Year 2020, Volume 28 , Issue 46, Pages 293 - 310 2020-10-31

RETRACTED: Examination of the Stationarity of Ecological Footprint and its Sub-Components in the OECD Countries
GERİ ÇEKİLDİ: OECD Ülkelerinde Ekolojik Ayak İzi ve Alt Bileşenlerinin Durağanlığının İncelenmesi

Ali Eren ALPER [1] , Fındık Özlem ALPER [2]


(This article was retracted on December 18, 2020.)

The basic aim of this study is to test the stationarity of the ecological footprint and its sub-components with the Fourier KPSS unit root test, which takes both smooth and sharp structural breaks into consideration, in 12 selected OECD member countries over the period between 1961-2016. The analysis results detected that carbon emission and total ecological footprint variables for the USA; forest products footprint variable for Germany; forest products and total ecological footprint variables for Australia; fishery areas and forest products footprint variables for Austria; carbon emission, forest products and total ecological footprint variables for France; fishery areas and forest products footprint variables for the Netherlands; forest products and cropland footprint variables for England; cropland footprint variable for Italy; cropland and total ecological footprint variables for Japan; total ecological footprint variables for Canada and fishery areas and forest products footprints for Turkey are stationary at levels.

(Bu makale 18-12-2020 tarihinde geri çekildi.)

Bu çalışmanın temel amacı ekolojik ayak izi ve alt bileşenlerinin durağanlığını, 1961-2016 dönemi için 12 seçilmiş OECD üyesi ülkede hem yumuşak hem de sert kırılmaları dikkate alan Fourier KPSS birim kök testi ile sınamaktır. Analiz sonuçlarına göre ABD için karbon salınımı ve toplam ekolojik ayak izi değişkenlerinin; Almanya için orman ürünleri ayak izi değişkeninin; Avusturalya için orman ürünleri ve toplam ekolojik ayak izi değişkenlerinin; Avusturya için balıkçılık alanları ve orman ürünleri ayak izi değişkenlerinin; Fransa için karbon salınımı, orman ürünleri ve toplam ekolojik ayak izi değişkenlerinin; Hollanda için balıkçılık alanları ve orman ürünleri ayak izi değişkenlerinin; İngiltere için orman ürünleri ve tarım alanı ayak izi değişkenlerinin; İtalya için tarım alanı ayak izi değişkeninin; Japonya için tarım alanı ve toplam ekolojik ayak izi değişkenlerinin; Kanada için toplam ekolojik ayak izi değişkeninin ve Türkiye için ise balıkçılık alanları ve orman ürünleri ayak izlerinin seviyede durağan olduğu tespit edilmiştir.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-0008-1202
Author: Ali Eren ALPER (Primary Author)
Institution: NİĞDE ÖMER HALİSDEMİR ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İKTİSADİ VE İDARİ BİLİMLER FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-7829-8551
Author: Fındık Özlem ALPER
Institution: NİĞDE ÖMER HALİSDEMİR ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : October 31, 2020

Bibtex @research article { sosyoekonomi684214, journal = {Sosyoekonomi}, issn = {1305-5577}, address = {}, publisher = {Sosyoekonomi Society}, year = {2020}, volume = {28}, pages = {293 - 310}, doi = {10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.04.14}, title = {GERİ ÇEKİLDİ: OECD Ülkelerinde Ekolojik Ayak İzi ve Alt Bileşenlerinin Durağanlığının İncelenmesi}, key = {cite}, author = {Alper, Ali Eren and Alper, Fındık Özlem} }
APA Alper, A , Alper, F . (2020). GERİ ÇEKİLDİ: OECD Ülkelerinde Ekolojik Ayak İzi ve Alt Bileşenlerinin Durağanlığının İncelenmesi . Sosyoekonomi , 28 (46) , 293-310 . DOI: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.04.14
MLA Alper, A , Alper, F . "GERİ ÇEKİLDİ: OECD Ülkelerinde Ekolojik Ayak İzi ve Alt Bileşenlerinin Durağanlığının İncelenmesi" . Sosyoekonomi 28 (2020 ): 293-310 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/sosyoekonomi/issue/57521/684214>
Chicago Alper, A , Alper, F . "GERİ ÇEKİLDİ: OECD Ülkelerinde Ekolojik Ayak İzi ve Alt Bileşenlerinin Durağanlığının İncelenmesi". Sosyoekonomi 28 (2020 ): 293-310
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - GERİ ÇEKİLDİ: OECD Ülkelerinde Ekolojik Ayak İzi ve Alt Bileşenlerinin Durağanlığının İncelenmesi AU - Ali Eren Alper , Fındık Özlem Alper Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.04.14 DO - 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.04.14 T2 - Sosyoekonomi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 293 EP - 310 VL - 28 IS - 46 SN - 1305-5577- M3 - doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.04.14 UR - https://doi.org/10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.04.14 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Sosyoekonomi GERİ ÇEKİLDİ: OECD Ülkelerinde Ekolojik Ayak İzi ve Alt Bileşenlerinin Durağanlığının İncelenmesi %A Ali Eren Alper , Fındık Özlem Alper %T GERİ ÇEKİLDİ: OECD Ülkelerinde Ekolojik Ayak İzi ve Alt Bileşenlerinin Durağanlığının İncelenmesi %D 2020 %J Sosyoekonomi %P 1305-5577- %V 28 %N 46 %R doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.04.14 %U 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.04.14
ISNAD Alper, Ali Eren , Alper, Fındık Özlem . "GERİ ÇEKİLDİ: OECD Ülkelerinde Ekolojik Ayak İzi ve Alt Bileşenlerinin Durağanlığının İncelenmesi". Sosyoekonomi 28 / 46 (October 2020): 293-310 . https://doi.org/10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.04.14
AMA Alper A , Alper F . GERİ ÇEKİLDİ: OECD Ülkelerinde Ekolojik Ayak İzi ve Alt Bileşenlerinin Durağanlığının İncelenmesi. Sosyoekonomi. 2020; 28(46): 293-310.
Vancouver Alper A , Alper F . GERİ ÇEKİLDİ: OECD Ülkelerinde Ekolojik Ayak İzi ve Alt Bileşenlerinin Durağanlığının İncelenmesi. Sosyoekonomi. 2020; 28(46): 293-310.
IEEE A. Alper and F. Alper , "GERİ ÇEKİLDİ: OECD Ülkelerinde Ekolojik Ayak İzi ve Alt Bileşenlerinin Durağanlığının İncelenmesi", Sosyoekonomi, vol. 28, no. 46, pp. 293-310, Oct. 2020, doi:10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.04.14