Research Article
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Structural Strength Properties of Waste Textile Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Lightweight Composite Mortars

Year 2022, Volume 26, Issue 6, 1180 - 1195, 31.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.16984/saufenbilder.1107127

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the utilization of recycled textile waste fiber (RTWF) as fiber reinforcement in cementitious lightweight composite mortars. The effect of RTWF percentage on cementitious lightweight composite mortar (CLCM) consistency, plastic and dry set density, splitting tensile and compressive strength was measured. In particular, the effect of RTWF percentage on the structural mechanical properties of hardened mortar was examined in detail. Mohr-Coulomb Failure Criterion was used to examine the structural strength properties of composite mortars. Failure angle, internal friction angle, normal and shear strength and cohesion of RTWF reinforced composite mortars were investigated. Three different types of fibers were used including cotton-polyester mixture (Type 1), only polyester (Type 2) and cotton-polyester-acrylic mixture (Type 3). Different percentages of fibers, i.e. 1%, 2%, 3%, 5% and 7%, were added to CLCM. Test results showed reduction in dry set densities compared with the control specimen. It has been determined that the use of 1 % fiber improves the mechanical properties of light mortars. On the other hand, decreasing trend was observed in compressive and splitting tensile strength of mortars with higher amount of fiber usage. When structural strength properties were considered, same trend was kept. However, this research work has unique value from an innovative perspective in terms of evaluation of structural strength parameters.

References

  • [1] C. Ryu, A. N. Phan, V. N. Sharifi, J. Swithenbank, “Co-combustion of textile residues with cardboard and waste wood in a packed bed,” Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 450-458.
  • [2] J. M. L. Reis, “Effect of textile waste on the mechanical properties of polymer concrete,” Materials Research, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 63-67, 2009.
  • [3] K. Aghaee, M. Foroughi, “Construction of lightweight concrete partitions using textile waste,” ICSDEC 2012: International Conference on Sustainable Design, Engineering, and Construction, Texas, USA, 7-9 November 2012.
  • [4] S. Pogorelov, G. Semenyak, “Frost resistance of the steel fiber reinforced concrete containing active mineral additives,” Procedia Engineering, vol. 150, pp. 1491-1495, 2016.
  • [5] T. Grabois, G. Cordeiro, R. Toledo Filho, “Fresh and hardened-state properties of self-compacting lightweight concrete reinforced with steel fibers,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 104, pp. 284-292, 2016.
  • [6] H. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Sun, S. Wu, “Transient dynamic behavior of polypropylene fiber reinforced mortar under compressive impact loading,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 111, pp. 30-42, 2016.
  • [7] S. Yin, R. Tuladhar, J. Riella, D. Chung, T. Collister, M. Combe, N. Sivakugan, “Comparative evaluation of virgin and recycled polypropylene fibre reinforced concrete,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 114, pp. 134-141, 2016.
  • [8] S. Marikunte, C. Aldea, S. Shah, “Durability of glass fiber reinforced cement composites: Effect of silica fume and metakaolin,” Advanced Cement Based Materials, vol. 5, no. 3-4, pp. 100-108, 1997.
  • [9] S. P. Shah, D. Ludirdja, J. I. Daniel, B. Mobasher, "Toughness-durability of glass fiber reinforced concrete systems," ACI Materials journal, vol. 85, no. 5, pp. 352-360, 1988.
  • [10] H. Savastano, P. Warden, R. Coutts, “Mechanically pulped sisal as reinforcement in cementitious matrices,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 311-319, 2003.
  • [11] H. Jr Savastano, A. Turner, C. Mercer, W. Soboyejo, “Mechanical behavior of cement-based materials reinforced with sisal fibers,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 41, no. 21, pp. 6938-6948, 2006.
  • [12] P. Lertwattanaruk, Suntijitto A, “Properties of natural fiber cement materials containing coconut coir and oil palm fibers for residential building applications," Construction and Building Materials, vol. 94, pp. 664-669, 2015.
  • [13] M. Mostafa, Uddin N, “Experimental analysis of compressed earth block (CEB) with banana fibers resisting flexural and compression forces,” Case Studies in Construction Materials, vol. 5, pp. 53-63, 2016.
  • [14] C. Papanicolaou, T. Triantafillou, M. Papathanasiou, K. Karlos, “Textile reinforced mortar (TRM) versus FRP as strengthening material of URM walls: out-of-plane cyclic loading,” Materials and Structures, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 143-157, 2008.
  • [15] T. Triantafillou, C. Papanicolaou. “Shear strengthening of reinforced concrete members with textile reinforced mortar (TRM) jackets,” Materials and Structures, vol. 39, no. 1, 93-103, 2006.
  • [16] H. Elsanadedy, T. Almusallam, S. Alsayed, Y. Al-Salloum, “Flexural strengthening of RC beams using textile reinforced mortar – Experimental and numerical study,” Composite Structures, vol. 97, pp. 40-55, 2013.
  • [17] P. Larrinaga, C. Chastre, H. Biscaia, J. San-José, “Experimental and numerical modeling of basalt textile reinforced mortar behavior under uniaxial tensile stress,” Materials & Design, vol. 55, pp. 66-74, 2014.
  • [18] L. Garmendia, P. Larrinaga, D. García, I. Marcos, “Textile-reinforced mortar as strengthening material for masonry arches,” International Journal of Architectural Heritage, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 627-648, 2014.
  • [19] Y. Wang, A. Zureick, B. Cho, D. Scott, “Properties of fibre reinforced concrete using recycled fibres from carpet industrial waste,” Journal of materials science, vol. 29, no. 16, pp. 4191-4199, 1994.
  • [20] F. Aspiras, J. Manalo “Utilization of textile waste cuttings as building material,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 48, no. 1-4, pp. 379-384, 1995.
  • [21] M. Ucar, Y. Wang, “Utilization of recycled post consumer carpet waste fibers as reinforcement in lightweight cementitious composites,” International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 242-248, 2011.
  • [22] H. Binici, O. Aksogan, “Engineering properties of insulation material made with cotton waste and fly ash,” Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 157-162, 2014.
  • [23] A. Murathan, A. Murathan, S. Karadavut, “Yüksek yoğunluklu polipropilen tekstil atıklarının kompozit malzeme üretiminde kullanılabilirliği (Usability of high density polypropylene textile waste in composite material production),” Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi Universtiy, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 9-14, 2014. (in Turkish)
  • [24] J. Pinto, A. Peixoto, J. Vieira, L. Fernandes, J. Morais, V. Cunha, H. Varum, “Render reinforced with textile threads,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 40, pp. 26-32, 2013.
  • [25] A. Briga-Sá, D. Nascimento, N. Teixeira, J. Pinto, F. Caldeira, H. Varum, A. Paiva, “Textile waste as an alternative thermal insulation building material solution,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 38, pp. 155-160, 2013.
  • [26] A. Mahboubi, A. Ajorloo, “Experimental study of the mechanical behavior of plastic concrete in triaxial compression,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 412-419, 2005.
  • [27] E. Öztekin, S. Pul, M. Hüsem, “Experimental determination of Drucker-Prager yield criterion parameters for normal and high strength concretes under triaxial compression,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 112, pp. 725-732, 2016.
  • [28] H. Shoukry, M. F. Kotkata, S. A. Abo-EL-Enein, M. S. Morsy, S. S. Shebl, “Enhanced physical, mechanical and microstructural properties of lightweight vermiculite cement composites modified with nano metakaolin,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 112, pp. 276-283, 2016.
  • [29] M. Shannag, “Characteristics of lightweight concrete containing mineral admixtures,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 658-662, 2011.
  • [30] G. M. Glenn, A. K. Klamczynski, B. S. Chiou, D. Wood, W. J. Orts, S. H. Imam, “Lightweight concrete containing an alkaline resistant starch-based aquagel,” Journal of Polymers and the Environment, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 189-196, 2004.
  • [31] K. P. Metha, P. J. M. Monteiro, Concrete Microstructure, Properties, and Materials. 3rd ed. University of California at Berkeley, USA, McGraw-Hill; 2006.
  • [32] TS EN 998-1. “Specification for mortar for masonry – part 1: rendering and plastering mortar”. Turkish Standards Institution, Ankara, Turkey, 2006.
  • [33] Gündüz L. İnşaat Sektöründe Bimsblok, Isparta, Turkey, Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Pomza Araştırma ve Uygulama Merkezi, 2005. (in Turkish).
  • [34] Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı. “Gi̇yim Üretim Teknoloji̇si̇ Teksti̇l Li̇fleri̇ 542TGD019”. http://www.megep.meb.gov.tr/mte_program_modul/moduller_pdf/Tekstil%20Lifleri.pdf (21.04.2022) (in Turkish).
  • [35] Saçak M. Lif Kimyası, Ankara, Turkey, A.O.F.F. Döner Sermaye işletmesi Yayınları No 18, 1994. (in Turkish).
  • [36] D. A. Fanella, A. E. Naaman, “Stress-strain properties of fiber reinforced concrete in compression,” ACI Journal, vol. 82, no. 4, pp. 475 – 483, 1985.
  • [37] H. Y. Ersoy, “Kompozit malzeme,” Literatür Yayınları, Mimarlık Dizisi, ISBN:975-8431-47-1, 2003.
  • [38] N. Arioglu, Z. C. Girgin, E. Arioglu, “Evaluation of ratio between splitting tensile strength and compressive strength for concretes up to 120 mpa and its application in strength,” ACI Materials Journal, vol. 103, no. 1, 18-24, 2006.
  • [39] D. Hannant, K. Buckley, J. Croft, “The effect of aggregate size on the use of the cylinder splitting test as a measure of tensile strength,” Matériaux et Constructions, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 15-21, 1973.
  • [40] V. Kadleček, S. Modrý, V. Kadleček, “Size effect of test specimens on tensile splitting strength of concrete: general relation,” Materials and Structures, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 28-34, 2002.
  • [41] A. M. Neville, Properties of Concrete. London, England, Pearson Education Ltd. 1999.

Year 2022, Volume 26, Issue 6, 1180 - 1195, 31.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.16984/saufenbilder.1107127

Abstract

References

  • [1] C. Ryu, A. N. Phan, V. N. Sharifi, J. Swithenbank, “Co-combustion of textile residues with cardboard and waste wood in a packed bed,” Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 450-458.
  • [2] J. M. L. Reis, “Effect of textile waste on the mechanical properties of polymer concrete,” Materials Research, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 63-67, 2009.
  • [3] K. Aghaee, M. Foroughi, “Construction of lightweight concrete partitions using textile waste,” ICSDEC 2012: International Conference on Sustainable Design, Engineering, and Construction, Texas, USA, 7-9 November 2012.
  • [4] S. Pogorelov, G. Semenyak, “Frost resistance of the steel fiber reinforced concrete containing active mineral additives,” Procedia Engineering, vol. 150, pp. 1491-1495, 2016.
  • [5] T. Grabois, G. Cordeiro, R. Toledo Filho, “Fresh and hardened-state properties of self-compacting lightweight concrete reinforced with steel fibers,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 104, pp. 284-292, 2016.
  • [6] H. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Sun, S. Wu, “Transient dynamic behavior of polypropylene fiber reinforced mortar under compressive impact loading,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 111, pp. 30-42, 2016.
  • [7] S. Yin, R. Tuladhar, J. Riella, D. Chung, T. Collister, M. Combe, N. Sivakugan, “Comparative evaluation of virgin and recycled polypropylene fibre reinforced concrete,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 114, pp. 134-141, 2016.
  • [8] S. Marikunte, C. Aldea, S. Shah, “Durability of glass fiber reinforced cement composites: Effect of silica fume and metakaolin,” Advanced Cement Based Materials, vol. 5, no. 3-4, pp. 100-108, 1997.
  • [9] S. P. Shah, D. Ludirdja, J. I. Daniel, B. Mobasher, "Toughness-durability of glass fiber reinforced concrete systems," ACI Materials journal, vol. 85, no. 5, pp. 352-360, 1988.
  • [10] H. Savastano, P. Warden, R. Coutts, “Mechanically pulped sisal as reinforcement in cementitious matrices,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 311-319, 2003.
  • [11] H. Jr Savastano, A. Turner, C. Mercer, W. Soboyejo, “Mechanical behavior of cement-based materials reinforced with sisal fibers,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 41, no. 21, pp. 6938-6948, 2006.
  • [12] P. Lertwattanaruk, Suntijitto A, “Properties of natural fiber cement materials containing coconut coir and oil palm fibers for residential building applications," Construction and Building Materials, vol. 94, pp. 664-669, 2015.
  • [13] M. Mostafa, Uddin N, “Experimental analysis of compressed earth block (CEB) with banana fibers resisting flexural and compression forces,” Case Studies in Construction Materials, vol. 5, pp. 53-63, 2016.
  • [14] C. Papanicolaou, T. Triantafillou, M. Papathanasiou, K. Karlos, “Textile reinforced mortar (TRM) versus FRP as strengthening material of URM walls: out-of-plane cyclic loading,” Materials and Structures, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 143-157, 2008.
  • [15] T. Triantafillou, C. Papanicolaou. “Shear strengthening of reinforced concrete members with textile reinforced mortar (TRM) jackets,” Materials and Structures, vol. 39, no. 1, 93-103, 2006.
  • [16] H. Elsanadedy, T. Almusallam, S. Alsayed, Y. Al-Salloum, “Flexural strengthening of RC beams using textile reinforced mortar – Experimental and numerical study,” Composite Structures, vol. 97, pp. 40-55, 2013.
  • [17] P. Larrinaga, C. Chastre, H. Biscaia, J. San-José, “Experimental and numerical modeling of basalt textile reinforced mortar behavior under uniaxial tensile stress,” Materials & Design, vol. 55, pp. 66-74, 2014.
  • [18] L. Garmendia, P. Larrinaga, D. García, I. Marcos, “Textile-reinforced mortar as strengthening material for masonry arches,” International Journal of Architectural Heritage, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 627-648, 2014.
  • [19] Y. Wang, A. Zureick, B. Cho, D. Scott, “Properties of fibre reinforced concrete using recycled fibres from carpet industrial waste,” Journal of materials science, vol. 29, no. 16, pp. 4191-4199, 1994.
  • [20] F. Aspiras, J. Manalo “Utilization of textile waste cuttings as building material,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 48, no. 1-4, pp. 379-384, 1995.
  • [21] M. Ucar, Y. Wang, “Utilization of recycled post consumer carpet waste fibers as reinforcement in lightweight cementitious composites,” International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 242-248, 2011.
  • [22] H. Binici, O. Aksogan, “Engineering properties of insulation material made with cotton waste and fly ash,” Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 157-162, 2014.
  • [23] A. Murathan, A. Murathan, S. Karadavut, “Yüksek yoğunluklu polipropilen tekstil atıklarının kompozit malzeme üretiminde kullanılabilirliği (Usability of high density polypropylene textile waste in composite material production),” Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi Universtiy, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 9-14, 2014. (in Turkish)
  • [24] J. Pinto, A. Peixoto, J. Vieira, L. Fernandes, J. Morais, V. Cunha, H. Varum, “Render reinforced with textile threads,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 40, pp. 26-32, 2013.
  • [25] A. Briga-Sá, D. Nascimento, N. Teixeira, J. Pinto, F. Caldeira, H. Varum, A. Paiva, “Textile waste as an alternative thermal insulation building material solution,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 38, pp. 155-160, 2013.
  • [26] A. Mahboubi, A. Ajorloo, “Experimental study of the mechanical behavior of plastic concrete in triaxial compression,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 412-419, 2005.
  • [27] E. Öztekin, S. Pul, M. Hüsem, “Experimental determination of Drucker-Prager yield criterion parameters for normal and high strength concretes under triaxial compression,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 112, pp. 725-732, 2016.
  • [28] H. Shoukry, M. F. Kotkata, S. A. Abo-EL-Enein, M. S. Morsy, S. S. Shebl, “Enhanced physical, mechanical and microstructural properties of lightweight vermiculite cement composites modified with nano metakaolin,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 112, pp. 276-283, 2016.
  • [29] M. Shannag, “Characteristics of lightweight concrete containing mineral admixtures,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 658-662, 2011.
  • [30] G. M. Glenn, A. K. Klamczynski, B. S. Chiou, D. Wood, W. J. Orts, S. H. Imam, “Lightweight concrete containing an alkaline resistant starch-based aquagel,” Journal of Polymers and the Environment, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 189-196, 2004.
  • [31] K. P. Metha, P. J. M. Monteiro, Concrete Microstructure, Properties, and Materials. 3rd ed. University of California at Berkeley, USA, McGraw-Hill; 2006.
  • [32] TS EN 998-1. “Specification for mortar for masonry – part 1: rendering and plastering mortar”. Turkish Standards Institution, Ankara, Turkey, 2006.
  • [33] Gündüz L. İnşaat Sektöründe Bimsblok, Isparta, Turkey, Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Pomza Araştırma ve Uygulama Merkezi, 2005. (in Turkish).
  • [34] Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı. “Gi̇yim Üretim Teknoloji̇si̇ Teksti̇l Li̇fleri̇ 542TGD019”. http://www.megep.meb.gov.tr/mte_program_modul/moduller_pdf/Tekstil%20Lifleri.pdf (21.04.2022) (in Turkish).
  • [35] Saçak M. Lif Kimyası, Ankara, Turkey, A.O.F.F. Döner Sermaye işletmesi Yayınları No 18, 1994. (in Turkish).
  • [36] D. A. Fanella, A. E. Naaman, “Stress-strain properties of fiber reinforced concrete in compression,” ACI Journal, vol. 82, no. 4, pp. 475 – 483, 1985.
  • [37] H. Y. Ersoy, “Kompozit malzeme,” Literatür Yayınları, Mimarlık Dizisi, ISBN:975-8431-47-1, 2003.
  • [38] N. Arioglu, Z. C. Girgin, E. Arioglu, “Evaluation of ratio between splitting tensile strength and compressive strength for concretes up to 120 mpa and its application in strength,” ACI Materials Journal, vol. 103, no. 1, 18-24, 2006.
  • [39] D. Hannant, K. Buckley, J. Croft, “The effect of aggregate size on the use of the cylinder splitting test as a measure of tensile strength,” Matériaux et Constructions, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 15-21, 1973.
  • [40] V. Kadleček, S. Modrý, V. Kadleček, “Size effect of test specimens on tensile splitting strength of concrete: general relation,” Materials and Structures, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 28-34, 2002.
  • [41] A. M. Neville, Properties of Concrete. London, England, Pearson Education Ltd. 1999.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Civil Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Şevket Onur KALKAN> (Primary Author)
İZMİR KATİP ÇELEBİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-0250-8134
Türkiye


Lütfullah GÜNDÜZ>
İZMİR KATİP ÇELEBİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-2487-467X
Türkiye

Publication Date December 31, 2022
Submission Date April 22, 2022
Acceptance Date October 11, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 26, Issue 6

Cite

Bibtex @research article { saufenbilder1107127, journal = {Sakarya University Journal of Science}, eissn = {2147-835X}, address = {}, publisher = {Sakarya University}, year = {2022}, volume = {26}, number = {6}, pages = {1180 - 1195}, doi = {10.16984/saufenbilder.1107127}, title = {Structural Strength Properties of Waste Textile Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Lightweight Composite Mortars}, key = {cite}, author = {Kalkan, Şevket Onur and Gündüz, Lütfullah} }
APA Kalkan, Ş. O. & Gündüz, L. (2022). Structural Strength Properties of Waste Textile Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Lightweight Composite Mortars . Sakarya University Journal of Science , 26 (6) , 1180-1195 . DOI: 10.16984/saufenbilder.1107127
MLA Kalkan, Ş. O. , Gündüz, L. "Structural Strength Properties of Waste Textile Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Lightweight Composite Mortars" . Sakarya University Journal of Science 26 (2022 ): 1180-1195 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/saufenbilder/issue/74051/1107127>
Chicago Kalkan, Ş. O. , Gündüz, L. "Structural Strength Properties of Waste Textile Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Lightweight Composite Mortars". Sakarya University Journal of Science 26 (2022 ): 1180-1195
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Structural Strength Properties of Waste Textile Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Lightweight Composite Mortars AU - Şevket OnurKalkan, LütfullahGündüz Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.1107127 DO - 10.16984/saufenbilder.1107127 T2 - Sakarya University Journal of Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1180 EP - 1195 VL - 26 IS - 6 SN - -2147-835X M3 - doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.1107127 UR - https://doi.org/10.16984/saufenbilder.1107127 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Sakarya University Journal of Science Structural Strength Properties of Waste Textile Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Lightweight Composite Mortars %A Şevket Onur Kalkan , Lütfullah Gündüz %T Structural Strength Properties of Waste Textile Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Lightweight Composite Mortars %D 2022 %J Sakarya University Journal of Science %P -2147-835X %V 26 %N 6 %R doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.1107127 %U 10.16984/saufenbilder.1107127
ISNAD Kalkan, Şevket Onur , Gündüz, Lütfullah . "Structural Strength Properties of Waste Textile Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Lightweight Composite Mortars". Sakarya University Journal of Science 26 / 6 (December 2022): 1180-1195 . https://doi.org/10.16984/saufenbilder.1107127
AMA Kalkan Ş. O. , Gündüz L. Structural Strength Properties of Waste Textile Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Lightweight Composite Mortars. SAUJS. 2022; 26(6): 1180-1195.
Vancouver Kalkan Ş. O. , Gündüz L. Structural Strength Properties of Waste Textile Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Lightweight Composite Mortars. Sakarya University Journal of Science. 2022; 26(6): 1180-1195.
IEEE Ş. O. Kalkan and L. Gündüz , "Structural Strength Properties of Waste Textile Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Lightweight Composite Mortars", Sakarya University Journal of Science, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 1180-1195, Dec. 2022, doi:10.16984/saufenbilder.1107127

Sakarya University Journal of Science (SAUJS)