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Bebek Masajı ve Kullanılan Masaj Yağları: Güvenli mi?

Year 2022, Volume 10, Issue 1, 32 - 37, 15.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.21765/pprjournal.1030271

Abstract

Masaj uygulaması iyi bir anne-bebek bağı oluşturması, morbiditeyi önlemeye katkı vermesi ve bebeğin daha iyi fiziksel gelişimini sağlaması nedeni ile bebek bakımında yıllardır kullanılmaktadır. Masaj yapılan yenidoğanlarda bebek yağı masajının birden fazla faydası olduğu gösterilmiştir. Ancak son buna rağmen araştırmalar, tüm yağların bebek masajı için her zaman uygun olmadığından da söz etmektedir. Bu makale de amaç, hala cildi tam olarak gelişmemiş yenidoğanın olgunlaşma süreci içerisinde cilt özelliklerini ve işlevlerini etkileyebilen, yağ masajının faydalarını, yağların olabilecek etkilerini açıklayan çalışmaları tartışmaktır. Yenidoğan cilt bakımında veya masajda doğal olarak kullanılacak her şeyin çocukları için iyi veya güvenli olmadığını, masaj için belirli bir bitkisel yağ tercih edilmeden ya da kullanılmadan önce bitkisel yağların özelliklerinin bilinmesinin önemini, profesyoneller ve ebeveynlerin rolünü kısaca gözden geçirmektedir. Makale, farklı bitkisel yağların preterm ve term bebeklerin masajında kullanımları, etkileri hakkında güncel bilgiler sunmaktadır. Yapılan çalışmalar, yenidoğanlarda bebeklere masaj sırasında hangi bitkisel yağın daha etkin ve güvenli olduğuna daha net bir şekilde yanıt verebilmek için daha fazla çalışmaya ihtiyaç olduğunu göstermektedir.

References

  • 1. Graven SN, Browne J V. Visual Development in the Human Fetus, Infant, and Young Child. Newborn Infant Nurs. Rev. 2008;8(4):194–201.
  • 2. Field T, Diego M, Hernandez-Reif M. Preterm infant massage therapy research: A review. Infant Behav. Dev. 2010;33(2):115–124.
  • 3. Field T. Newborn Massage Therapy. Int. J. Pediatr. Neonatal Heal. 2017;1(2):54–64.
  • 4. Juneau AL, Aita M, Héon M. Review and Critical Analysis of Massage Studies for Term and Preterm Infants. Neonatal Netw. 2015;34(3):165–177.
  • 5. Harrison LL. The use of comforting touch and massage to reduce stress for preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. Newborn Infant Nurs. Rev. 2001;1(4):235–241.
  • 6. Vickers A, Ohlsson A, Lacy J, Horsley A. Massage for promoting growth and development of preterm and/or low birth-weight infants. Cochrane Database Syst. Rev. 2004;2004(2). doi:10.1002/14651858.CD000390.pub2.
  • 7. Field T. Pediatric Massage Therapy Research: A Narrative Review. Children 2019;6(6):78.
  • 8. Pepino VC, Mezzacappa MA. Application of tactile/kinesthetic stimulation in preterm infants: a systematic review. J. Pediatr. (Rio. J). 2015;91(3):213–233.
  • 9. Güleşen A, Yıldız D. Investigation of Maternal-Infant Attachment in The Early Postpartum Period With Evidence Based Practice. TAF Prev Med Bull 2013;12(2):177–182.
  • 10. Sarıkaya Karabudak S, Öztürk C. Annelerin Uyguladığı Masajın Prematüre ve Düşük Doğum Ağırlıklı Bebeklerin Büyüme Gelişmesine Etkisi. Ege Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi Derg. 2008;24(1):27–42.
  • 11. Field T, Diego M, Hernandez-Reif M vd. Insulin and Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 Increased in Preterm Neonates Following Massage Therapy. J. Dev. Behav. Pediatr. 2008;29(6):463–466.
  • 12. Field T, Diego MA, Hernandez-Reif M, Deeds O, Figuereido B. Moderate versus light pressure massage therapy leads to greater weight gain in preterm infants. Infant Behav. Dev. 2006;29(4):574–578.
  • 13. Ferber SG, Feldman R, Kohelet D vd. Massage therapy facilitates mother–infant interaction in premature infants. Infant Behav. Dev. 2005;28(1):74–81.
  • 14. Chen J, Sadakata M, Ishida M, Sekizuka N, Sayama M. Baby Massage Ameliorates Neonatal Jaundice in Full-Term Newborn Infants. Tohoku J. Exp. Med. 2011;223(2):97–102.
  • 15. Li X, Zhang Y, Li W. Kangaroo mother care could significantly reduce the duration of phototherapy for babies with jaundice. Int J Clin Exp Med 2017;10(1):1690–1695.
  • 16. Abdallah B, Badr LK, Hawwari M. The efficacy of massage on short and long term outcomes in preterm infants. Infant Behav. Dev. 2013;36(4):662–669.
  • 17. Karbasi SA, Golestan M, Fallah R, Golshan M, Dehghan Z. Effect of body massage on increase of low birth weight neonates growth parameters: A randomized clinical trial. Int. J. Reprod. Biomed. 2013;11(7):583–588.
  • 18. Kumar J, Upadhyay A, Dwivedi AK vd. Effect of Oil Massage on Growth in Preterm Neonates Less than 1800 g: A Randomized Control Trial. Indian J. Pediatr. 2013;80(6):465–469.
  • 19. Arora J, Kumar A, Ramji S. Effect of Oil Massage on Growth and Neurobehavior in Very Low Birth Weight Preterm Neonates. INDIAN Pediatr. 1092 2005;42(17):1092–1100.
  • 20. Özdemir S, Yıldız S. The Effects of Massage on theWeight Gain of Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review. J. Tradit. Med. Complement. Ther. 2019;2(1):33–41.
  • 21. Agarwal KN, Gupta A, Pushkarna R vd. Effects of massage & use of oil on growth, blood flow & sleep pattern in infants. Indian J. Med. Res. 2000;112:212–7.
  • 22. Aziznejadroshan P, Zahed Pasha Y, Hajiahmadi M. Comparison of the Effect of Massage with Coconut Oil and Sunflower Oil on the Growth of Premature Infants. J. Babol Univ. Med. Sci. 2020;22(1):119–125.
  • 23. Fallah R, Akhavan Karbasi S, Golestan M, Fromandi M. Sunflower oil versus no oil moderate pressure massage leads to greater increases in weight in preterm neonates who are low birth weight. Early Hum. Dev. 2013;89(9):769–772.
  • 24. Jabraeile M, Rasooly A, Farshi M, Malakouti J. Effect of olive oil massage on weight gain in preterm infants: A randomized controlled clinical trial. Niger. Med. J. 2016;57(3):160.
  • 25. Taheri PA, Goudarzi Z, Shariat M, Nariman S, Matin EN. The effect of a short course of moderate pressure sunflower oil massage on the weight gain velocity and length of NICU stay in preterm infants. Infant Behav. Dev. 2018;50:22–27.
  • 26. Valizadeh S, Hosseini MB, Asghari Jafarabadi M, Ajoodanian N. The effects of massage with coconut and sunflower oils on oxygen saturation of premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome treated with nasal continuous positive airway pressure. J. caring Sci. 2012;1(4):191–199.
  • 27. Mullany LC, Darmstadt GL, Khatry SK, Tielsch JM. Traditional Massage of Newborns in Nepal: Implications for Trials of Improved Practice. J. Trop. Pediatr. 2005;51(2):82–86. 28. Livia OM, Mihai O. The best vegetable oil for preterm and infant massage. JURNALUL PEDIATRULUI 2017;20:9–17.
  • 29. Demott K, Bick D, Norman R, Ritchie G, Turnbull N, Adams C, Barry C, Byrom S, Elliman D, Marchant S, Mccandlish R, Mellows H, Neale C, Parkar M, Tait P TC. Clinical Guidelines And Evidence Review For Post Natal Care: Routine Post Natal Care Of Recently Delivered Women And Their Babies. London: National Collaborating Centre For Primary Care And Royal College Of General Practitioners.; 2006. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK55925/.
  • 30. Oranges T, Dini V, Romanelli M. Skin Physiology of the Neonate and Infant: Clinical Implications. Adv. Wound Care 2015;4(10):587–595.
  • 31. Madhu R, Vijayabhaskar C, Anandan V vd. Indian Academy of Pediatrics Guidelines for Pediatric Skin Care. Indian Pediatr. 2021;58(2):153–161.
  • 32. Evangelista MTP, Abad-Casintahan F, Lopez-Villafuerte L. The effect of topical virgin coconut oil on SCORAD index, transepidermal water loss, and skin capacitance in mild to moderate pediatric atopic dermatitis: a randomized, double-blind, clinical trial. Int. J. Dermatol. 2014;53(1):100–108.
  • 33. Vaughn AR, Clark AK, Sivamani RK, Shi VY. Natural Oils for Skin-Barrier Repair: Ancient Compounds Now Backed by Modern Science. Am. J. Clin. Dermatol. 2018;19(1):103–117.
  • 34. Summers A, Visscher MO, Khatry SK vd. Impact of sunflower seed oil versus mustard seed oil on skin barrier function in newborns: a community-based, cluster-randomized trial. BMC Pediatr. 2019;19(1):512.
  • 35. Ahmed ASMNU, Saha SK, Chowdhury MAKA vd. Acceptability of massage with skin barrier-enhancing emollients in young neonates in Bangladesh. J Heal. Popul Nutr 2007;25(2):236–40.
  • 36. Ali B, Al-Wabel NA, Shams S vd. Essential oils used in aromatherapy: A systemic review. Asian Pac. J. Trop. Biomed. 2015;5(8):601–611.
  • 37. de Meza T. Should we use olive oil or sunflower oil on a preterm infant’s skin? Infant 2013;9(5):170–72.
  • 38. Arıca V, Arıca S, Tutanç M vd. Convulsion in infants as a result of oral use of garden sage. Turkish Arch. Pediatr. 2012;47(1):67–68.
  • 39. Facon D, Coumbaras J, Bigot E vd. Acute hydrocarbon pneumonia after white spirit aspiration: sequential HRCT findings. Eur. Radiol. 2005;15(1):31–33.
  • 40. Halicioglu O, Astarcioglu G, Yaprak I, Aydinlioglu H. Toxicity of Salvia officinalis in a Newborn and a Child: An Alarming Report. Pediatr. Neurol. 2011;45(4):259–260.
  • 41. Harmancı K, Eren M, Koçak AK, İpar N, Şahin S. Elma yağının yanlış kullanımına bağlı gelişen kimyasal pnömonili bir olgu. Astım Allerji İmmünoloji 2011;9(2):101–104.
  • 42. Lamour C, Bouchaud C, Doré P, D’Arlhac M, Bodin J. Pneumonitis caused by hydrocarbon inhalation. Rev. Mal. Respir. 2003;20(6 Pt 1):959–64.
  • 43. Michalak M. Aromatherapy and methods of applying essential oils. Arch Physiother Glob Res 2018a;22(2):25–31.
  • 44. Michalak M. The use of carrier oils in aromatherapy massage and their effect on skin. Arch Physiother Glob Res 2018b;22(3):23–31.
  • 45. Rawlings A V., Lombard KJ. A review on the extensive skin benefits of mineral oil. Int. J. Cosmet. Sci. 2012;34(6):511–518.
  • 46. Sankaranarayanan K, Mondkar JA, Chauhan MM vd. Oil Massage in Neonates: An Open Randomized Controlled Study of Coconut versus Mineral Oil. Indian Pediatr. 2005;42(17):877–884.
  • 47. Cooke A, Cork MJ, Danby S, Lavender T. Use of oil for baby skincare: A survey of UK maternity and neonatal units. Br. J. Midwifery 2011;19(6):354–362.
  • 48. Cooke A, Cork M, Victor S vd. Olive Oil, Sunflower Oil or no Oil for Baby Dry Skin or Massage: A Pilot, Assessor-blinded, Randomized Controlled Trial (the Oil in Baby SkincaRE [OBSeRvE] Study). Acta Derm. Venereol. 2016;96(3):323–330.
  • 49. Evangelin Sally, SJ. Effectiveness of Coconut Oil Massage on Weight Gain among Low Birth Weight Newborns IJIRMS 2017;2 (3):630634. DOI: 10.23958/ijirms/vol02-i03/11
  • 50. Ghosh D, Mani S, Datta P. Use of Coconut Oil Massage versus Olive Oil Massage on Selected Physical and Physiological Parameters among Low Birth Weight Newborns in Selected Hospitals, in West Bengal. Indones. J. Glob. Heal. Res. 2020;2(4):401–410.
  • 51. Khatun N, Islam K, Das K. Outcome of coconut oil massage in newborns. J. Neonatal Nurs. 2021. doi:10.1016/j.jnn.2021.08.005.
  • 52. Michalak M, Glinka R. Plant oils in cosmetology and dermatology. Pol J Cosmetol 2018;21(1):2–9.
  • 53. Shivananda Nayak B, Dan Ramdath D, Marshall JR vd. Wound-healing Properties of the Oils of Vitis vinifera and Vaccinium macrocarpon. Phyther. Res. 2011;25(8):1201–1208.

Baby Massage and Massage Oils: Are they safe?

Year 2022, Volume 10, Issue 1, 32 - 37, 15.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.21765/pprjournal.1030271

Abstract

Massage has been practiced in infant care for many years since it creates a good mother-infant bond, contributes to the prevention of morbidity, and provides better physical development. Baby oil massage has been shown to have several benefits in neonates. However, recent studies have reported that not all oils are appropriate for baby massage. This study was conducted to discuss the results of studies on the benefits of oil massage, which can affect skin properties and functions during the maturation process of the neonate whose skin has still not fully developed, and the possible effects of oils. In the study, it was also aimed to briefly review the safety of oils to be used in neonate skincare or massage, the importance of knowing the properties of herbal oils before choosing or using a particular one for a massage, and the role of professionals and parents. Moreover, up-to-date information on the use and effects of different herbal oils on the massage of preterm and term babies was provided. Studies show that more research is needed to clearly answer which herbal oil is more effective and safer for infant massage.

References

  • 1. Graven SN, Browne J V. Visual Development in the Human Fetus, Infant, and Young Child. Newborn Infant Nurs. Rev. 2008;8(4):194–201.
  • 2. Field T, Diego M, Hernandez-Reif M. Preterm infant massage therapy research: A review. Infant Behav. Dev. 2010;33(2):115–124.
  • 3. Field T. Newborn Massage Therapy. Int. J. Pediatr. Neonatal Heal. 2017;1(2):54–64.
  • 4. Juneau AL, Aita M, Héon M. Review and Critical Analysis of Massage Studies for Term and Preterm Infants. Neonatal Netw. 2015;34(3):165–177.
  • 5. Harrison LL. The use of comforting touch and massage to reduce stress for preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. Newborn Infant Nurs. Rev. 2001;1(4):235–241.
  • 6. Vickers A, Ohlsson A, Lacy J, Horsley A. Massage for promoting growth and development of preterm and/or low birth-weight infants. Cochrane Database Syst. Rev. 2004;2004(2). doi:10.1002/14651858.CD000390.pub2.
  • 7. Field T. Pediatric Massage Therapy Research: A Narrative Review. Children 2019;6(6):78.
  • 8. Pepino VC, Mezzacappa MA. Application of tactile/kinesthetic stimulation in preterm infants: a systematic review. J. Pediatr. (Rio. J). 2015;91(3):213–233.
  • 9. Güleşen A, Yıldız D. Investigation of Maternal-Infant Attachment in The Early Postpartum Period With Evidence Based Practice. TAF Prev Med Bull 2013;12(2):177–182.
  • 10. Sarıkaya Karabudak S, Öztürk C. Annelerin Uyguladığı Masajın Prematüre ve Düşük Doğum Ağırlıklı Bebeklerin Büyüme Gelişmesine Etkisi. Ege Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi Derg. 2008;24(1):27–42.
  • 11. Field T, Diego M, Hernandez-Reif M vd. Insulin and Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 Increased in Preterm Neonates Following Massage Therapy. J. Dev. Behav. Pediatr. 2008;29(6):463–466.
  • 12. Field T, Diego MA, Hernandez-Reif M, Deeds O, Figuereido B. Moderate versus light pressure massage therapy leads to greater weight gain in preterm infants. Infant Behav. Dev. 2006;29(4):574–578.
  • 13. Ferber SG, Feldman R, Kohelet D vd. Massage therapy facilitates mother–infant interaction in premature infants. Infant Behav. Dev. 2005;28(1):74–81.
  • 14. Chen J, Sadakata M, Ishida M, Sekizuka N, Sayama M. Baby Massage Ameliorates Neonatal Jaundice in Full-Term Newborn Infants. Tohoku J. Exp. Med. 2011;223(2):97–102.
  • 15. Li X, Zhang Y, Li W. Kangaroo mother care could significantly reduce the duration of phototherapy for babies with jaundice. Int J Clin Exp Med 2017;10(1):1690–1695.
  • 16. Abdallah B, Badr LK, Hawwari M. The efficacy of massage on short and long term outcomes in preterm infants. Infant Behav. Dev. 2013;36(4):662–669.
  • 17. Karbasi SA, Golestan M, Fallah R, Golshan M, Dehghan Z. Effect of body massage on increase of low birth weight neonates growth parameters: A randomized clinical trial. Int. J. Reprod. Biomed. 2013;11(7):583–588.
  • 18. Kumar J, Upadhyay A, Dwivedi AK vd. Effect of Oil Massage on Growth in Preterm Neonates Less than 1800 g: A Randomized Control Trial. Indian J. Pediatr. 2013;80(6):465–469.
  • 19. Arora J, Kumar A, Ramji S. Effect of Oil Massage on Growth and Neurobehavior in Very Low Birth Weight Preterm Neonates. INDIAN Pediatr. 1092 2005;42(17):1092–1100.
  • 20. Özdemir S, Yıldız S. The Effects of Massage on theWeight Gain of Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review. J. Tradit. Med. Complement. Ther. 2019;2(1):33–41.
  • 21. Agarwal KN, Gupta A, Pushkarna R vd. Effects of massage & use of oil on growth, blood flow & sleep pattern in infants. Indian J. Med. Res. 2000;112:212–7.
  • 22. Aziznejadroshan P, Zahed Pasha Y, Hajiahmadi M. Comparison of the Effect of Massage with Coconut Oil and Sunflower Oil on the Growth of Premature Infants. J. Babol Univ. Med. Sci. 2020;22(1):119–125.
  • 23. Fallah R, Akhavan Karbasi S, Golestan M, Fromandi M. Sunflower oil versus no oil moderate pressure massage leads to greater increases in weight in preterm neonates who are low birth weight. Early Hum. Dev. 2013;89(9):769–772.
  • 24. Jabraeile M, Rasooly A, Farshi M, Malakouti J. Effect of olive oil massage on weight gain in preterm infants: A randomized controlled clinical trial. Niger. Med. J. 2016;57(3):160.
  • 25. Taheri PA, Goudarzi Z, Shariat M, Nariman S, Matin EN. The effect of a short course of moderate pressure sunflower oil massage on the weight gain velocity and length of NICU stay in preterm infants. Infant Behav. Dev. 2018;50:22–27.
  • 26. Valizadeh S, Hosseini MB, Asghari Jafarabadi M, Ajoodanian N. The effects of massage with coconut and sunflower oils on oxygen saturation of premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome treated with nasal continuous positive airway pressure. J. caring Sci. 2012;1(4):191–199.
  • 27. Mullany LC, Darmstadt GL, Khatry SK, Tielsch JM. Traditional Massage of Newborns in Nepal: Implications for Trials of Improved Practice. J. Trop. Pediatr. 2005;51(2):82–86. 28. Livia OM, Mihai O. The best vegetable oil for preterm and infant massage. JURNALUL PEDIATRULUI 2017;20:9–17.
  • 29. Demott K, Bick D, Norman R, Ritchie G, Turnbull N, Adams C, Barry C, Byrom S, Elliman D, Marchant S, Mccandlish R, Mellows H, Neale C, Parkar M, Tait P TC. Clinical Guidelines And Evidence Review For Post Natal Care: Routine Post Natal Care Of Recently Delivered Women And Their Babies. London: National Collaborating Centre For Primary Care And Royal College Of General Practitioners.; 2006. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK55925/.
  • 30. Oranges T, Dini V, Romanelli M. Skin Physiology of the Neonate and Infant: Clinical Implications. Adv. Wound Care 2015;4(10):587–595.
  • 31. Madhu R, Vijayabhaskar C, Anandan V vd. Indian Academy of Pediatrics Guidelines for Pediatric Skin Care. Indian Pediatr. 2021;58(2):153–161.
  • 32. Evangelista MTP, Abad-Casintahan F, Lopez-Villafuerte L. The effect of topical virgin coconut oil on SCORAD index, transepidermal water loss, and skin capacitance in mild to moderate pediatric atopic dermatitis: a randomized, double-blind, clinical trial. Int. J. Dermatol. 2014;53(1):100–108.
  • 33. Vaughn AR, Clark AK, Sivamani RK, Shi VY. Natural Oils for Skin-Barrier Repair: Ancient Compounds Now Backed by Modern Science. Am. J. Clin. Dermatol. 2018;19(1):103–117.
  • 34. Summers A, Visscher MO, Khatry SK vd. Impact of sunflower seed oil versus mustard seed oil on skin barrier function in newborns: a community-based, cluster-randomized trial. BMC Pediatr. 2019;19(1):512.
  • 35. Ahmed ASMNU, Saha SK, Chowdhury MAKA vd. Acceptability of massage with skin barrier-enhancing emollients in young neonates in Bangladesh. J Heal. Popul Nutr 2007;25(2):236–40.
  • 36. Ali B, Al-Wabel NA, Shams S vd. Essential oils used in aromatherapy: A systemic review. Asian Pac. J. Trop. Biomed. 2015;5(8):601–611.
  • 37. de Meza T. Should we use olive oil or sunflower oil on a preterm infant’s skin? Infant 2013;9(5):170–72.
  • 38. Arıca V, Arıca S, Tutanç M vd. Convulsion in infants as a result of oral use of garden sage. Turkish Arch. Pediatr. 2012;47(1):67–68.
  • 39. Facon D, Coumbaras J, Bigot E vd. Acute hydrocarbon pneumonia after white spirit aspiration: sequential HRCT findings. Eur. Radiol. 2005;15(1):31–33.
  • 40. Halicioglu O, Astarcioglu G, Yaprak I, Aydinlioglu H. Toxicity of Salvia officinalis in a Newborn and a Child: An Alarming Report. Pediatr. Neurol. 2011;45(4):259–260.
  • 41. Harmancı K, Eren M, Koçak AK, İpar N, Şahin S. Elma yağının yanlış kullanımına bağlı gelişen kimyasal pnömonili bir olgu. Astım Allerji İmmünoloji 2011;9(2):101–104.
  • 42. Lamour C, Bouchaud C, Doré P, D’Arlhac M, Bodin J. Pneumonitis caused by hydrocarbon inhalation. Rev. Mal. Respir. 2003;20(6 Pt 1):959–64.
  • 43. Michalak M. Aromatherapy and methods of applying essential oils. Arch Physiother Glob Res 2018a;22(2):25–31.
  • 44. Michalak M. The use of carrier oils in aromatherapy massage and their effect on skin. Arch Physiother Glob Res 2018b;22(3):23–31.
  • 45. Rawlings A V., Lombard KJ. A review on the extensive skin benefits of mineral oil. Int. J. Cosmet. Sci. 2012;34(6):511–518.
  • 46. Sankaranarayanan K, Mondkar JA, Chauhan MM vd. Oil Massage in Neonates: An Open Randomized Controlled Study of Coconut versus Mineral Oil. Indian Pediatr. 2005;42(17):877–884.
  • 47. Cooke A, Cork MJ, Danby S, Lavender T. Use of oil for baby skincare: A survey of UK maternity and neonatal units. Br. J. Midwifery 2011;19(6):354–362.
  • 48. Cooke A, Cork M, Victor S vd. Olive Oil, Sunflower Oil or no Oil for Baby Dry Skin or Massage: A Pilot, Assessor-blinded, Randomized Controlled Trial (the Oil in Baby SkincaRE [OBSeRvE] Study). Acta Derm. Venereol. 2016;96(3):323–330.
  • 49. Evangelin Sally, SJ. Effectiveness of Coconut Oil Massage on Weight Gain among Low Birth Weight Newborns IJIRMS 2017;2 (3):630634. DOI: 10.23958/ijirms/vol02-i03/11
  • 50. Ghosh D, Mani S, Datta P. Use of Coconut Oil Massage versus Olive Oil Massage on Selected Physical and Physiological Parameters among Low Birth Weight Newborns in Selected Hospitals, in West Bengal. Indones. J. Glob. Heal. Res. 2020;2(4):401–410.
  • 51. Khatun N, Islam K, Das K. Outcome of coconut oil massage in newborns. J. Neonatal Nurs. 2021. doi:10.1016/j.jnn.2021.08.005.
  • 52. Michalak M, Glinka R. Plant oils in cosmetology and dermatology. Pol J Cosmetol 2018;21(1):2–9.
  • 53. Shivananda Nayak B, Dan Ramdath D, Marshall JR vd. Wound-healing Properties of the Oils of Vitis vinifera and Vaccinium macrocarpon. Phyther. Res. 2011;25(8):1201–1208.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Reviews
Authors

Özgür ALPARSLAN (Primary Author)
TOKAT Gaziosmanpaşa Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Ebelik Bölümü
0000-0002-2264-2886
Türkiye

Publication Date March 15, 2022
Acceptance Date March 8, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 10, Issue 1

Cite

Vancouver Alparslan Ö. Baby Massage and Massage Oils: Are they safe?. Pediatric Practice and Research. 2022; 10(1): 32-37.