Year 2021, Volume 3 , Issue 1, Pages 20 - 25 2021-03-01

Sağlık Profesyonelleri Arasında COVID-19 Risk Algısı, Bilgisi, Önlemleri ve Bilgi Kaynakları Analizi
COVID-19 Risk Perception, Knowledge, Precautions and Information Sources between Healthcare Professionals

Necip Gökhan GUNER [1] , Yusuf YURUMEZ [2] , Fatih GÜNEYSU [3] , Bilge ERCAN [4] , Volkan ÜLKER [5]


Amaç: Sağlık uzmanları, COVID-19 hastalarıyla yakın temas halinde oldukları için bulaşma riski en yüksek gruplardan biridir. Doğal olarak, kendilerini COVID-19 için risk altında gören insanlar endişeli olabilir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, sağlık mesleği mensuplarının algılarını, bilgi düzeylerini, ölçütlerini ve kaynaklarını belirlemek ve ek önerilerde bulunmaktır.

Gereç ve Yöntem: Bu kesitsel çalışma 10 - 17 Mart 2020 tarihleri arasında gerçekleştirildi. Katılımcılar, COVID-19 ile ilgili risk algıları, bilgiler, önleyici davranışlar ve bilgi kaynaklarını içeren çevrimiçi bir anket kullanılarak değerlendirildi. Anket 4 bölüm ve 61 sorudan oluşturuldu. Elde edilen veriler IBM SPSS 21 ile analiz edildi.

Bulgular: Toplam 305 sağlık çalışanı anketi tamamladı. Katılımcıların medyan yaşı 26 idi (IQR: 23-30). Algılanan en yüksek güvenlik açığı riski puanı soğuğa aittir (ortalama: 3,8; SS: 0,9). Bununla birlikte, Algılanan en yüksek şiddet puanı COVID-19'a aittir (ortalama: 6.5; SS: 2.6). 3.3'lük bir ortalama bilgi puanı (standart sapma [SS] = 0.6) gözlemlendi; Katılımcıların %87,5'i üç veya daha fazla bilgi sorusunu doğru cevapladı. En çok tercih edilen korunma yönteminin elleri daha sık yıkamak (%82,6) olduğu belirlenmiştir.

Sonuç: Sağlık çalışanlarının COVID-19 salgını konusunda yeterli bilgi sahibi oldukları, COVID-19'un ne olduğunu, riskleri hakkında bilgi sahibi olduklarını ve bilgilerini öncelikle internetten ve aynı zamanda güvenilir bilgi kaynakları olarak değerlendirilen doktorlardan elde ettiklerini göstermektedir.

Objective: Healthcare professionals are one of the groups at highest risk of transmission, as they are in close contact with COVID-19 patients. Naturally, people who see themselves at risk for COVID 19 may be worried. This study aims to determine perceptions, knowledge levels, measures, and resources of healthcare professionals and make additional suggestions.

Material and Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted from the 10th to 17th of March, 2020. Participants were assessed using an online questionnaire containing risk perceptions, knowledge, preventive behaviors, and sources of information about COVID-19. The questionnaire was created from 4 chapters and 61 questions. The data obtained were analyzed with IBM SPSS 21.

Results: A total of 305 healthcare professionals completed the questionnaire. The median age of participants was 26 years (IQR: 23-30). The highest Perceived vulnerability risk score belongs to cold. (mean: 3.8; SD: 0.9) However, the highest Perceived severity score belongs to COVID-19 (mean: 6.5; SD: 2.6). A mean knowledge score of 3.3 (standard deviation [SD] = 0.6) was observed; 87.5% of the respondents answered three or more knowledge questions correctly. It has been determined that the most preferred method of protection is to washing hands more frequently (82.6%).

Conclusion: The results indicate that the healthcare professionals were well aware of the COVID-19 outbreak, knew what COVID-19 was, about their risk, and obtained their information primarily from the internet and doctors, which were also rated as trustworthy sources of information.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Public Environmental and Occupational Health
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-5052-9242
Author: Necip Gökhan GUNER (Primary Author)
Institution: SAKARYA SAĞLIK BAKANLIĞI SAKARYA ÜNİVERSİTESİ EĞİTİM VE ARAŞTIRMA HASTANESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3917-9434
Author: Yusuf YURUMEZ
Institution: SAKARYA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ, DAHİLİ TIP BİLİMLERİ BÖLÜMÜ, ACİL TIP ANABİLİM DALI
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-8433-3763
Author: Fatih GÜNEYSU
Institution: SAKARYA SAĞLIK BAKANLIĞI SAKARYA ÜNİVERSİTESİ EĞİTİM VE ARAŞTIRMA HASTANESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-1953-9025
Author: Bilge ERCAN
Institution: SAKARYA SAĞLIK BAKANLIĞI SAKARYA ÜNİVERSİTESİ EĞİTİM VE ARAŞTIRMA HASTANESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6964-693X
Author: Volkan ÜLKER
Institution: SAKARYA SAĞLIK BAKANLIĞI SAKARYA ÜNİVERSİTESİ EĞİTİM VE ARAŞTIRMA HASTANESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : February 9, 2021
Acceptance Date : February 12, 2021
Publication Date : March 1, 2021

AMA Guner N , Yurumez Y , Güneysu F , Ercan B , Ülker V . COVID-19 Risk Perception, Knowledge, Precautions and Information Sources between Healthcare Professionals. Phnx Med J.. 2021; 3(1): 20-25.