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The Unusual Winter Activity and Negative Effects of Pollution on Breeding of Ommatotriton ophryticus (Berthold, 1846) in Turkey

Year 2020, Volume: 5 Issue: 1, 77 - 83, 18.06.2020
https://doi.org/10.33484/sinopfbd.593640

Abstract

The northern banded newt, Ommatotriton ophryticus (Berthold, 1846) is a poikilotherm (ectoterm) and hibernating amphibian species. Therefore, the records related to the winter activities of Ommatotriton ophryticus are very rare. In the present study, a winter activity belonging to Ommatotriton ophryticus was recorded in a channel containing stagnant water throughout the year in the province of Trabzon. It was observed that the newts were active during the winter season, between December 2017 – March 2018. In the water environment where the study was carried out, the population density of newts was high and the numbers of male individuals were higher than that of females. Additionally, some female individuals were observed as gravid. Environmental pollution is a source of stress for amphibians. It was observed that the newts which did not hibernate during a winter period and performed their breeding activities in the water as a result of the acute contamination due to pesticide use in their water environment at the end of March 2018 left the aquatic environment which they used for breeding. Although the area was subsequently visited at different times, these newts were never seen again and no information was obtained on whether the animals had gone to another aquatic environment. Urgent measures should be taken against the pollution caused by pesticides, which have a clearly negative impact on animals.

References

  • [1] Olgun K, Arntzen JW, Kuzmin S, Papenfuss T, Ugurtas I, Tarkhnishvili D, Sparreboom M, Anderson S, Tuniyev B, Ananjeva N, Kaska Y, Kumlutaş Y, Avci A, Üzüm N, Kaya U, 2009. Ommatotriton ophryticus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, e.T136019A4230151. Downloaded on 17 January 2019.
  • [2] Kuzmin SL, 2005. AmphibiaWeb, Ommatotriton ophryticus: Northern Banded Newt <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/6655> (Accessed Feb 17, 2019).
  • [3] Ultsch GR, 1989. Ecology and physiology of hibernation and overwintering among freshwater fishes, turtles and snakes Biological Reviews, 64: 435-516.
  • [4] Covaciu-Marcov SD, Roşioru CL, Sas I, 2011. Hot winters: new thermal habitats with frogs active in winter in north-western Romania North-Western Journal of Zoology, 7(1): 81-86.
  • [5] Sas I, Roşioru CL, Covaciu-Marcov SD, 2012. Note on eight new thermal habitats with winter-active amphibians in Western Romania North-Western Journal of Zoology, 8(2): 382-385.
  • [6] Iftime A, Iftime O, 2017. Pelophylax ridibundus (Pallas, 1771) winter activity in thermal sulphurous water in Dobroudja (SE Romania) Herpetozoa, 29(3/4): 201-202.
  • [7] Degani G, Mendelssohn H, 1982. Seasonal activity of Salamandra salamandra (L.) (Amphibia: Urodela: Salamandridae) in the headwaters of the Jordan River Israel Journal of Zoology, 31: 77-85.
  • [8] Beebee TJC, 1995. Amphibian breeding and climate Nature, 374(6519): 219-220.
  • [9] Forchhammer MC, Post E, Stenseth NC, 1998. Breeding phenology and climate Nature, 391(6662): 29-30.
  • [10] Blaustein AR, Belden LK, Olson DH, Green DM, Root TL, Kiesecker JM, 2001. Amphibian breeding and climate change Conservation Biology, 15(6): 1804-1809.
  • [11] Chadwick EA, Slater FM, Ormerod SJ, 2006. Inter and intraspecific differences in climatically mediated phenological change in coexisting Triturus species Global Change Biology, 12(6): 1069-1078.
  • [12] Duellman WE, Trueb L, 1986. Biology of Amphibians. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • [13] Hillyard SD, 1999. Behavioral, molecular and integrative mechanisms of amphibian osmoregulation Journal of Experimental Zoology, 283(7): 662-674.
  • [14] Feder ME, Burggren WW, 1982. Environmental Physiology of the Amphibians. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • [15] Carey C, Corn PS, Jones MS, Livo LJ, Muths E, Loeffler CW, 2005. Factors limiting the recovery of boreal toads (Bufo b. boreas). California: University of California Press.
  • [16] Gregory PT, 1982. Reptilian hibernation. New York: Academic Press.
  • [17] Bralower T, Bice D, 2019. Human Impact on Amphibians. <https://www.e-education.psu.edu/earth103/node/960> (Accessed Feb 17, 2019).

Ommatotriton ophryticus (Berthold, 1846)’un Türkiye’deki Olağandışı Kış Aktivitesi ve Kirliliğin Bu Türün Üremesi Üzerindeki Olumsuz Etkileri

Year 2020, Volume: 5 Issue: 1, 77 - 83, 18.06.2020
https://doi.org/10.33484/sinopfbd.593640

Abstract

Kuzey şeritli semenderi, Ommatotriton ophryticus (Berthold, 1846) soğukkanlı ve kış uykusuna giren bir amfibi türüdür. Bu sebeple, Ommatotriton ophryticus’un kış aktivitelerine ait kayıtlar oldukça nadirdir. Bu çalışmada Ommatotriton ophryticus’a ait bir kış aktivitesi, Trabzon ilinde yıl boyunca durgun su içeren bir kanalda kaydedilmiştir. Semenderlerin, 2017 yılının Aralık ayı ile 2018 yılının Mart ayı arasındaki kış sezonunda aktif olduğu gözlenmiştir. Çalışmanın gerçekleştirildiği su ortamında, semenderlerin popülasyon yoğunluğunun yüksek olduğu ve erkek bireylerin sayısının dişilerden daha fazla olduğu tespit edilmiştir. İlaveten, bazı dişi bireyler gebe olarak gözlenmiştir. Çevre kirliliği amfibiler için bir stres kaynağıdır. Bir kış dönemi boyunca hibernasyon yapmayan ve suda üreme faaliyetleri içerisinde bulunan bu semenderlerin, 2018 yılının mart ayının sonunda su ortamlarında pestisit kullanımına bağlı akut kontaminasyonun bir sonucu olarak üreme için bulundukları su ortamını terk ettikleri gözlemlenmiştir. Alan daha sonra farklı zamanlarda ziyaret edilmesine rağmen, bu semenderler bir daha hiç görülmemiştir ve hayvanların başka bir su ortamına gidip gitmedikleri hakkında hiç bir bilgi elde edilememiştir. Hayvanlar üzerinde açıkça olumsuz etkisi olan pestisitlerin neden olduğu kirliliğe karşı acil önlemler alınmalıdır.

References

  • [1] Olgun K, Arntzen JW, Kuzmin S, Papenfuss T, Ugurtas I, Tarkhnishvili D, Sparreboom M, Anderson S, Tuniyev B, Ananjeva N, Kaska Y, Kumlutaş Y, Avci A, Üzüm N, Kaya U, 2009. Ommatotriton ophryticus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, e.T136019A4230151. Downloaded on 17 January 2019.
  • [2] Kuzmin SL, 2005. AmphibiaWeb, Ommatotriton ophryticus: Northern Banded Newt <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/6655> (Accessed Feb 17, 2019).
  • [3] Ultsch GR, 1989. Ecology and physiology of hibernation and overwintering among freshwater fishes, turtles and snakes Biological Reviews, 64: 435-516.
  • [4] Covaciu-Marcov SD, Roşioru CL, Sas I, 2011. Hot winters: new thermal habitats with frogs active in winter in north-western Romania North-Western Journal of Zoology, 7(1): 81-86.
  • [5] Sas I, Roşioru CL, Covaciu-Marcov SD, 2012. Note on eight new thermal habitats with winter-active amphibians in Western Romania North-Western Journal of Zoology, 8(2): 382-385.
  • [6] Iftime A, Iftime O, 2017. Pelophylax ridibundus (Pallas, 1771) winter activity in thermal sulphurous water in Dobroudja (SE Romania) Herpetozoa, 29(3/4): 201-202.
  • [7] Degani G, Mendelssohn H, 1982. Seasonal activity of Salamandra salamandra (L.) (Amphibia: Urodela: Salamandridae) in the headwaters of the Jordan River Israel Journal of Zoology, 31: 77-85.
  • [8] Beebee TJC, 1995. Amphibian breeding and climate Nature, 374(6519): 219-220.
  • [9] Forchhammer MC, Post E, Stenseth NC, 1998. Breeding phenology and climate Nature, 391(6662): 29-30.
  • [10] Blaustein AR, Belden LK, Olson DH, Green DM, Root TL, Kiesecker JM, 2001. Amphibian breeding and climate change Conservation Biology, 15(6): 1804-1809.
  • [11] Chadwick EA, Slater FM, Ormerod SJ, 2006. Inter and intraspecific differences in climatically mediated phenological change in coexisting Triturus species Global Change Biology, 12(6): 1069-1078.
  • [12] Duellman WE, Trueb L, 1986. Biology of Amphibians. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • [13] Hillyard SD, 1999. Behavioral, molecular and integrative mechanisms of amphibian osmoregulation Journal of Experimental Zoology, 283(7): 662-674.
  • [14] Feder ME, Burggren WW, 1982. Environmental Physiology of the Amphibians. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • [15] Carey C, Corn PS, Jones MS, Livo LJ, Muths E, Loeffler CW, 2005. Factors limiting the recovery of boreal toads (Bufo b. boreas). California: University of California Press.
  • [16] Gregory PT, 1982. Reptilian hibernation. New York: Academic Press.
  • [17] Bralower T, Bice D, 2019. Human Impact on Amphibians. <https://www.e-education.psu.edu/earth103/node/960> (Accessed Feb 17, 2019).

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Ufuk BÜLBÜL 0000-0001-6691-6968

Halime KOÇ 0000-0003-2998-4384

Publication Date June 18, 2020
Submission Date July 18, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2020 Volume: 5 Issue: 1

Cite

APA BÜLBÜL, U., & KOÇ, H. (2020). The Unusual Winter Activity and Negative Effects of Pollution on Breeding of Ommatotriton ophryticus (Berthold, 1846) in Turkey. Sinop Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 5(1), 77-83. https://doi.org/10.33484/sinopfbd.593640