Year 2020, Volume 7 , Issue 2, Pages 75 - 85 2020-12-29

Türkiye’de Çevresel Kuznets Eğrisi Hipotezinin Test Edilmesi: Yapısal Kırılmalı Eşbütünleşme Testi ile Hata Düzeltme Modelinden Kanıtlar
Validity of Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis for Turkey: Evidences from Co-Integration Test With a Structural Break and Error Correction

Reşat CEYLAN [1] , Güray Enes KARAAĞAÇ [2]


Bu çalışmanın temel amacı Türkiye için 1960-2014 döneminde Çevresel Kuznets Eğrisi (EKC) hipotezini, kişi başı karbondioksit miktarı, kişi başı gelir düzeyi ve kişi başı enerji tüketimi değişkenlerini kullanarak analiz etmektir. Bu amaçla, Gregory-Hansen yapısal kırılmalı eş-bütünleşme tekniği kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen bulgular, Türkiye’de EKC hipotezinin geçerli olmadığını, değişkenler arasında yapısal kırılmalı eş-bütünleşme ilişkisinin bulunduğunu ve hata düzeltme mekanizmasının çalıştığını göstermektedir. Tahmin edilen Çevresel Kuznets Eğrisinin biçimi N şeklindedir. Ekonomik büyümenin yaşandığı ilk periyotta çevresel kirlilik artmakta ve belirli bir refah seviyesine ulaşınca azalmakta olsa da ilerleyen süreçte çevresel kirlilik artmaktadır. ECM tahminlerine göre ise kişi başı gelir düzeyi ve kişi başı enerji tüketiminden kaynaklanan şokların %81’i bir dönem içinde giderilmekte ve sistem yeniden uzun dönem dengesine gelmektedir

The main purpose of this study is to determine the validity of Environmental Kuznets Curve(EKC) hypothesis for Turkey by CO2 per capita, GDP per capita, and Energy consumption per capita variables in 1960-2014 sample period. For this purpose, the Gregory-Hansen co-integration method with a structural break was used. Empirical evidences reveal that the EKC hypothesis is not valid, co-integration relationship with structural break exists among the variables, and the error correction mechanism works. Estimated Environmental Kuz-nets Curve is N shaped. The first period in which economic growth occurs, environmental pollution increases and after reaching a certain welfare level decreases. However, environmental pollution increases during the following period. According to ECM estimations, 81% of the shocks that arise from GDP per capita and energy consumption per capita are eliminated in one period and the system reaches to long-run equilibrium again.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Economics
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Author: Reşat CEYLAN (Primary Author)
Institution: PAMUKKALE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Author: Güray Enes KARAAĞAÇ
Institution: İHSAN DOĞRAMACI BİLKENT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : December 29, 2020

Bibtex @research article { pjess784716, journal = {Pamukkale Journal of Eurasian Socioeconomic Studies}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-8703}, address = {Pamukkale Üniversitesi İİBF Denizli}, publisher = {Pamukkale University}, year = {2020}, volume = {7}, pages = {75 - 85}, doi = {10.34232/pjess.784716}, title = {Türkiye’de Çevresel Kuznets Eğrisi Hipotezinin Test Edilmesi: Yapısal Kırılmalı Eşbütünleşme Testi ile Hata Düzeltme Modelinden Kanıtlar}, key = {cite}, author = {Ceylan, Reşat and Karaağaç, Güray Enes} }
APA Ceylan, R , Karaağaç, G . (2020). Türkiye’de Çevresel Kuznets Eğrisi Hipotezinin Test Edilmesi: Yapısal Kırılmalı Eşbütünleşme Testi ile Hata Düzeltme Modelinden Kanıtlar . Pamukkale Journal of Eurasian Socioeconomic Studies , 7 (2) , 75-85 . DOI: 10.34232/pjess.784716
MLA Ceylan, R , Karaağaç, G . "Türkiye’de Çevresel Kuznets Eğrisi Hipotezinin Test Edilmesi: Yapısal Kırılmalı Eşbütünleşme Testi ile Hata Düzeltme Modelinden Kanıtlar" . Pamukkale Journal of Eurasian Socioeconomic Studies 7 (2020 ): 75-85 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/pjess/issue/58843/784716>
Chicago Ceylan, R , Karaağaç, G . "Türkiye’de Çevresel Kuznets Eğrisi Hipotezinin Test Edilmesi: Yapısal Kırılmalı Eşbütünleşme Testi ile Hata Düzeltme Modelinden Kanıtlar". Pamukkale Journal of Eurasian Socioeconomic Studies 7 (2020 ): 75-85
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Türkiye’de Çevresel Kuznets Eğrisi Hipotezinin Test Edilmesi: Yapısal Kırılmalı Eşbütünleşme Testi ile Hata Düzeltme Modelinden Kanıtlar AU - Reşat Ceylan , Güray Enes Karaağaç Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.34232/pjess.784716 DO - 10.34232/pjess.784716 T2 - Pamukkale Journal of Eurasian Socioeconomic Studies JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 75 EP - 85 VL - 7 IS - 2 SN - -2148-8703 M3 - doi: 10.34232/pjess.784716 UR - https://doi.org/10.34232/pjess.784716 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Pamukkale Journal of Eurasian Socioeconomic Studies Türkiye’de Çevresel Kuznets Eğrisi Hipotezinin Test Edilmesi: Yapısal Kırılmalı Eşbütünleşme Testi ile Hata Düzeltme Modelinden Kanıtlar %A Reşat Ceylan , Güray Enes Karaağaç %T Türkiye’de Çevresel Kuznets Eğrisi Hipotezinin Test Edilmesi: Yapısal Kırılmalı Eşbütünleşme Testi ile Hata Düzeltme Modelinden Kanıtlar %D 2020 %J Pamukkale Journal of Eurasian Socioeconomic Studies %P -2148-8703 %V 7 %N 2 %R doi: 10.34232/pjess.784716 %U 10.34232/pjess.784716
ISNAD Ceylan, Reşat , Karaağaç, Güray Enes . "Türkiye’de Çevresel Kuznets Eğrisi Hipotezinin Test Edilmesi: Yapısal Kırılmalı Eşbütünleşme Testi ile Hata Düzeltme Modelinden Kanıtlar". Pamukkale Journal of Eurasian Socioeconomic Studies 7 / 2 (December 2020): 75-85 . https://doi.org/10.34232/pjess.784716
AMA Ceylan R , Karaağaç G . Türkiye’de Çevresel Kuznets Eğrisi Hipotezinin Test Edilmesi: Yapısal Kırılmalı Eşbütünleşme Testi ile Hata Düzeltme Modelinden Kanıtlar. pjess. 2020; 7(2): 75-85.
Vancouver Ceylan R , Karaağaç G . Türkiye’de Çevresel Kuznets Eğrisi Hipotezinin Test Edilmesi: Yapısal Kırılmalı Eşbütünleşme Testi ile Hata Düzeltme Modelinden Kanıtlar. Pamukkale Journal of Eurasian Socioeconomic Studies. 2020; 7(2): 75-85.
IEEE R. Ceylan and G. Karaağaç , "Türkiye’de Çevresel Kuznets Eğrisi Hipotezinin Test Edilmesi: Yapısal Kırılmalı Eşbütünleşme Testi ile Hata Düzeltme Modelinden Kanıtlar", Pamukkale Journal of Eurasian Socioeconomic Studies, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 75-85, Dec. 2021, doi:10.34232/pjess.784716