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Progressive Collapse Evaluation of a Reinforced Concrete High-rise Building Designed According to Turkish Earthquake Code

Year 2023, Volume: 27 Issue: 6, 1322 - 1336, 18.12.2023
https://doi.org/10.16984/saufenbilder.1292075

Abstract

In this study, a numerical progressive collapse response evaluation was performed on a 40-story high-rise building designed according to the Turkish Earthquake Code of 2018 (TEC-2018). The alternate path method specified in the General Services Administration of 2016 (GSA2016) and the Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC 4-023-03) was used for the evaluation. A total of 18 scenarios were investigated for column and shear wall removals. In the cases where hinges were observed, the extent of damage was evaluated using the performance criteria given in the Turkish Seismic Code and the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) 41-17. In this study, the most damage was observed when the corner column was removed at the bottom floor, while the least damage was observed on the shear walls close to the center and core of the building. For all the scenarios evaluated, no collapse was observed. The study deduced that the high-rise building designed according to TEC-2018 showed sufficient resistance to progressive collapse.

References

  • [1] H. R. Travajoli, F. Klavkojouri, "Numerical Study of Progressive Collapse in Framed Structures: A New Approach for Dynamic Column Removal," in International Journal of Engineering, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 605, 2013.
  • [2] A. G. Marchis, "A Numerical Assessment of The Progressive Collapse Resistance of RC Frames with Respect to The Number of Stories," in Procedia Manufacturing, 32., pp. 137- 143, 2019.
  • [3] U. Starossek, "Typology of Progressive Collapse," in Engineering Structures, vol. 29, issue 9, pp.2302-2307, 2007.
  • [4] S. Marjanishvili, E. Agnew "Comparison of Various Procedures for Progressive Collapse Analysis," in Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, vol. 20, no. 4, 2016.
  • [5] I. Azim, J. Yang, S. Bhatta, F. Wang, Q. Liu, "Factors Influencing the Progressive Collapse Resistance of RC Frame Structures," in Journal of Building Engineering, 27, pp. 1-2, 2020.
  • [6] T. Gamaniouk, "Parametric Analysis of Progressive Collapse in High-Rise buildings," Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Master's thesis, 2014.
  • [7] B. A. Betit, "Experimental and Analytical Assessment on the Progressive Collapse Potential of a Reinforced Concrete Building," Ohio State University, Master's thesis, 2021.
  • [8] T. A. Sheikh, J. M. Banday, M. A. Hussain, "Progressive Collapse Study of Seismically Designed Low Rise Reinforced Concrete Framed Structure," in Civil Engineering and Architecture, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 1327- 1338, 2021.
  • [9] P. Ren, Y. Li, H. Guan, X. Lu, "Progressive Collapse Resistance of Two Typical High-Rise RC Frame Shear Wall Structures," in Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, 2015.29, pp. 1-8, 2014.
  • [10] H. Thai, Q. V. Ho, M. W. Li, T. Ngo, "Progressive Collapse and Robustness of Modular High-Rise Buildings," in Structure and Infrastructure Engineering, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 302- 314, 2020.
  • [11] Y. Tian, K. Lin, L. Zhang, X. Lu, H. Xue, "Novel seismic-progressive collapse resilient super-tall building system," in Journal of Building Engineering, vol. 41, pp. 1327-1338, 2021.
  • [12] A. Demir, "Progressive Collapse Evaluation of Low-Rise Reinforced Concrete Buildings Designed for Different Occupancy Classes," in Journal of Civil Engineering and Urbanism, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 36-46, 2022.
  • [13] A. Demir, "Progressive Collapse Response of Reinforced Concrete Buildings Designed According to Turkish Earthquake Code," in Bitlis Eren University Journal of Science, vol. 11, no. 2, pp.694-705, 2022.
  • [14] A. Demir, "Progressive Collapse Evaluation of Low-Rise and Mid-Rise RC Mercantile Buildings Subjected to Column Failure," in Structural Engineering and Mechanics, vol. 83, no. 4, pp. 563-576, 2022.
  • [15] Turkish Standards Institute, "Requirements for Design and Construction of Reinforced Concrete Structures (TS-500)," Ankara, Turkey, 2002.
  • [16] Turkish Standards Institute, "Design Loads for Buildings (TS-498)," Ankara, Turkey, 1997.
  • [17] M. Gondobwe, "Progressive collapse response of reinforced concrete highrise buildings designed according to Turkish earthquake code," Institute of Natural Sciences, Sakarya University, Master's thesis, 2023.
  • [18] US Department of Defense (DoD), "Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC 4- 023-03): Design of Structures to Resist Progressive Collapse," Washington DC, USA, 2016.
  • [19] General Services Administration (GSA-2016), "Alternate Path Analysis and Design Guidelines for Progressive Collapse Resistance," Washington DC, USA, 2016.
  • [20] American Society of Civil Engineers, "Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Existing Buildings (ASCE/SEI 41-13)," Virginia, USA, 2013.
  • [21] G. G. Deierlein, A. M. Reinhorn, and M. R. Willford, "NEHRP seismic design technical brief no. 4 -Nonlinear structural analysis for seismic design: A guide for practicing engineers," NIST, Maryland, Rep. 10-917-5, 2010.
  • [22] A. Demir, N. Caglar, "Numerical determination of crack width for reinforced concrete deep beams," in Computers and Concrete, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 193-204, 2020.
  • [23] J. Yuzbasi, "Comparison of finite element method and applied element method used in structural engineering mechanics," Institute of Natural Sciences, Çukurova University, Ph.D. Thesis, 2023.
  • [24] Turkish Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, "Turkish Earthquake Code (TEC-2018)," Ankara, Turkey, 2018.
Year 2023, Volume: 27 Issue: 6, 1322 - 1336, 18.12.2023
https://doi.org/10.16984/saufenbilder.1292075

Abstract

References

  • [1] H. R. Travajoli, F. Klavkojouri, "Numerical Study of Progressive Collapse in Framed Structures: A New Approach for Dynamic Column Removal," in International Journal of Engineering, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 605, 2013.
  • [2] A. G. Marchis, "A Numerical Assessment of The Progressive Collapse Resistance of RC Frames with Respect to The Number of Stories," in Procedia Manufacturing, 32., pp. 137- 143, 2019.
  • [3] U. Starossek, "Typology of Progressive Collapse," in Engineering Structures, vol. 29, issue 9, pp.2302-2307, 2007.
  • [4] S. Marjanishvili, E. Agnew "Comparison of Various Procedures for Progressive Collapse Analysis," in Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, vol. 20, no. 4, 2016.
  • [5] I. Azim, J. Yang, S. Bhatta, F. Wang, Q. Liu, "Factors Influencing the Progressive Collapse Resistance of RC Frame Structures," in Journal of Building Engineering, 27, pp. 1-2, 2020.
  • [6] T. Gamaniouk, "Parametric Analysis of Progressive Collapse in High-Rise buildings," Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Master's thesis, 2014.
  • [7] B. A. Betit, "Experimental and Analytical Assessment on the Progressive Collapse Potential of a Reinforced Concrete Building," Ohio State University, Master's thesis, 2021.
  • [8] T. A. Sheikh, J. M. Banday, M. A. Hussain, "Progressive Collapse Study of Seismically Designed Low Rise Reinforced Concrete Framed Structure," in Civil Engineering and Architecture, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 1327- 1338, 2021.
  • [9] P. Ren, Y. Li, H. Guan, X. Lu, "Progressive Collapse Resistance of Two Typical High-Rise RC Frame Shear Wall Structures," in Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, 2015.29, pp. 1-8, 2014.
  • [10] H. Thai, Q. V. Ho, M. W. Li, T. Ngo, "Progressive Collapse and Robustness of Modular High-Rise Buildings," in Structure and Infrastructure Engineering, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 302- 314, 2020.
  • [11] Y. Tian, K. Lin, L. Zhang, X. Lu, H. Xue, "Novel seismic-progressive collapse resilient super-tall building system," in Journal of Building Engineering, vol. 41, pp. 1327-1338, 2021.
  • [12] A. Demir, "Progressive Collapse Evaluation of Low-Rise Reinforced Concrete Buildings Designed for Different Occupancy Classes," in Journal of Civil Engineering and Urbanism, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 36-46, 2022.
  • [13] A. Demir, "Progressive Collapse Response of Reinforced Concrete Buildings Designed According to Turkish Earthquake Code," in Bitlis Eren University Journal of Science, vol. 11, no. 2, pp.694-705, 2022.
  • [14] A. Demir, "Progressive Collapse Evaluation of Low-Rise and Mid-Rise RC Mercantile Buildings Subjected to Column Failure," in Structural Engineering and Mechanics, vol. 83, no. 4, pp. 563-576, 2022.
  • [15] Turkish Standards Institute, "Requirements for Design and Construction of Reinforced Concrete Structures (TS-500)," Ankara, Turkey, 2002.
  • [16] Turkish Standards Institute, "Design Loads for Buildings (TS-498)," Ankara, Turkey, 1997.
  • [17] M. Gondobwe, "Progressive collapse response of reinforced concrete highrise buildings designed according to Turkish earthquake code," Institute of Natural Sciences, Sakarya University, Master's thesis, 2023.
  • [18] US Department of Defense (DoD), "Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC 4- 023-03): Design of Structures to Resist Progressive Collapse," Washington DC, USA, 2016.
  • [19] General Services Administration (GSA-2016), "Alternate Path Analysis and Design Guidelines for Progressive Collapse Resistance," Washington DC, USA, 2016.
  • [20] American Society of Civil Engineers, "Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Existing Buildings (ASCE/SEI 41-13)," Virginia, USA, 2013.
  • [21] G. G. Deierlein, A. M. Reinhorn, and M. R. Willford, "NEHRP seismic design technical brief no. 4 -Nonlinear structural analysis for seismic design: A guide for practicing engineers," NIST, Maryland, Rep. 10-917-5, 2010.
  • [22] A. Demir, N. Caglar, "Numerical determination of crack width for reinforced concrete deep beams," in Computers and Concrete, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 193-204, 2020.
  • [23] J. Yuzbasi, "Comparison of finite element method and applied element method used in structural engineering mechanics," Institute of Natural Sciences, Çukurova University, Ph.D. Thesis, 2023.
  • [24] Turkish Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, "Turkish Earthquake Code (TEC-2018)," Ankara, Turkey, 2018.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Civil Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Munyaradzı GONDOBWE 0000-0001-6312-2222

Aydın DEMİR 0000-0001-8797-5078

Early Pub Date December 1, 2023
Publication Date December 18, 2023
Submission Date May 4, 2023
Acceptance Date September 26, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023 Volume: 27 Issue: 6

Cite

APA GONDOBWE, M., & DEMİR, A. (2023). Progressive Collapse Evaluation of a Reinforced Concrete High-rise Building Designed According to Turkish Earthquake Code. Sakarya University Journal of Science, 27(6), 1322-1336. https://doi.org/10.16984/saufenbilder.1292075
AMA GONDOBWE M, DEMİR A. Progressive Collapse Evaluation of a Reinforced Concrete High-rise Building Designed According to Turkish Earthquake Code. SAUJS. December 2023;27(6):1322-1336. doi:10.16984/saufenbilder.1292075
Chicago GONDOBWE, Munyaradzı, and Aydın DEMİR. “Progressive Collapse Evaluation of a Reinforced Concrete High-Rise Building Designed According to Turkish Earthquake Code”. Sakarya University Journal of Science 27, no. 6 (December 2023): 1322-36. https://doi.org/10.16984/saufenbilder.1292075.
EndNote GONDOBWE M, DEMİR A (December 1, 2023) Progressive Collapse Evaluation of a Reinforced Concrete High-rise Building Designed According to Turkish Earthquake Code. Sakarya University Journal of Science 27 6 1322–1336.
IEEE M. GONDOBWE and A. DEMİR, “Progressive Collapse Evaluation of a Reinforced Concrete High-rise Building Designed According to Turkish Earthquake Code”, SAUJS, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 1322–1336, 2023, doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.1292075.
ISNAD GONDOBWE, Munyaradzı - DEMİR, Aydın. “Progressive Collapse Evaluation of a Reinforced Concrete High-Rise Building Designed According to Turkish Earthquake Code”. Sakarya University Journal of Science 27/6 (December 2023), 1322-1336. https://doi.org/10.16984/saufenbilder.1292075.
JAMA GONDOBWE M, DEMİR A. Progressive Collapse Evaluation of a Reinforced Concrete High-rise Building Designed According to Turkish Earthquake Code. SAUJS. 2023;27:1322–1336.
MLA GONDOBWE, Munyaradzı and Aydın DEMİR. “Progressive Collapse Evaluation of a Reinforced Concrete High-Rise Building Designed According to Turkish Earthquake Code”. Sakarya University Journal of Science, vol. 27, no. 6, 2023, pp. 1322-36, doi:10.16984/saufenbilder.1292075.
Vancouver GONDOBWE M, DEMİR A. Progressive Collapse Evaluation of a Reinforced Concrete High-rise Building Designed According to Turkish Earthquake Code. SAUJS. 2023;27(6):1322-36.

Sakarya University Journal of Science (SAUJS)