Research Article
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The effect of eating behaviors and sleeping habits of children aged 6-12 on obesity

Year 2023, Volume: 11 Issue: 1, 13 - 19, 29.03.2023
https://doi.org/10.21765/pprjournal.1244508

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of eating behaviors and sleeping habits of children aged 6-12 years on obesity.

Material and Metod: The data required for the research were collected online between 21 May 2022 and 15 July 2022. The study group of the research consisted of children aged 6-12 years. In data collection, online survey method, socio-demographic data collection form, three-factor eating scale, child sleep habits questionnaire (CHA) were used from 220 children aged 6-12 years who had parental consent, participated voluntarily, and were selected by convenience sampling method, one of the improbable sampling methods. SPSS 26.0 data analysis program was used in the statistical analysis of the data obtained in the study, and t-test and one-way Anova test and regression were used to examine the effects of children's eating behaviors and sleeping habits on obesity.

Result: In the study, it was revealed that children's sleep habits and uncontrolled eating, cognitive restriction, emotional eating behaviors were similar to each other according to age groups, gender, education level, night sleep interval, total sleeping time. It has been stated that children are at risk of obesity depending on the degree of eating behavior and sleeping habits of children.

Conclusion: It is recommended to conduct studies on the effects of eating behaviors and sleeping habits of children aged 6-12 on obesity.

References

  • 1. WHO. Obesity. http://www.who.int/topics/obesity/en/, 2021.
  • 2. Gebrie, A., Alebel, A., Zegeye, A., Tesfaye, B., & Ferede, A. Prevalence and associated factors of overweight/ obesity among children and adolescents in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Obes. 2018: 5-19. doi:10.1186/s40608-018-0198-0.
  • 3. WHO.Obesity-and-overweight.https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity- andoverweight).2016.
  • 4. TURKSTAT. Turkey Health Survey. https://data.tuik.gov.tr/Bulten/Index?p=Turkiye-Saglik-Arastirmasi-(2019) (33661).
  • 5. 5. Turkey Nutrition and Health Survey https://hsgm.saglik.gov.tr/depo/units/healthbaby-mobil-life-db/Publication/book/Tbsa_Report_Book_20.08.pdf, 2017.
  • 6. Turkey Nutrition Guide.https://hsgm.saglik.gov.tr/depo/units/healthbaby-energetic-life-db/Turkey_ Feed_Guide_Tuber_18_04_2019.pdf, 2015.
  • 7. Öncel, S., Akcan A., Meydanlıoğlu, A. Health promotion and disease prevention. In S. My Eye (Ed.), Improving the Health of Children in School Period (pp.187-253). 2016. Visa Publishing.
  • 8. Turkey Nutrition and Health Survey.https://hsgm.saglik.gov.tr/depo/units/healthbaby-energetic-life-db/Turkey_ Feed_Guide_Tuber_18_04_2019.pdf .2010.
  • 9. Yılmazbaş, P., Gökçay, G. Childhood obesity and its prevention. J. of Child. 2018;18(3): 103-112. doi:10.5222/j.child.2018.59389.
  • 10. Chen X, Beydoun M.A, Wang Y. Is sleep duration associated with childhood obesity? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Obes. 2008;16:265.
  • 11. Harrex, H. A., Skeaff, S. A., Black, K. E., Davison, B. K., Haszard, J. J., Meredith‐Jones, K., kidmore, P. M. Sleep timing is associated with diet and physical activity levels in 9–11‐year‐old children from Dunedin, New Zealand: the PEDALS study. J Sleep Res. 2018; 27(4):12634.
  • 12. Den Wittenboer, V. Time in bed, quality of sleep and school functioning of children. J Sleep Res. 2000;9(2): -145-153.
  • 13. Tolaymat, A., Liu, Z. Sleep disorders in childhood neurological diseases. Child. 2017; 4(10):84.
  • 14. Kjeldsen, J. S., Hjorth, M. F., Andersen, R., Michaelsen, K. F., Tetens, I., Astrup, A., Sjödin, A. Shortsleep duration and large variability in sleep duration are independently associated with dietary risk factors for obesity in Danish school children. Int. J. of Obes. 2014; 38(1):32-39.
  • 15. Crispim, C. A., Zimberg, I. Z., dos Reis, B. G., Diniz, R. M., Tufik, S., & de Mello, M. T. Relationship between food intake and sleep pattern in healthy individuals. J. of Clin. Sleep Medi. 2011;7(6):659-664.
  • 16. Bryant, E. J., Thivel, D., Chaput, J. P., Drapeau, V., Blundell, J. E., & King, N. A. Development and validation of the child three-factor eating questionnaire (CTFEQr17). Pub. Health Nut. 2018;21(14):2558-2567.
  • 17. Demir, D., Bektaş, M., Bektaş, İ., Demir, Ş., & Bryant, E. J. Psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Child Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire for primary and secondary school students. Pub. Health Nut. 2021;24(3):427-435.
  • 18. Owens, J. A., Spirito, A., McGuinn, M. (2000). The Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ): psychometric properties of a survey instrument for school-aged children. Sleep-New. 2000; 23(8):1043-1052.
  • 19. Fis NP, Arman A, Ay P. Turkish validity and reliability of the Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire. Anatolian J of Psyc. 2010;11(2):151-160.
  • 20. Aksoy, A., Oğur, S., & Aksoy Kendilci, E. The approach of parents with obese children to obesity and their children in Bitlis Province. Bitlis Eren University J of Sci. 2016; 5(2):210-24.
  • 21. Bozbulut, R., Keser, A., Sürücüoğlu, M., & Bı̇decı̇, A. The relationship between the nutritional status of school-age children and some biochemical parameters. Gumushane University J of Health Sci. 2018;7(1):40-53.
  • 22. T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı, Birinci basamak hekimler için obezite ile mücadele el kitabı. ISBN :978-975-590-458-0 Health Ministy. 2013;Yayın No : 904.
  • 23. Tola HT, Akyol P, Eren E, Dündar N ve ark. Isparta’daki Çocuk ve Adölesanlarda Obezite Sıklıgı ve Obeziteyi Etkileyen Faktörler. 2007. http://www.logos.com.tr/tr/p-cocuk022007.asp.
  • 24. Önal, Z., Adal, E. Childhood obesity. Okmeydani Med. J. 2014;30(1):39-44.
  • 25. T.R. Ministry of Health General Directorate of Health Research, Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital "Turkey Nutrition and Health Survey (2010): Evaluation of nutritional status and habits final report", Ankara.
  • 26. Remmers, T., Grieken, van A., Renders, M. C., Hirasing, A. R., Broeren, ML. S., Raat, H.‘’ Correlates of Parental Misperception of Their Child’s Weight Status: The ‘Be Active, Eat Right’ Study’’, PLoS One. 2014;9(2).
  • 27. Carnell, S., Wardle, J. ‘’Appetite and adiposity in children: evidence for a behavioral susceptibility theory of obesity’’, The American J of Clin. Nut. 2008;88(1):22-29.
  • 28. Webber, L., Hill, C., Saxton, J., Van Jaarsveld, C. H. M., Wardle, J.‘’Eating behaviour and weight in children’’, Int J of Obes. 2009;33(1):21-28.
  • 29. Styne, DM. Childhood and adolescent obesity: prevalence and significance. Ped Clin of North America. 2001;48(4):823-854.
  • 30. Süzek H, Arı Z, Uyanık B.A. The prevalence of overweight and obesity in school children aged 6-15 living in Muğla. Turkish J of Bio. 2005;30(4):290-295.
  • 31. Önal, S., Özdemir, A., Meşe, C., Özer, K. B. ‘’ Evaluation of the prevalence of malnutrition and obesity in preschool children: Ankara case”, DTCF J. 2016:210-225.
  • 32. Ekstedt, M., Nyberg, G., Ingre, M., Ekblom, Ö., Marcus, C. Sleep, physical activity and BMI in six to ten- year-old children measured by accelerometry: a cross-sectional study. Int J of Beh. Nutri Phys Activity. 2013;10(1):1-10.
  • 33. Hermassi, S., Hayes, L. D., Bragazzi, N. L., Schwesig, R. Physical fitness and academic performance in normal weight, overweight, and obese schoolchild handball players in Qatar: A pilot study. Frontiers in Psyc. 2021;11:616671. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.616671.
  • 34. Moon, R.C. The associations between childhood obesity, academic performance, and perception of teachers: From kindergarten to fifth grade. Child Obes (Print). 2020;16(6):403–411. doi:10.1089/chi.2019.0330.
  • 35. Kutluk, G., Ertem, D., Pehlivanoğlu, E. ‘'An important nutritional problem in infants and children:Anorexia'', Clin Pediatr. 2008;4(3):32-36.
  • 36. Camcı, N. ‘’Çocuk besleme anketi'nin (Child Feeding Questionnaire CFQ) determination of validity and reliability and its application to Turkish parents'', Baskent University Health Sciences Institute Master's Thesis. 2010;Ankara.doi:10.5222/Otd.Supp1.2014.039.
  • 37. Ek, A., Sorjonen, K., Eli, K., Lindberg, L., Nyman, J., Marcus, C., Nowicka, P., ‘’Associations between parental concerns about preschoolers weight and eating and parental feeding practices: results from analyses of the Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire, the child feeding questionnaire, and the lifestyle behavior checklist”, PloS one. 2016; 11.
  • 38. Jiang, F., Zhu, S., Yan, C., Jin, X., Bandla, H.,and Shen, X. Sleep and Obesity in Preschool Children. J Pediatr. 2009;154:814–8.
  • 39. Mohammadi, S. and Kazemzadeh, M. Sleep Problems among Pre-School Children in Hamadan, Iran. Sleep Med Dis Int J. 2017;1(2):00006.
  • 40. 29. Bolijn, R., Gubbels, J.S., Sleddens, E.F., Kremers, S.P.,and Thijs, C. Daytime Sleep Duration and The Development of Childhood Ooverweight: The KOALA Birth Cohort Study. Pediatr Obes. 2016;11(5):1-5.
  • 41. Grandner, M. A., Jackson, N., Gerstner, J. R., Knutson, K.L. Sleep symptoms associated with intake of specific dietary nutrients. J Sleep Res. 2014 Feb;23(1):22-34.

6-12 Yaş Çocukların Yeme Davranışları ve Uyku Alışkanlıklarının Obezite Üzerindeki Etkisi

Year 2023, Volume: 11 Issue: 1, 13 - 19, 29.03.2023
https://doi.org/10.21765/pprjournal.1244508

Abstract

Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, 6-12 yaş arası çocukların yeme davranışları ve uyku alışkanlıklarının obezite üzerindeki etkilerini belirlemektir.

Gereç ve Yöntem: Araştırma için gerekli olan veriler 21 Mayıs 2022 – 15 Temmuz 2022 tarihleri arasında çevrimiçi olarak toplanmıştır. Araştırmanın çalışma grubunu 6-12 yaş arası çocuklar oluşturmaktadır. Veri toplamada, ebeveynleri tarafından gönüllü olarak katılan ve aileleri tarafından seçilen 6-12 yaş arası 220 çocuktan çevrimiçi anket yöntemi, sosyo-demografik veri toplama formu, üç faktörlü yeme ölçeği, çocuk uyku alışkanlıkları anketi (ÇHA) kullanılmıştır. Olasılıksız örnekleme yöntemlerinden biri olan kolayda örnekleme yöntemi. Araştırmada elde edilen verilerin istatistiksel analizinde SPSS 26.0 veri analiz programı kullanılmış olup, çocukların yeme davranışları ve uyku alışkanlıklarının obezite üzerine etkisini incelemek için t-testi ve one-way Anova testi ve regresyon kullanılmıştır.

Bulgular: Araştırmada yaş grupları, cinsiyet, eğitim düzeyi, gece uyku aralığı, toplam uyku süresine göre çocukların uyku alışkanlıkları ile kontrolsüz yeme, bilişsel kısıtlama, duygusal yeme davranışlarının birbirine benzer olduğu ortaya çıktı. Çocukların yeme davranışı ve uyku alışkanlıklarının derecesine bağlı olarak çocukların obezite riski altında olduğu belirtilmiştir.

Sonuç: It is recommended to conduct studies on the effects of eating behaviors and sleeping habits of children aged 6-12 on obesity.

References

  • 1. WHO. Obesity. http://www.who.int/topics/obesity/en/, 2021.
  • 2. Gebrie, A., Alebel, A., Zegeye, A., Tesfaye, B., & Ferede, A. Prevalence and associated factors of overweight/ obesity among children and adolescents in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Obes. 2018: 5-19. doi:10.1186/s40608-018-0198-0.
  • 3. WHO.Obesity-and-overweight.https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity- andoverweight).2016.
  • 4. TURKSTAT. Turkey Health Survey. https://data.tuik.gov.tr/Bulten/Index?p=Turkiye-Saglik-Arastirmasi-(2019) (33661).
  • 5. 5. Turkey Nutrition and Health Survey https://hsgm.saglik.gov.tr/depo/units/healthbaby-mobil-life-db/Publication/book/Tbsa_Report_Book_20.08.pdf, 2017.
  • 6. Turkey Nutrition Guide.https://hsgm.saglik.gov.tr/depo/units/healthbaby-energetic-life-db/Turkey_ Feed_Guide_Tuber_18_04_2019.pdf, 2015.
  • 7. Öncel, S., Akcan A., Meydanlıoğlu, A. Health promotion and disease prevention. In S. My Eye (Ed.), Improving the Health of Children in School Period (pp.187-253). 2016. Visa Publishing.
  • 8. Turkey Nutrition and Health Survey.https://hsgm.saglik.gov.tr/depo/units/healthbaby-energetic-life-db/Turkey_ Feed_Guide_Tuber_18_04_2019.pdf .2010.
  • 9. Yılmazbaş, P., Gökçay, G. Childhood obesity and its prevention. J. of Child. 2018;18(3): 103-112. doi:10.5222/j.child.2018.59389.
  • 10. Chen X, Beydoun M.A, Wang Y. Is sleep duration associated with childhood obesity? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Obes. 2008;16:265.
  • 11. Harrex, H. A., Skeaff, S. A., Black, K. E., Davison, B. K., Haszard, J. J., Meredith‐Jones, K., kidmore, P. M. Sleep timing is associated with diet and physical activity levels in 9–11‐year‐old children from Dunedin, New Zealand: the PEDALS study. J Sleep Res. 2018; 27(4):12634.
  • 12. Den Wittenboer, V. Time in bed, quality of sleep and school functioning of children. J Sleep Res. 2000;9(2): -145-153.
  • 13. Tolaymat, A., Liu, Z. Sleep disorders in childhood neurological diseases. Child. 2017; 4(10):84.
  • 14. Kjeldsen, J. S., Hjorth, M. F., Andersen, R., Michaelsen, K. F., Tetens, I., Astrup, A., Sjödin, A. Shortsleep duration and large variability in sleep duration are independently associated with dietary risk factors for obesity in Danish school children. Int. J. of Obes. 2014; 38(1):32-39.
  • 15. Crispim, C. A., Zimberg, I. Z., dos Reis, B. G., Diniz, R. M., Tufik, S., & de Mello, M. T. Relationship between food intake and sleep pattern in healthy individuals. J. of Clin. Sleep Medi. 2011;7(6):659-664.
  • 16. Bryant, E. J., Thivel, D., Chaput, J. P., Drapeau, V., Blundell, J. E., & King, N. A. Development and validation of the child three-factor eating questionnaire (CTFEQr17). Pub. Health Nut. 2018;21(14):2558-2567.
  • 17. Demir, D., Bektaş, M., Bektaş, İ., Demir, Ş., & Bryant, E. J. Psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Child Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire for primary and secondary school students. Pub. Health Nut. 2021;24(3):427-435.
  • 18. Owens, J. A., Spirito, A., McGuinn, M. (2000). The Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ): psychometric properties of a survey instrument for school-aged children. Sleep-New. 2000; 23(8):1043-1052.
  • 19. Fis NP, Arman A, Ay P. Turkish validity and reliability of the Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire. Anatolian J of Psyc. 2010;11(2):151-160.
  • 20. Aksoy, A., Oğur, S., & Aksoy Kendilci, E. The approach of parents with obese children to obesity and their children in Bitlis Province. Bitlis Eren University J of Sci. 2016; 5(2):210-24.
  • 21. Bozbulut, R., Keser, A., Sürücüoğlu, M., & Bı̇decı̇, A. The relationship between the nutritional status of school-age children and some biochemical parameters. Gumushane University J of Health Sci. 2018;7(1):40-53.
  • 22. T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı, Birinci basamak hekimler için obezite ile mücadele el kitabı. ISBN :978-975-590-458-0 Health Ministy. 2013;Yayın No : 904.
  • 23. Tola HT, Akyol P, Eren E, Dündar N ve ark. Isparta’daki Çocuk ve Adölesanlarda Obezite Sıklıgı ve Obeziteyi Etkileyen Faktörler. 2007. http://www.logos.com.tr/tr/p-cocuk022007.asp.
  • 24. Önal, Z., Adal, E. Childhood obesity. Okmeydani Med. J. 2014;30(1):39-44.
  • 25. T.R. Ministry of Health General Directorate of Health Research, Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital "Turkey Nutrition and Health Survey (2010): Evaluation of nutritional status and habits final report", Ankara.
  • 26. Remmers, T., Grieken, van A., Renders, M. C., Hirasing, A. R., Broeren, ML. S., Raat, H.‘’ Correlates of Parental Misperception of Their Child’s Weight Status: The ‘Be Active, Eat Right’ Study’’, PLoS One. 2014;9(2).
  • 27. Carnell, S., Wardle, J. ‘’Appetite and adiposity in children: evidence for a behavioral susceptibility theory of obesity’’, The American J of Clin. Nut. 2008;88(1):22-29.
  • 28. Webber, L., Hill, C., Saxton, J., Van Jaarsveld, C. H. M., Wardle, J.‘’Eating behaviour and weight in children’’, Int J of Obes. 2009;33(1):21-28.
  • 29. Styne, DM. Childhood and adolescent obesity: prevalence and significance. Ped Clin of North America. 2001;48(4):823-854.
  • 30. Süzek H, Arı Z, Uyanık B.A. The prevalence of overweight and obesity in school children aged 6-15 living in Muğla. Turkish J of Bio. 2005;30(4):290-295.
  • 31. Önal, S., Özdemir, A., Meşe, C., Özer, K. B. ‘’ Evaluation of the prevalence of malnutrition and obesity in preschool children: Ankara case”, DTCF J. 2016:210-225.
  • 32. Ekstedt, M., Nyberg, G., Ingre, M., Ekblom, Ö., Marcus, C. Sleep, physical activity and BMI in six to ten- year-old children measured by accelerometry: a cross-sectional study. Int J of Beh. Nutri Phys Activity. 2013;10(1):1-10.
  • 33. Hermassi, S., Hayes, L. D., Bragazzi, N. L., Schwesig, R. Physical fitness and academic performance in normal weight, overweight, and obese schoolchild handball players in Qatar: A pilot study. Frontiers in Psyc. 2021;11:616671. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.616671.
  • 34. Moon, R.C. The associations between childhood obesity, academic performance, and perception of teachers: From kindergarten to fifth grade. Child Obes (Print). 2020;16(6):403–411. doi:10.1089/chi.2019.0330.
  • 35. Kutluk, G., Ertem, D., Pehlivanoğlu, E. ‘'An important nutritional problem in infants and children:Anorexia'', Clin Pediatr. 2008;4(3):32-36.
  • 36. Camcı, N. ‘’Çocuk besleme anketi'nin (Child Feeding Questionnaire CFQ) determination of validity and reliability and its application to Turkish parents'', Baskent University Health Sciences Institute Master's Thesis. 2010;Ankara.doi:10.5222/Otd.Supp1.2014.039.
  • 37. Ek, A., Sorjonen, K., Eli, K., Lindberg, L., Nyman, J., Marcus, C., Nowicka, P., ‘’Associations between parental concerns about preschoolers weight and eating and parental feeding practices: results from analyses of the Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire, the child feeding questionnaire, and the lifestyle behavior checklist”, PloS one. 2016; 11.
  • 38. Jiang, F., Zhu, S., Yan, C., Jin, X., Bandla, H.,and Shen, X. Sleep and Obesity in Preschool Children. J Pediatr. 2009;154:814–8.
  • 39. Mohammadi, S. and Kazemzadeh, M. Sleep Problems among Pre-School Children in Hamadan, Iran. Sleep Med Dis Int J. 2017;1(2):00006.
  • 40. 29. Bolijn, R., Gubbels, J.S., Sleddens, E.F., Kremers, S.P.,and Thijs, C. Daytime Sleep Duration and The Development of Childhood Ooverweight: The KOALA Birth Cohort Study. Pediatr Obes. 2016;11(5):1-5.
  • 41. Grandner, M. A., Jackson, N., Gerstner, J. R., Knutson, K.L. Sleep symptoms associated with intake of specific dietary nutrients. J Sleep Res. 2014 Feb;23(1):22-34.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Health Care Administration
Journal Section Original Articles
Authors

Çiğdem Müge HAYLI
HAKKARİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-7630-9619
Türkiye


Dilek DEMİR KÖSEM
HAKKARİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-9914-8299
Türkiye

Publication Date March 29, 2023
Acceptance Date February 23, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023 Volume: 11 Issue: 1

Cite

Vancouver Haylı Ç. M. , Demir Kösem D. The effect of eating behaviors and sleeping habits of children aged 6-12 on obesity. Pediatric Practice and Research. 2023; 11(1): 13-19.