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Üniversite öğrencilerinin beden imajı üzerine etkili sosyal baskılar var mı?

Year 2019, Volume 26, Issue 1, 80 - 89, 04.03.2019
https://doi.org/10.17343/sdutfd.316684

Abstract

Bu araştırmanın amacı üniversite öğrencilerinin beden görünümü ile ilişkili sosyal baskıların belirlenmesi ve bunların beden imajı üzerine etkisinin belirlenmesidir. Araştırmanın örneği 867 üniversite öğrencisinden oluşmaktadır.   Verilerin toplanmasında Demografik Veri Formu ve Beden İmajı Skalası ve istatistik analizlerde tanımlayıcı istatistikler, ki-kare testi, Spearman korelasyon testi ve çoklu regresyon analizleri kullanılmıştır. Katılımcıların %74,7’sinin Vücut Kütle İndeksi normal aralıktaydı. Beden Imajı Skoru kadınlarda erkeklerden daha düşüktü. Öğrencilerin %23,0’ının bedeni normal iken bedeni ile ilişkili düşüncesi normal değildi. Beden imajının belirleyici değişkenleri cinsiyet, yaş, öğrencinin kendi düşüncesi ve isteği ve babasının öğrencinin beden kompozisyonu ile ilgili düşüncesiydi. Kadın olmak ve karşı cinsin önerisi diyete neden olan en önemli belirleyicilerdi. Kadın ve 20 yaşın üstündeki öğrenciler olumsuz beden imajına sahipti. Öğrencinin babasının öğrencinin normal olduğunu düşünmesi olumlu beden imajı ile ilişkiliydi. Sosyal baskıların psikometrik özelliklerinin, klinik çalışmalarla da incelenmesi önerilir. 

References

  • 1- Smolak L, Levine M, Schermer F. Parental input and weight concerns among elementary school children. International Journal of Eating Disorders 1999;25(3):263–271.
  • 2- Tiggemann M, Slater A. Thin ideals in music television: A source of social comparison and body displeasure. International Journal of Eating Disorders 2004;35(1):48–58.
  • 3- McCabe M, Ricciardelli L. The structure of the Perceived Sociocultural Pressures on Body Image and Body Change Questionnaire. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine 2001;8(1):19–41.
  • 4- Ogden J, Steward J. The role of the mother–daughter relationship in explaining weight concern. International Journal of Eating Disorders 2000;28(1):78–83.
  • 5- Secord PF, Jourard SM. The appraisal of body-cathexis: bodycathexis and the self. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 1953;17(5):343-347.
  • 6- Hovardaoğlu S. Scale of Body Image. Journal of 3P (Phsicofarmacology, Phsyciatri, Phsicology) 1993;1(suppl.2):26-27.
  • 7- Ricciardelli LA, McCabe MP, Williams RJ, Thompson K. The role of ethnicity and culture in body image and disordered eating among males. Clinical Psychology Review 2007;27(5):582–606.
  • 8- Yılmaz E, Özkan S. Investigation of Nutritional Habits in University Students. Journal of Fırat Health Science 2007;21(2):87–104.
  • 9- Erten M (2006) Research of the nutritional knowledge and nutritional habits of the University students in the city of Adıyaman. Master of Science Thesis, Gazi University Educational Science Institute, Ankara, Turkey.
  • 10- Orak S, Akgün S, Orhan H. Investigation of nutritional habits of Suleyman Demýrel University students. Journal of Suleyman Demirel University Medical Faculty 2006;13(2):5-11.
  • 11- Sharon HT, Sohailla D. A preliminary survey of dieting, body displeasure, and eating problems among high school cheerleaders. The Journal of School Health 2004;74(3):85–91.
  • 12- Lowry R, Galuska DA, Fulton JE, Wechsler H, Kann L. Weight management goals and practices among U. S. high school students: Associations with physical activity, diet, and smoking. Journal of Adolescent Health 2002;31(2):133–144.
  • 13- Demir BD. Eating habits of female students attending to high school and factors that affect their body image. Master of Science Thesis. Ankara: Hacettepe University Health Science Institute, 2006.
  • 14- Örsel S, Canpolat B, Akdemir A, Ozbay H. Comparison of Body-Image Self-Perception and BMI of Dieting Adolescents with Those of Non-Dieters. Turkish Journal of Psychiatry 2004;15(1):5-15. 15- Eaton DK, Lowry R, Brener ND, Galuska DA, Crosby AE. Associations of body mass index and perceived weight with suicide ideation and suicide attempts among us high school students. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 2005;159(6):513-519.
  • 16- Welch C, Gross SM, Bronner Y, Moore ND, Paige DM. Discrepancies on body ımage perception among fourh-grade public school from urban, suburban and rural maryland. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2004;104(7):1080–1085.
  • 17- Aslan D. Nutritional problems related with body image problems. STED 2004;13(9):326-329.
  • 18- Grogan S. Body image: Understanding body displeasure in men, women, and children. (2nd ed.). London: Routledge, 2008.
  • 19- O’Dea J. Gender, ethnicity, culture and social class pressures on childhood obesity among Australian schoolchildren: Implications for treatment, prevention and community education. Health & Social Care in the Community 2008;16(3):282–290.
  • 20- Ricciardelli LA, McCabe MP. Sociocultural and individual pressures on muscle gain and weight loss strategies among adolescent boys and girls. Psychology in the Schools 2003;40(2):209–224.
  • 21- Pate JE, Pumariega AJ, Hester C, Garner DM. Cross-cultural patterns in eating disorders: A review. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 1992;31(5):802–808.
  • 22- Ghaderi A. Review of risk factors for eating disorders: Implications for primary prevention and cognitive behavioral therapy. Scandinavian Journal of Behavior Therapy 2001;30(2):57-74.
  • 23- Sanlier N, Yabanci N and Alyakut O (2008) An evaluation of eating disorders among a group of Turkish university students. Appetite 51(3): 641-645.
  • 24- Akdevelioglu Y, Gümüş H. Eating Disorders and Body Image Perception among University Students. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 2010;9(12):1187-1191.
  • 25- Mellor D, McCabe M, Ricciardelli L, Yeow J, Daliza N, Mohd Hapidzal NF. Sociocultural pressures on body displeasure and body change behaviors among Malaysian adolescents. Body Image 2009;6(2):121–128.
  • 26- Uskun E, Şabaplı A. The Relationship between Body Image and Eating Attitudes of Secondary School Students. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin 2013;12(5):519-528.
  • 27- Clark L, Tiggemann M. Appearance culture in nine-to 12-year-old girls: Media and peer pressures on body displeasure. Social Development 2006;15(4):628–643.
  • 28- Littleton H, Ollendick T. Negative body image and disordered eating behavior in children and adolescents: What places youth at risk and how can these problems be prevented? Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review 2003;6(1):51–66. 29- Hesse Biber S. Eating patterns and disorders in a college population: Are college women’s eating problems a new phenomenon? Sex Role 1989;20(1-2):71-89.
  • 30- Ball K, Lee C. Psychological stress, coping, and symptoms of disordered eating in a community sample of young Australian women. International Journal of Eating Disorders 2002;31(1):71-81.
  • 31- Jones JM, Bennett S, Olmsted MP, Lawson ML, Rodin G. Disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in teenaged girls: A school-based study. Canadian Medical Association Journal 2001;165(5):547–552.
  • 32- Perry CL, Mullis RM, Maile MC. Modifying the eating behavior of young children. Journal of School Health 1985;55(10):399-402.
  • 33- Presnell K, Bearman S, Stice E. Risk factors for body displeasure in adolescent boys and girls: A prospective study. International Journal of Eating Disorders 2004;36(4):389–401. 34- Rohner RP, Veneziano RA. The importance of father love: History and contemporary evidence. Review of General Psychology 2001;5(4):382-405.
  • 35- Çetin I. Ata Tradition in Turkish Culture. Millî Folklor 2007;19(76):70-75. 36- Jones DC, Vigfusdottir TH, Lee Y. Body image and the appearance culture among adolescent girls and boys: An examination of friend conversations, peer criticism, appearance magazines, and the internalization of appearance ideal. Journal of Adolescent 2004;19(3):323-339.
  • 37- Grabe S, Hyde JS. Ethnicity and body displeasure among women in the United States: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin 2006;132(4):622–640.

Are there any effective social pressures on body image of university students?

Year 2019, Volume 26, Issue 1, 80 - 89, 04.03.2019
https://doi.org/10.17343/sdutfd.316684

Abstract

This study aimed to determine social infleunces related with body view of university students and their effects on body image. Samples of the research were composed of 867 university students. Demographic Data Form, Body-cathexis Scale  were used to collect data. Descriptive analyses, chi- square test, Spearman’s corelation test and multipl regression analyses were used for statistical analyses. 74.7% of participants was within the normal The Body Mass Index range. Body Image Score of girls were lower than boys. 23.0% of students has an opinion related his/her body was not normal while it was normal. Sex, age, own opinion and request and father’s opinion related student’s body composition have been predictor variables for body image. Female and over 20 years old students have body image displeasure. Having a normal opinion of father related with body image satisfaction. Female gender and desire of the opposite sex are the most prominent variables to induce diet. The psychometric properties of the social pressures are recommended examined also by clinical studies.

References

  • 1- Smolak L, Levine M, Schermer F. Parental input and weight concerns among elementary school children. International Journal of Eating Disorders 1999;25(3):263–271.
  • 2- Tiggemann M, Slater A. Thin ideals in music television: A source of social comparison and body displeasure. International Journal of Eating Disorders 2004;35(1):48–58.
  • 3- McCabe M, Ricciardelli L. The structure of the Perceived Sociocultural Pressures on Body Image and Body Change Questionnaire. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine 2001;8(1):19–41.
  • 4- Ogden J, Steward J. The role of the mother–daughter relationship in explaining weight concern. International Journal of Eating Disorders 2000;28(1):78–83.
  • 5- Secord PF, Jourard SM. The appraisal of body-cathexis: bodycathexis and the self. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 1953;17(5):343-347.
  • 6- Hovardaoğlu S. Scale of Body Image. Journal of 3P (Phsicofarmacology, Phsyciatri, Phsicology) 1993;1(suppl.2):26-27.
  • 7- Ricciardelli LA, McCabe MP, Williams RJ, Thompson K. The role of ethnicity and culture in body image and disordered eating among males. Clinical Psychology Review 2007;27(5):582–606.
  • 8- Yılmaz E, Özkan S. Investigation of Nutritional Habits in University Students. Journal of Fırat Health Science 2007;21(2):87–104.
  • 9- Erten M (2006) Research of the nutritional knowledge and nutritional habits of the University students in the city of Adıyaman. Master of Science Thesis, Gazi University Educational Science Institute, Ankara, Turkey.
  • 10- Orak S, Akgün S, Orhan H. Investigation of nutritional habits of Suleyman Demýrel University students. Journal of Suleyman Demirel University Medical Faculty 2006;13(2):5-11.
  • 11- Sharon HT, Sohailla D. A preliminary survey of dieting, body displeasure, and eating problems among high school cheerleaders. The Journal of School Health 2004;74(3):85–91.
  • 12- Lowry R, Galuska DA, Fulton JE, Wechsler H, Kann L. Weight management goals and practices among U. S. high school students: Associations with physical activity, diet, and smoking. Journal of Adolescent Health 2002;31(2):133–144.
  • 13- Demir BD. Eating habits of female students attending to high school and factors that affect their body image. Master of Science Thesis. Ankara: Hacettepe University Health Science Institute, 2006.
  • 14- Örsel S, Canpolat B, Akdemir A, Ozbay H. Comparison of Body-Image Self-Perception and BMI of Dieting Adolescents with Those of Non-Dieters. Turkish Journal of Psychiatry 2004;15(1):5-15. 15- Eaton DK, Lowry R, Brener ND, Galuska DA, Crosby AE. Associations of body mass index and perceived weight with suicide ideation and suicide attempts among us high school students. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 2005;159(6):513-519.
  • 16- Welch C, Gross SM, Bronner Y, Moore ND, Paige DM. Discrepancies on body ımage perception among fourh-grade public school from urban, suburban and rural maryland. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2004;104(7):1080–1085.
  • 17- Aslan D. Nutritional problems related with body image problems. STED 2004;13(9):326-329.
  • 18- Grogan S. Body image: Understanding body displeasure in men, women, and children. (2nd ed.). London: Routledge, 2008.
  • 19- O’Dea J. Gender, ethnicity, culture and social class pressures on childhood obesity among Australian schoolchildren: Implications for treatment, prevention and community education. Health & Social Care in the Community 2008;16(3):282–290.
  • 20- Ricciardelli LA, McCabe MP. Sociocultural and individual pressures on muscle gain and weight loss strategies among adolescent boys and girls. Psychology in the Schools 2003;40(2):209–224.
  • 21- Pate JE, Pumariega AJ, Hester C, Garner DM. Cross-cultural patterns in eating disorders: A review. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 1992;31(5):802–808.
  • 22- Ghaderi A. Review of risk factors for eating disorders: Implications for primary prevention and cognitive behavioral therapy. Scandinavian Journal of Behavior Therapy 2001;30(2):57-74.
  • 23- Sanlier N, Yabanci N and Alyakut O (2008) An evaluation of eating disorders among a group of Turkish university students. Appetite 51(3): 641-645.
  • 24- Akdevelioglu Y, Gümüş H. Eating Disorders and Body Image Perception among University Students. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 2010;9(12):1187-1191.
  • 25- Mellor D, McCabe M, Ricciardelli L, Yeow J, Daliza N, Mohd Hapidzal NF. Sociocultural pressures on body displeasure and body change behaviors among Malaysian adolescents. Body Image 2009;6(2):121–128.
  • 26- Uskun E, Şabaplı A. The Relationship between Body Image and Eating Attitudes of Secondary School Students. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin 2013;12(5):519-528.
  • 27- Clark L, Tiggemann M. Appearance culture in nine-to 12-year-old girls: Media and peer pressures on body displeasure. Social Development 2006;15(4):628–643.
  • 28- Littleton H, Ollendick T. Negative body image and disordered eating behavior in children and adolescents: What places youth at risk and how can these problems be prevented? Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review 2003;6(1):51–66. 29- Hesse Biber S. Eating patterns and disorders in a college population: Are college women’s eating problems a new phenomenon? Sex Role 1989;20(1-2):71-89.
  • 30- Ball K, Lee C. Psychological stress, coping, and symptoms of disordered eating in a community sample of young Australian women. International Journal of Eating Disorders 2002;31(1):71-81.
  • 31- Jones JM, Bennett S, Olmsted MP, Lawson ML, Rodin G. Disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in teenaged girls: A school-based study. Canadian Medical Association Journal 2001;165(5):547–552.
  • 32- Perry CL, Mullis RM, Maile MC. Modifying the eating behavior of young children. Journal of School Health 1985;55(10):399-402.
  • 33- Presnell K, Bearman S, Stice E. Risk factors for body displeasure in adolescent boys and girls: A prospective study. International Journal of Eating Disorders 2004;36(4):389–401. 34- Rohner RP, Veneziano RA. The importance of father love: History and contemporary evidence. Review of General Psychology 2001;5(4):382-405.
  • 35- Çetin I. Ata Tradition in Turkish Culture. Millî Folklor 2007;19(76):70-75. 36- Jones DC, Vigfusdottir TH, Lee Y. Body image and the appearance culture among adolescent girls and boys: An examination of friend conversations, peer criticism, appearance magazines, and the internalization of appearance ideal. Journal of Adolescent 2004;19(3):323-339.
  • 37- Grabe S, Hyde JS. Ethnicity and body displeasure among women in the United States: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin 2006;132(4):622–640.

Details

Subjects Medicine
Journal Section Araştırma Makaleleri
Authors

Fatma Selcen Çiftçi This is me
SÜLEYMAN DEMİREL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
Türkiye


Ersin Uskun>
SÜLEYMAN DEMİREL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-6446-0186
Türkiye

Publication Date March 4, 2019
Application Date May 29, 2017
Acceptance Date August 9, 2017
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 26, Issue 1

Cite

Vancouver Çiftçi F. S. , Uskun E. Üniversite öğrencilerinin beden imajı üzerine etkili sosyal baskılar var mı?. SDÜ Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi. 2019; 26(1): 80-89.

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Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi/ Medical Journal of Süleyman Demirel Universty Creative Commons Atıf-Gayriticari-Türetilemez 4.0 Uluslararası Lisansı ile lisanslanmıştır.