Objective: Interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-4, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) are forefront cytokines in the periodontitis pathogenesis. Therefore, this study aimed to test the hypothesis that overweight rats with periodontitis have higher pro-inflammatory cytokines and/or adipokines, and lower anti-inflammatory cytokines and/or adipokines in serum than normal weight rats. Material-Method: Thirty-two 4-month old male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: normal weight, periodontally healthy rats (NH, n = 8), normal weight rats with periodontitis (NP, n = 8), overweight, periodontally healthy rats (OH, n = 8); and overweight rats with periodontitis (OP, n = 8). Periodontitis was induced by ligature for 14 days. The serum cytokine’ and adipokine’ levels were investigated using ELISA. Results: IL-4 levels were higher in the NH and NP groups than their counterparts in the overweight rats (P <0.01). The IL-6 level was significantly higher in the OP group than in the NP group (P < 0.01). The adiponectin level was significantly higher in the NH group than in the OH and OP groups (P < 0.01). Leptin and resistin levels didn’t differ significantly among the groups (P > 0.01). Conclusions: The overweight status affected the cytokine’ and adipokine’ level independent from the periodontal status in this experimental model. Overweight rats with and without periodontitis have lower serum levels of anti-inflammatory cytokine and adipokines (IL-4 and adiponectin) and higher serum levels of pro-inflammatory cytokine (IL-6) than their counterparts in normal weight rat groups.
|Journal Section||Araştırma Articlesi|
|Publication Date||January 3, 2017|
|Application Date||May 26, 2016|
|Published in Issue||Year 2016, Volume 7, Issue 3|
SDÜ Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, makalenin gönderilmesi ve yayınlanması dahil olmak üzere hiçbir aşamada herhangi bir ücret talep etmemektedir. Dergimiz, bilimsel araştırmaları okuyucuya ücretsiz sunmanın bilginin küresel paylaşımını artıracağı ilkesini benimseyerek, içeriğine anında açık erişim sağlamaktadır.