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Preparation of Supported Liquid Membranes, Characterization and Using in Separation Processes

Year 2019, Volume 23, Issue 1, 204 - 211, 01.04.2019
https://doi.org/10.19113/sdufenbed.535819

Abstract

In this study, two novel supported liquid membranes (SLMs) was developed by using Trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) and N-(furane-2-iylmethyl)-N’-hydroxy-2-oxo-2-(4-phenylphenyl) eteneimideamide (BKOF) as a carrier that have different functional groups, each dissolved in the organic phase N-N-dimethyl formamide. Hydrophobic polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) and polyamide microporous membranes were used as support to prepare these membranes. Developed membranes were characterized with several analytical methods, including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). Characterization processes confirm the novelty of membranes due to different surface morphologies of prepared SLMs, compared to the PVDF and polyamide supports. Performance of prepared SLMs were evaluated by rejection tests for Ni(II) and Fe(III)) from aqueous solutions by using Donnan dialysis method. The highest flux values were obtained when the feed phase concentration of 1.0x10-1 M NiCl2.6H2O or 1.0x10-1 M Fe(NO3)3.9H2O, the strip phase concentration of 1.0x10-1 M HCl or 1.0x10-1 M HNO3, respectively.

References

  • [1] Chrisstoffels, L.A.J., de Jong, F., Reinhoudt, D.N. 1996. Mechanistic Studies of Carrier-Mediated Transport Through Supported Liquid Membranes. ss 18-56. Bartsch, R.A., Douglas Way, J., ed. 1996. Chemical Separations with Liquid Membranes. American Chemical Society, Washington, 422s.
  • [2] Mulder, M. 1998. Liquid Membranes. ss 340-347. Basic Principles of Membrane Technology, Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 576s.
  • [3] Strathmann, H. 1988. Synthetic Membranes and Their Preparation. ss 29-38. Porter, M.C. 1988. Handbook of Industrial Membrane Technology, Noyes Publications, USA, 604s.
  • [4] Chakrabarty, K., Saha, P., Ghoshal, A.K. 2010. Simultaneous Separation of Mercury and Lignosulfanate from Aqueous Solution Using Supported Liquid Membrane. Journal of Membrane Sciences, 346, 37-44.
  • [5] Resina, M., Macanás, J., de Gyves, J., Muñoz, M. 2006. Zn(II), Cd(II) and Cu(II) Separation Through Organic–Inorganic Hybrid Membranes Containing Di-(2-ethylhexyl) Phosphoric Acid or Di-(2-ethylhexyl) Dithiophosphoric Acid as a Carrier. Journal of Membrane Sciences, 268, 57-64.
  • [6] Kedarin, C.S., Pandit, S.S., Gandhi, P.M. 2013. Separation by Competitive Transport of Uranium(VI) and Thorium(IV) Nitrates Across Supported Renewable Liquid Membrane Containing Trioctylphosphine Oxide as Metal Carrier. Journal of Membrane Science, 430, 188–195.
  • [7] Ho, W. S., Sirkar, K. K. (Eds.) 1992. Membrane Handbook, Chapman&Hall, New York, 954s.
  • [8] Cooper, C.A., Lin, Y.S., Gonzalez, M. 2004. Separation Properties of Surface Modified Silica Supported Liquid Membranes for Divalent Metal Removal/Recovery. Journal of Membrane Science, 229, 11–25.
  • [9] Kaya, A., Kutlu, T., Hol, A., Surucu, A., Alpoguz, A.K. 2014. Transport of Pb(II) by Supported Liquid Membrane Containing p-tert-butyl Calix[4]amine Derivative as Carrier. Desalination and Water Treatment, 52 (16-18), 3219-3225.
  • [10] Kır, E., Yalimli, S., Kurtulmus, S., Aydin, A., Yılmaz, H. 2015. Facilitated Transport of Ni(II) Through Supported Liquid Membranes Containing Dithiophosphonates as Ion Carrier. Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Silicon, 190, 1–13.
  • [11] Zidi, C., Tayeb, R., Dhahbi, M. 2011. Extraction of Phenol from Aqueous Solutions by Means of Supported Liquid Membrane (MLS) Containing Tri-n-octyl Phosphine Oxide (TOPO). Journal of Hazardous Materials, 194, 62–68.
  • [12] Raut, D.R., Mohapatra, P.K., Ansari, S.A., Sarkar, A., Manchanda V.K. 2008. Selective Transport of Radio-Cesium by Supported Liquid Membranes Containing Calix[4]crown-6 Ligands as the Mobile Carrier. Desalination, 232, 262–271.
  • [13] Altınel, E. 2006. Manganese(III) Acetate Mediated Regeneration of Carbonyl Compounds from Oximes. Middle East Technical University, The Graduate Scholl of Natural and Applied Sciences, Master of Science Thesis, 53s, Ankara.
  • [14] Kurtoğlu, M., Serin, S., 2006. Oksimler; Sentezi, Reaksiyonları ve Metal Kompleksleri. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Fen ve Mühendislik Dergisi, 9 (2), 25-32.
  • [15] Hichour, M., Persin, F., Sandeaux, J., Gavach, C. 2000. Fluoride Removal from Waters by Donnan Dialysis. Separation and Purification Technology, 18(1), 1-11.
  • [16] Akretche, D.E., Kergjoudj, H. 2000. Donnan Dialysis of Copper, Gold and Silver Cyanides with Various Exchange Membranes. Talanta, 51 (2), 281-289.
  • [17] Dede, B., Karipcin, F., Arabali, F., Cengiz, M. 2010. Synthesis, Structure, and Solvent-Extraction Properties of Tridentate Oxime Ligands and Their Cobalt(II), Nickel(II), Copper(II), Zinc(II) Complexes. Chemical Papers, 64 (1), 25–33.
  • [18] Meddour, L., Didi, M.A. 2007. Purification of Tri-n-Octyl Phosphine Oxide by Extraction and Precipitation. Extraction of Zn, Mo and Fe in Acid Medium. Scientific Study & Research, 8 (3), 269-280.

Destekli Sıvı Membranların Hazırlanması, Karakterizasyonu ve Ayırma İşlemlerinde Kullanılması

Year 2019, Volume 23, Issue 1, 204 - 211, 01.04.2019
https://doi.org/10.19113/sdufenbed.535819

Abstract

Bu çalışmada, taşıyıcı olarak farklı fonksiyonel gruplara sahip ve her biri N-N- dimetil formamit organik fazında çözünen trioktilfosfin oksit (TOPO) ve N-(furan-2-ilmetil)-N’-hidroksi-2-okso-2-(4-fenilfenil)-etenimidamit (BKOF) bileşikleri kullanılarak iki yeni tür destekli sıvı membran (DSM) hazırlanmıştır. Destek tabakası olarak hidrofobik poliviniliden florür (PVDF) ve poliamit mikroporöz membranlar kullanılmıştır. Hazırlanan membranlar taramalı elektron mikroskobu (SEM), enerji dağılım X-ray spektroskopisi (SEM-EDS), atomik güç mikroskobu (AFM), fourier dönüşümlü infrared spektroskopisi (FTIR) ve termogravimetrik analiz (TGA) gibi analitik metotlar kullanılarak karakterize edilmiştir. Karakterizasyon işlemleri, hazırlanan DSM’lerin yüzey morfolojilerinin PVDF ve poliamit destek tabakalarına kıyasla farklı olması, bu membranların yeni tür olduklarını doğrulamaktadır. Hazırlanan DSM’lerin performası, donnan diyaliz metodu kullanılarak sulu çözelti ortamından Ni(II) ve Fe(III) iyonlarının uzaklaştırma deneylerinde değerlendirilmiştir. En yüksek akı değerleri besleme fazı konsantrasyonu 1,0x10-1 M NiCl2.6H2O veya 1,0x10-1 M Fe(NO3)3.9H2O ve alıcı faz konsantrasyonları 1,0x10-1 M HCl veya 1,0x10-1 M HNO3 olduğu zaman elde edilmiştir.

References

  • [1] Chrisstoffels, L.A.J., de Jong, F., Reinhoudt, D.N. 1996. Mechanistic Studies of Carrier-Mediated Transport Through Supported Liquid Membranes. ss 18-56. Bartsch, R.A., Douglas Way, J., ed. 1996. Chemical Separations with Liquid Membranes. American Chemical Society, Washington, 422s.
  • [2] Mulder, M. 1998. Liquid Membranes. ss 340-347. Basic Principles of Membrane Technology, Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 576s.
  • [3] Strathmann, H. 1988. Synthetic Membranes and Their Preparation. ss 29-38. Porter, M.C. 1988. Handbook of Industrial Membrane Technology, Noyes Publications, USA, 604s.
  • [4] Chakrabarty, K., Saha, P., Ghoshal, A.K. 2010. Simultaneous Separation of Mercury and Lignosulfanate from Aqueous Solution Using Supported Liquid Membrane. Journal of Membrane Sciences, 346, 37-44.
  • [5] Resina, M., Macanás, J., de Gyves, J., Muñoz, M. 2006. Zn(II), Cd(II) and Cu(II) Separation Through Organic–Inorganic Hybrid Membranes Containing Di-(2-ethylhexyl) Phosphoric Acid or Di-(2-ethylhexyl) Dithiophosphoric Acid as a Carrier. Journal of Membrane Sciences, 268, 57-64.
  • [6] Kedarin, C.S., Pandit, S.S., Gandhi, P.M. 2013. Separation by Competitive Transport of Uranium(VI) and Thorium(IV) Nitrates Across Supported Renewable Liquid Membrane Containing Trioctylphosphine Oxide as Metal Carrier. Journal of Membrane Science, 430, 188–195.
  • [7] Ho, W. S., Sirkar, K. K. (Eds.) 1992. Membrane Handbook, Chapman&Hall, New York, 954s.
  • [8] Cooper, C.A., Lin, Y.S., Gonzalez, M. 2004. Separation Properties of Surface Modified Silica Supported Liquid Membranes for Divalent Metal Removal/Recovery. Journal of Membrane Science, 229, 11–25.
  • [9] Kaya, A., Kutlu, T., Hol, A., Surucu, A., Alpoguz, A.K. 2014. Transport of Pb(II) by Supported Liquid Membrane Containing p-tert-butyl Calix[4]amine Derivative as Carrier. Desalination and Water Treatment, 52 (16-18), 3219-3225.
  • [10] Kır, E., Yalimli, S., Kurtulmus, S., Aydin, A., Yılmaz, H. 2015. Facilitated Transport of Ni(II) Through Supported Liquid Membranes Containing Dithiophosphonates as Ion Carrier. Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Silicon, 190, 1–13.
  • [11] Zidi, C., Tayeb, R., Dhahbi, M. 2011. Extraction of Phenol from Aqueous Solutions by Means of Supported Liquid Membrane (MLS) Containing Tri-n-octyl Phosphine Oxide (TOPO). Journal of Hazardous Materials, 194, 62–68.
  • [12] Raut, D.R., Mohapatra, P.K., Ansari, S.A., Sarkar, A., Manchanda V.K. 2008. Selective Transport of Radio-Cesium by Supported Liquid Membranes Containing Calix[4]crown-6 Ligands as the Mobile Carrier. Desalination, 232, 262–271.
  • [13] Altınel, E. 2006. Manganese(III) Acetate Mediated Regeneration of Carbonyl Compounds from Oximes. Middle East Technical University, The Graduate Scholl of Natural and Applied Sciences, Master of Science Thesis, 53s, Ankara.
  • [14] Kurtoğlu, M., Serin, S., 2006. Oksimler; Sentezi, Reaksiyonları ve Metal Kompleksleri. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Fen ve Mühendislik Dergisi, 9 (2), 25-32.
  • [15] Hichour, M., Persin, F., Sandeaux, J., Gavach, C. 2000. Fluoride Removal from Waters by Donnan Dialysis. Separation and Purification Technology, 18(1), 1-11.
  • [16] Akretche, D.E., Kergjoudj, H. 2000. Donnan Dialysis of Copper, Gold and Silver Cyanides with Various Exchange Membranes. Talanta, 51 (2), 281-289.
  • [17] Dede, B., Karipcin, F., Arabali, F., Cengiz, M. 2010. Synthesis, Structure, and Solvent-Extraction Properties of Tridentate Oxime Ligands and Their Cobalt(II), Nickel(II), Copper(II), Zinc(II) Complexes. Chemical Papers, 64 (1), 25–33.
  • [18] Meddour, L., Didi, M.A. 2007. Purification of Tri-n-Octyl Phosphine Oxide by Extraction and Precipitation. Extraction of Zn, Mo and Fe in Acid Medium. Scientific Study & Research, 8 (3), 269-280.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Figen ILGAZ This is me
SÜLEYMAN DEMİREL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-9808-485X
Türkiye


Esengül KIR> (Primary Author)
SULEYMAN DEMIREL UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-6641-3444
Türkiye


Tuğba SARDOHAN KÖSEOĞLU>
ISPARTA UYGULAMALI BİLİMLER ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-0707-9191
Türkiye


Bülent DEDE>
SÜLEYMAN DEMİREL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-1416-7373
Türkiye

Publication Date April 1, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 23, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { sdufenbed535819, journal = {Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi}, eissn = {1308-6529}, address = {}, publisher = {Süleyman Demirel University}, year = {2019}, volume = {23}, number = {1}, pages = {204 - 211}, doi = {10.19113/sdufenbed.535819}, title = {Destekli Sıvı Membranların Hazırlanması, Karakterizasyonu ve Ayırma İşlemlerinde Kullanılması}, key = {cite}, author = {Ilgaz, Figen and Kır, Esengül and Sardohan Köseoğlu, Tuğba and Dede, Bülent} }
APA Ilgaz, F. , Kır, E. , Sardohan Köseoğlu, T. & Dede, B. (2019). Destekli Sıvı Membranların Hazırlanması, Karakterizasyonu ve Ayırma İşlemlerinde Kullanılması . Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi , 23 (1) , 204-211 . DOI: 10.19113/sdufenbed.535819
MLA Ilgaz, F. , Kır, E. , Sardohan Köseoğlu, T. , Dede, B. "Destekli Sıvı Membranların Hazırlanması, Karakterizasyonu ve Ayırma İşlemlerinde Kullanılması" . Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 23 (2019 ): 204-211 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/sdufenbed/issue/39838/535819>
Chicago Ilgaz, F. , Kır, E. , Sardohan Köseoğlu, T. , Dede, B. "Destekli Sıvı Membranların Hazırlanması, Karakterizasyonu ve Ayırma İşlemlerinde Kullanılması". Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 23 (2019 ): 204-211
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Destekli Sıvı Membranların Hazırlanması, Karakterizasyonu ve Ayırma İşlemlerinde Kullanılması AU - Figen Ilgaz , Esengül Kır , Tuğba Sardohan Köseoğlu , Bülent Dede Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.19113/sdufenbed.535819 DO - 10.19113/sdufenbed.535819 T2 - Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 204 EP - 211 VL - 23 IS - 1 SN - -1308-6529 M3 - doi: 10.19113/sdufenbed.535819 UR - https://doi.org/10.19113/sdufenbed.535819 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Süleyman Demirel University Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences Destekli Sıvı Membranların Hazırlanması, Karakterizasyonu ve Ayırma İşlemlerinde Kullanılması %A Figen Ilgaz , Esengül Kır , Tuğba Sardohan Köseoğlu , Bülent Dede %T Destekli Sıvı Membranların Hazırlanması, Karakterizasyonu ve Ayırma İşlemlerinde Kullanılması %D 2019 %J Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi %P -1308-6529 %V 23 %N 1 %R doi: 10.19113/sdufenbed.535819 %U 10.19113/sdufenbed.535819
ISNAD Ilgaz, Figen , Kır, Esengül , Sardohan Köseoğlu, Tuğba , Dede, Bülent . "Destekli Sıvı Membranların Hazırlanması, Karakterizasyonu ve Ayırma İşlemlerinde Kullanılması". Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 23 / 1 (April 2019): 204-211 . https://doi.org/10.19113/sdufenbed.535819
AMA Ilgaz F. , Kır E. , Sardohan Köseoğlu T. , Dede B. Destekli Sıvı Membranların Hazırlanması, Karakterizasyonu ve Ayırma İşlemlerinde Kullanılması. SDÜ Fen Bil Enst Der. 2019; 23(1): 204-211.
Vancouver Ilgaz F. , Kır E. , Sardohan Köseoğlu T. , Dede B. Destekli Sıvı Membranların Hazırlanması, Karakterizasyonu ve Ayırma İşlemlerinde Kullanılması. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2019; 23(1): 204-211.
IEEE F. Ilgaz , E. Kır , T. Sardohan Köseoğlu and B. Dede , "Destekli Sıvı Membranların Hazırlanması, Karakterizasyonu ve Ayırma İşlemlerinde Kullanılması", Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 204-211, Apr. 2019, doi:10.19113/sdufenbed.535819

e-ISSN: 1308-6529