Year 2018, Volume 21 , Issue 3, Pages 559 - 564 2018-09-01

The Algorithm Development and Implementation for 3D Printers based on Adaptive PID Controller
The Algorithm Development and Implementation for 3D Printers based on Adaptive PID Controller

Aytaç ALTAN [1] , Rıfat HACIOĞLU [2]


The 3D printers widely used in the world are produced in different mechanical and electronic designs. The 3D printers which have various mechanical structures such as cartesian, delta and core (xy, xz) already are used open source code software such as Sprinter, Marlin, Cura 3D and Teacup. The control of the 3D printers is usually done by the classical Propotional-Integral-Derivative (PID) control algorithm. In this study, we have developed for the designed 3D printer a new software by using adaptive PID control algorithm instead of classical PID. Five step motors of the designed 3D printer are controlled by the adaptive PID. In addition, there are both heating and cooling processes in the extruder system and these processes are controlled by the adaptive PID. The mechanical design uses a belt and pulley drive system which is suitable for accelerated movements. In the system software, 3D Printing Software Pipeline (input model, orientation and positioning, support structures, slicing, path planning, machine instructions) is applied. The control algorithms for extruder and step motors are prepared as separate function files in software implemented in C. It has been observed that the designed software is particularly successful in eliminating errors on the surface of the products.  

The 3D printers widely used in the world are produced in different mechanical and electronic designs. The 3D printers which have various mechanical structures such as cartesian, delta and core (xy, xz) already are used open source code software such as Sprinter, Marlin, Cura 3D and Teacup. The control of the 3D printers is usually done by the classical Propotional-Integral-Derivative (PID) control algorithm. In this study, we have developed for the designed 3D printer a new software by using adaptive PID control algorithm instead of classical PID. Five step motors of the designed 3D printer are controlled by the adaptive PID. In addition, there are both heating and cooling processes in the extruder system and these processes are controlled by the adaptive PID. The mechanical design uses a belt and pulley drive system which is suitable for accelerated movements. In the system software, 3D Printing Software Pipeline (input model, orientation and positioning, support structures, slicing, path planning, machine instructions) is applied. The control algorithms for extruder and step motors are prepared as separate function files in software implemented in C. It has been observed that the designed software is particularly successful in eliminating errors on the surface of the products.  

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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Author: Aytaç ALTAN

Author: Rıfat HACIOĞLU (Primary Author)

Dates

Publication Date : September 1, 2018

Bibtex @research article { politeknik391790, journal = {Politeknik Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2147-9429}, address = {Gazi Üniversitesi Teknoloji Fakültesi 06500 Teknikokullar - ANKARA}, publisher = {Gazi University}, year = {2018}, volume = {21}, pages = {559 - 564}, doi = {10.2339/politeknik.391790}, title = {The Algorithm Development and Implementation for 3D Printers based on Adaptive PID Controller}, key = {cite}, author = {ALTAN, Aytaç and HACIOĞLU, Rıfat} }
APA ALTAN, A , HACIOĞLU, R . (2018). The Algorithm Development and Implementation for 3D Printers based on Adaptive PID Controller. Politeknik Dergisi , 21 (3) , 559-564 . DOI: 10.2339/politeknik.391790
MLA ALTAN, A , HACIOĞLU, R . "The Algorithm Development and Implementation for 3D Printers based on Adaptive PID Controller". Politeknik Dergisi 21 (2018 ): 559-564 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/politeknik/issue/38733/391790>
Chicago ALTAN, A , HACIOĞLU, R . "The Algorithm Development and Implementation for 3D Printers based on Adaptive PID Controller". Politeknik Dergisi 21 (2018 ): 559-564
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Algorithm Development and Implementation for 3D Printers based on Adaptive PID Controller AU - Aytaç ALTAN , Rıfat HACIOĞLU Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.2339/politeknik.391790 DO - 10.2339/politeknik.391790 T2 - Politeknik Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 559 EP - 564 VL - 21 IS - 3 SN - -2147-9429 M3 - doi: 10.2339/politeknik.391790 UR - https://doi.org/10.2339/politeknik.391790 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Politeknik Dergisi The Algorithm Development and Implementation for 3D Printers based on Adaptive PID Controller %A Aytaç ALTAN , Rıfat HACIOĞLU %T The Algorithm Development and Implementation for 3D Printers based on Adaptive PID Controller %D 2018 %J Politeknik Dergisi %P -2147-9429 %V 21 %N 3 %R doi: 10.2339/politeknik.391790 %U 10.2339/politeknik.391790
ISNAD ALTAN, Aytaç , HACIOĞLU, Rıfat . "The Algorithm Development and Implementation for 3D Printers based on Adaptive PID Controller". Politeknik Dergisi 21 / 3 (September 2018): 559-564 . https://doi.org/10.2339/politeknik.391790
AMA ALTAN A , HACIOĞLU R . The Algorithm Development and Implementation for 3D Printers based on Adaptive PID Controller. Politeknik Dergisi. 2018; 21(3): 559-564.
Vancouver ALTAN A , HACIOĞLU R . The Algorithm Development and Implementation for 3D Printers based on Adaptive PID Controller. Politeknik Dergisi. 2018; 21(3): 564-559.