagogy and children's experiences. Early Childhood Education Journal, 46, 129–139.
- Liu, M. C., Huang, Y. M., & Xu, Y. H. (2018). Effects of individual versus group work on learner autonomy and emotion in digital storytelling. Educational technology research and development, 66(4), 1009-1028.
- Ministry of Education (2010). National preliminary report of the PISA 2009 project. Ministry of Education Research and Development Department (PISA 2009 projesi ulusal ön raporu. MEB Eğitimi Araştırma ve Geliştirme Dairesi Başkanlığı).
- Ministry of Education (2013). PISA 2012 national preliminary report. MEB General Directorate of Innovation and Educational Technologies (PISA 2012 ulusal ön raporu. MEB Yenilik ve Eğitim Teknolojileri Genel Müdürlüğü).
- Ministry of Education (2016). PISA 2015 national report. Ankara: Minister of National Education (PISA 2015 ulusal raporu. Ankara: Millî Eğitim Bakanlığı).
- Meinardi, M. (2009). Speed bumps for authentic listening material. ReCALL. 21. 302 - 318. 10.1017/S0958344009990048.
Monette, D.R., Sullivan, T.J. ve De Jong, C.R. (1990). Applied social research. New York: Harcourt Broce Jovanovich, Inc.
- Morrow, L. M. (1985). Retelling stories: A strategy for improving young children's comprehension, concept of story structure, and oral language complexity. The Elementary School Journal, 85(5), 647-661.
- Özpınar, İ. (2017). Preservice Mathematics Teachers' Opinions on the Use of Digital Stories and Instructional Environments. Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education, 6(3), 1189 – 1210.
- Palangngan, S.T., Atmowardoyo, H. and Weda, S. (2015). English Listening Lesson Library Online, as a Supporting Media in Learning Listening. ELT Worldwide, 3 (1), (Online) (http://ojs.unm.ac.id/index.php/ ELT/article/viewFile/1880/869) Retrieved on July 25th 2016.
- Pallant, J. (2016). SPSS kullanma kılavuzu SPSS ile adım adım veri analizi. S. Balcı ve B. Ahi (Çev.). Ankara: Anı Yayıncılık.
Price, D. M., Strodtman, L., Brough, E., Lonn, S. ve Luo, A. (2015). Digital storytelling: An innovative technological approach to nursing education. Nurse educator, 40(2), 66- 70.
- Ramirez, D. & Alonso, I. 2007. Using Digital Stories to Improve Listening Comprehension with Spanish Young Learners of English. Language Learning & Technology, 11(1): 87–101.
- Reed, D. K., & Vaughn, S. (2012). Retell as an indicator of reading comprehension. Scientific studies of reading, 16(3), 187-217.
Rosdiana (2018). The Use Of Audio Visual As Media In Enhancing Students' Listening Skill. Getsempena English Education Journal, 5(1), 146-149.
- Rule, L. (2005). Digital Storytelling Workshop Agenda. Retrieved January 27, 2017, from http://homepage.mac.com/eportfolios/workshop/AgendaDigitalStory.html
- Sandaran, S. C. & Lim, C. K. (2013). The use of digital stories for listening comprehension among primary chinese medium school pupils: Some preliminary findings. JurnalTeknologi (Social Sciences), 65(2), 125- 131.
- Silva, M. L., Sanchez Abchi, V. S., & Borzone, A. M. (2010). Subordinated clauses usage and assessment of syntactic maturity: A comparison of oral and written retellings in beginning writers.
- Smeda, N., Dakich, E. ve Sharda, N. (2010). Developing a framework for advancing elearning through digital storytelling. In IADIS International Conference elearning (pp. 169-176).
- Stewart, K. D., & Ivala, E. (2017). Silence, voice, and "other languages": Digital storytelling as a site for resistance and restoration in a South African higher education classroom. British Journal of Educational Technology, 48(5), 1164-1175.
- Sümer, S. & Eldeniz Çetin, M. (2018). Comparison of the effectiveness and efficiency of traditional story reading and digital story use on the level of listening comprehension of individuals with intellectual disabilities. Education Sciences), 13(1), 44-55.
- Şahin, A. (2020). Basic concepts and definitions of mother tongue. Inclusive Language Teaching (Ed. E. Ünal). ss. 263-294. Ankara: Vize Publishing.
- Şahin, A. (2020). Speech training. Turkish teaching. (Eds. H. Akyol & A. Şahin), 2th edition. ss. 103-128. Ankara: Pegem Publishing.
- Şimşek, B., & Akyar, Ö. Y. (2020). In Search of Active Life Through Digital Storytelling: Inclusion in Theory and Practice for the Physical Education Teachers. In World Conference on Information Systems and Technologies (pp. 377-386). Springer, Cham.
- Tabachnick, B. ve Fidell, L. (2013). Using Multivariate Statistics. (6th International edition) (cover) edn. Boston, [Mass.].
- Tabieh, A. A., Al-Hileh, M. M., Afifa, H. M. J. A., & Abuzagha, H. Y. (2021). The effect of using digital storytelling on developing active listening and creative thinking skills. European Journal of Educational Research, 10(1), 13-21. https://doi.org/10.12973/eu-jer.10.1.13
- Thalheimer, W., & Cook, S. (2003). How to calculate effect sizes from published research: A simplified methodology. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2004.078915
- Thistle, J. J., & McNaughtona, D. (2015). Teaching active listening skills to pre-service speech-language pathologists: A first step in supporting collaboration with parents of young children who require AAC. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 46(1), 44–55. https://doi.org/10.1044/2014_LSHSS-14-0001
- Tour, E., Gindidis, M. ve Newton, A. (2019). Learning digital literacies through experiential digital storytelling in an EAL context: an exploratory study. Innovation in Language Learning and Teaching, 1-16.
- Tsou, W., Wang, W. & Tzeng, Y. (2006). Applying a multimedia storytelling website in foreign language learning. Computers & Education, 47(1), 17-28. Retrieved from https://www.learntechlib.org/p/67102/. on the 22.04.2019.
- Türe Köse, H. B. (2019). The effect of digital storytelling on listening skills in preschool children. Master Thesis. Kütahya Dumlupınar University Institute of Educational Sciences, Kütahya.
- Uslupehlivan, E., Kurtoğlu Erden, M. & Cebesoy, Ü. B. (2017). Digital Story Creation Experıences of Pre-servıce Teachers. Uşak University Journal of Social Sciences, 10(Special Issue 2), 1-22.
- Vandergrift, Larry. (2005). Relationships among Motivation Orientations, Metacognitive Awareness and Proficiency in L2 Listening. Applied Linguistics. 26. 10.1093/applin/amh039.
- Weger, H.; Castle, G. R. ve Emmett, M. C. (2010). Active Listening in Peer Interviews: The Influence of Message Paraphrasing on Perceptions of Listening Skill, International Journal of Listening, 24(1), 34-49.
- Wise, J. C., Sevcik, R. A., Morris, R. D., Lovett, M. W., & Wolf, M. (2007). The relationship among receptive and expressive vocabulary, listening comprehension, pre-reading skills, word identification skills, and reading comprehension by children with reading disabilities. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 50(4). https://doi.org/10.1044/1092-4388(2007/076)
- Wolff, F. I.; Marsnik, N. C.; Tacey, W. S. ve Nichols, R. G. (1983). Perceptive Listening. New York: CBS College Publishing. www.herts.ac.uk/envstrat/HILP/guide/Appendices/App2Listen.doc (Erişim Tarihi: 17.06.2005).
- Xu, Y., Park, H. ve Baek, Y. (2011). A new approach toward digital storytelling: an activity focused on writing self-efficacy in a virtual learning environment. Educational Technology ve Society, 14(4), 181-191.
- Yüksel, P., Robin, B. ve McNeil, S. (2011). Educational Uses of Digital Storytelling around the World, Proceedings of Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education International Conference, 07 Mar, Chesapeake, VA: AACE, 1, 1264- 1271.
- Zimiles, H., & Kuhns, M. (1976). A Developmental Study of the Retention of Narrative Material. Final Report.