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Kalina çevriminin bir tanker gemisine entegrasyonu ve geminin enerji verimliliğine etkisinin analizi

Year 2021, Volume 1, Issue 1, 26 - 35, 30.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.14744/seatific.2021.0004

Abstract

References

  • Arash, N,, Hossein, N., Faramarz, R., & Mortaza, Y. (2016). A comparative thermodynamic analysis of ORC and Kalina cycles for waste heat recovery: A case study for CGAM cogeneration system. Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 9, 1−13.
  • Bing, H., Simin, H., Youyuan, S., & Jiechao, C. (2019). Thermodynamic analysis of a new ammonia-water power cycle. Energy Reports, 6(Suppl 1), 567−573.
  • Bliem, C. J. (1988). The Kalina cycle and similar cycles for geothermal power production. Inc. Idaho Falls, Idaho, Technical Report.
  • Chen, Y., Guo, Z., Wu, J., Zhang, Z., & Hua, J. (2015). Energy and exergy analysis of integrated system of ammonia– water Kalina–Rankine cycle. Energy, 90, 2028−2037.
  • Thorin, E., Dejfors, C., & Svedberg, G. (1998). Thermodynamic properties of ammonia-water mixtures for power cycles. International Journal of Thermophysics, 19(2).
  • Francesco, B., & Cecilia., G. (2014) A feasibility analysis of waste heat recovery systems for marine applications. Energy, 80, 654-665.
  • Ganesh, N. S., & Srinivas, T. (2011. Evaluation of thermodynamic properties of ammonia-water mixture up to 100 bar for power application systems. Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 25-39.
  • Henry A. MLCAK, An Introduction to the Kalina Cycle. PE, 1996
  • Dhahada H.A., Hussen H.M., Nguyen P.T., Ghaebi H.,. Ashraf M. A. Thermodynamic and thermoeconomics analysis of innovative integration of Kalina and absorption refrigeration cycles for simultaneously cooling and power generation. Energy Conversion and Management, 203, Article 112241.
  • Mergner, H., Weimer, T. (2015). Performance of ammonia–water based cycles for power generation from low enthalpy heat sources. Energy, 88, 93−100.
  • Kaita, Y. (2001). Thermodynamic properties of lithium bromide–water solutions at high temperatures. International Journal of Refrigeration, 24(5), 374−390.
  • Kalina, A., Leibowitz,. Lazzeri, H. L., & Diotti F. Recent devolopment in the application of the kalina cycle for geothermal plants. Ansaldo Energia, 2093−2096.
  • Larsen, U., Pierobon, L., Haglind, F., & Gabrielii, C. (2013). Design and optimisation of organic Rankine cycles for waste heat recovery in marine applications using the principles of natural selection. Energy, 55, 803−812.
  • MAN Diesel & Turbo, Waste heat recovery system (WHRS), Denmark., 2012 www. mandieselturbo.com
  • Şentürk Acar, M. (2020). Thermodynamic and economic analysis of geothermal energy powered kalina cycle. Journal of Thermal Science and Technology, 40(2), 335−347.
  • Narayanan, S. Ganesh and Tangellapalli Srinivas, “Nuclear energy-driven Kalina cycle system suitable for Indian climatic conditions. CO2 Research and Green Technologies Centre, School of Mechanical and Building Sciences, Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT), 298−308.
  • Bombarda, P., Invernizzi, C.M., & Pietra, C. (2018). Heat recovery from Diesel engines: A thermodynamic comparison between Kalina and ORC cycles. Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Brescia, Via Branze 38, 25123 Brescia, Italy, 2009
  • Patel, H. A., Patel, L. N., Jani, D., & Christian, A. (2016). Energetic analysis of single stage lithium bromide water absorption refrigeration system. Procedia Technology, 23, 488−495.
  • Nag P.K., & Gupta A.V.S.S.K.S. (1997). Exergy analysis of kalina cycle. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, 721302 India.
  • Ogriseck, S. (2009). Integration of Kalina Cycle in a Combined Heat and Power Plant, A Case Study. Applied Thermal Engineering, 29(14-15), 2843−2848.
  • Ulrik, L., Tuong-Van, N., Thomas K., & Fredrik, H. (2013). System analysis and optimisation of a Kalina split-cycle for waste heat recovery on large marine diesel engines. Energy,64, 484−494.
  • Wang, J., Yan, Z., Wang, M., & Dai, Y. (2013). Thermodynamic analysis and optimization of an ammonia-water power system with LNG (liquefied natural gas) as its heat sink. Energy, 50, 513−522.
  • Zhu, Q., Lin, D., & Li, X. (2015). Thermodynamic comparative analyses between (organic) rankine cycle and kalina cycle. Energy Procedia, 75, 1618−1623.
  • Yang K., Zhang, H., Wang, Z., Zhang, J., Yang, F., & Wang, E. (2013). Study of zeotropic mixtures of ORC (organicRankine cycle) under engine various operating conditions. Energy, 58, 494−510.
  • Koç, Y., &Yağlı H., (2020). Isı-güç kombine sistemlerinde kullanılan kalina çevriminin enerji ve ekserji analizi. Journal of Polytechnic 23(1), 181−188.
  • Wang, Y., Tang Q, Wang, M., & Feng X. (2017). Thermodynamic performance comparison between ORC and Kalina cycles for multi-stream waste heat recovery. Energy Conversion and Management, 143, 482−492.
  • Mat Nawi, Z., Kamarudin, S.K., Sheikh Abdullah, S.R., & Lam, S.S. (2019). The potential of exhaust waste heat recovery (WHR) from marine diesel engines via organic rankine cycle. Energy, 166, 17−31.
  • Zhoua, C., Zhuangab, Y., Zhanga, L., Liua, L., Dua, J., & Shenb, S. (2020). A novel pinch-based method for process integration and optimization of Kalina cycle. Energy Conversion and Management, 209, Article 112630.
  • Zheng, S., Chen, K., Yang, Fan, G., Dai, Y., Zhao, P., & Wang, J. (2021). Comparative analysis on off-design performance of a novel parallel dual-pressure Kalina cycle for low-grade heat utilization. Energy Conversion and Management, 234, 1−21.

Integration of the Kalina Cycle in a Tanker Ship and Analysis of its Effect on Energy Efficiency

Year 2021, Volume 1, Issue 1, 26 - 35, 30.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.14744/seatific.2021.0004

Abstract

In terms of energy efficiency, one of the main methods to avoid waste of resources is to utilize waste heat energies. The Kalina cycle is used as a bottom cycle in many areas and is used for the generation of electrical energy from waste heat energy. About 90% of world trade is carried out by sea transport. For this reason, the recovery of waste heat released into the atmosphere from ships is great importance in terms of both global pollution and energy efficiency. In this study, the recovery of waste heat energy from the exhaust gas at a temperature of 240°C and a flow rate of 43.93 kg/s, which is currently released to the atmosphere in a real heat-power combined cycle on a tanker ship, is evaluated. In the study, unlike the traditional method, Kalina cycle was used for energy recovery of waste heat. For this purpose, the Kalina cycle is considered instead of the Rankine cycle system on an M/T tanker ship. With the designed system, it has been observed that an efficiency increase of approximately 30% has been achieved. While the net power obtained from the cycle is around 550 kW, it remains within the limits of 420 kW in the Rankine cycle. At the same time, an annual fuel saving of 610.18 tons and a thermal efficiency increase of 4.8% were calculated with the Kalina cycle.

References

  • Arash, N,, Hossein, N., Faramarz, R., & Mortaza, Y. (2016). A comparative thermodynamic analysis of ORC and Kalina cycles for waste heat recovery: A case study for CGAM cogeneration system. Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 9, 1−13.
  • Bing, H., Simin, H., Youyuan, S., & Jiechao, C. (2019). Thermodynamic analysis of a new ammonia-water power cycle. Energy Reports, 6(Suppl 1), 567−573.
  • Bliem, C. J. (1988). The Kalina cycle and similar cycles for geothermal power production. Inc. Idaho Falls, Idaho, Technical Report.
  • Chen, Y., Guo, Z., Wu, J., Zhang, Z., & Hua, J. (2015). Energy and exergy analysis of integrated system of ammonia– water Kalina–Rankine cycle. Energy, 90, 2028−2037.
  • Thorin, E., Dejfors, C., & Svedberg, G. (1998). Thermodynamic properties of ammonia-water mixtures for power cycles. International Journal of Thermophysics, 19(2).
  • Francesco, B., & Cecilia., G. (2014) A feasibility analysis of waste heat recovery systems for marine applications. Energy, 80, 654-665.
  • Ganesh, N. S., & Srinivas, T. (2011. Evaluation of thermodynamic properties of ammonia-water mixture up to 100 bar for power application systems. Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 25-39.
  • Henry A. MLCAK, An Introduction to the Kalina Cycle. PE, 1996
  • Dhahada H.A., Hussen H.M., Nguyen P.T., Ghaebi H.,. Ashraf M. A. Thermodynamic and thermoeconomics analysis of innovative integration of Kalina and absorption refrigeration cycles for simultaneously cooling and power generation. Energy Conversion and Management, 203, Article 112241.
  • Mergner, H., Weimer, T. (2015). Performance of ammonia–water based cycles for power generation from low enthalpy heat sources. Energy, 88, 93−100.
  • Kaita, Y. (2001). Thermodynamic properties of lithium bromide–water solutions at high temperatures. International Journal of Refrigeration, 24(5), 374−390.
  • Kalina, A., Leibowitz,. Lazzeri, H. L., & Diotti F. Recent devolopment in the application of the kalina cycle for geothermal plants. Ansaldo Energia, 2093−2096.
  • Larsen, U., Pierobon, L., Haglind, F., & Gabrielii, C. (2013). Design and optimisation of organic Rankine cycles for waste heat recovery in marine applications using the principles of natural selection. Energy, 55, 803−812.
  • MAN Diesel & Turbo, Waste heat recovery system (WHRS), Denmark., 2012 www. mandieselturbo.com
  • Şentürk Acar, M. (2020). Thermodynamic and economic analysis of geothermal energy powered kalina cycle. Journal of Thermal Science and Technology, 40(2), 335−347.
  • Narayanan, S. Ganesh and Tangellapalli Srinivas, “Nuclear energy-driven Kalina cycle system suitable for Indian climatic conditions. CO2 Research and Green Technologies Centre, School of Mechanical and Building Sciences, Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT), 298−308.
  • Bombarda, P., Invernizzi, C.M., & Pietra, C. (2018). Heat recovery from Diesel engines: A thermodynamic comparison between Kalina and ORC cycles. Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Brescia, Via Branze 38, 25123 Brescia, Italy, 2009
  • Patel, H. A., Patel, L. N., Jani, D., & Christian, A. (2016). Energetic analysis of single stage lithium bromide water absorption refrigeration system. Procedia Technology, 23, 488−495.
  • Nag P.K., & Gupta A.V.S.S.K.S. (1997). Exergy analysis of kalina cycle. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, 721302 India.
  • Ogriseck, S. (2009). Integration of Kalina Cycle in a Combined Heat and Power Plant, A Case Study. Applied Thermal Engineering, 29(14-15), 2843−2848.
  • Ulrik, L., Tuong-Van, N., Thomas K., & Fredrik, H. (2013). System analysis and optimisation of a Kalina split-cycle for waste heat recovery on large marine diesel engines. Energy,64, 484−494.
  • Wang, J., Yan, Z., Wang, M., & Dai, Y. (2013). Thermodynamic analysis and optimization of an ammonia-water power system with LNG (liquefied natural gas) as its heat sink. Energy, 50, 513−522.
  • Zhu, Q., Lin, D., & Li, X. (2015). Thermodynamic comparative analyses between (organic) rankine cycle and kalina cycle. Energy Procedia, 75, 1618−1623.
  • Yang K., Zhang, H., Wang, Z., Zhang, J., Yang, F., & Wang, E. (2013). Study of zeotropic mixtures of ORC (organicRankine cycle) under engine various operating conditions. Energy, 58, 494−510.
  • Koç, Y., &Yağlı H., (2020). Isı-güç kombine sistemlerinde kullanılan kalina çevriminin enerji ve ekserji analizi. Journal of Polytechnic 23(1), 181−188.
  • Wang, Y., Tang Q, Wang, M., & Feng X. (2017). Thermodynamic performance comparison between ORC and Kalina cycles for multi-stream waste heat recovery. Energy Conversion and Management, 143, 482−492.
  • Mat Nawi, Z., Kamarudin, S.K., Sheikh Abdullah, S.R., & Lam, S.S. (2019). The potential of exhaust waste heat recovery (WHR) from marine diesel engines via organic rankine cycle. Energy, 166, 17−31.
  • Zhoua, C., Zhuangab, Y., Zhanga, L., Liua, L., Dua, J., & Shenb, S. (2020). A novel pinch-based method for process integration and optimization of Kalina cycle. Energy Conversion and Management, 209, Article 112630.
  • Zheng, S., Chen, K., Yang, Fan, G., Dai, Y., Zhao, P., & Wang, J. (2021). Comparative analysis on off-design performance of a novel parallel dual-pressure Kalina cycle for low-grade heat utilization. Energy Conversion and Management, 234, 1−21.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Marine Science
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Erkin YÜCEL>
ISTANBUL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
Türkiye


Begüm DOGANAY>
ISTANBUL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
Türkiye


Fikret GÖKALP>
ISTANBUL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
Türkiye


Nihat BAYCIK>
ISTANBUL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
Türkiye


Yalçın DURMUŞOĞLU> (Primary Author)
ISTANBUL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
Türkiye

Publication Date December 30, 2021
Submission Date December 10, 2021
Acceptance Date December 27, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 1, Issue 1

Cite

APA Yücel, E. , Doganay, B. , Gökalp, F. , Baycık, N. & Durmuşoğlu, Y. (2021). Integration of the Kalina Cycle in a Tanker Ship and Analysis of its Effect on Energy Efficiency . Seatific Journal , 1 (1) , 26-35 . DOI: 10.14744/seatific.2021.0004

Seatific Journal