Year 2018, Volume 29 , Issue 1, Pages 27 - 38 2018-04-26

Elit Badmintoncularda Bazı Performans Bileşenleri ve Şampiyona Sıralaması Arasındaki İlişki: Cinsiyetler Arası Karşılaştırma
The Relationship Between Some Performance Components and Competition Ranking in Elite Badminton Players: Gender Comparison

Sinem HAZIR [1] , Melih SALMAN [2] , Erhan DEVRİLMEZ [3] , Sadık ŞATIROĞLU [4]


Bu araştırmanın amacı, elit badmintoncularda bazı performans bileşenleri ile şampiyona sıralaması arasındaki ilişkiyi belirlemek ve cinsiyetler arası karşılaştırma yapmaktır.  Araştırmaya, büyükler kategorisinde Türkiye Şampiyonasına katılan 11 kadın (Yaş: 19.5 ± 2.5 yıl, Boy: 166.7 ± 8.2 cm, Vücut Ağırlığı: 58.2 ± 8.1 kg), 9 erkek (Yaş: 20.2 ± 2,2 yıl, Boy: 177.3 ± 5.8 cm, Vücut Ağırlığı: 74.5 ± 6.2 kg) toplam 20 elit badmintoncu katılmıştır. Sporculara antropometrik ölçümler, el kavrama kuvveti, sürat, sıçrama ve çeviklik, anaerobik güç ve kapasite ile omuz ve diz eklemine ait izokinetik kuvvet testleri uygulanmış, bu ölçümlerin tamamlanmasından bir hafta sonra sporcular Türkiye Büyükler Badminton Şampiyonasına katılmışlardır. Cinsiyetler arasında yapılan karşılaştırma sonuçlarına göre; endomorfi ve ektomorfi özellikleri ile yorgunluk indeksi ve elastik kuvvet özelliklerinde cinsiyetler birbirine benzer bulunmuştur (p>0.05). Türkiye şampiyonasında elde edilen sıralama ile ölçülen değişkenler arasındaki korelasyon analizi sonuçlarına göre; kadın sporcularda vücut ağırlığı (rs= -.721;p=0.019), yağsız vücut kitlesi (rs= -.648;p=0.43), 180°/sn baskın kol omuz dış rotator kuvveti (rs= -.760;p=0.011), 60 ve 180 °/sn diz ekstansiyon zirve tork kuvveti sağ ve sol bacak toplamları (sırasıyla: rs= -.782;p=0.008; rs= -.879;p=0.001), 180 °/sn diz fleksiyon zirve tork kuvveti sağ ve sol bacak toplamları (rs= -.709;p=0.022) ile şampiyona sıralaması arasındaki ilişki anlamlı bulunmuştur. Erkek sporcularda ise bu ilişki sadece yağsız vücut kitlesi  (rs= -.793;p=0.033) ve anaerobik kapasite  (rs= -.847;p=0.016) özelliğinde anlamlıdır. Sonuç olarak kadın badmintoncularda elde edilen iyi yarışma derecelerinin vücut ağırlığı, yağsız vücut kitlesi ile alt ve üst gövdeye ait izokinetik kas kuvvetinin yüksek olmasıyla; erkek badmintoncularda ise yağsız vücut kitlesi ve anaerobik kapasitenin yüksekliği ile ilişkili olduğu bulunmuştur.

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between some performance components and competition rankings and to make a comparison between genders in elite badminton players. Eleven female (Age: 19.5 ± 2.5 years, Height: 166.7 ± 8.2 cm, Body Weight: 58.2 ± 8.1 kg) and 9 male (Age: 20.2 ± 2.2 years, Height: 177.3 ± 5.8 cm, Body Weight: 74.5 ± 6.2 kg) players who competed at Turkish National Championship were participated in this study. Anthropometric measurements, hand grip, speed, agility, vertical and squat jumps, anaerobic power, anaerobic capacity and isokinetic strength were measured. After a week from these measurements players competed at the Championship. According to comparative results between genders there were similarities at ectomorphy and mesomorphy in anthropometric measurements; fatique index and elastic strength in motor skills (p>0.05). According to the Spearman Correlation Analysis, Championship rankings were significantly correlated with body weigtht (rs=-.721; p=0.019), lean body weight (rs=-.648; p=0.43), 180 °/s dominant shoulder external rotation (rs=-.760;p=0.011), 60 and 180 °/s knee extension (rs=-.782; p=0.008; rs=-.879; p=0.001 respectively), 180 °/s knee flexion sum of peak torque strength  (rs=-.709;p=0.022) in female players. On the other hand in males, there was a significant correlation only in between lean body mass and  anaerobic capacity  and rankings, (rs=-.793; p=0.033; rs=-.847; p=0.016 respectively). As a conclusion; it was found that better position in ranking was related to upper and lower body isokinetic strength, body weight and lean body mass in female players and higher lean body mass and anaerobic capacity in male players.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services, Sport Sciences
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Sinem HAZIR
Institution: BAŞKENT ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ, SPOR BİLİMLERİ BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Author: Melih SALMAN
Institution: AKSARAY ÜNİVERSİTESİ, BEDEN EĞİTİMİ VE SPOR YÜKSEKOKULU
Country: Turkey


Author: Erhan DEVRİLMEZ
Institution: KARAMANOĞLU MEHMETBEY ÜNİVERSİTESİ, BEDEN EĞİTİMİ VE SPOR YÜKSEKOKULU
Country: Turkey


Author: Sadık ŞATIROĞLU

Dates

Application Date : May 9, 2017
Acceptance Date : February 7, 2018
Publication Date : April 26, 2018

APA Hazır, S , Salman, M , Devri̇lmez, E , Şatıroğlu, S . (2018). Elit Badmintoncularda Bazı Performans Bileşenleri ve Şampiyona Sıralaması Arasındaki İlişki: Cinsiyetler Arası Karşılaştırma . Spor Bilimleri Dergisi , 29 (1) , 27-38 . DOI: 10.17644/sbd.311143